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This article is about a philosophical term. For the philosophy journal, see Noûs. In philosophy, common English translations include "understanding" and "mind"; or sometimes "thought" or "reason" (in the sense of that which reasons, not the activity of reasoning).[2][3] It is also often described as something equivalent to perception except that it works within the mind ("the mind's eye").[4] It has been suggested that the basic meaning is something like "awareness".[5] In colloquial British English, nous also denotes "good sense", which is close to one everyday meaning it had in Ancient Greece. This diagram shows the medieval understanding of spheres of the cosmos, derived from Aristotle, and as per the standard explanation by Ptolemy. In Aristotle's influential works, the term was carefully distinguished from sense perception, imagination and reason, although these terms are closely inter-related. Pre-Socratic usage[edit] The first use of the word nous in the Iliad. Xenophon[edit]

Law of Complexity/Consciousness The Law of Complexity/Consciousness is the postulated tendency of matter to become more complex over time and at the same time to become more conscious. The law was first formulated by Jesuit priest and paleontologist Pierre Teilhard de Chardin. Teilhard holds that at all times and everywhere, matter is endeavoring to complexify upon itself, as observed in the evolutionary history of the Earth. For Teilhard, the Law of Complexity/Consciousness continues to run today in the form of the socialization of mankind. Teilhard imagines a critical threshold, the Omega Point, in which mankind will have reached its highest point of complexification (socialization) and thus its highest point of consciousness. Quotes[edit] "The more complex a being is, so our Scale of Complexity tells us, the more it is centered upon itself and therefore the more aware does it become. See also[edit]

Orwellian "Orwellian" is an adjective describing the situation, idea, or societal condition that George Orwell identified as being destructive to the welfare of a free and open society. It denotes an attitude and a brutal policy of draconian control by propaganda, surveillance, misinformation, denial of truth, and manipulation of the past, including the "unperson" – a person whose past existence is expunged from the public record and memory, practised by modern repressive governments. Often, this includes the circumstances depicted in his novels, particularly Nineteen Eighty-Four.[1][verification needed] Nineteen Eighty-Four uses themes from life in the Soviet Union and wartime life in Great Britain as sources for many of its motifs.[2][3] Orwell's ideas about personal freedom and state authority developed when he was a British colonial administrator in Burma. This often brought him into conflict with literary peers such as W.H. Meanings[edit] Big Brother[edit] Political language[edit] See also[edit]

Aldous Huxley Aldous Leonard Huxley /ˈhʌksli/ (26 July 1894 – 22 November 1963) was an English writer, philosopher and a prominent member of the Huxley family. He was best known for his novels including Brave New World, set in a dystopian London, and for non-fiction books, such as The Doors of Perception, which recalls experiences when taking a psychedelic drug, and a wide-ranging output of essays. Early in his career Huxley edited the magazine Oxford Poetry, and published short stories and poetry. Mid career and later, he published travel writing, film stories and scripts. He spent the later part of his life in the US, living in Los Angeles from 1937 until his death. In 1962, a year before his death, he was elected Companion of Literature by the Royal Society of Literature.[1] Huxley was a humanist, pacifist, and satirist. Early life[edit] Huxley began his learning in his father's well-equipped botanical laboratory, then went to Hillside School, Malvern. Career[edit] Bloomsbury Set[edit] Eyesight[edit]

Pierre Teilhard de Chardin Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Chardin. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin Théologien, philosophe, géologue et paléontologue Théologie et philosophie du XXe siècle Pierre Teilhard de Chardin. Pierre Teilhard de Chardin ([tɛ.jaʁ.də.ʃaʁ.dɛ̃]) [1], ( , Orcines - , New York) est un jésuite, chercheur, paléontologue, théologien et philosophe français. Dans Le Phénomène humain, il trace une histoire de l'Univers, depuis la pré-vie jusqu'à la Terre finale, en intégrant les connaissances de son époque, notamment en mécanique quantique et en thermodynamique. Éléments de biographie[modifier | modifier le code] En 1912, il rejoint le Muséum d'histoire naturelle de Paris et y collabore avec Marcellin Boule, paléontologue qui avait étudié le premier squelette entier d'un homme de Néandertal et dont il devient un ami. En 1916, il écrit son premier essai, La Vie Cosmique, et en 1919, Puissance spirituelle de la Matière, essais qui annoncent son œuvre plus tardive.

Creativity linked to mental health New research shows a possible explanation for the link between mental health and creativity. By studying receptors in the brain, researchers at the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet have managed to show that the dopamine system in healthy, highly creative people is similar in some respects to that seen in people with schizophrenia. High creative skills have been shown to be somewhat more common in people who have mental illness in the family. "We have studied the brain and the dopamine D2 receptors, and have shown that the dopamine system of healthy, highly creative people is similar to that found in people with schizophrenia," says associate professor Fredrik Ullén from Karolinska Institutet's Department of Women's and Children's Health. "The study shows that highly creative people who did well on the divergent tests had a lower density of D2 receptors in the thalamus than less creative people," says Dr Ullén.

Transpersonal psychology Issues considered in transpersonal psychology include spiritual self-development, self beyond the ego, peak experiences, mystical experiences, systemic trance, spiritual crises, spiritual evolution, religious conversion, altered states of consciousness, spiritual practices, and other sublime and/or unusually expanded experiences of living. The discipline attempts to describe and integrate spiritual experience within modern psychological theory and to formulate new theory to encompass such experience. Transpersonal psychology has made several contributions to the academic field, and the studies of human development, consciousness and spirituality.[3][4] Transpersonal psychology has also made contributions to the fields of psychotherapy[5] and psychiatry.[6][7] Definition[edit] Lajoie and Shapiro[8] reviewed forty definitions of transpersonal psychology that had appeared in academic literature over the period from 1968 to 1991. Development of the academic field[edit] Origins[edit] Dr.

Les chemins de l'intelligence L'intelligence ne dépend pas de la génétique mais de l'aptitude à utiliser pleinement les possibilités de notre esprit. L'important est la façon dont nous traitons et organisons les informations, dont nous interprétons nos expériences, et plus globalement, la façon dont nous nous représentons la réalité. Voici donc quelques clés pour devenir "plus intelligent"... Penser par soi-même Ne pas faire son jugement en fonction de celui des autres, et ne pas prendre pour argent comptant ce qui est dit ou suggéré par les médias, la publicité, les responsables politiques. Celui dont l'esprit ne produit aucune pensée autonome et ne contient rien d'autre que ce qu'on y a déversé est pour ainsi dire "sans valeur ajoutée". Ecouter son intuition L'hémisphère droit du cerveau possède des capacités intuitives qui sont complémentaires de l'intelligence rationnelle du cerveau gauche. L'intuition est capable de prendre en compte une multitude d'éléments dont nous n'avons pas conscience. Penser en 4D

Mnemonist The title mnemonist (derived from the term mnemonic) refers to an individual with the ability to remember and recall unusually long lists of data, such as unfamiliar names, lists of numbers, entries in books, etc. Mnemonists may have superior innate ability to recall or remember, or may use techniques such as the Method of loci. Structure of mnemonic skills[edit] While the innateness of mnemonists' skills is debated, the methods that mnemonists use to memorize are well-documented. Many mnemonists have been studied in psychology labs over the last century, and most have been found to use mnemonic devices. Currently, all memory champions at the World Memory Championships have said that they use mnemonic strategies, such as the method of loci, to perform their memory feats. Skilled memory theory was proposed by K. Encoding[edit] Retrieval[edit] The next step is to create a retrieval structure by which the associations can be recalled. Method of Loci[edit] Speed Up[edit] Innate vs Learned[edit]

Carl Jung Carl Gustav Jung (/jʊŋ/; German: [ˈkarl ˈɡʊstaf jʊŋ]; 26 July 1875 – 6 June 1961), often referred to as C. G. Jung, was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychotherapist who founded analytical psychology.[2] Jung proposed and developed the concepts of the collective unconscious, archetypes, and extraversion and introversion. His work has been influential not only in psychiatry but also in philosophy, anthropology, archeology, literature, and religious studies. The central concept of analytical psychology is individuation—the psychological process of integrating the opposites, including the conscious with the unconscious, while still maintaining their relative autonomy.[3] Jung considered individuation to be the central process of human development.[4] Jung saw the human psyche as "by nature religious"[5] and made this religiousness the focus of his explorations.[6] Jung is one of the best known contemporary contributors to dream analysis and symbolization. Early years[edit] Childhood family[edit]

Noosphère Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Ne doit pas être confondu avec NooSFere. La noosphère, selon la pensée de Vladimir Vernadsky[1] et Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, désigne la « sphère de la pensée humaine[2] ». Le mot est dérivé des mots grecs νοῦς (noüs, « l'esprit ») et σφαῖρα (sphaira, « sphère»), par analogie lexicale avec « atmosphère » et « biosphère[3] ». Une autre possibilité est la première utilisation du terme par Édouard Le Roy qui était, avec Teilhard, auditeur des conférences de Vladimir Vernadsky à la Sorbonne. Dans la théorie originelle de Vernadsky, la noosphère est la troisième d'une succession de phases de développement de la Terre, après la géosphère (matière inanimée) et la biosphère (la vie biologique). Le concept[modifier | modifier le code] Notions préliminaires[modifier | modifier le code] Développement[modifier | modifier le code] Le mot, développé par Pierre Teilhard de Chardin dans Le Phénomène humain[7], a été inventé par Vladimir Vernadski[8].

Solomon Shereshevsky Solomon Veniaminovich Shereshevsky (1886–1958) (Russian: Соломон Вениаминович Шерешевский), also known simply as 'Ш' ('Sh') or 'S.', was a Russian journalist and mnemonist active in the 1920s. Studies[edit] Shereshevskii participated in many behavioral studies, most of them carried out by the neuropsychologist Alexander Luria over a thirty-year time span. On the basis of his studies, Luria diagnosed in Shereshevsky an extremely strong version of synaesthesia, fivefold synaesthesia, in which the stimulation of one of his senses produced a reaction in every other. Take the number 1. Luria did not clearly distinguish between whatever natural ability Shereshevsky might have had and mnemonic techniques like the method of loci and number shapes that "S" described. Problems[edit] He had an active imagination, which helped him generate useful mnemonics. One time I went to buy some ice cream ... His memories were so strong that he could recall them after many years. See also[edit] Notes[edit]

Tummo Tummo (Tibetan: gtum-mo; Sanskrit: caṇḍālī) is a form of breathing, found in the Six Yogas of Naropa,[1] Lamdre, Kalachakra and Anuyoga teachings of Tibetan Vajrayana. Tummo originally derives from Indian Vajrayana tradition, including the instruction of the Mahasiddha Krishnacarya and the Hevajra Tantra. The purpose of tummo is to gain control over body processes during the completion stage of 'highest yoga tantra' (Anuttarayoga Tantra) or Anuyoga. Nomenclature, orthography and etymology[edit] Tummo (gTum mo in Wylie transliteration, also spelled Tumo, or Tum-mo; Sanskrit caṇḍālī) is a Tibetan word, literally meaning fierce [woman]. Orthography[edit] Tummo may also be rendered in English approximating its phonemic enunciation as 'Dumo'.[3] Practice[edit] The channels do not exist in the way they are visualized during Vajrayana practice. After familiarity in trul khor, there is the practice of tummo. Kundalini and tummo[edit] Miranda Shaw clarifies: Overview[edit] Dr Arya (2006) also states: