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Cleaning, Disinfection, and Sterilization of medical instruments and supplies in survival situations

Cleaning, Disinfection, and Sterilization of medical instruments and supplies in survival situations
In survival situations, medical emergencies will arise. One of the main concerns with any medical procedures is clean, sterilized equipment so as to not pass on infection and compound or completely compromise any medical procedures that must be done.. Here is a basic primer on disinfection and sterilization in survival situations Q. What is the difference between disinfection and sterilization? A. Sterility is only a temporary state – once sterile packaging is open or the product has been removed from an autoclave colonization begins almost immediately just from exposure to air and bacteria present in the environment. Q. A. Infection rates are no greater if a superficial wound has been irrigated and cleaned with tap water vs. being cleaned and irrigated with sterile saline. Expendable vs. Expendable supplies are used once and discarded. Sterilisation of specific items: Syringes: There are two types of syringes: disposable and reusable. Sharpening permanent needles: Surgical instruments:

How to Build an Outdoor Mud Oven for Use Now and When the SHTF As part of a recent giveaway, one of the questions I asked was “What DIY project would you like to see featured on Backdoor Survival?” There were some amazing responses and over time, I hope to work through the list. Interestingly enough, two readers requested a similar topic and when more than one reader makes a request, I sit up and pay attention. The DIY projects were: 1. How can I build a bread-baking oven with mud and straw? As luck would have it, this is a familiar topic since awhile back, I featured an article on DIY mud ovens. For those of you that are new to the concept, outdoor Mud Ovens are common in third world countries where indoor cooking facilities are nominal and where cooking fuel consists of wood and biomass. here is the full article: How to Build an Outdoor Mud Oven There are some things, though, that cook best in an oven. What is a Mud Oven and How Does it Work? Photo taken at the Mother Earth News Fair The Quest for A Mud Oven The very first firing went as follows.

Pandemic Watch: Another insider announces that a global pandemic is imminent Janet C. Phelan Dr. J. Joseph Kim, founder and director of Inovio Pharmaceuticals, has recently declared that a global pandemic is “inevitable” in the next couple of years. Quoted in an article in US News onDecember 24, Dr. Through his declaration of the imminent nature of a pandemic, Kim adds his name to a growing list of insiders who are stating that we are shortly facing a disease event of a global magnitude. At the very time that our attention is focused on the possibility of losing our rights to defend ourselves via our potential loss of our second amendment rights, the insidious possibility of a global pandemic is lurking....well, right under our pavement. The possibility for utilization of the water system as a delivery system for a pandemic-type agent remains salient. Truthfully, I prefer the word “genocide” to “population reduction.” Dr. Merck has been under scrutiny for a number of years for problems with its products, including drugs such as Temodar, PegIntron, and Intron A.

Why Are Millions Of Fish Suddenly Dying In Mass Death Events All Over The Planet? Michael SnyderActivist Post Millions upon millions of fish are suddenly dying in mass death events all over the world, and nobody seems to know why it is happening. In many of the news reports that are linked to below, locals are quoted as saying that they have never seen anything like this before. So is there a connection between all of the fish deaths that are now occurring all over the planet? If there is a connection, is there anything that we can do to stop the fish die-off? Please share the list posted below with as many people as you can. -July 18, 2013: 20 acres of fish ponds full of dead fish in Shandong, China -July 18, 2013: Hundreds of dead Stingrays wash ashore in Veracruz, Mexico -July 18, 2013: 10,000 lbs of dead fish found in a lake in Nanjing, China -July 18, 2013: Thousands of fish dead from “lack of rain” in Sugar Lake, Missouri -July 18, 2013: Large numbers of fish washing up on the shores of Lake Michigan -July 22, 2013: Large fish kill at Grand Lake in St.

Jon Rappoport's Blog United States Accused of Planting Avian Flu in Recent H7N9 Outbreak Janet C. PhelanActivist Post Amidst allegations by a highly placed Colonel in the Chinese army that the U.S. has released a bioweapon in Mainland China, concerns are ramping up that this year's version of the avian flu, H7N9, may turn into a major pandemic. The last few years have seen several false alarms on the pandemic front. H7N9 has already shown itself to have a high mortality rate, higher in fact than the Spanish flu of 1918, which caused 50 million deaths worldwide. According to Keiji Fukuda, WHO's assistant director-general for health, security and the environment, "This is definitely one of the most lethal influenza viruses that we have seen so far." Already, there are questions as to whether H7N9 has mutated and is now transmissible from human to human. In a carefully worded statement, WHO has declared: “So far, there is no evidence of sustained human-to-human transmission.” H7N9 is considered to be resistant to the popular flu countermeasure, Tamiflu.

Are You Ready Series: Pandemic Preparedness Let’s cut to the chase, it is very difficult to prepare for epidemics and pandemics especially for those living in close proximity to others. These natural reoccurring disasters tend to occur suddenly and without warning. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), serious, deadly contagious disease outbreaks can and do happen. Looking back at the Black Plague, those living in high populated areas were hit hardest by this pandemic. Many believe the misuse of antibiotics in the past has led to the dangers of super bugs such as the spread of MRSA — or methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Before we get into the meat and potatoes of pandemic preparedness, let’s look at the changes that will likely occur in your community if this disaster were to occur: When an outbreak occurs, many will remain in a state of denial about any approaching epidemics. Community Preparedness Will Play a Large Role Source Individual Prevention Starts At Home Store a two week supply of water and food.

This Is What Our Grocery Shelves Would Look Like Without Bees Last winter’s so-called Beepocalypse ravaged U.S. bee colonies like nothing that had come before. The country’s beekeepers reported that 31.1% of their colonies perished in the months spanning last fall through early 2013. The number of bee casualties in that period--twice that considered natural--is in keeping with rising honeybee mortality rates of the last six years. Scarier still, scientists aren’t exactly sure as to the cause for the degrading health of bee populations--something that should give you great cause for concern. Well, you don’t have to. In a press release, Whole Foods says the stunt was part of the “Share the Buzz” campaign, a joint project with The Xerces Society that seeks to “raise awareness” about the importance of bees (honeybees in particular) to the health and vibrancy of our food system. Or as Whole Foods puts it: One of every three bites of food comes from plants pollinated by honeybees and other pollinators.

10 Reasons to Become Self-Sufficient & 10 Ways to Get There By Michael Edwards and Jeffrey Green Activist Post We are now three to five generations removed from the rural backbone that strengthened America. The world at large has undergone a similar transformation as the promise of easier work has created a migration to big cities. These mega-cities could be seen as an experiment gone awry, as general well-being has declined, with suicide rates increasing across the world. Crowded conditions and economic strife have led to rampant crime, pollution, corporate malfeasance, and a dog-eat-dog type of competition that can be described as a temporary insanity. The economic crisis we are living through has been the final straw for many people, as promises of a better, easier, and more creative life seem to have been sold to us by carnival-style tricksters who are laughing all the way to (their) bank. Click the below picture for a Wake Up World Only Exclusive Special Offer 10 Reasons to Become Self-Sufficient As the cliche goes: Freedom is never free.

20 Uses for Flour (Besides Cooking) Everyone has flour in their home and do not realize that there are more uses for this age old grain product besides cooking. Here are 20 alternative uses of flour 1. Make modeling clay. To make a simple clay, just mix 3 cups flour with 1 cup water, ¼ cup salt, and 1-2 tablespoons vegetable oil. You can add a few drops of food coloring, too. Knead the dough until it’s uniform, then mold it into whatever shapes you desire. 2. Similar to modeling clay but not meant for baking, play dough is easy to make and lasts a lot longer. 3. Cloud dough is a fun and funky sensory experience for children. 4. You can help keeps ants at bay by sprinkling a thick line of flour wherever you see them entering or exiting. 5. You can use dry flour and a cloth rag to buff your stainless steel sink, appliances, etc. 6. You can also polish copper using a mixture of equal parts flour, salt, and white vinegar. 7. 8. 9. We all did this in elementary school, right? 10. 11. 12. 14. 15. 16. 17. 20.

800 Scientists Demand Global GMO “Experiment” End Did you hear about the 800 esteemed scientists who came together and demanded the production of genetically modified crops and products be stopped ? Scientists who called on world powers to re-evaluate the future of agriculture and seek sustainability rather than corporate profits ? Don’t be surprised if you haven’t, as the mainstream media won’t touch this one. Eight-hundred scientists did make such a demand. The Institute of Science in Society is a non-profit group of scientists from around the world, dedicated to bringing an end to what they refer to as the “dangerous GMO “experiment. The Open Letter from World Scientists to All Governments calls for “the immediate suspension of all environmental releases of GM crops and products , both commercially and in open field trials, for at least 5 years.” They also want patents on organisms, cell lines, and living things revoked and banned. In the beginning, after its first draft in 1999, the letter had just over 300 signatures. Source:

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Maslow wanted to understand what motivates people. He believed that individuals possess a set of motivation systems unrelated to rewards or unconscious desires. Maslow (1943) stated that people are motivated to achieve certain needs. When one need is fulfilled a person seeks to fullfil the next one, and so on. The earliest and most widespread version of Maslow's (1943, 1954) hierarchy of needs includes five motivational needs, often depicted as hierarchical levels within a pyramid. This five stage model can be divided into basic (or deficiency) needs (e.g. physiological, safety, love, and esteem) and growth needs (self-actualization). The deficiency, or basic needs are said to motivate people when they are unmet. One must satisfy lower level basic needs before progressing on to meet higher level growth needs. Every person is capable and has the desire to move up the hierarchy toward a level of self-actualization. The original hierarchy of needs five-stage model includes: 1. 1. 1. 2. 3. 4.

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