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In philately "typography", especially in the case of 19th century stamps, refers to letterpress printing. Typography is performed by typesetters, compositors, typographers, graphic designers, art directors, manga artists, comic book artists, graffiti artists, clerical workers, and everyone else who arranges type for a product. Until the Digital Age, typography was a specialized occupation. §History[edit] Printing press, 16th century in Germany The essential criterion of type identity was met by medieval print artifacts such as the Latin Pruefening Abbey inscription of 1119 that was created by the same technique as the Phaistos disc. Modern movable type, along with the mechanical printing press, is most often attributed to the goldsmith Johannes Gutenberg. Computer technology revolutionized typography in the 20th century. §Evolution[edit] The Roman typeface’s development can be traced back to Greek lapidary letters. §Experimental typography[edit] §Scope[edit] §Text typography[edit] Related:  Indesignschool

Typography Essentials - A Getting Started Guide What is typography? And why is it so important to graphic designers? As long as you spell everything correctly and make sure the message is what the client wants to see, why does the font style make any difference? Because everything you touch, see and create is impacted by the use of writing styles and techniques. There are a lot of reasons why designers need to have a solid foundation when it comes to the use of typography. By understanding the underlying message that your choice of text contains, you will become more effective as you design and layout projects containing words and phrases. Typography is the art and process of arranging type for a variety of media purposes and is made up of several parts. Understanding The Basics The Type Size, also called the Cap Height, is the overall height of capital letters in the formation of words. Have you ever seen a paragraph or advertisement that made the letters appear either s p a c e d w a y out or scrunched all up so it was hard to read?

7 Continents of the World and the 5 Oceans List Subtraction 7.1 Beta 10 Common Typography Mistakes The goal of this post is to help designers and clients understand the importance of good type skills, while avoiding some of the common mistakes. Please keep in mind that most of these mistakes are subjective and can be changed varying on the project, goals or circumstances. Below is a list of 10 common mistakes used in type design/layout that can make a large impact in the effectiveness and appearance of your designs, in addition to saving you time and money when dealing with printers. 1. Not enough leading Leading/linespacing can improve the overall readability of large blocks of text on a page, making it easier on readers to follow lines of text without losing their place. 2. Tracking/letterspacing is applied to a group of letters. 3. While tracking is applied to a group of characters, kerning is the adjustment of space between two letter pairs. 4. Reading many long lines of type causes eye fatigue. 5. 6. 7. For example, try printing a medium blue text on top of a medium brown box. 8.

Cell Structure 2. Are there living organisms without cells? Viruses are considered the only living organisms that do not have cells. 3. The walls of the cavities observed by Hooke were the walls of the plant cells that form the tissue. Cell Structure Review - Image Diversity: Hooke's cell Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cells 4. Cells can be classified as eukaryotic or prokaryotic. Prokaryotic cells are those that do not have an enclosed nucleus. Cell Structure Review - Image Diversity: eukaryotic cell prokaryotic cell 5. In bacteria, genetic material is contained in the cytosol and there is no internal membrane that encloses a nucleus. 6. There are no pluricellular bacteria. Select any question to share it on FB or Twitter Just select (or double-click) a question to share. Plasma Membrane 7. The plasma membrane is the outer membrane of a cell, it encloses the cell itself, maintaining specific conditions for cellular function within the cell. Cell Structure Review - Image Diversity: cell membrane 8. 9. 10. 11.

I love Typography (iLT), devoted to fonts, typefaces and all thi Fun With Fonts Know the nuts and bolts of typography to add personality, distinction to your publication, blog or newsletter When you talk about type, beginning with a video such as the one above is a great way to entertain and interest students in the study of typography. Once they are hooked, spending time learning the nuts and bolds is the next step. Minnesota adviser Laurie Hansen at Stillwater (Minnesota) Area High School offers this typography lesson on fonts — the Font Fashion Show. Here’s how Laurie does it: I know there’s a few yearbook advisers out there who do the font fashion show. For those of you that already do this, consider adding food. I added a twist and had the staff bring food for an end of the year picnic. I invited the principal to be the judge, and he awarded 1st place font queen, second and third place, and 3 “fontastic” honorable mentions. Laurie Hansen, Stillwater Area High School, Stillwater, MN For more typography and font lesson ideas and handouts, you can check these out:

How to Write a Short Story from Start to Finish I’m working on a new short story. However, it’s been a while, and I’m feeling out of practice, like I have to figure out how to write a short story all over again. To some extent, the process for writing a story is different each time. This is true for short stories as well. You never learn how to write a short story. And yet, there are certain patterns to writing a short story, patterns I think everyone follows in their own haphazard way. At the same time, I’ve been presenting these rough steps to myself as I work on my own story. Requirements to Writing a Short Story But before we begin, let’s quickly discuss three things you’ll need to write your short story. Approximately ten to twenty hours of time. 7 Steps to Write a Short Story Ready to get writing? 1. It may seem silly to begin a list of steps on how to write a short story with a tip to “write the story,” but let me explain. There are really two different kinds of stories. The story and the short story are not the same thing. 2. 3.

Broadsides Printed Broadsides Printed on one side only, broadsides are used to issue public decrees, governmental notifications and a host of commercial and private announcements. Early broadsides were quickly and crudely produced in large quantities and distributed freely in town squares, taverns, and churches. Some were sold by itinerate salesman, or chapmen, for a nominal charge. Broadsides were intended to have an immediate impact and then to be discarded. Immensely popular and affordable, posters were made available to the general public who purchased them to display in their homes. A Need for Large Type Broadsides were meant to be read from a distance and therefore required large type. There were a number of negative factors of large metal type, it was expensive, required a large amount of storage space, and was extremely heavy—just try lifting a case of this type! Wooden Type Commercial pressure for large type was answered with the invention of a system for wood type production.

Poetry Worksheets Poetry Worksheets Practice This is the poetry worksheets section. Poetry is an art form in which human language is used for its aesthetic qualities in addition to, or instead of, its notional and semantic content. Here is a graphic preview for all of the poetry worksheets. Here is a graphic preview for all the kindergarten, 1st grade, 2nd grade, 3rd grade, 4th grade, and 5th grade grade Poetry Worksheets. Here is a graphic preview for all the 6th grade, 7th grade and 8th grade Poetry Worksheets. Here is a graphic preview for all the 9th grade, 10th grade, 11th grade, and 12th grade Poetry Worksheets.