The Forms of Capital by Pierre Bourdieu 1986 Pierre Bourdieu 1986. Source: Knowledge Policy, proofed/corrected this html version (1) by comparing it with a .pdf image of the article from a book found at: The Eltan Burgos School of Economics.First published: Bourdieu, P. (1986) The forms of capital. In J. Richardson (Ed.) The social world is accumulated history, and if it is not to be reduced to a discontinuous series of instantaneous mechanical equilibria between agents who are treated as interchangeable particles, one must reintroduce into it the notion of capital and with it, accumulation and all its effects. It is in fact impossible to account for the structure and functioning of the social world unless one reintroduces capital in all its forms and not solely in the one form recognized by economic theory. The Embodied State Most of the properties of cultural capital can be deduced from the fact that, in its fundamental state, it is linked to the body and presupposes embodiment. The Objectified State The Institutionalized State 1.
- Deconstruction Essay | Artwork - The following video deconstructs the notion of an essay, while at the same time exploring attributes of deconstruction itself. Now that we’re finished defining, at least to some extent, the nature of deconstruction let us examine how the classic notion of an essay has been deconstructed in this paper. Like all deconstructions, we must first start with a text (though this does not necessarily have to be written. Indeed, one can deconstruct a work of art or even a concept). In this case it will be the same definition that was previously given on the title page: “Essay (Fr. essai, ‘attempt’) Usually short, non-fictional prose composition, written expressing a personal point of view.” While we could theoretically seek to disrupt the given hierarchy between ‘short’ and ‘long,’ I have opted not to--mostly because the poem above, which consists of a mere eight stanzas, took me over nine hours to write (not including research of course).
Eternal return Eternal return (also known as "eternal recurrence") is a concept that the universe has been recurring, and will continue to recur, in a self-similar form an infinite number of times across infinite time or space. The concept is found in Indian philosophy and in ancient Egypt and was subsequently taken up by the Pythagoreans and Stoics. With the decline of antiquity and the spread of Christianity, the concept fell into disuse in the Western world, with the exception of Friedrich Nietzsche, who connected the thought to many of his other concepts, including amor fati. In addition, the philosophical concept of eternal recurrence was addressed by Arthur Schopenhauer. It is a purely physical concept, involving no supernatural reincarnation, but the return of beings in the same bodies. Premise The basic premise proceeds from the assumption that the probability of a world coming into existence exactly like our own is greater than zero (we know this because our world exists). Judaism
Of Grammatology Of Grammatology (French: De la grammatologie) is a 1967 book by French philosopher Jacques Derrida that has been called a foundational text for deconstructive criticism. It is one of three books, the others being Speech and Phenomena (French: La voix et le phénomène) and Writing and Difference (French: L'écriture et la différence), that Derrida published in 1967 and which established his reputation. It discusses writers such as Claude Lévi-Strauss, Ferdinand de Saussure, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Étienne Condillac, Louis Hjelmslev, Martin Heidegger, Edmund Husserl, Roman Jakobson, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, André Leroi-Gourhan, and William Warburton. The English translation by Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak was first published in 1976. A revised edition of the translation was published in 1997. Contents Of Grammatology introduced many of the concepts which Derrida would employ in later work, especially in relation to linguistics and writing. Influence  Books
PHILOSOPHICAL PERSPECTIVES IN EDUCATION Section III - Philosophical Perspectives in Education Part 1 Overview Philosophy means "love of wisdom." It is made up of two Greek words, philo, meaning love, and sophos, meaning wisdom. Your educational philosophy is your beliefs about why, what and how you teach, whom you teach, and about the nature of learning. When you examine a philosophy different from your own, it helps you to "wrestle" with your own thinking. Branches of Philosophy There are three major branches of philosophy. Think about it: Why might the study of philosophy be particularly important to educators? © 1999 LeoNora M.
Jacques Derrida Jacques Derrida (/ʒɑːk ˈdɛrɨdə/; French: [ʒak dɛʁida]; born Jackie Élie Derrida; July 15, 1930 – October 9, 2004) was a French philosopher, born in French Algeria. Derrida is best known for developing a form of semiotic analysis known as deconstruction. He is one of the major figures associated with post-structuralism and postmodern philosophy. During his career Derrida published more than 40 books, together with hundreds of essays and public presentations. Particularly in his later writings, he frequently addressed ethical and political themes present in his work. Life Derrida was the third of five children. On the first day of the school year in 1942, Derrida was expelled from his lycée by French administrators implementing anti-Semitic quotas set by the Vichy government. Derrida traveled widely and held a series of visiting and permanent positions. Derrida was a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Philosophy Early works
The deconstruction of art: Where is the talent? - by Edward P. McClenahan Edward P. McClenahan's image for: "Art History" Caption: Location: Image by: "The fundamental insight of what is known as the 'linguistic turn" in the twentieth-century Western thought is that language shapes our experience. When the Impressionists painted pictures and showed them to the public, 9 out of 10 people did NOT condone what they were doing in 1870, in fact the public probably thought, "Where is the talent?" For those of you who derive meaning from technically savvy oil painted sailboats and lighthouses, that's fine. If I told you how to get into the most prestigious graduate painting program in the country (Yale) you would not believe me. You see art can be painting and sculpture, but real artists are thinkers. I dismiss everything beyond Warhol and the Television.
Nihilism Nihilism is also a characteristic that has been ascribed to time periods: for example, Jean Baudrillard and others have called postmodernity a nihilistic epoch, and some Christian theologians and figures of religious authority have asserted that postmodernity and many aspects of modernity represent a rejection of theism, and that such rejection of their theistic doctrine entails nihilism. Forms of nihilism Nihilism has many definitions, and thus can describe philosophical positions that are arguably independent.  Metaphysical nihilism is the philosophical theory that there might be no objects at all—that is, that there is a possible world where there are no objects at all—or at least that there might be no concrete objects at all—so that even if every possible world contains some objects, there is at least one that contains only abstract objects. Epistemological nihilism Mereological nihilism This interpretation of existence must be based on resolution.
Aporia Aporia (Ancient Greek: ἀπορία: "impasse, difficulty of passing, lack of resources, puzzlement") denotes in philosophy a philosophical puzzle or state of puzzlement and in rhetoric a rhetorically useful expression of doubt. Definitions Definitions of the term aporia have varied throughout history. The Oxford English Dictionary includes two forms of the word: the adjective, “aporetic” which it defines as “to be at a loss,” “impassable,” and “inclined to doubt, or to raise objections”; and the noun form “aporia,” which it defines as the “state of the aporetic” and “a perplexity or difficulty.” The dictionary entry also includes two early textual uses, which both refer to the term’s rhetorical (rather than philosophical) usage. In George Puttenham’s The Arte of English Poesie (1589) aporia is “the Doubtful, [so] called...because often we will seem to caste perils, and make doubts of things when by a plaine manner of speech we might affirm or deny [them].” Etymology Philosophy
PHILOSOPHICAL PERSPECTIVES IN EDUCATION Section III - Philosophical Perspectives in Education Part 3 Educational Philosophies Within the epistemological frame that focuses on the nature of knowledge and how we come to know, there are four major educational philosophies, each related to one or more of the general or world philosophies just discussed. These educational philosophical approaches are currently used in classrooms the world over. Perennialism For Perennialists, the aim of education is to ensure that students acquire understandings about the great ideas of Western civilization. Essentialism Essentialists believe that there is a common core of knowledge that needs to be transmitted to students in a systematic, disciplined way. Progressivism Progressivists believe that education should focus on the whole child, rather than on the content or the teacher. Critical theorists, like social reconstructionists, believe that systems must be changed to overcome oppression and improve human conditions.
Jacques Lacan Jacques Marie Émile Lacan (French: [ʒak lakɑ̃]; 13 April 1901 – 9 September 1981) was a French psychoanalyst and psychiatrist who has been called "the most controversial psycho-analyst since Freud". Giving yearly seminars in Paris from 1953 to 1981, Lacan influenced many leading French intellectuals in the 1960s and the 1970s, especially those associated with poststructuralism. His ideas had a significant impact on critical theory, literary theory, 20th-century French philosophy, sociology, feminist theory, film theory and clinical psychoanalysis. Biography Early life Lacan was born in Paris, the eldest of Emilie and Alfred Lacan's three children. His father was a successful soap and oils salesman. In 1920, on being rejected as too thin for military service, he entered medical school and, in 1926, specialised in psychiatry at the Sainte-Anne Hospital in Paris. 1930s In 1931 Lacan became a licensed forensic psychiatrist. 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s
Terms of Art California State University, Dominguez Hills University of Wisconsin, Parkside Latest update: July 13, 1998 Faculty on the Site. Derrida and Deconstruction Dialogue and Its Forum Derrida and Deconstruction Derrida is a philosopher who divided his time between France and the University of California at Irvine. Deconstructionists take things apart and look at them from many different perspectives. Many of us ordinary thinking folks see these arguments as important to getting us to hear all perspectives, but most of us would like to avoid any semblance to the old definition of Democrats as people who could never agree on anything. Need a library catalog? for acknowledgment of dolphin artist! Dialogue and a Forum Co-Create One Another From Knowledge, Difference, and Power, Nancy Goldberger, Jill Tarule, Blythe Clinchy, and Mary Belenky, Basic Books, 1996. Some social constructivists would modify that position. Where does Dear Habermasfit in the social construction of knowledge?