Bit By Bit, 'The Information' Reveals Everything The InformationBy James GleickHardcover, 544 pagesPantheonList Price: $29.95 We can see now that information is what our world runs on: the blood and the fuel, the vital principle. It pervades the sciences from top to bottom, transforming every branch of knowledge. Information theory began as a bridge from mathematics to electrical engineering and from there to computing. What English speakers call "computer science" Europeans have long since known as informatique, informatica, and Informatik.
Corpus linguistics Corpus linguistics is the study of language as expressed in samples (corpora) of "real world" text. This method represents a digestive approach to deriving a set of abstract rules by which a natural language is governed or else relates to another language. Originally done by hand, corpora are now largely derived by an automated process. Corpus linguistics adherents believe that reliable language analysis best occurs on field-collected samples, in natural contexts and with minimal experimental interference. Within corpus linguistics there are divergent views as to the value of corpus annotation, from John Sinclair advocating minimal annotation and allowing texts to 'speak for themselves', to others, such as the Survey of English Usage team (based in University College, London) advocating annotation as a path to greater linguistic understanding and rigour.
New Year’s Eve Vocabulary « English with Jo With only one day to go until New Year’s Eve, you might wish to revise some common words and vocabulary that you might hear if you are out celebrating this occasion. New Year’s Day – The day when people celebrate the beginning of a new year. It is held on 1st January and in some countries it is a holiday from work. New Year’s Eve - New Year’s Eve is the night before New Year’s Day, the 31st December. On New Year’s Eve, family and friends often get together for dinner or have a party to welcome in the new year. New Year’s Resolution – New Year’s Day is a time of new beginnings, so people often make new year’s resolution -a promise or goal that they hope to accomplish during the coming year.
English Idioms and Idiomatic Expressions The Cambridge dictionary defines an idiom as a group of words in a fixed order that have a particular meaning that is different from the meanings of each word understood on its own: For example To "have bitten off more than you can chew" is an idiom that means you have tried to do something which is too difficult for you.We have offered you a list of commonly used idioms from A to Z. Be about to do sth be going to do sth immediately I was about to phone him when he walked into the office. That’s about all/it Used to say that you have finished telling smb about sth and there is nothing to add Idioms Idioms and idiomatic expressions in English An idiom is a group of words in current usage having a meaning that is not deducible from those of the individual words. For example, "to rain cats and dogs" - which means "to rain very heavily" - is an idiom; and "over the moon" - which means "extremely happy" - is another idiom. In both cases, you would have a hard time understanding the real meaning if you did not already know these idioms! Idioms Quizzes: Have fun and test your knowledge of English Idioms by doing some of our 480 English Idioms Quiz Questions Idioms Forum: Ask questions about and discuss English idioms and sayings
Transmission Model of Communication Introduction Here I will outline and critique a particular, very well-known model of communication developed by Shannon and Weaver (1949), as the prototypical example of a transmissive model of communication: a model which reduces communication to a process of 'transmitting information'. The underlying metaphor of communication as transmission underlies 'commonsense' everyday usage but is in many ways misleading and repays critical attention. English 2126: Modern English Grammar: The Phrase You are here: · papyr.com · hypertextbooks · grammar · phrase.htm Words are the constituent elements of the next rank, phrases. At the phrase rank, we discover that it is possible to analyze each structure in more than one way. To study this phenomenon more closely, we will look at phrase structure in English. English is a language with five classes of phrases, noun phrases, verb phrases, adjective phrases, adverb phrases, and prepositional phrases. The Noun Phrase Like all phrases, the constituents of the English noun phrase can be analyzed into both functional constituents and formal constituents. From a functional point of view, the noun phrase has four major components, occurring in a fixed order:
Idioms used by native speakers Those of us who grew up with English as our first language have been exposed to idioms and idiomatic expressions for most of our lives. They may have confused us a little when we were children, but explanation and constant exposure not only increased our understanding of them, but likely drew them into our own vernacular. If you’re in the process of learning the English language, you may come across some of these and not be entirely sure what they mean. Here’s a list of 20 that you’re likely to come across fairly often: All that glitters is not gold Meaning Not everything that looks precious or valuable is necessarily so. Origin The original form of this phrase was 'all that glisters is not gold'.
Richard Bach: One More Communication Theory Introduction As many have noted, human communication is an extremely complex field of study. Many have researched it, and these scholars have developed many definitions and theories surrounding the subject. In this same tradition, I too have the opportunity to contribute to this body of knowledge in a productive manner.
What do idioms look like? Ahead of his talk at IATEFL 2011 entitled ‘Don’t give up on idioms and phrasal verbs’, Stuart Redman, co-author of Oxford Word Skills, ‘gets to the bottom of‘ idioms in the English language. What’s the first thing that comes into your mind when you see these expressions? - kick the bucket
How to Memorize Things Quickly People like to joke that the only thing you really “learn” in school is how to memorize. As it turns out, that’s not even the case for most of us. If you go around the room and ask a handful of people how to memorize things quickly, most of them will probably tell you repetition. That is so far from the truth, it’s running for office. English idioms - super list Lists of idioms used in everyday conversational English, with their meaning. What are idioms? Idioms are words, phrases or expressions which are commonly used in everyday conversationby native speakers of English. They are often metaphorical and make the language more colourful. People use them to express something more vividly and often more briefly.
Paired Associates Memory Assessment - Cambridge Brain Sciences In this task you have to remember which objects are hidden in different boxes. Psychologists call the skills required for this task 'paired-associate-learning', as you are required to learn to pair two items in memory - in this case the type of object and the location of the object. When one of the paired features is revealed (in this case the object), you have to remember its associate (the location it is hidden in). This type of learning is essential in everyday life, for example when learning new words. When you learn a new word, not only do you learn the word itself, but you have to pair this with the meaning it represents. Along with our colleagues at the University of Cambridge and at the Institute of Psychiatry in London, we investigated which areas of the brain become active when performing this task.