What is Antisemitism - Key Stage 3 - The Holocaust Explained What is prejudice? The word prejudice means to pre-judge, to make up your mind about someone before you know anything about them. When you first meet someone, what is the first thing you notice? Their hair, the colour of their skin, their clothes and the way they speak? We often make instant judgments about each other, which later prove to be untrue. Most people feel more comfortable in their own group, gang or tribe. Sometimes the anger of the majority group is taken out on another group. What is antisemitism? Antisemitism is the term used when people are prejudiced against Jews just because they are Jewish. About 2,000 years ago, Jesus, according to the story in the Gospels, was executed for treason. Voices of the Holocaust During the 1930s and 40s, the Nazis and their collaborators murdered six million Jews. Hitler's intention was to destroy all Jewish communities, and to build a 'master race' of Aryans. Many other 'non-aryans' were persecuted including Romanies, homosexuals, and the disabled, as well as those who were politically opposed to the Nazis. This terrible moment in history is now known as the Holocaust. It remains one of the most horrific examples in recent European history of indifference, inhumanity, prejudice and genocide. Voices of the Holocaust consists of oral history testimonies gathered from Jewish men and women who came to live in Britain during or after WWII. Further interviews with Jewish survivors of the Holocaust can be found on the Sounds website. Survivor testimonies Listen to personal stories from Jewish Holocaust survivors, and learn what life was like for Jews during Hitler's reign. Information cards Discover more about the background to the Holocaust. Reference Activities ShareThis
Holocaust | European history Holocaust, Hebrew Shoʾah, Yiddish and Hebrew Ḥurban (“Destruction”), “Smoke”© Pucker Gallerythe systematic state-sponsored killing of six million Jewish men, women, and children and millions of others by Nazi Germany and its collaborators during World War II. The Germans called this “the final solution to the Jewish question.” The word Holocaust is derived from the Greek holokauston, a translation of the Hebrew word ʿolah, meaning a burnt sacrifice offered whole to God. This word was chosen because in the ultimate manifestation of the Nazi killing program—the extermination camps—the bodies of the victims were consumed whole in crematoria and open fires. Nazi anti-Semitism and the origins of the Holocaust Germany: exclusion of the JewsContunico © ZDF Enterprises GmbH, MainzEven before the Nazis came to power in Germany in 1933, they had made no secret of their anti-Semitism. As discrimination against Jews increased, German law required a legal definition of a Jew and an Aryan.
made people forget who they were website 3 Concentration camps - Key Stage 3 - The Holocaust Explained A concentration camp is a place where people are detained or confined without trial. Prisoners were kept in extremely harsh conditions and without any rights. In Nazi Germany after 1933, and across Nazi controlled Europe between 1938 and 1945, concentration camps became a major way in which the Nazis imposed their control. The first concentration camps in Germany were set up as detention centres to stop any opposition to the Nazis by so called ‘enemies of the state’. These people included communists, socialists and social democrats, Jehovah's Witnesses, homosexuals, Roma, and so called ‘asocials’. However, after March 1938, when the Germans annexed Austria into German territory, many thousands of German Jews were arrested and detained in Dachau, Buchenwald and Sachsenhausen concentration camps. After Kristallnacht (the ‘Night of broken glass’) in November 1938, the Nazis and their supporters arrested many thousands of male Jews above the age of 14 years.
Anne Frank Anne Frank was a teen writer who went into hiding during the Holocaust, journaling her experiences in the renowned work The Diary of Anne Frank. Synopsis Born on June 12, 1929, in Frankfurt, Germany, Anne Frank lived in Amsterdam with her family during World War II. Fleeing Nazi persecution of Jews, the family went into hiding for two years; during this time, Frank wrote about her experiences and wishes. Early Life Holocaust victim and famous diarist Anne Frank was born Annelies Marie Frank on June 12, 1929, in Frankfurt, Germany. The Franks were a typical upper middle-class German-Jewish family living in a quiet, religiously diverse neighborhood near the outskirts of Frankfurt. Due in large part to the harsh sanctions imposed on Germany by the 1919 Treaty of Versailles that ended World War I, the German economy struggled terribly in the 1920s. The Franks moved to Amsterdam, Netherlands, in the fall of 1933. Nazi Occupation Captured by the Nazis 'The Diary of a Young Girl' Videos
Holocaust Books for Teens SummaryHelen and Alfons were born just miles from each other, but while Helen went to Auschwitz, Alfons became a member of the Hitler Youth. SummaryThis book contains sixteen individual stories from survivors who were in their teens during the Holocaust. First published in 1949 and now brought up-to-date, this book offers a dramatic and historical documentation of personal survival under the terror and persecution of the Third Reich. SummaryThree Mormon teenagers are sentenced to a concentration camp after speaking out against the Nazi treatment of Jews in their native Germany. SummaryShows the lives of teens in Germany during the Holocaust, including the rise of the Hitler youth and persecution of the Jews. SummaryTells about teens who tried to escape from the Nazis during the Holocaust. SummaryDescribes experiences of teens in the Nazi concentration camps, ranging from the labor camps to the death camps. SummaryLooks at the conditions of life for Jewish teens and children in Nazi ghettos.
They were already dead Website 3 Auschwitz Concentration Camp What Was Auschwitz? Built by the Nazis as both a concentration and death camp , Auschwitz was the largest of the Nazi's camps and the most streamlined mass killing center ever created. It was at Auschwitz that 1.1 million people were murdered, mostly Jews. Auschwitz has become a symbol of death, the Holocaust , and the destruction of European Jewry. Dates: May 1940 -- January 27, 1945 Camp Commandants: Rudolf Höss, Arthur Liebehenschel, Richard Baer Auschwitz Established On April 27, 1940, Heinrich Himmler ordered the construction of a new camp near Oswiecim, Poland (about 37 miles or 60 km west of Krakow). Auschwitz I (or "the Main Camp") was the original camp. Auschwitz II (or "Birkenau") was completed in early 1942. Auschwitz III (or "Buna-Monowitz") was built last as "housing" for the forced laborers at the Buna synthetic rubber factory in Monowitz. Arrival and Selection Gas Chambers and Crematoria at Auschwitz The gas killed quickly, but it was not instantaneous.
The Diary of a Young Girl The Diary of a Young Girl (also known as The Diary of Anne Frank) is a book of the writings from the Dutch language diary kept by Anne Frank while she was in hiding for two years with her family during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. The family was apprehended in 1944 and Anne Frank died of typhus in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. The diary was retrieved by Miep Gies, who gave it to Anne's father, Otto Frank, the only known survivor of the family. Anne named her diary "Kitty". Anne Frank's compositions In manuscript, Anne Frank's original diaries are written over three extant volumes. The diary is not written in the classic forms of "Dear Diary" or as letters to one's self, but as letters to imaginary friends "Kitty", "Conny", "Emmy", "Pop", and "Marianne". There has been much conjecture about the identity or inspiration of Kitty, who in Anne's revised manuscript is the sole recipient of her letters. Editorial history Other English translations
Moments in History: Why did the Holocaust happen? by Sean Sheehan - 9780750283991 - QBD The Bookshop Learn about the Holocaust, a genocide of devastating proportions, perpetrated by the German government during World War II. During this time, millions of Jews were imprisoned or killed along with travellers, the disabled, Communists, Socialists and others. This book examines the Holocaust using well-balanced information supplemented by primary sources from the time period, sidebars and timelines. Moments in History is an insightful series that presents some of the most important events in modern history.
piles of people Website 3 Auschwitz: Inside the Nazi State . Auschwitz 1940-1945 . The Killing Evolution Funeral of inmates who died or were killed just prior to liberation The Nazis did not start World War II with a plan to eliminate the Jews. This solution evolved—especially from 1939 to 1941—as they tried different techniques to accomplish their goals. Particularly in Germany and Poland camp commandants experimented with various killing methodologies and consulted with one another on their successes and failures. The ability of a single camp to kill 2,000-3,000 people per hour took years to achieve. At first, though, murder was done at close range-man-to-man, woman, or child. Death by Firing Squad In 1941, SS General Erich von dem Bach-Zelewski told his superior Heinrich Himmler that the Nazis had been murdering Jews, including women and children, at close range and in cold blood all summer. Einsatzgruppen killing Himmler realized he had to find new methods that would spare his troops the psychological strain of killing human beings at close range. Carbon Monoxide Hell Vans Zyklon B
5 Things You Don't Know About Anne Frank and Her Diary 1. Pseudonyms When Anne Frank readied her diary for eventual publication, she created pseudonyms for the people she wrote about in her diary. Although you are familiar with the pseudonyms of Albert Dussel (the real life Freidrich Pfeffer) and Petronella van Daan (the real life Auguste van Pels) because these pseudonyms appear in most published versions of the diary, do you know what pseudonym Anne chose for herself? Even though Anne had chosen pseudonyms for everyone hiding in the Annexe, when it came time to publish the diary after the war, Otto Frank decided to keep the pseudonyms for the other four people in the Annexe but to use the real names of his own family. In case you are curious, Anne chose the pseudonyms Betty Robin for Margot Frank, Frederik Robin for Otto Frank, and Nora Robin for Edith Frank. 2. In nearly every published version of Anne Frank's diary, each diary entry begins with "Dear Kitty." 3. 4. It is unclear exactly when or how this second notebook was lost. 5.