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Connectivism: Learning theory of the future or vestige of the past?

Connectivism: Learning theory of the future or vestige of the past?
Rita KopUniversity of Wales Swansea Adrian HillOpen School BC, Canada Abstract Siemens and Downes initially received increasing attention in the blogosphere in 2005 when they discussed their ideas concerning distributed knowledge. An extended discourse has ensued in and around the status of ‘connectivism’ as a learning theory for the digital age. This has led to a number of questions in relation to existing learning theories. Keywords: e-Learning; online learning; open learning; distance education; pedagogy; learning theory; educational theory Introduction To what extent do existing learning theories meet the needs of today’s learners, and anticipate the needs of learners of the future? If older theories are to be replaced by connectivism, then what are the grounds for this measure? Overview of Connectivism Connectivism is a theoretical framework for understanding learning. In the connectivist model, a learning community is described as a node, which is always part of a larger network.

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Education-2020 - Connectivism Skip to main content Create interactive lessons using any digital content including wikis with our free sister product TES Teach. Get it on the web or iPad! guest Join | Help | Sign In Theories of Learning - Successful Student Many theories about how humans have been learning have been proposed over the years, and these theories continue to change today. From the Behaviorism theory which included the Conditioning model of Pavlov; Humanism theory which included Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs model; to Identity Theory and Erikson’s Stages of Development model, there are many on the market and it’s difficult to make sense of which is the most productive and efficient. How does a genius like Einstein learn to think? Is it a matter of using the brain more fully? It is a question whose answer remains mysterious. Nonetheless, understanding the theories of learning can shed some light on how we come to know what we know.

An Introduction to Connective Knowledge ~ Stephen's Web ~ b You are not logged in. [] [] Revised and Updated (minor corrections and typos only) and placed in MS-Word Document form, November 27, 2007. Click here . The version that follows below is the original (uncorrected) version). Yet another article, describing new forms of knowledge as probablistic , has crossed my desk today, and consequently it seems appropriate at this time to type a few words on the nature of distributed knowledge. It should go without saying that these are my own thoughts, and this discussion should not therefore be considered an authoritative reference on the subject.

About — Connectivism Description of Connectivism Connectivism is a learning theory for the digital age. Learning has changed over the last several decades. The theories of behaviourism, cognitivism, and constructivism provide an effect view of learning in many environments. Social Development Theory (Vygotsky) Summary: Social Development Theory argues that social interaction precedes development; consciousness and cognition are the end product of socialization and social behavior. Originator: Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934). Key terms: Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD), More Knowledgeable Other (MKO) Vygotsky’s Social Development Theory Vygotsky’s Social Development Theory is the work of Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934), who lived during Russian Revolution. Vygotsky’s work was largely unkown to the West until it was published in 1962.

Is Connectivism A New Learning Theory Based on Old Ideas? Bruna writes, "the successful students are usually the ones who understand what they have to reach and which path they need to follow. They are recognized and rewarded (good grades) by their abilities to follow rules..." We've seen this observation before, for example, in John Holt.It suggests a strategy for reshaping learning: reshaping the rules (or better, the outcomes) needed to be successful. But this, she writes, points both to a strength and a failingin connectivism: "Students' creativity and engagement are considered of high importance in connectivism but, according to the passage presented above, connectivism may be failing in developing and evaluating those, just as 'obsolete' learning theories do." Thus is a challenge for all theories: how to promote desirable traits in students, without imposing a set of rules and values that promote success by obedience. Views Today: 4 Total: 272.

Connectivist Learning Theory - Siemens Connectivist learning theory, by George Siemens "A central tenet of most learning theories is that learning occurs inside a person. Even social constructivist views, which hold that learning is a socially enacted process, promotes the principality of the individual (and her/his physical presence – i.e. brain-based) in learning.

MOOCs and More: Connectivism Connectivism Knowledge is distributed across a network of connections thus learning consists of the ability to construct and traverse those networks.Knowledge is not acquired, it is a set of connections formed by actions and experiences. These connections are formed naturally, through a process of association and not through some intentional act.

The Art of Thought: Graham Wallas on the Four Stages of Creativity, 1926 by Maria Popova How to master the beautiful osmosis of conscious and unconscious, voluntary and involuntary, deliberate and serendipitous. In 1926, thirteen years before James Webb Young’s Technique for Producing Ideas and more than three decades before Arthur Koestler’s seminal “bisociation” theory of how creativity works, English social psychologist and London School of Economics co-founder Graham Wallas, sixty-eight at the time, penned The Art of Thought — an insightful theory outlining the four stages of the creative process, based both on his own empirical observations and on the accounts of famous inventors and polymaths. Wallas outlines four stages of the creative process — preparation, incubation, illumination, and verification — dancing in a delicate osmosis of conscious and unconscious work.

Education Theory - UCD - CTAG Education theory is the theory of the purpose, application and interpretation of education and learning. It largely an umbrella term, being comprised of a number of theories, rather than a single explanation of how we learn, and how we should teach. Rather, it is affected by several factors, including theoretical perspective and epistemological position. There is no one, clear, universal explanation of how we learn and subsequent guidebook as to how we should teach. Rather, there are a range of theories, each with their background in a different psychological and epistemological tradition. To understand learning then, we have to understand the theories, and the rationale behind them.

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