Robben Island Robben Island was used at various times between the 17th and 20th centuries as a prison, a hospital for socially unacceptable groups and a military base. Its buildings, particularly those of the late 20th century such as the maximum security prison for political prisoners, witness the triumph of democracy and freedom over oppression and racism. Robben Island a été utilisée à différentes époques entre le XVIIe et le XXe siècle comme prison, hôpital pour les malades socialement indésirables et base militaire. جزيرة روبن تمّ استعمال جزيرة روبن خلال مراحل مختلفة بين القرنين السابع عشر والعشرين كسجن وكمستشفى للمرضى غير المرغوب بهم اجتماعياً وكقاعدة عسكرية. source: UNESCO/ERI 罗布恩岛 从17世纪到20世纪罗布恩岛曾有过不同的用途，它曾经是监狱、不受社会欢迎的人的医院和军事基地。 Остров Роббен-Айленд В период XVII-ХХ вв. Robben Island Robben Island fue utilizada en diferentes épocas, entre los siglos XVIII y XX, como prisión, base militar y hospital para grupos catalogados como socialmente indeseables. Robbeneiland Source: unesco.nl
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Robben IslandFor nearly 400 years, Robben Island, about 12 kilometres from Cape Town, was a place of exile where rulers sent those they regarded as outcasts and troublemakers. Robben Island was used at various times between the 17th and 20th centuries as a prison, a hospital for socially unacceptable groups and a military base. Its buildings, particularly those of the late 20th century such as the maximum security prison for political prisoners, witness the triumph of democracy and freedom over oppression and racism. The author Lawrence Green described Robben Island as "The Island of Exiles". For centuries it was a remote inaccessible place. MuseumSince 1997 Robben Island has been a museum acting as a focal point of South African heritage. In 1999 the island was declared a World Heritage Site. During the apartheid years Robben Island was used to isolate opponents of apartheid and to crush their morale. The IslandOn the road to the village you'll pass a square-towered church and old Sailboat cannons.
Nelson Mandela - Biography - President (non-U.S.), Writer, Civil Rights ActivistNelson Mandela became the first black president of South Africa in 1994, serving until 1999. A symbol of global peacemaking, he won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. Synopsis Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918, in Mveso, Transkei, South Africa. Early Life Nelson Mandela was born Rolihlahla Mandela on July 18, 1918, in the tiny village of Mvezo, on the banks of the Mbashe River in Transkei, South Africa. Nelson Mandela's father, who was destined to be a chief, served as a counselor to tribal chiefs for several years, but lost both his title and fortune over a dispute with the local colonial magistrate. At the suggestion of one of his father's friends, Mandela was baptized in the Methodist Church. When Mandela was 9 years old, his father died of lung disease, causing his life to change dramatically. Mandela was given the same status and responsibilities as the regent's two other children, his son and oldest child, Justice, and daughter Nomafu. Mandela's Imprisonment In Recent Years Videos
South Africa profile - overviewSouth Africa has one of the continent's biggest and most developed economies. Up until 1994 it was ruled by a white minority which enforced a separation of races with its policy called apartheid. The apartheid government eventually negotiated itself out of power after decades of international isolation, armed opposition and mass protests. The democratically-elected leadership encouraged reconciliation and set about redressing social imbalances. Read more country profiles - Profiles by BBC Monitoring Population 50.7 million Area 1.22 million sq km (470,693 sq miles) Major languages 11 official languages including English, Afrikaans, Sesotho, Setswana, Xhosa and Zulu Religions Christianity, Islam, indigenous beliefs Life expectancy 53 years (men), 54 years (women) Currency Rand Getty Images President: Jacob Zuma Image copyright Getty Images The leader of the ruling African National Congress party, Jacob Zuma, was chosen president by the newly-elected parliament in May 2009.
Home | Apartheid MuseumPrimary History - Famous People - Nelson MandelaAll About South AfricaJun 08, 2010 Seeing as the 2010 FIFA World Cup happened in South Africa, we thought it’d be cool to learn a bit more about the beautiful country, which has definitely been through its fair share of tough times. South African Kids Of all the countries on the continent of Africa, South Africa’s the most diverse in terms of its territory. Map of South Africa Early History South Africa is a beautiful country. A couple hundred years later, when gold was discovered in South Africa by the British, wars broke out between different European settlers who wanted to gain control of the country for themselves. Apartheid Apartheid in South Africa In 1948, Apartheid was introduced to South Africa: a set of laws that legally and physically separated different racial groups from each other. Nelson Mandela In 1918, a boy named Rolihlala Mandela was born in South Africa. Nelson Mandela Nelson Mandela Freed Nelson Mandela continues to support a variety of causes, particularly the fight against HIV-Aids. Safari Lion
The School System | South AfricaA child may begin schooling with grade 0 (also called reception, or grade-R) from the age of four. Grades 1 to 9 are compulsory and classified as General Education and Training (GET). Grades 11 and 12, Further Education and Training (FET), are non-compulsory; qualification at this level with a matriculation certificate is required to enter tertiary education. Some schools offer a post-matric/sixth-form level which allows students to sit for A-level exams. The three-tier system of education is as follows: Primary school: Grade 0/1 to grade 6/7 Secondary school: Grade 8 to 9 (compulsory); grade 10 to 12 (non-compulsory) Tertiary education: Universities, technical colleges This system is also referred to in phases: Foundation phase: Reception to grade 3 Intermediate phase: Grades 4 to 6 Senior phase: Grades 7 to 9 Further Education and Training (FET): Grades 10 to 12 (matriculation certificate) Higher Education (HE) Pre-Primary/Preschool Compulsory education begins at grade 1. Primary school
Education in South AfricaAccording to the Bill of Rights of South Africa's Constitution, all South Africans have the right to a basic education, including adult basic education and access to further education. The state has an obligation, through reasonable measures, to progressively make this education available and accessible. South Africa has one of the highest rates of public investment in education in the world. At about 7% of gross domestic product (GDP) and 20% of total state expenditure, the government spends more on education than on any other sector. Three bands of education South Africa's National Qualifications Framework (NQF) recognises three broad bands of education: General Education and Training, Further Education and Training, and Higher Education and Training. Structure and responsibilities Since 2009, the national Department of Education has been split into two ministries: Basic Education, and Higher Education and Training. School statistics Higher education and training Spending and challenges
South Africa Map / Geography of South Africa / Map of South AfricaArcheologists report evidence that humans have inhabited Southern Africa for more than 100,000 years. Over many modern centuries assorted African tribes moved steadily south to populate the country we now call South Africa. Bantu peoples began migrating across sub-Saharan Africa from the Niger River Delta around 2,500 years ago, and arrived in South Africa in small waves setting up small villages. By 1200 AD a trade network emerged, and the premise of a sacred leadership took hold. However, it wasn't until 1652, a century and a half after the discovery of the Cape Sea Route, that the Dutch East India Company founded a station at what would later become Cape Town. The Dutch used the port primarily to transport slaves from India, Indonesia and Madagascar to be used as laborers for the colonists. After the British seized the Cape of Good Hope area in 1806, Cape Town soon became a British colony. Since the end of apartheid, unemployment has been very high.
White South Africa farmers march against murdersLarge demonstrations under the “Black Monday” banner were held in Cape Town, Johannesburg and the capital Pretoria. Marchers dressed in black to commemorate the victims of hundreds of deadly “farm attacks” in recent years. The protest actions halted traffic on main roads and forced police to divert vehicles on several major routes. Monday’s day of action was coordinated by AfriForum, a campaign group that advocates for its largely white membership, many of whom speak Afrikaans. It lobbies on issues including farm murders, hate speech and language rights, and is often critical of the African National Congress party, which has ruled South Africa for over two decades. The group said in a statement that there have been 72 farm murders this year. Its figures are disputed by officials in South Africa, where 52 people are murdered on average every day. “The government needs to recognise this isn’t ordinary crime,” AfriForum chief executive Karrie Kriel told AFP.