background preloader


A changeling is a creature found in folklore and folk religion. A changeling child was believed to be a fairy child that had been left in place of a human child stolen by the fairies. The theme of the swapped child is common in medieval literature and reflects concern over infants thought to be afflicted with unexplained diseases, disorders, or developmental disabilities. Description[edit] It is typically described as being the offspring of a fairy, elf or other legendary creature that has been secretly left in the place of a human child. Sometimes the term is also used to refer to the child who was taken. D. The devil steals a baby and leaves a changeling behind, early 15th century, detail of "The legend of St. Purpose of a changeling[edit] One belief is that trolls thought that it was more respectable to be raised by humans, and that they wanted to give their own children a human upbringing. Other folklore[2] say that human milk is necessary for fairy children to survive. Cornwall[edit] Related:  Medievalmoe_hemmoMediveal

Cat sìth The Cat Sìth (Scottish Gaelic: [kʰaht̪ ˈʃiː]) or Cat Sidhe (Irish: [kat̪ˠ ˈʃiː], Cat Sí in new orthography) is a fairy creature from Celtic mythology, said to resemble a large black cat with a white spot on its breast. Legend has it that the spectral cat haunts the Scottish Highlands. The legends surrounding this creature are more common in Scottish folklore, but a few occur in Irish. Some common folklore suggested that the Cat Sìth was not a fairy, but a witch that could transform into a cat nine times.[1] Appearance[edit] The Cat Sìth is all black with the exception of a white spot on its chest.[4] It is described as being as large as a dog and chooses to display itself with its back arched and bristles erect.[4] The King of the Cats[edit] Soul-stealing[edit] The people of the Scottish Highlands did not trust the Cat Sìth. Samhain[edit] Transformation[edit] In popular culture[edit] See also[edit] References[edit]

Dunnie The Dunnie was also said to wander the crags and dales of the Cheviots singing: "Cockenheugh there's gear enough, Collierheugh there's mair, For I've lost the key o' the Bounders, (or "It is also "I've lost the key o' the Bowden-door.") An' I'm ruined for evermair The Dunnie is thus thought to be a ghost of a reiver who hoarded his loot in the fells and guards his ill-gotten gains to this day.[1] In full the song of the dunnie goes: For I've lost the key o' the Bounders" "Ross for rabbits, and Elwick for kail, Of a' the' towns e'er I saw Howick for ale: Howick for ale, and Kyloe for scrubbers, Of a' the towns e'er I saw Lowick for robbers;- Lowick for robbers, Buckton for breed, Of a' the towns e'er I saw Holy Island for need;- Holy Island for need, and Grindon for kye, Of a' the towns e'er I saw Doddington for rye:- Doddington for rye, Bowisdon for rigs[disambiguation needed], Barmour for whigs, Tweedmouth for doors, Of a' the towns e'er I saw Ancroft for whores:-

The history of bloodletting | BC Medical Journal With a history spanning at least 3000 years, bloodletting has only recently—in the late 19th century—been discredited as a treatment for most ailments. The practice of bloodletting began around 3000 years ago with the Egyptians, then continued with the Greeks and Romans, the Arabs and Asians, then spread through Europe during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. It reached its peak in Europe in the 19th century but subsequently declined and today in Western medicine is used only for a few select conditions. Humors, Hippocrates, and Galen To appreciate the rationale for bloodletting one must first understand the paradigm of disease 2300 years ago in the time of Hippocrates (~460–370 BC). Each humor was centred in a particular organ—brain, lung, spleen, and gall bladder—and related to a particular personality type—sanguine, phlegmatic, melancholic, and choleric.[1] Being ill meant having an imbalance of the four humors. Why did it persist?

10 Bizarre Medieval Medical Practices Creepy Medicine is one of the cornerstones of modern civilization—so much so that we take it for granted. It wasn’t always the case that you could just waltz into a doctor’s office to have them cure what ailed you. In medieval times, for example, things were a lot more dangerous, and a lot stranger. 10 Boar Bile Enemas Enemas in medieval times were performed by devices called clysters. Even kings were high up on the clyster. 9 Urine Was Used As An Antiseptic Though it may not have been common, there is evidence to suggest that urine was occasionally used as an antiseptic in the Medieval Era. This isn’t quite as insane as it seems: urine is sterile when it leaves the body and may have been a healthier alternative than most water—which came with no such guarantee of cleanliness. 8 Eye Surgery (With A Needle) During the Middle Ages, cataract surgery was performed with a thick needle. Of course, eye surgery changed rapidly once Islamic medicine began to influence European practices. 4 Trepanning

10 Completely Uncanny Superstitions From The Middle Ages Weird Stuff In the pre-scientific Middle Ages, the world was at the same time both fascinating and frightening. In the absence of proper knowledge, people had no choice but to fall back on their own imaginations to make sense of the myriad natural phenomena around them. The result was a world where everything seemed magical, a place teeming with angels and demons, fairies and goblins, elves, gnomes, and witches. This list takes us inside the medieval mind and the fears and superstitions through which it tried to explain the world. 10 The Sea In The Sky For this story, we are indebted to English chronicler Gervase of Tilbury and his work Otia Imperiala. For proof, Gervase offers an episode that took place in an English village. Another tale concerns a merchant who accidentally dropped his knife while out at sea. 9 Omens Of Charlemagne’s Death The Frankish king Charlemagne was crowned Holy Roman Emperor in A.D. 800. 8 Magonia 7 Changelings 6 The Royal Touch 5 The Wild Man Of Orford

Caoineag Caoineag (Scottish Gaelic pronunciation: [kʰɯːɲak]) is a Scottish spirit, her name meaning ‘the weeper’ and one of the names given to the Highland Banshee, Caointeach is another. Within Celtic mythology, she is a variant of the Bean-Nighe, known as the 'Washer at the Ford' and belonged to the class of Fuath, evil water spirits. Unlike the Bean Nighe, she is heard but never seen, and cannot be approached to grant wishes. Caoineag in mythology and folklore[edit] Scottish folklorist Alexander Carmichael in Carmina Gadelica, says that before the Massacre of Glencoe, the Caoineag of the MacDonalds was heard to wail night after night.[1] References[edit] Glaistig The glaistig /ˈɡlæʃtɨɡ/ is a ghost from Scottish mythology, a type of fuath. It is also known as maighdean uaine (Green Maiden), and may appear as a woman of beautiful or monstrous mien, as a half-woman half-goat similar to a satyr, or in the shape of a goat.[1] The lower goat half of her hybrid form is usually disguised by a long, flowing green robe or dress, and the woman often appears grey with long yellow hair.[2] The name is evidently cognate with the Manx "glashtin", and is similar to the "sacbaun" of Galloway. Variants[edit] The glaistig is an ambivalent ghost that appears in legend as both a malign and benign creature. In other, more benign incarnations, the glaistig is a type of tutelary spirit and protector of cattle and herders, and in at least one legend in Scotland,[2] the town of Ach-na-Creige had such a spirit protecting the cattle herds. The Green Lady[edit] A third tale synthesizes the two threads. In Literature[edit] References[edit]

A Brief History of Bloodletting - History in the Headlines The ancient practice of bloodletting might offer cardiovascular benefits to obese people with metabolic syndrome, a new study published today in the journal BMC Medicine suggests. As the medical community contemplates its revival, explore this long-abandoned procedure’s age-old history, from its early roots to its use on figures such as George Washington and Marie-Antoinette. Several thousand years ago, whether you were an Egyptian with migraines or a feverish Greek, chances are your doctor would try one first-line treatment before all others: bloodletting. He or she would open a vein with a lancet or sharpened piece of wood, causing blood to flow out and into a waiting receptacle. Considered one of medicine’s oldest practices, bloodletting is thought to have originated in ancient Egypt. In medieval Europe, bloodletting became the standard treatment for various conditions, from plague and smallpox to epilepsy and gout.

The Curious Practice of Trepanning Older than writing, evidence of the practice of drilling a hole in someone’s head in order to improve their health and well-being has been found from as far back as 6,500 BC. Although most proper physicians today eschew the procedure and write it off as simply a function of superstition, the tradition of trepanning remains alive and well among adherents. Dating to the dawn of civilization and spanning the globe, trepanning was practiced in France nearly 10,000 years ago, and evidence of it has been found in Azerbaijan that dates back to 4,000 B.C. In Central and South America, the first direct evidence of this practice dates to about the 2nd millennium B.C. The Greek physician, Hippocrates (460-370 B.C.), noted the practice and that it was commonly performed when someone suffered a blow to the head that caused an indentation and contusion; however, he also wrote that “those [bones] which are most pressed and broken require trepanning the least.” Expand for References

The Canterbury Tales Pilgrims on the road to Canterbury in a window of the cathedral The Canterbury Tales is a book of stories written by Geoffrey Chaucer. It was written in the 14th century. It was one of the first books to be written in the English language. The book is about a group of pilgrims traveling from London to Canterbury. Background[change | change source] Canterbury Cathedral[change | change source] The murder of Thomas Becket The Canterbury Tales is about a group of people who are pilgrims. Thomas Becket[change | change source] Thomas Becket had been the Archbishop of Canterbury in the 1100s. People began to visit the tomb. Pilgrims[change | change source] Many pilgrims used to meet together in London. Canterbury is in the south-east of England. When pilgrims gathered in a group, the group could be made up of many different kinds of people, both rich and poor, noble and humble. The tales[change | change source] The Canterbury Tales begins with a Prologue (which means "a few words to begin").

Brownie (folklore) Every manor house had its ùruisg, and in the kitchen, close by the fire was a seat, which was left unoccupied for him. One house on the banks of the River Tay was even until the beginning of the twentieth century believed to have been haunted by such a sprite, and one room in the house was for centuries called "Seòmar Bhrùnaidh" (Brownie’s room). In 1703, John Brand wrote in his description of Shetland (which he called "Zetland") that: “Not above forty or fifty years ago, every family had a brownie, or evil spirit, so called, which served them, to which they gave a sacrifice for his service; as when they churned their milk, they took a part thereof, and sprinkled every corner of the house with it, for Brownie’s use; likewise, when they brewed, they had a stone which they called ‘Brownie’s stane’, wherein there was a little hole into which they poured some wort for a sacrifice to Brownie. The Killmoulis was a similar creature which inhabited mills. Cheneque (native Mexican)

Wirry-cow In Scotland, a wirry-cowe [ˈwɪɾɪkʌu, ˈwʌɾɪkʌu] was a bugbear, goblin, ghost, ghoul or other frightful object.[1] Sometimes the term was used for the Devil or a scarecrow. Draggled sae 'mang muck and stanes, They looked like wirry-cows The word was used by Sir Walter Scott in his novel Guy Mannering. The word is derived by John Jamieson from worry (Modern Scots wirry[2]), in its old sense of harassment[3] in both English[4] and Lowland Scots,[5] from Old English wyrgan cognate with Dutch wurgen and German würgen[6] and cowe; a hobgoblin, an object of terror.[7][8] Wirry appears in several other compound words such as wirry hen; a ruffianly character, a rogue,[9] wirry-boggle; a rogue, a rascal, and wirry-carle; a snarling, ill-natured person, one who is dreaded as a bugbear.[10]

Changeling History Changelings are humanoid creatures with discolored, slimy skin, hollow eyes, and a round mouth with many teeth. They can appear human, but their true nature is revealed in their reflection. They feed on humans' synovial fluid.[1] Characteristics Powers and Abilities Have superior strength.[1] Have sharp teeth that allow them to feed on humans, and a lamprey-like mouth.[1] Can appear human.[1] Weaknesses Fire - Setting a changeling on fire will kill it.[1] Family - Killing a mother changeling will cause its children to die instantly.[1] Mirrors - A changeling's true form is revealed in a mirror.[1] The Colt (assumption) Episodes 3.02 The Kids Are Alright Sam and Dean come across changelings in Cicero, Indiana. Meanwhile, the child changelings feed off of the human mothers' synovial fluid by suckling with their round, many-toothed mouths at the back of their necks. 9.13 The Purge Changelings in Lore Trivia Desiree Zurowski portrayed the changeling mother. References