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Sleep, Learning, and Memory

Sleep, Learning, and Memory
The Learning Process and Sleep Sleep, learning, and memory are complex phenomena that are not entirely understood. However, animal and human studies suggest that the quantity and quality of sleep have a profound impact on learning and memory. Although the exact mechanisms are not known, learning and memory are often described in terms of three functions. Each of these steps is necessary for proper memory function. Sleep researchers study the role of sleep in learning and memory formation in two ways. Sleep Stages and Types of Memory Different types of memories are formed in new learning situations. The earliest sleep and memory research focused on declarative memory, which is the knowledge of fact-based information, or "what" we know (for example, the capital of France, or what you had for dinner last night). Research has also focused on sleep and its role in procedural memory—the remembering "how" to do something (for example, riding a bicycle or playing the piano). Open Questions Related:  lifestylemental healthPeople and life

5 Scientific Ways to Instantly Brighten Your Day | Charlie Houpert How nice would it be to push a button and instantly feel happy, uplifted, and fun? Turns out you can. Or at least exert the same amount of effort for the same results. Recent studies are upending the age-old belief that emotions just happen to us. In fact, its just the opposite. We often choose which emotions we'll experience. If you'd like to choose happy more often, here are five concrete things you can do in less than 20 minutes that have scientifically shown to change your brain chemistry and your perspective. Move your body Extensive scientific research shows that our body language shapes what we think and how we feel. What is a "power pose"? Practice gratitude exercises What do you focus on when you're feeling bad? All the good stuff in your life? Want to appreciate your life, ward off Hedonic Adaptation, and be happier? Simply taking a moment to focus on five things you ARE happy with is enough to feel much happier in minutes. Tell someone you love how you feel Take a walk outside Smile

16 Things I Wish They Had Taught Me in School I am 28 now. I don’t think about the past or regret things much these days. But sometimes I wish that I had known some of things I have learned over the last few years a bit earlier. Because some of these 16 things in this article a teacher probably spoke about in class. Some of it would probably not have stuck in my mind anyway. But I still think that taking a few hours from all those German language classes and use them for some personal development classes would have been a good idea. So here are 16 things I wish they had taught me in school (or I just would like to have known about earlier). 1. This is one of the best ways to make better use of your time. So a lot of what you do is probably not as useful or even necessary to do as you may think. You can just drop – or vastly decrease the time you spend on – a whole bunch of things. And if you do that you will have more time and energy to spend on those things that really brings your value, happiness, fulfilment and so on. 2. 3. 4. 5.

The Seven Emotions in Chinese Medicine The Psychological Effects of the Seven Emotions The seven emotions that the Chinese physicians commonly refer to are: Joy,Fright,Anger,Worry,Sorrow,Fear, andGrief. These psychological factors, if in excess, can cause disease and ill-health. Joy ... Joy is linked to the Heart. To the Westerners, joy is a cheerful, positive concept that we find difficult to see as damaging. However, Traditional Chinese society was excessively hierarchical and deeply conservative. We can perhaps imagine "Joy" as a rowdy group of excited teenagers yelling noisily in the street and upsetting elderly passers-by, rather than the happy sense of contentment and light-heartedness associated with the word in the West. This "inappropriateness" is the negative aspect of Joy and too much of it will damage the Heart and also the Lungs which are located close by in the Upper fiao. Too much Joy damaging Heart Qi. Fright ... Panic or sudden fear from some dramatic external event is also associated with the Heart. Worry ...

25 TED Talks that will change how you see the world Mahatma Gandhi once said, “Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.” If this sounds like a philosophy you can relate to, then you’ll love TED talks. These informational 17 minute presentations are given at annual conferences by some of the world’s greatest thinkers. Their aim is simple: To inspire ideas and change attitudes around the world. 1. Hailed as the greatest pickpocket in the world, Apollo Robbins studies the quirks of human behavior as he steals your watch. 2. Body language affects how others see us, but it may also change how we see ourselves. 3. Jill Bolte Taylor got a research opportunity few brain scientists would wish for: She had a massive stroke, and watched as her brain functions — motion, speech, self-awareness — shut down one by one. 4. In this fun, 3-min performance from the World Science Festival, musician Bobby McFerrin uses the pentatonic scale to reveal one surprising result of the way our brains are wired. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Five Powerful Ways Abusive Narcissists Get Inside Your Head | Self-Care Haven Photograph by via Shutterstock. Five Powerful Ways Abusive Narcissists Get Inside Your Head by Shahida Arabi In popular culture, the term “narcissistic” is thrown about quite loosely, usually referring to vanity and self-absorption. People who meet the criteria for Narcissistic Personality Disorder or those who have traits of Antisocial Personality Disorder can operate in extremely manipulative ways within the context of intimate relationships due to their deceitfulness, lack of empathy and their tendency to be interpersonally exploitative. It’s important in any kind of relationship that we learn to identify the red flags when interacting with people who display malignant narcissism and/or antisocial traits, so we can better protect ourselves from exploitation and abuse, set boundaries, and make informed decisions about who we keep in our lives. Watch out for the following covert manipulation tactics when you’re dating someone or in a relationship. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Ebola - information for the public | Ministry of Health NZ Summary Sporadic outbreaks of Ebola have been occurring in Africa for decades. Its origin is unknown but fruit bats are considered a likely host, based on available evidence. There is currently an ongoing Ebola outbreak overseas. For more information see the Ebola update. Ebola is a severe illness but spread can be prevented. How is it spread? Although Ebola causes severe illness it is not easy to catch – it is not spread through the air and is not as infectious as the flu or measles. You can also catch Ebola by: handling infected animals (chimpanzees, gorillas, monkeys, or fruit bats) contact with blood or other body fluids and organs of infected animals eating infected ‘bush meat’ – the meat of African wild animals. Symptoms Signs and symptoms of Ebola appear between 2 and 21 days (although usually between 8 and 10 days) after exposure to the virus. Early signs and symptoms include: fever severe headache joint and muscle aches chills weakness. Treatment Prevention

40 Ways to Feel More Alive “I don’t believe people are looking for the meaning of life as much as they are looking for the experience of being alive.” ~Joseph Campbell As I write this, I am two hours away from my first weekly acting class in Los Angeles. I frequently said I wanted to do it, along with painting classes, which I’m starting next week, but I always made excuses not to start either. I was too busy. The list went on and on, but I realized the last two were the big ones for me. Also, I hesitate to give large amounts of time to hobbies I have no intention of pursuing professionally. I realized last month, however, that I want to prioritize more of the things that make me feel passionate and excited—and not just occasionally, but regularly. I don’t know if these classes are “leading” anywhere. That’s what it means to really feel alive—to be so immersed in the passionate bliss of this moment that you don’t think about yesterday or tomorrow. Say Something You’ve Been Meaning to Say 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Text therapy on rise to help address youth mental health issues Forget the conventional images that come to mind when you think of psychologists, like chaise longues and notepads. Swap in smartphones and tablets — that could be the future of modern psychotherapy, based on the changing ways young people are communicating. Youth-oriented services in Canada, like Kids Help Phone, are adapting to social-media-focused millennials by creating new ways for young people to connect with counsellors. The 25-year-old organization now offers an instant messaging service which can be accessed through the Kids Help Phone app or by computer. “Young people are very used to speaking through their phones and processing without speaking out loud,” says Alisa Simon, vice-president of counselling services at Kids Help Phone. “Young people who are using live chat are bringing [up] really serious concerns. Simon says there is an increasing demand for the live chat services. Kids Help Phone also offers email counselling, where young people can write in with a question. Dr.

20 emerging cities that could someday rival New York, London and Paris Southeastern Asian cities Jakarta, Manila and Africa's Addis Abba are progressing quickly–improving in stability and security and even addressing problems like income inequality and health care, according to an outlook released by A.T. Kearney. The upshot? If these emerging cities maintain that improvement, they'll eventually rival world leaders like New York, Paris and London. The Emerging Cities Outlook is a companion to the A.T. The Emerging Cities Outlook, or ECO, is all about potential. Specifically, the ECO predicts the likelihood that 34 cities in low- and middle-income countries will improve their future global positioning in the next 10 to 20 years, based on how quickly they've been catching up with the top performers on a number of leading human capital, business activity and innovation indicators. While these cities have potential, they also have issues that threaten to hold them back. Thumbnail photo: Flickr user E Palen

25 Great Motivational Quotes You've Never Heard Of inShare66 63Probably my most read post ever was the 20 Greatest Motivational Quotes of All Time. So much so that I expanded the post and wrote a book with the 50 greatest quotes in that is now sent free to my new newsletter subscribers. Sign up in the box on the left if you want a copy. As I was trawling some quotes the other day it struck me how many amazing ones there were that I’d never heard before and I thought it would be cool to collate the best for your perusal. Now of course I realize that you may well have heard of one or two, but I genuinely hadn’t (except one), so please don’t give me a hard time or point out that you knew 18 out of 20 and thus I’m a philistine and deserve a damn good thrashing. 1. Too many people when coming under attack crumble when instead they could view that attack/criticism as a way to grow and mature and come back stronger. 2. You know that, right? 3. This may almost seem anti-motivational, but it really isn’t. 3b. Yes, yes and thrice I say yes. 4. 5. 6.

Handwriting Helps You Learn flickr user Kahunna Typing is fast. Handwriting is slow. Weirdly, that's precisely why handwriting is better suited to learning. Take it from research psychologists Pam A. Earlier studies have argued that laptops make for poor note-taking because of the litany of distractions available on the internet, but their experiments yielded a counterintuitive conclusion: Handwriting is better because it slows the learner down. By slowing down the process of taking notes, you accelerate learning. It works like this. As learning science has discovered, if you're not signaling that the material is important to your brain, it will discard the lecture from memory for the sake of efficiency. But if you are taking notes by hand, you won't be able to write down every word the speaker says. This requires more effort than just typing every word out — and the effort is what helps cement the material in your memory. "When we write, a unique neural circuit is automatically activated," he said. The result?

A quoi ressemblerait une Crimée russe ? Le | • Mis à jour le | Par Mathilde Gérard Sans surprise, le vote organisé dimanche 16 mars en Crimée s'est soldé par un large plébiscite à 96,6 % d'une demande de rattachement de la péninsule à la Russie. Soixante ans après avoir été cédée par Nikita Khrouchtchev à l'Ukraine, la Crimée a demandé lundi 17 mars son retour sous l'autorité de Moscou. La requête a été formulée officiellement lundi par le Parlement de Crimée, et sera examinée vendredi 21 mars par la Douma à Moscou. Quel statut pour une Crimée russe ? Sera-t-elle un oblast comme Novgorod ou Kaliningrad ? Nul ne sait encore quel pourrait être le statut juridique d'une Crimée russe. Qui va reconnaître les nouvelles frontières ? Hormis Moscou, aucune capitale n'a reconnu le vote de dimanche. Pour autant, il est difficile d'imaginer comment l'Europe et les Etats-Unis pourront s'opposer dans les faits à l'arrimage de la Crimée à Moscou. Lire aussi : L'Allemagne hausse le ton à l'égard de la Russie Changement d'heure