Ethyl acetate Ethyl acetate (systematically, ethyl ethanoate, commonly abbreviated EtOAc or EA) is the organic compound with the formula CH3-COO-CH2-CH3. This colorless liquid has a characteristic sweet smell (similar to pear drops) and is used in glues, nail polish removers, decaffeinating tea and coffee, and cigarettes (see list of additives in cigarettes). Ethyl acetate is the ester of ethanol and acetic acid; it is manufactured on a large scale for use as a solvent. The combined annual production in 1985 of Japan, North America, and Europe was about 400,000 tons. In 2004, an estimated 1.3M tons were produced worldwide. Production Ethyl acetate is synthesized in industry mainly via the classic Fischer esterification reaction of ethanol and acetic acid. The reaction can be accelerated by acid catalysis and the equilibrium can be shifted to the right by removal of water. By dehydrogenation of ethanol Uses Laboratory uses Occurrence in wines  Safety
Le codage des caractères Le codage du texte est le sujet le plus important, mais aussi le plus délicat et le plus explosif du domaine de l'internationalisation d'Internet. C'est un sujet primordial, parce qu'une grande partie de l'information circulant sur Internet est sous forme textuelle. Or, l'histoire d'Internet fait en sorte que le codage prédominant, et dans certains cas le seul possible, soit le très limité ASCII. Mais ce codage ne peut représenter que quelques langues dont seulement trois d'importance : l'anglais, l'indonésien et le souahéli. Toutes les autres langues, parlée par plus de 90 % de la population mondiale, doivent se rabattre sur d'autres jeux de caractères. Et il en existe une pléthore, créée au cours des ans pour satisfaire à la fois les contraintes d'écriture et les limites technologiques en constante évolution. Le problème n'en est donc pas un de carence, mais bien de surabondance, du moins lorsque les standards Internet permettent de choisir.
Archives: Psychonaut: Big List of Trips This is my Big List of Trips. It covers almost every entheogenic experiment I have ever done. Since I didn't start this list until just recently, it is very likely that there are omissions, especially in the earlier years and during any period where I took a number of trips in a short period of time. You will also notice that not all of the trips listed here have corresponding trip reports. Again, I only recently started keeping records of my explorations. A note about terminology: A plus (+) means the two agents were active simultaneously, regardless of order of ingestion.
Extraction of mescaline from Trichocereus panchanoi The Psychedelic Library Alas! the forbidden fruits were eaten, And thereby the warm life of reason congealed. A grain of wheat eclipsed the sun of Adam, Like as the Dragon's tail dulls the brightness of the moon. — Rumi: Masnavi I Ma'naviNew Additions to the Library - March 2008 The files in this library are transmitted under the "Fair Use" rulingsregarding the 1976 Copyright Act for NON-profit academic, research, and general information purposes.
BHO Extraction | Skunk Pharm Research LLC Butane Honey Oil, or BHO, is the essential oil from the cannabis plant, extracted using n-Butane as a solvent. If it is extracted from fresh material, it is a Concrete, and if from cured material, it is an Oleoresin. A concrete or an oleoresin that has been winterized to remove the waxes, lipids, and fats, is known as an Absolute. Butane Honey Oil extraction refers to the method used to extract the essential oils from cannabis, and there are multiple theories on the best way to accomplish this, as well as what material is best to use. Perhaps the first question is why use a BHO technique to extract the resins, instead of just boiling the material in alcohol to get the greatest amount of extracted material? The answer to that is that because butane is relatively non polar, it doesn’t extract the water solubles like chlorophyll and plant alkaloids. On average we have extracted about 18% oil by weight from bud, but as low as 5.7% absolute and as high as 25 absolute%. Terpenes: Butane supply:
:: T R Y P T A M I N D . C O M :: A Treatise on Psychedelics Part 2/3: The Mystical Experience | Psychedelic Frontier This guest post by Martijn Schirp continues from Part 1, discussing the Interdisciplinary Conference on Psychedelic Research that he attended. It was originally published on higHExistence.com. If we recognize the plant as an autonomous power which enters in order to put roots and flowers in us, then we distance ourselves by several degrees from the skewed perspective which imagines that spirit (Geist) is the monopoly of human beings and doesn’t exist outside of them. A new world-picture has to follow the planetary leveling; that is the task which the next century will take up. –Ernst Jünger, The Plant as Autonomous Power. Where are the liberating effects of these plants and chemicals to be found? Dimethyltryptamine DMT stands for dimethyltryptamine and is extremely interesting for many reasons. And, most importantly, it is surprisingly easy to extract DMT yourself. In many countries, DMT is a Schedule 1 or Class A drug—quite funny, since then our own bodies are against the law.
Shroomery - Magic Mushrooms (Shrooms) Demystified Low dose psychedelics increase neurogenesis, help mice unlearn fear | Psychedelic Frontier A new study of mice published in Experimental Brain Research shows that low doses (but not high doses) of psychedelics increase the rate of neuron creation in the hippocampus, and help the mice to rapidly unlearn conditioned fear responses. From the abstract (paragraph breaks added for readability): Drugs that modulate serotonin (5-HT) synaptic concentrations impact neurogenesis and hippocampal (HPC)-dependent learning. This will not surprise anybody who has been able to process deep-seated fears and insecurities with the help of a psychedelic. Research continues to confirm psychedelics’ ability to reduce the conditioned fear response, enabling patients to confront fearful stimuli without the usual baggage of anxiety and defense mechanisms. As head researcher Dr. With the right therapeutic approach, psychedelics allow us to rewire our brains in a positive manner. via Psychedelic Research Google+ community
Links-Ethnobotany Recommended Links to the World of Herbs Ethnobotany Note: Each link will open a new browser window. Close this second window to return to the HRF site. Back to Links page Aboriginal Plant Use in South-Eastern Australia - This web-site contains detailed notes and a bibliography on plants used by Aboriginal peoples of south-eastern Australia. American Indian Ethnobotany - Contains over 47,000 entries representing the medicinal uses of 3.895 species from 760 genera and 142 families by 123 different native American groups. AyuHerbal Catalog of Indian Medicinal Plants - CIEER - Center for International Ethnomedicinal Education and Research - CISCOM-The Centralised Information Service For Complementary Medicine - ClinicalTrials.gov - The U.S. Dr. Worldwide plant uses Created by Dr.