Ethyl acetate Ethyl acetate (systematically, ethyl ethanoate, commonly abbreviated EtOAc or EA) is the organic compound with the formula CH3-COO-CH2-CH3. This colorless liquid has a characteristic sweet smell (similar to pear drops) and is used in glues, nail polish removers, decaffeinating tea and coffee, and cigarettes (see list of additives in cigarettes). Ethyl acetate is the ester of ethanol and acetic acid; it is manufactured on a large scale for use as a solvent. The combined annual production in 1985 of Japan, North America, and Europe was about 400,000 tons. In 2004, an estimated 1.3M tons were produced worldwide. Production Ethyl acetate is synthesized in industry mainly via the classic Fischer esterification reaction of ethanol and acetic acid. The reaction can be accelerated by acid catalysis and the equilibrium can be shifted to the right by removal of water. By dehydrogenation of ethanol Uses Laboratory uses Occurrence in wines  Safety
Neoteny, sexual selection, cause of autism, human evolution, social transformation, left organizing and internet activism - how they all connect - The American Left, Societal Transformation, and Biological EvolutionNeoteny, sexual selection, cause of auti Jungle Drug Ayahuasca Could Revolutionize Psychotherapy - Tracy James knew the drug she'd just swallowed was working when her old injuries from high school started twitching with new life. Pressure throbbed from a forgotten busted knee. Her ankle tingled. The fingers she'd sprained roller-skating decades back began to ache. Whatever the 37-year-old had just taken, it shot feeling back into the long-gone ailments. "When I did vomit, it was one of the most amazing moments of my life." For the past 45 minutes, the hut had been dark and silent, the air dripping with jungle moisture. It was June 2009. Emily Utne Dennis McKenna has taken ayahuasca hundreds of times since 1981. Courtesy of Dennis McKenna For ayahuasca ceremonies, users typically gather in a hut at night, when visions are more intense. Shutterstock / Dr. Expert Dennis McKenna has spent time with the Peruvian tribes who harvest the vine. Shutterstock / Jason Mintzer A ceremonial hut in Peru. Related Stories More About Waves of nausea began crashing over James. Its most common name is ayahuasca.
Pourquoi et comment détartrer votre glande pinéale La glande pinéale pourrait être la partie la plus importante de votre système nerveux tout entier. Il s’agit essentiellement d’une antenne spirituelle, votre équivalent physique d’un troisième œil. Il est essentiel pour atteindre des niveaux plus élevés de conscience tout en restant dans un corps physique. La glande pinéale se trouve au centre géométrique du cerveau. La calcification fait en sorte que les cristaux dans la glande s’attachent aux dépôts de minéraux. Les effets de la calcification sont la dépression, l’anxiété, la boulimie/anorexie, la schizophrénie et d’autres formes de maladies mentales. La mélatonine, souvent dénommée hormone du sommeil, est surtout connue comme étant l’hormone centrale de régulation des rythmes chronobiologiques, et d’un certain point de vue, de pratiquement l’ensemble des sécrétions hormonales.(…) Elle est sécrétée par la glande pinéale en réponse à l’absence de lumière. L’image nous montre le dieu ailé sumérien Enki avec un cône de pin dans la main.
Archives: Psychonaut: Big List of Trips This is my Big List of Trips. It covers almost every entheogenic experiment I have ever done. Since I didn't start this list until just recently, it is very likely that there are omissions, especially in the earlier years and during any period where I took a number of trips in a short period of time. You will also notice that not all of the trips listed here have corresponding trip reports. Again, I only recently started keeping records of my explorations. A note about terminology: A plus (+) means the two agents were active simultaneously, regardless of order of ingestion.
Extraction of mescaline from Trichocereus panchanoi Acid Treatment Could Provide Breakthrough Stem Cell Technique Scientists have found a surprisingly simple way to turn mature cells back into a primitive state. Simply giving mouse blood cells an acid bath is enough to produce so-called pluripotent cells that can develop into any cell type in the body, they report in two new papers this week. The remarkable transformation contradicts many assumptions about cell biology and may ultimately lead to new ways to treat disease and injuries. Scientists not involved in the work say the technique could be a game-changer if it pans out. "If this new approach is applicable to human cells, it would have great implications for regenerative medicine," says Hongkui Deng, a stem cell researcher at Peking University in Beijing. In contrast to previous methods that involve complex and challenging laboratory techniques, the Japanese-American team of researchers took blood cells from newborn mice, briefly bathed them in a moderately acidic solution, and then returned them to a standard cell culture medium.
The Revolutionary Potential of Psychedelics | Aaron Moritz Psychedelic substances are resurging into the popular culture in ways unrivaled since the starry-eyed, long-haired baby boomers of the 1960′s dropped acid and discovered peace and promiscuity. However, today’s generation of visionary psychonauts are making a much more measured movement to the mainstream than the hundred thousand hippies who descended on San Francisco in 1967′s summer of love. While they were encouraged to “turn on, tune in, and drop out” by revolutionary ex-Harvard scientist turned LSD evangelist Timothy Leary, modern proponents such as philosopho-comedian Joe Rogan and alternative archeology researcher Graham Hancock feel quite a bit more level headed, and dare I say credible, in their advocation of these consciousness bending chemicals. Today’s arsenal of dubiously effective, chronically administered, and arguably soul-crushing amphetamines and serotonin manipulating zombification pills are given to adults and children alike for everything from sadness to boredom.
REMETTRE EN FONCTION SA GLANDE PINÉALE… 2ème partie Au milieu du cerveau il existe un centre qui est relié à la glande pinéale et qui ne se nourrit que d’images et de pensées brillantes et sublimes, lesquelles nous pouvons admirer au sein de la Nature ou bien en les créant dans son imagination. De ce centre, à l’aide du corps éthéré, l’essence de la Beauté est transmise à l’âme et l’âme se nourrit d’elle et s’accroît. Parce que toute belle image, ainsi que toute couleur, exhale un parfum, une fragrance spéciale qui est absorbée par ce centre et nourrit l’âme, ainsi nous devons apporter une attention toute particulière à nous pensées. Ainsi peu à peu se développe la conscience universelle et l’intuition en l’homme. Nous devons nous éloigner des soucis, ne pas nous inquiéter pour des riens car cela détruit la coordination, incite à la perte de ses dons et paralyse la croissance des organes spirituels. Comme tout le monde, je fais de mon mieux chaque jour de par ce que je suis capable de concrétiser au meilleur de mes capacités. Chlorella :
The Psychedelic Library Alas! the forbidden fruits were eaten, And thereby the warm life of reason congealed. A grain of wheat eclipsed the sun of Adam, Like as the Dragon's tail dulls the brightness of the moon. — Rumi: Masnavi I Ma'naviNew Additions to the Library - March 2008 The files in this library are transmitted under the "Fair Use" rulingsregarding the 1976 Copyright Act for NON-profit academic, research, and general information purposes.
BHO Extraction | Skunk Pharm Research LLC Butane Honey Oil, or BHO, is the essential oil from the cannabis plant, extracted using n-Butane as a solvent. If it is extracted from fresh material, it is a Concrete, and if from cured material, it is an Oleoresin. A concrete or an oleoresin that has been winterized to remove the waxes, lipids, and fats, is known as an Absolute. Butane Honey Oil extraction refers to the method used to extract the essential oils from cannabis, and there are multiple theories on the best way to accomplish this, as well as what material is best to use. Perhaps the first question is why use a BHO technique to extract the resins, instead of just boiling the material in alcohol to get the greatest amount of extracted material? The answer to that is that because butane is relatively non polar, it doesn’t extract the water solubles like chlorophyll and plant alkaloids. On average we have extracted about 18% oil by weight from bud, but as low as 5.7% absolute and as high as 25 absolute%. Terpenes: Butane supply: