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Fixed vs. Fluid vs. Elastic Layout: What's The Right One For You?

Fixed vs. Fluid vs. Elastic Layout: What's The Right One For You?
Advertisement The problem has boggled the minds of Web designers for years: fixed, fluid, elastic or a hybrid layout design? Each option has its benefits and disadvantages. But the final decision depends so much on usability that it is not one to be made lightly. This article discusses the pros and cons of each type of layout. Also consider our previous articles: Flexible Layouts: Challenge For The Future1, which discusses the challenges of flexible layouts for the future.Applying Divine Proportion To Your Web Designs2, which explains the process of applying divine proportion to fixed layouts, but concludes with applying the Rule of Thirds to fluid layouts. Why all the debate? When designing a website layout for a large audience, the designer must consider the following potential differences among visitors: Screen resolution,Browser choice,Whether or not the browser is maximized,Extra toolbars open in the browser (History, Bookmarks, etc.) 1. Fixed Website Layouts Fluid Website Layouts 2. 3. Related:  Responsive Web

HTML5 Reset :: A simple set of templates for any project Adaptive CSS-Layouts: New Era In Fluid Layouts? | CSS | Smashing Advertisement Fluid web designs have many benefits, but only if implemented correctly. With proper technique, a design can be seen correctly on large screens, small screens and even tiny PDA screens. If you as a designer are going to go through all the extra work of creating a functional fluid layout, why not go a bit further and make it compatible with all resolutions, instead of just most? In this article, we’ll discuss effective techniques to create 100%-functional adaptive CSS-layouts, and provide details on other tutorials and practices. Also consider our previous articles: Fixed vs. 1. Most of us have heard of the 960 Grid System for designing fixed-width Web pages. What Is a Fluid Grid? A fluid grid can be created through a smart use of DIV layers, percentages and very simple math. The idea here is to use relative units, a combination of percentages and em’s, and to use simple division to find the equivalents of pixel widths that would normally be used for fixed-width design. 2. 3.

Cognitive Disabilities Something to Think About... The concept of cognitive disabilities is extremely broad, and not always well-defined. In loose terms, a person with a cognitive disability has greater difficulty with one or more types of mental tasks than the average person. There are too many types of cognitive disabilities to list here, but we will cover some of the major categories. Most cognitive disabilities have some sort of basis in the biology or physiology of the individual. A person with profound cognitive disabilities will need assistance with nearly every aspect of daily living. Functional vs. There are at least two ways to classify cognitive disabilities: by functional disability or by clinical disability. Memory Problem-solving Attention Reading, linguistic, and verbal comprehension Math comprehension Visual comprehension The main reason why these functional disabilities are more useful when considering web accessibility is that they are more directly related to the concerns of Web developers.

Elastic Design It can be difficult to move from a static, pixel-based design approach to an elastic, relative method. Properly implemented, however, elastic design can be a viable option that enhances usability and accessibility without mandating design sacrifices. A pixel is an unscalable dot on a computer screen, whereas an em is a square of its font size. Because font sizes vary, the em is a relative unit that responds to users’ text-size preferences. It is perhaps easier to adopt a print-like, static approach to design because there is less to think about when dimensions don’t change. To employ an elastic approach, however, is to fully exploit the capabilities of computer displays and web browsers. You may want your website to display in a specific way, but your users may want it another way. To understand how Elastic Design works, we must first take another look at a subject that would seem to be played out: namely, different methods of text sizing. Elastic text#section1 For example: Too wide!

Dave Woods - HTML, CSS, Web Design » 100% Height Layout Using CSS CSS layouts don’t have to be complicated but sometimes the things that should be simple and easy to do seem impossible at first. Within this tutorial, I’ll explain how 100% height can be achieved cross browser, using CSS. Here’s a very simple example of what this tutorial will create but it can also be used in much more sophisticated and complicated layouts. 100% Height Layout Using CSS I’ll dive straight in with this tutorial and start off with some very simple HTML code: <! This will create a page with a heading and paragraph and should be simple enough so far. Next, we can start adding some styling information to the page with some font styling and basic spacing using CSS. Again this should be fairly simple and cause no problems in any of the major browsers. Now, lets imagine that we want to make the main content fill 700px of the page, including 2px border on each side and add a background colour which takes up 100% of the browser space. The Complete Code And that’s all there is to it.

Responsive Design with CSS3 Media Queries Screen resolution nowsaday ranges from 320px (iPhone) to 2560px (large monitor) or even higher. Users no longer just browse the web with desktop computers. Users now use mobile phones, small notebooks, tablet devices such as iPad or Playbook to access the web. So the traditional fixed width design doesn't work any more. Web design needs to be adaptive. The layout needs to be automatically adjusted to fit all display resolution and devices. View Demo Responsive Design Download Demo ZIP See It in Action First Before you start, check the final demo to see how it looks like. More Examples If you want to see more examples, check out the following WordPress themes that I designed with media queries: Tisa, Elemin, Suco, iTheme2, Funki, Minblr, and Wumblr. Overview The page's container has a width of 980px which is optimized for any resolution wider than 1024px. HTML Code I'm not going to go through the details of the HTML code. HTML5.js Note that I use HTML5 markup in my demo. Main Structure CSS

30 Inspiring Dark and Sleek Web Designs The skilled use of color gradients, lighting and glow effects, and details such as inset pixel dividers can lead to a gorgeous and sleek web design. When choosing a color palette, designers can often decide among a dark theme, a neutral/light theme, or a bright/colorful theme; this showcase presents dark-themed web layouts. In this collection, you’ll find some terrific and inspirational examples of dark and sleek web designs. 1. Tapbots 2. 3. 4. coda.coza 5. designthis 6. 7. 8. 10. nclud 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. atebits Related content

5 Simple Ways to Improve Web Typography Type is one of the most-used elements of the web. Think about it. Unless you are YouTube or Flickr, chances are your site visitors are coming for your text content – not the fancy packaging that surrounds it. So why are web designers still treating text like a secondary element? Good typography brings order to the page and increases legibility. A more scannable, readable site means happy visitors. I could blather on forever about how far typography has come on the web, and how far yet it has to go. But plenty has been said about what web type can’t do. 1. Stupid, but true: No two browsers use the same presentation defaults. Two I recommend: Yahoo’s CSS Reset Stylesheet Eric Meyer’s CSS Reset Stylesheet 2. Measure refers to the length of a single line of type. Additionally, your leading should increase with the length of your Measure. Likewise, if you have a small column such as a sidebar with a short Measure, your leading should be tighter. 3. 4. 5) Don’t Neglect The Details

Pros And Cons Of 6 CSS Layout Patterns: Part 2 Last time we began talking about some different css layout patterns. We looked at fixed-width, fluid/liquid, elastic, and hybrid designs. Today we’ll look at the 2 layouts we didn’t include last time, responsive, and fluid/elastic grids. I’ll then offer some additional thoughts about which layout you might choose for a project. 6 CSS Layouts As a reminder and to once again make sure we’re talking about the same thing, here are the quick definitions for each layout. Fixed-Width — Overall width is fixed with absolute measurements (px). Responsive Layouts The idea behind responsive layouts is to have the design respond to various conditions that your visitor controls. In order to develop a responsive layout you need to use either browser detection or media queries to serve different stylesheets to different device, browser, or screen resolution. Pros: Cons: Responsive design really goes further than layout alone. Fluid/Elastic Grids Thoughts About Which Layout To Use Which layout should you use?

Step by step CSS float tutorial Floatutorial takes you through the basics of floating elements such as images, drop caps, next and back buttons, image galleries, inline lists and multi-column layouts. General info Tutorial 1. Float an image to the right of a block of text and apply a border to the image. Tutorial 2. Float an image and caption to the right of a block of text and apply borders using Descendant Selectors. Tutorial 3. Float a series of images down the right side of the page, with content flowing beside them. Tutorial 4. Float a series of thumbnail images and captions to achieve an image gallery. Tutorial 5. Float a simple list into rollover "back" and next "buttons". Tutorial 6. Float a simple list, converting it into a horizontal navigation bar. Tutorial 7. Float a scaleable drop cap to the left, resize it and adjust line-heights to suit your needs. Tutorial 8. Float a left nav to achieve a two column layout with header and footer. Tutorial 9.

images - Stop wordpress from hardcoding img width and height attributes 40+ Helpful Resources On User Interface Design Patterns | Develo Advertisement If there is a commonly reoccurring need for a particular solution, there is a great probability that someone has – by now – solved that need and has finished the legwork involved in researching and constructing something that resolves it. At the very least, you will find documentation on general solutions to related problems that will enable you to gain insight on best practices, effective techniques, and real-world examples on the thing you are creating. A design pattern refers to a reusable and applicable solution to general real-world problems. For example, a solution for navigating around a website is site navigation (a list of links that point to different sections of the site), a solution for displaying content in a compact space are module tabs. There are many ways to tackle a specific requirement – and as a designer – the most important thing you can do is selecting the option that best reflects the needs of your users. Yahoo! Flickr Collections and Groups

Responsive Web Design: What It Is and How To Use It - Smashing Magazine Advertisement Almost every new client these days wants a mobile version of their website. It’s practically essential after all: one design for the BlackBerry, another for the iPhone, the iPad, netbook, Kindle — and all screen resolutions must be compatible, too. In the next five years, we’ll likely need to design for a number of additional inventions. When will the madness stop? It won’t, of course. In the field of Web design and development, we’re quickly getting to the point of being unable to keep up with the endless new resolutions and devices. Responsive Web design is the approach that suggests that design and development should respond to the user’s behavior and environment based on screen size, platform and orientation. The Concept Of Responsive Web Design Ethan Marcotte wrote an introductory article about the approach, “Responsive Web Design,” for A List Apart. Transplant this discipline onto Web design, and we have a similar yet whole new idea. Adjusting Screen Resolution

Pros And Cons Of 6 CSS Layout Patterns: Part 1 There are a number of css layout patterns you can use when developing a website. Your design could be of fixed-width or it could be fluid or elastic. It might even be a hybrid layout or be responsive to different devices. What are the pros and cons of some of the common css layouts available to us? Are some layouts preferred over others? 6 CSS Layouts You’re likely familiar with all of the css layouts below, but to make sure we’re on the same page, let’s quickly define each. Fixed-Width — Overall width is fixed with absolute measurements (px). Pay attention to the difference between fluid/liquid layouts and elastic layouts. The difference is that fluid layouts are measured relative to something external to the design (browser window), while elastic layouts are measured relative to something internal to the design (font-size). Fixed-Width Layouts Fixed-width layouts are static. Typically you center the design to split the external whitespace for large resolution browsers. Pros: Cons: Summary

Related:  Basicsresponsivity