Backshift in Reported Speech In simple terms, the structure of reported speech is: reporting clause + conjuntion + reported clause We sometimes change the tense of the reported clause by moving it back one tense. For example, present simple goes back one tense to past simple. Reading Comprehension Worksheets "Your reading comprehension materials are the best I've found on the web. They are so thorough and comprehensive! My students and I have learned a lot from them. Thanks so much!" -- Susan B., Carter, KY. 03/21/12 List of Interactive Quizzes The quizzes with a magenta marble are also listed within the section or digital handout to which they apply. The twenty-one quizzes with a green marble and designated "Practice" have been adapted from the instructor's manual and other ancillary materials accompanying Sentence Sense: A Writer's Guide.
Free Language Arts Worksheets Language Arts Worksheets Our topics are well spread out and really challenege learners that are new or even advanced in topics. Adjectives- Have a go at the descriptive words. English Grammar Tests for ESL Students - English Grammar Practice Quizzes Welcome to our English grammar training section, a good place to practice and improve your knowledge of English grammar. The quizzes come in three levels: beginner, intermediate, and advanced. The topics covered include verb tenses, phrasal verbs, articles, prepositions, noun clauses, and much more. Start practicing English right now! (B) = Beginner; (I) = Intermediate; (A) = Advanced VERB TENSES (Tests/Quizzes): Printable Worksheets for ESL kids Here you will find a collection of worksheets that can help children learn and practise basic English vocabulary. You can browse all the printables:• by type (word games, tests and quizzes)• by topic (topic-based sets). word games Topic-based word games introduce young learners to 360 useful English words. The vocabulary is practised and reinforced through a wide range of word-based games and activities including bingo, memory, matching games, crossword and wordsearch puzzles.
English as a Second Language (ESL) Definition English as a Second Language (ESL or TESL) is a traditional term for the use or study of the English language by non-native speakers in an English-speaking environment. That environment may be a country in which English is the mother tongue (e.g., Australia, the U.S.) or one in which English has an established role (e.g., India, Nigeria). Also known as English for speakers of other languages. English as a Second Language also refers to specialized approaches to language teaching designed for those whose primary language is not English. English as a Second Language corresponds roughly to the Outer Circle described by linguist Braj Kachru in "Standards, Codification and Sociolinguistic Realism: The English Language in the Outer Circle" (1985).
Intermediate Quizzes - Intermediate Level English Learning Quizzes for ESL Grammar, vocabulary, listening comprehension, and reading comprehension quizzes for intermediate level students. These quizzes test basic English learning objectives. Intermediate English Grammar Review QuizThis quiz provides questions that cover each of the most important Grammar points that intermediate level English students need to know. Correct answers are provided after each question and a total score is given with feedback at the end of the test. Adjective Placement QuizTest your knowledge of using more than one adjective to describe a noun (i.e., an interesting old English book).
Daily Grammar Archive - Comprehensive archive of all of our grammar lessons and quizzes This archive contains links to all of our free grammar lessons and quizzes. You can use this archive to study Daily Grammar at your own pace. Lessons 1-90 cover the eight parts of speech, which are verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections. Lessons 91-300 cover the parts of the sentence, such as appositives, predicate nominatives, direct objects, prepositional phrases, clauses, and verbals. Having Fun With Tearable Sentences I really enjoy activities that encourage students to stand up and move about the classroom. I like using information sharing activities, running dictations and anything that gets the students to mingle and talk to each other. This activity was a new one for me, even though Peter describes it as: “… a pretty common feature of our training.” It just goes to show that everyone’s experience is a little different. That is what is great about blogging and reading other people blogs, you gain an insight into their experience and can take away new activity ideas.
Teaching Grammar in Second Language Classrooms June 2012 – Volume 16, Number 1 The role of grammar teaching has been a contentious issue in ESL and foreign language pedagogies (henceforth, language teaching) for decades. In this book, Nassaji and Fotos not only succeeded in affirming the importance of grammar instruction in language teaching but also in informing practitioners how grammar could be best taught in actual classrooms based on theoretical and empirical evidence. Each chapter introduces the theoretical background of a particular approach, theory, or construct of second language acquisition (SLA) substantiated by empirical evidence. Then, appropriate grammar teaching examples are illustrated and questions for reflection and additional useful resources are listed. As the authors suggest, the book is recommended for both researchers/graduate students who are interested in SLA theories and practitioners who are interested in learning sound research-based grammar pedagogies.
Phrasal verb The term phrasal verb is commonly applied to two or three distinct but related constructions in English: a verb and a particle and/or a preposition co-occur forming a single semantic unit. This semantic unit cannot be understood based upon the meanings of the individual parts in isolation, but rather it can be taken as a whole. In other words, the meaning is non-compositional and thus unpredictable. Phrasal verbs that include a preposition are known as prepositional verbs and phrasal verbs that include a particle are also known as particle verbs.