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Cohesive Devices

Cohesive Devices
When sentences, ideas, and details fit together clearly, readers can follow along easily, and the writing is coherent. The ideas tie together smoothly and clearly. To establish the links that readers need, you can use the methods listed here. Note that good writers use a combination of these methods. Do not rely on and overuse any single method – especially transitional words. Repetition of a Key Term or Phrase This helps to focus your ideas and to keep your reader on track. Synonyms Synonyms are words that have essentially the same meaning, and they provide some variety in your word choices, helping the reader to stay focused on the idea being discussed. Pronouns This, that, these, those, he, she, it, they, and we are useful pronouns for referring back to something previously mentioned. Transitional Words There are many words in English that cue our readers to relationships between sentences, joining sentences together. Sentence Patterns Related:  CAE

CAE Writing Test Tips - Guaranteed to Improve Your Exam Score — CAE Exam Tips Most CAE students don't make obvious, basic mistakes like your/you're or its/it's. But they do struggle with things like: Relative clauses You need to learn the difference between defining and non-defining relative clauses. Your non-defining clauses need commas, while your defining clauses shouldn't have commas. I had lunch with my grandfather, who is 90 years old. I had lunch with my friend who lives in Prague. Note that non-defining pronouns cannot be changed to 'that', so you should never write a comma followed by 'that'. Gerund vs infinitive Gerund means the -ing form of a verb. I used to live in China (= I lived in China). I'm used to hearing German (= hearing German is normal for me). I look forward to meeting you. I stopped smoking (= I quit). I stopped to smoke (= I stopped what I was doing because I wanted to have a cigarette). I recommend buying new computer equipment. I recommend you buy new computer equipment.

State verbs and action verbs State verbs State verbs express states or conditions which are relatively static. They include verbs of perception, cognition, the senses, emotion and state of being: State verbs are not normally used in continuous forms: I am needing a new phone. I need a new phone.Who is this bag belonging to? Action verbs Action verbs (also called dynamic verbs) express activities, processes, momentary actions or physical conditions: They may be used in continuous forms: Who was he dancing with? State verbs in the continuous form Some state verbs may be used in the continuous form if they refer to a temporary action or an action in progress at a certain moment, rather than a permanent attitude: I'm having second thoughts about moving abroad. There are also state verbs which may be used in the continuous form, but with a different, active meaning: Naturally, we can use the verbs with the active meaning in the simple form, too: How often do you see your dentist? This melon is weighing 2 kilos.

Cambridge CAE Speaking Sample Test 1 | Cambridge Practice Tests In this part of the test I’m going to give each of you three photographs. I would like you to talk about your photographs on your own for about a minute and also answer a question about your partner’s photographs. (Candidate A) It’s your turn first. Here are your photos. They show people waiting for something. (Candidate B) Which of these people do you think looks most impatient? (Candidate B) It’s your turn now. u: Sound: How to Pronounce the /u:/ Phoneme This is the u: sound. As in the words:to /tuː/you /juː/new /njuː/ It is a Vowel sound and it’s technical name is the ‘Close Back Rounded Vowel’. How to Pronounce the u: Sound Remember that the key to pronunciation s physical and the name tells us about how the sound is made physically. In this case your tongue is high and back of your mouth. How the u: sound is spelled The u: sound is spelled in lots of different ways. Examples of the u: sound Words don’t normally start with this sound but, here are some words that have the sound in the middle:student /’stjuːdənt/group /gruːp/school /skuːl/move /muːv/ Here are some words with the /u:/ at the /duː/two /tuː/view /vjuː/value /ˈvæljuː/ So that is it for the u: sound but we have made additional videos on each of the groups of sounds Vowels, Diphthongs, Single Consonants, or Consonant Pairs as well as a video explaining the the phonetic chart.

PRACTISE ENGLISH: CAE speaking A: Compare 2 of the pictures, and say why the people might need a short break from work, and weather the short break is really important to all the people. B: Who do you think needs the short break the most? A: Compare 2 of the pictures and say why it might be important to do these things carefully, and what might happen if great care is not taken. B: Who do you think has the greatest responsibility to do the things carefully? A: Compare 2 of the pictures and say why their celebration is so special to them, and whether they will remember the celebration for a long time. B: Who do you think will get the greatest long-term pleasure from the celebration? A: Compare 2 of the pictures and say how easy it is to play music in these situations, and how important it is for the musicians to practise regularly. B: Who do you think might need the most practice? B: Who do you think might need the greatest skill? B: Which activity do you think people find the most exciting?

The Best Creative Writing Activities For Engaging Your Learners Great creative writing teachers are very passionate about literature, and because of them many of their students will continue to pursue creative writing outside of school. Those teachers also impact learners because of the great creative writing activities they use to get the students' imaginations to run free. “There’s always room for a story that can transport people to another place.” — J.K. Rowling Here are some creative writing activities and prompts that will honor your students’ imaginations. Creative Writing Activities To Explore This terrific list of activities come from Marcus Roskilly in the UK: Free Writing—5 minutes to write on a “spark word” determined by the teacher. Other Engaging Approaches Here are some select creative writing activities from Caroline Swicegood Creative Writing Prompts Some prompts from Buzzfeed’s 23 Of The Most Creative College Essay Prompts From 2014–2015: “You’ve just reached your one millionth hit on your YouTube video. Other Engaging Approaches

CAE Writing Phrases Just a quick note… Before you use these materials… We’ve created a new podcast aimed at B2+ level English students and teachers alike. You can listen for free at our SoundCloud page below. I stumbled across this amazing and exhaustive list of phrases for advanced writing. You can download it here: 1) FORMAL WRITING (Reports and proposals) Making recommendations and concluding Style –Do not use contractions. -Use passive forms whenever possible. -Use relative clauses to join ideas: The period during which he lived was full of uncertainty. -Use these formal words: like à such as / kids à children a lot (of)à many / a large number of + countable noun a lot (of)à much / a great amount of / a great deal of + uncountable a lot (intensity)à very much / significantly / dramatically – Avoid using the word things / something, etc. subjects, and so on). Adressing the reader Accuracy study… Generally speaking,… Cause

Recycling Vocabulary In your classes, students will have a valuable opportunity to pick up new vocabulary on a variety of topics. It is a good idea for you to encourage your students to revise this vocabulary on a regular basis in order for students to take 'ownership' of these words and to start to use them confidently. Recording new vocabulary If you feel that sufficient effort isn't being made to record new vocabulary, it's well worth talking to your students and asking them how and where they record new words that come up in class. They may have a notebook where they write the new words or they may have no system in place. The word bag Apart from encouraging your students to keep an orderly vocabulary book of some sort, another way of having easy access to the words that have come up in your classes is to create a 'word bag' for each of your groups. Every class, nominate a student to be in charge of the 'word bag'. Revision activities Quick fire quiz: Pull out a bunch of words from the bag. Useful links:

Extended wordlists - Complete CAE - Cambridge University Press A more complete wordlist for each unit of Complete CAE can be found by clicking on the PDF files below. Each of these wordlists includes and then extends the vocabulary items found on the Photocopiable wordlists of the Complete CAE Teacher's Book. We suggest that the best time to hand out these lists is towards the end of the unit, perhaps before doing the Speaking or the Writing sections. Students should use the reference given to find the items in the unit and study how the words/phrases are used in context.

Sonia Delaunay review – the woman who made colour dance gets a knockout show | Art and design From the early 20th century until her death in 1979, Sonia Delaunay painted, designed fabrics and clothing, ran shops as well as a textile design company, and collaborated with poets Guillaume Apollinaire, Blaise Cendrars and Tristan Tzara. She played gender games, was a polyglot, danced the tango, translated Kandinsky, and was a thoroughly modern woman artist in a man’s world. She was indomitable. Born Sara Stern to a Jewish family in Odessa, Ukraine, in 1885, the artist lived with her well-to-do aunt and uncle in St Petersburg from the age of five. Her marriage to the gay German art critic and dealer Wilhelm Uhde in 1908 allowed her to settle in Paris. In 1910, she divorced, to marry the aristocratic, avant-garde (the term meant something then) painter Robert Delaunay. Sonia Delaunay is now rightly seen as a stronger and more complex artist than her husband, who died in 1941. Postwar, the show focuses on later paintings.

CAE vocabulary cae 1 jobs cae 2 hobbies and activities cae 3 vocabulary education language learning cae 4 people , family and relationships cae 5 science and environment cae 6 technology cae 7 vocabulary feelings psychology cae 8 cities traffic houses cae 9 holidays cae 10 travel cae 11 media cae 12 business cae 13 medicine cae 14 money and finance cae 15 food cae 16 crime cae 17 music cae 18 money and shopping Deja un comentario Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Puedes usar las siguientes etiquetas y atributos HTML: <a href="" title=""><abbr title=""><acronym title=""><b><blockquote cite=""><cite><code><del datetime=""><em><i><q cite=""><strike><strong>

7 Fun Creative Writing Exercises to Boost Your Learners' Writing Skill Using creative writing exercises with your students will help improve their creative and analytical writing skills immensely. The key to improving the craft of writing is with daily practice, of course. We know that there's not always time for it in the class schedule, but not to worry. The 7 fun creative writing exercises featured below are ones that students can use both in and out of class. Students will enjoy these challenges, and you'll exercise their thinking skills at the same time you work to improve their love for writing. 7 Fun Creative Writing Exercises Learners Will Love 1. Writing exercises that have students building stories from visual stimuli can be fun and engaging. In the article 5 Fun Storytelling Exercises to Try, writer Marian Schembari recommends looking at old photographs or postcards and creating new stories inspired by them. "The story," Miriam instructs, "should only exist inside your head. Who are the people in this image and where did they come from? 2. 3. 4. 5.