MLA Formatting and Style Guide Summary: MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (7th ed.) and the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing (3rd ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page. Contributors:Tony Russell, Allen Brizee, Elizabeth Angeli, Russell Keck, Joshua M. Please use the example at the bottom of this page to cite the Purdue OWL in MLA. To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart of all MLA citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart. You can also watch our MLA vidcast series on the Purdue OWL YouTube Channel. General Format MLA style specifies guidelines for formatting manuscripts and using the English language in writing. Paper Format General Guidelines Section Headings Essays 1.
Nine Strategies for Reaching All Learners in English Language Arts In order to maximize the benefits of ELT for students, I looked for ways to fine tune my approach to teaching individualized learning in my English language arts classroom. One of the instructional models that informs my approach to teaching individualized learning is the Readers and Writers Workshop. This approach proved very helpful in optimizing ELT. Readers and Writers Workshop: An Instructional Model The workshop model for English instruction combined with an extended 60 minutes of ELT support for my struggling students provides an excellent springboard to plan and implement individualized instruction in my class. Readers and Writers Workshop is an instructional model that focuses on students as learners, as well as readers and writers in practice. 1. This phase involves a teacher modeling a reading or writing strategy for the students to practice. 2. This is a student work time allocated for practicing the modeled strategy. 3. Reaching All Learners in the ELA Classroom 1. 2. 3. 4.
Teaching Shakespeare's Julius Caesar: Common Core-Style For the first eight years of my teaching career, my Shakespare daily lesson plans went something like this: "Good morning! Turn to Act II Scene 1 on page 234. I'm going to push play on the CD, let's listen to a few lines..." (Actors performing while students follow along for about 30 seconds. Pause CD.) Once in awhile, I would have the students act out a scene or two... but that usually led to monotone recitations and awkward moments helping students pronounce words. I think many people would relate to these methods. We were studying the play a mile wide and an inch deep. This year, my English II colleague Blake Revelle and I decided to try something completely different when we taught Julius Caesar. We felt like the answer was clear: In 10 years, it will be far more important for our students to know how to annotate, analyze and explain a complex text they have to read for work or college, rather than be able to answer plot questions or create a poster with all of the characters. Monday
The Art of Being Right The Art of Being Right: 38 Ways to Win an Argument (1831) (Eristische Dialektik: Die Kunst, Recht zu Behalten) is an acidulous and sarcastic treatise written by the German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer in sarcastic deadpan. In it, Schopenhauer examines a total of thirty-eight methods of showing up one's opponent in a debate. He introduces his essay with the idea that philosophers have concentrated in ample measure on the rules of logic, but have not (especially since the time of Immanuel Kant) engaged with the darker art of the dialectic, of controversy. Whereas the purpose of logic is classically said to be a method of arriving at the truth, dialectic, says Schopenhauer, "...on the other hand, would treat of the intercourse between two rational beings who, because they are rational, ought to think in common, but who, as soon as they cease to agree like two clocks keeping exactly the same time, create a disputation, or intellectual contest." Publication A. Synopsis
Greek and Roman Mythology About the Course Myths are traditional stories that have endured over a long time. Some of them have to do with events of great importance, such as the founding of a nation. Others tell the stories of great heroes and heroines and their exploits and courage in the face of adversity. Course Syllabus Week 1: Homer, epic poetry, and Trojan legends Week 2: Heroes and suffering Week 3: This World and other ones Week 4: Identity and signs Week 5: Gods and humans Week 6: Religion and ritual Week 7: Justice Week 8: Unstable selves Week 9: Writing myth in history Week 10: From myths to mythology Recommended Background No special background is needed other than the willingness and ability to synthesize complex texts and theoretical material. In-course Textbooks As a student enrolled in this course, you will have free access to selected chapters and content for the duration of the course. Suggested Readings We will be covering the following in class: Greek Tragedies, Vol. Course Format
Famous Novelists on Symbolism in Their Work and Whether It Was Intentional Eric Carle's bright, beloved children's classic about an insatiable caterpillar has been collecting awards—and fans—since it was first published in 1969. Here are a few things you might not know about The Very Hungry Caterpillar. 1. The Very Hungry Caterpillar's bright colors contrast a dark period in Eric Carle's childhood. Eric Carle was born in Syracuse, New York, on June 25, 1929. The author has since speculated that he was drawn to the chunky, vibrant colors of painted tissue paper collage in part as reaction to the grimness of his childhood. 2. Herr Kraus, Carle’s high school art teacher, recognized his young pupil’s potential and risked his livelihood for the opportunity to foster it. "I didn't have the slightest idea that something like that existed, because I was used to art being flag-waving, gun-toting Aryans—super-realistic Aryan farmers, the women with their brute arms,” Carle said. 3. The war didn't exactly endear Carle to Europe, and he longed to return to America. 4. 5.
Plot, Theme, the Narrative Arc, and Narrative Patterns In the world of fiction, just as in the world of your life, events occur. In life, people often try to determine what events mean in their own life and in the life of others. In fiction, authors will create meaning by introducing conflicts in the life of a character. The way a character responds to these conflicts is part of what gives a story meaning. Plot is not just what happens in a story. Similarly, the plot in a film is not just what happens. The pattern for narrative was largely handed down from the Greek tradition in drama. Exposition In section one of a narrative, viewers are exposed to information that will later be necessary for them to have if they are to understand the unfolding story. Characters: The lead character in the narrative — the character who faces the conflict — is called the protagonist. Rising Action In section two of the tale, the reader/viewer moves into the Rising Action of the story. In early literature, the conflicts were Man vs. Resolution
Daily Grammar Archive - Comprehensive archive of all of our grammar lessons and quizzes This archive contains links to all of our free grammar lessons and quizzes. You can use this archive to study Daily Grammar at your own pace. Lessons 1-90 cover the eight parts of speech, which are verbs, nouns, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections. Lessons 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 - Quiz Lessons 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 - Quiz Lessons 11, 12, 13, 14, 15 - Quiz Lessons 31, 32, 33, 34, 35 - Quiz Lessons 36, 37, 38, 39, 40 - Quiz Lessons 41, 42, 43, 44, 45 - Quiz Lessons 46, 47, 48, 49, 50 - Quiz Lessons 51, 52, 53, 54, 55 - Quiz Lessons 56, 57, 58, 59, 60 - Quiz Lessons 61, 62, 63, 64, 65 - Quiz Lessons 66, 67, 68, 69, 70 - Quiz Lessons 161, 162, 163, 164, 165 - Quiz Lessons 166, 167, 168, 169, 170 - Quiz Lessons 171, 172, 173, 174, 175 - Quiz Lessons 176, 177, 178, 179, 180 - Quiz Lessons 181, 182, 183, 184, 185 - Quiz Lessons 186, 187, 188, 189, 190 - Quiz
Character - the living handbook of narratology Last modified: 24 February 2013 Fotis Jannidis 1 Definition Character is a text- or media-based figure in a storyworld, usually human or human-like. 2 Explication The term “character” is used to refer to participants in storyworlds created by various media (→ Narration in Various Media) in contrast to “persons” as individuals in the real world. At the discourse level, the presentation of characters shares many features with the presentation of other kinds of fictional entities. Viewing characters as entities of a storyworld does not imply that they are self-contained. For most readers, characters are one of the most important aspects of a narrative. There has always been a need to categorize characters in order to facilitate description and analysis. 3 History of the Concept and its Study 3.1 People or Words Characters have long been regarded as fictive people. Another school of thought pictured character as mere words or a paradigm of traits described by words. 3.2 Character Knowledge