Substrate materials for the planted aquarium | Aquariums Life Introduction There is an appropriate substrate for each type of aquarium. If growing plants is what you want, choosing the right substrate is an important decision that will have long term affects on your plants because many plant species draw their nutrients from the substrate. Rather than going through every single substrate combination, we will have a look some of the most important things to consider when choosing a substrate and some of the commonly used substrate materials. Things to consider Should be Fluffy and oxygenated A good substrate should be rather « fluffy » (not too dense), meaning that it provides good circulation and root penetration. -Gently mix the aquarium substrate on a regular basis or adding Trumpet snails that will burrow through the substrate, will help releasing gas before they build to deadly proportions. -Use light material such as vermiculite and perlite in your substrate. -The grain size is important. Substrate Materials SandCEC : LowInert : Should be.
World's Largest Cave, Son Doong, Prepping For First Public Tours The Son Doong Cave in Vietnam is the biggest cave in the world. It's over 5.5 miles long, has a jungle and river, and could fit a 40-story skyscraper within its walls. But nobody knew any of that until about six years ago. The recently discovered cave has been touted as the largest in the world, although other caves vie for the title of longest (Mammoth Cave in Brownsville, Kentucky nabs that title with about 400 miles of passageways) and deepest (Krubera Cave in the nation of Georgia). A local man discovered the cave entrance in 1991, but British cavers were the first to explore it in 2009. The lucky people who have entered Son Doong so far, like photographer John Spies, have emerged with some amazing photos. The man who discovered Son Doong didn't go in because the entrance he found had too steep a drop. On their first night inside the cave, visitors camp near Hand of Dog, a humongous stalagmite that looks like a dog's paw. Son Doong is a jackpot of rare cave pearls.
Guide to Iwagumi Aquaria - Leonardo's Reef Introduction to Iwagumi The Japanese term “Iwagumi” literally means “rock formation.” In a Japanese rock garden, the rocks are the “bones” of the layout and usually consist of three or five rocks; one main or large rock flanked by two smaller rocks, but not of equal size. When the rock formation is placed properly, the rest of the layout will simply fall into place. Each rock used in Iwagumi has its own name. If you want to have your own Iwagumi Aquarium, Contact us. In an Iwagumi aquascape you should always use an odd number of rocks of various sizes (three, five etc). When you’re planning out an aquascape, one of the most important aspects is where it will draw the viewer’s gaze. The Golden Ratio The Golden Ratio is described as “two quantities are in golden ratio if the ratio of the sum of the quantities to the larger one equals the ratio of the larger one to the smaller. The Rule of Thirds The rule of thirds however deals with a whole different design theory. The Art of Rockscape
Aerial Photographs of Volcanic Iceland by Andre Ermolaev At first glance these photos by Andre Ermolaev look like twisting abstract paintings, but in reality are aerial photos of rivers flowing through Iceland’s endless beds of volcanic ash. Given its name and stereotypical depiction it’s somewhat surprising to learn that the small country named after ice is home to no less than 30 active volcanic systems. You’ll remember the eruption of the massive Grímsvötn volcano just last year that spewed some 120 million tons of ash in the first 48 hours and snarled air traffic for days. Of his photographs Ermolaev says: Iceland is a wonderful country; I would even say that it is a true paradise for all the photo shooting-lovers. You can see much more of his work over on 500px.
A Guide to Iwagumi - Aquascaping Nature Aquarium Layout Article | The Green Machine The term Iwagumi is commonplace in the aquascaping world. It is used to refer to an aquascape that traditionally uses stone as the only hardscape material. Iwagumi’s are captivating and beautiful: they seem to have a mystical sense to them and an ability to captivate even the most fidgety of people – it is hard to forget your first Iwagumi, but what exactly is an Iwagumi? Read on to find out... The term Iwagumi was originally used to refer to a Japanese gardening style in which stones were used as the ‘bones’ of the garden, to provide its structure: if the stones are well placed in the garden then the rest of the garden lays itself out. Japanese gardens used stones, shrubs and sand to represent landscapes in miniature, so they could show a mountain scape by using carefully placed stones or represent the ocean or a lake with a pool of raked or unraked sand. The number of stones Not all Iwagumi’s have just three stones – any number of stones can be used in an Iwagumi. Sanzon Iwagumi Oyaishi
Photo Fun: Interesting & Cool Photos Unique Painting Style of Valery Grygorenko [39 Pics] Oct 21 2013 Have a look at one of the most unique aviation and automotive painting styles we've ever seen! View Post See more photo posts The Stunning Aston Martin DBC Concept [13 Pics] Oct 2 2013 Aston Martin has been producing front engine, rear-wheel drive grand tourers as far back as the time itself. View Post Are These Real Items or Hyper-Realistic Art? Sep 20 2013 Italian artist and designer Marcello Barenghi is the man behind these ultra realistic drawings. View Post Rare Historical Photos Pt. 9 [20 Pics] Aug 29 2013 Another photo roundup of the popular historical series of posts that we do. View Post
Just Aquascaping Breathtaking Photos of Frozen Lake Baikal in Siberia, Russia [23 Pics Breathtaking Photos of Frozen Lake Baikal in Siberia, Russia [23 Pics] Apr 16 2012 Lake Baikal is the the worlds oldest and deepest lake. A group of friends (livejournal page) documented their trip to Siberia where they have crossed the lake on ice skates. See more photo posts Like our Facebook page & receive daily updates on your wall: Stunning Kronotsky Nature Reserve Aug 14 2011 Another proclaimed World Heritage Site by UNESCO, this beautiful nature area is reserved for the study of natural sciences of the Russian Far East. View Post
How to grow Hemianthus callitrichoides ‘Cuba’ | Features Home » Features » Aquascaping Copyright © George Farmer Hemianthus callitrichoides makes the perfect carpeting plant. George Farmer offers some advice on its care. Name: Hemianthus callitrichoides ‘Cuba’Common name: HCFamily: ScrophulariaceaeOrigin: North AmericaMaximum height: Up to 3cm/1.2”Width (each stem): 1cm+/0.4”Temperature: 18-28°C/64-82°FHardness: Very soft to hardpH: 5 to 7.5Light demands: MediumGrowth rate: Slow-mediumDemands: Medium What is it? It is grown in nurseries emerged and can suffer from some die-off in early stages of adapting to underwater life. It does best in a nutrient-rich substrate, preferably fine and smooth, so the delicate root structure can penetrate easily. How do I plant it correctly? A more time-consuming but very economical method is to pick off the tiny individual stems with tweezers and plant them separately, allowing only a few leaves to be exposed above the substrate. Planting is best done in a moist substrate, but with no aquarium water added.
Architectural Afterlife | Todays decay. Yesterdays memories. Create an Iwagumi Aquascape Any aquascaper who is a fan of Nature Aquariums must have come across Takashi Amano’s Iwagumi, or ‘stone formation’ style. He developed it about 30 years ago. When Takashi Amano was in his early 20s, he became interested in creating an aquatic layout using rocks. So he studied Suiseki, the Japanese art of stone appreciation and Bonseki, the art of creating miniature landscapes on a black lacquer tray — art-forms passed forward through an entire millenium. The first rock to be placed in an Iwagumi aquascape is the primary rock or largest rock, the Oyaishi, and it is always placed off-centre, in accordance with the rule of thirds. Except for the Oyaishi, there can be several, or even many Fukuishi, Soeishi and Suteishi, with the numbers of the particular type increasing as the rocks get smaller. Fascinatingly, many people have an innate sense for this feeling of balance, while others just do not have it, and need to follow the rules to attain it. Think about this before you begin
Monsanto - Portugal Village Built Among Rocks Monsanto is a beautiful village built in the Portuguese countryside.Featuring narrow streets carved from rock and granite houses squeezed between giant boulders, it looks like a real life Bedrock. At the top of the 400 feet high hill stands a very old square built fortress / castle. The castle played an important role in Medieval times when the Templars Grand Master built a castle which withstood several battles including the Napoleonic invasions. In 1938, Monsanto was bestowed the most "Portuguese town in Portugal." Aquascaping a Planted Aquarium The simple gathering of plants, beautiful stones and driftwood is no longer the only goal of the modern aquarist. We ‘aquascape’ these days, and not only that — the very practice of aquascaping has become a valued art. It has been made so by the big man from Japan, Takashi Amano, who first introduced the world to natural underwater gardens that looked like dreamscapes. Whether we create Nature Aquaria in the style of Amano, or not, there is much we can learn from this artistic man’s approach. Nevertheless if you set up an aquascape by thinking of a landscape you saw and really liked — whether this may be just an accumulation of stones in the mountains, a little clearing in a forest, or a romantic river bank on which you once kissed somebody special — once your mind is set on fire, it is as if magic happens: You automatically know which plants to use, or which rocks to collect. At this point, however, I must add a disclaimer: If you follow my way, you will embrace cycling. Imagination
Down at the end of the garden ... ... is a very special place. Where fantasy and folly meet greenery and stone. Old sits with new made old and cool breezes ruffle scented foliage. In the heat of the day blue water beckons and secret garden rooms are filled with forgotten treasures.