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How Technology Is Destroying Jobs

How Technology Is Destroying Jobs
Given his calm and reasoned academic demeanor, it is easy to miss just how provocative Erik Brynjolfsson’s contention really is. ­Brynjolfsson, a professor at the MIT Sloan School of Management, and his collaborator and coauthor Andrew McAfee have been arguing for the last year and a half that impressive advances in computer technology—from improved industrial robotics to automated translation services—are largely behind the sluggish employment growth of the last 10 to 15 years. Even more ominous for workers, the MIT academics foresee dismal prospects for many types of jobs as these powerful new technologies are increasingly adopted not only in manufacturing, clerical, and retail work but in professions such as law, financial services, education, and medicine. That robots, automation, and software can replace people might seem obvious to anyone who’s worked in automotive manufacturing or as a travel agent. But Brynjolfsson and McAfee’s claim is more troubling and controversial. Dr. Related:  Future Workrobwisehand`test 1024

Advances in Artificial Intelligence Could Lead to Mass Unemployment Warn Experts Speaking on Radio 4’s Today programme, Dr Stuart Armstrong from the Future of Humanity Institute at the University of Oxford said that there was a risk that computers could take over human jobs “at a faster rate than new jobs could be generated.” “We have some studies looking at to which jobs are the most vulnerable and there are quite a lot of them in logistics, administration, insurance underwriting,” said Dr Armstrong. “Ultimately, huge swathe of jobs are potentially vulnerable to improved artificial intelligence.” Dr Murray Shanahan, a professor of cognitive robotics at Imperial College London, agreed that improvements in artificial intelligence were creating “short term issues that we all need to be talking about.” "It's very difficult to predict," said Dr Shanahan. Both academics did however praise Google for creating an ethics board to look at the “how to deploy artificial intelligence safely and reduce the risks” after its £400 million purchase of London-based start-up DeepMind.

Effetto Risorse: Spiegazione dei miti energetici Da “Our finite world”. Traduzione di MRDi Gail Tverberg Repubblicani, Democratici e ambientalisti, tutti hanno i loro miti energetici preferiti. Persino chi crede nel picco del petrolio ha i suoi miti preferiti. Quelle che seguono sono alcune credenze sbagliate provenienti da diverse prospettive energetiche. Comincerò con un mito recente e poi parlerò di quelli che esistono da più tempo. Mito 1. La storia vera è che i produttori vogliono vendere il loro petrolio greggio al prezzo più alto possibile. Gli Stati Uniti hanno consumato 18,9 milioni di barili al giorno di prodotti petroliferi durante il 2013. Se la produzione e il consumo rimangono ad un livello costante, aggiungere esportazioni di petrolio greggio richiederebbe a sua volta un'aggiunta di importazioni. La sola cosa che è molto chiara il desiderio di spedire petrolio greggio all'estero non riflette troppo il totale di petrolio greggio prodotto negli Stati Uniti. Mito 2. Figura 1. Mito 3. Figura 2. Mito 4. Figura 4. Figura 6.

How tall can a tree grow? - Valentin Hammoudi As explained in this lesson, at the base of the tree the phloem sap has delivered most of its sugar and is therefore quite watery. Just next to it, the xylem sap is rich in minerals, which were mostly absorbed by the roots. This unbalanced rate of water between phloem and xylem leads to water movement from the first one to the latter one, due to a phenomenon called osmosis. As water gets evaporated at the leaves, the pressure inside the xylem rises which creates the so-called follicular aspiration making the xylem sap move upwards. One of the additional characteristic of this circulatory system is its extreme low energy cost.

Detroit's plan to invest $150 million in technology could end dark ages The Detroit city government that emergency manager Kevyn Orr envisions over the next decade will be a far more advanced operation, no longer limping along with outdated computers and obsolete technology that undercuts everything from accurate tax collection to real-time analysis of crime trends. With some tax information still kept on 3-by-5 index cards and police officers still handwriting reports on paper, it won’t be cheap to bring the city into today’s high-tech world. The City of Detroit filed for Chapter 9 protection in July, citing debts and long-term obligations of about $18 billion. On Friday, Orr filed a plan of adjustment in bankruptcy court outlining major improvements to city services and how the city plans to chip away at billions of dollars in debt. Under the city’s proposal to emerge from bankruptcy, Detroit would spend nearly $150 million during the next 10 years to make up for decades of a lack of investment in technology. Upgrades for police Help for record-keeping

The Rich and Their Robots Are About to Make Half the World's Jobs Disappear Two hugely important statistics concerning the future of employment as we know it made waves recently: 1. 85 people alone command as much wealth as the poorest half of the world. 2. 47 percent of the world's currently existing jobs are likely to be automated over the next two decades. Combined, those two stats portend a quickly-exacerbating dystopia. As more and more automated machinery (robots, if you like) are brought in to generate efficiency gains for companies, more and more jobs will be displaced, and more and more income will accumulate higher up the corporate ladder. The inequality gulf will widen as jobs grow permanently scarce—there are only so many service sector jobs to replace manufacturing ones as it is—and the latest wave of automation will hijack not just factory workers but accountants, telemarketers, and real estate agents. That's according to a 2013 Oxford study, which was highlighted in this week's Economist cover story.

Ho bevuto miele, limone e acqua calda ogni mattina per un anno. Ecco cosa è successo. Questa testimonianza è tratta dal sito internet ufficiale di Crystal Davis e quella che stai per leggere è la sua personale esperienza… “Si dice che bere questa bevanda calda composta da miele, limone e acqua sia a dir poco “miracolosa”, ma dato che sono spesso “scettica”, ho voluto fare questo esperimento su me stessa per 12 mesi e vedere se è davvero miracolosa come dicono… Con mia grande sorpresa e gioia posso dirvi che mi sono “convertita” all’uso di questa bevanda per i seguenti motivi: 1. Ora che ci rifletto bene, per tutta la mia vita ho sempre sofferto di disturbi alla gola e avevo frequenti tonsilliti, tanto che mi sembrava di raccogliere tutto ciò che passava. Una confessione però devo farla… ci sono stati dei giorni in cui ho saltato completamente l’assunzione della bevanda, anche quando sentivo i primi sintomi influenzali (tanti starnuti in un giorno, spossatezza, mal di stomaco sospetti, etc.), ma niente si è concretizzato. 2. 3. Quella che segue è la mia ricetta:

How the NSF allocates billions of federal dollars to top universities - Sunlight Foundation Blog As another college year begins, tens of thousands of academics will once again be scrambling to submit proposals to the National Science Foundation, hoping to secure government funding for their research. Each year, the National Science Foundation (NSF) bestows more than $7 billion worth of federal funding on about 12,000 research proposals, chosen out of about 45,000 submissions. Thanks to the power of open data, we can now see how representation on NSF federal advisory committees connects to which universities get the most funding. Our analysis finds a clear correlation between the universities with the most employees serving on the NSF advisory committees and the universities that receive the most federal money. Even when controlling for other factors, we find that for each additional employee a university has serving on an NSF advisory committee that university can expect to see an additional $125,000 to $138,000 in NSF funding. Table 1. Figure 1. The correlation is clear. Figure 2.

“Outsource To Detroit” Is Goal Of Detroit Based IT Company Get Breaking News First Receive News, Politics, and Entertainment Headlines Each Morning. Sign Up DETROIT (WWJ) – If you’re driving around in Detroit, this banner will be hard to miss. Galax-E Solutions is putting up a 10-story sign on the side of their building on Woodward in Detroit bearing their name and their “Outsource to Detroit” slogan. The IT company’s Ryan Hoyle says they hope to bring jobs back to the city from countries like China and India. “What we’re doing is looking to repatriate jobs that have gone offshore to countries like India, China, Brazil, and have that work be done by Americans out of our Detroit facility,” said Hoyle. “As it moves away from being a one industry town that’s reliant upon just auto, and starts to diversify the opportunities in the industry that can thrive in this area,” said Hoyle. Hoyle says the banner is just a great symbol to show that Detroit is open for business and that it’s really going to become an IT hub, over the next several years.

Study indicates Robots could replace 80% of Jobs In a few decades, twenty or thirty years — or sooner – robots and their associated technology will be as ubiquitous as mobile phones are today, at least that is the prediction of Bill Gates; and we would be hard-pressed to find a roboticist, automation expert or economist who could present a strong case against this. The Robotics Revolution promises a host of benefits that are compelling (especially in health care) and imaginative, but it may also come at a significant price. The Pareto Principle of Prediction We find ourselves faced with an intractable paradox: On the one hand technology advances increase productivity and wellbeing, and on the other hand it often reinforces inequalities. In his study Elliot relies on advances in speech, reasoning capabilities and movement capabilities to illustrate how robots and technology can replace jobs. Elliot is not the first to claim that robotics and technology will have such a profound impact on employment or inequality. Thinking machines

Effetto Risorse: Mentre scende la notte Da “The Archdruid Report”. Traduzione di MR (h/t Richard Heinberg) Mi ha rattristato sapere, pochi giorni fa attraverso una telefonata di un collega scrittore, che William R. Catton Jr. è morto all'inizio del mese, poco dopo il suo 89° compleanno. Alcuni dei miei lettori non avranno idea di chi fosse; altri potrebbero ricordare vagamente che ho menzionato ripetutamente lui e il suo libro più importante, "Overshoot", in questi post. Capacità di carico: carico massimo sopportabile in modo permanente.Mito cornucopiano: credenza euforica in risorse senza limiti.Drenaggio: rubare risorse dal futuro.Culto del cargo: illusione che la tecnologia ci salverà sempre dalOvershoot (superamento): crescita al di sopra della capacità di carico di un'area che porta alCollasso: moria. Se volete sapere dove ho preso le idee chiave che ho esplorato in questi saggi degli ultimi 8-9 anni, in altre parole, ora lo sapete. Cominciamo dai fondamentali. Tutto ciò dovrebbe essere un sapere comune.

Home | Archive of Our Own troit's plan to invest $150 million in technology could... Robotic-Farming Grows With the Ladybird My following article below was originally published by SERIOUS WONDER: Robots are going to steal your job, but that’s okay, because they’ll be liberating us away from boring, strenuous and monotonous labor and give us far more time in doing what we truly want to do. Agriculture will not be an exception, and is in fact moving fast in becoming a model of what the entire workforce will eventually transform into. In today’s age, we’ll be witnessing the coupling of the agricultural revolution with the industrial revolution – robotic farming. From drones to autonomous tractors, robotic farming is here to stay and (dare I say it?) Serious Wonder was able to briefly speak with Professor Salah Sukkarieh, the lead researcher in project Ladybird, to which he stated: “Ladybird is a completely new approach to agriculture robotics. The Ladybird is an omnidirectional, self-driving vehicle with three goals in mind: collect data, analyze data, and harvest. Like this: Like Loading...