Noam Chomsky on Where Artificial Intelligence Went Wrong - Yarden Katz An extended conversation with the legendary linguist Graham Gordon Ramsay If one were to rank a list of civilization's greatest and most elusive intellectual challenges, the problem of "decoding" ourselves -- understanding the inner workings of our minds and our brains, and how the architecture of these elements is encoded in our genome -- would surely be at the top. In 1956, the computer scientist John McCarthy coined the term "Artificial Intelligence" (AI) to describe the study of intelligence by implementing its essential features on a computer. Some of McCarthy's colleagues in neighboring departments, however, were more interested in how intelligence is implemented in humans (and other animals) first. Skinner's approach stressed the historical associations between a stimulus and the animal's response -- an approach easily framed as a kind of empirical statistical analysis, predicting the future as a function of the past. Noam Chomsky, speaking in the symposium, wasn't so enthused.
Open Source Project Aims to Create Human Level Artificial Intelligence The Short: Researches across the globe are making daily advances towards the development of human level artificial intelligence, but sadly the algorithms and the software that represent these advances often remain hidden within researcher’s computer labs, out of reach for others to review and build upon. Enter OpenCog, an entire website dedicated to the development and distribution of artificial intelligence tools, software, and resources that are open source and freely available for anyone to use and modify. Opencog’s ultimate goal is to develop true human level artificial intelligence, but even if Opencog fails to achieve this most ambitious of goals the project still seems poised to bring many other significant benefits to the AI community. Opencog was only recently launched in 2008 and at present appears to have a small following. The Long: Opencog is led by prominent AI scientist Ben Goertzel who will be presenting the opencog project at the Singularity Summit 2008.
Examining the Society of Mind To appear in the journal Computing and Informatics. Push Singh 28 October 2003 email@example.com Media Lab Massachusetts Institute of Technology 20 Ames Street Cambridge, MA 02139 United States Abstract This article examines Marvin Minsky's Society of Mind theory of human cognition. The functions performed by the brain are the products of the work of thousands of different, specialized sub-systems, the intricate product of hundreds of millions of years of biological evolution. What is the human mind and how does it work? In seeking answers to these questions, Minsky does not search for a 'basic principle' from which all cognitive phenomena somehow emerge, for example, some universal method of inference, all-purpose representation, or unifying mathematical theory. Minsky introduces the term agent to refer to the simplest individuals that populate such societies of mind. This article examines the Society of Mind theory. The following essay was written by Scott Fahlman (in 1974 or 1973? K-lines.
jabberwacky - live chat bot - AI Artificia Automates Intelligents: Introduction au livre "Un modèle constructible de système psychique, par Jean-Paul Baquiast et Christophe Jacquemin 23 janvier 2011 par Jean-Paul Baquiast et Christophe Jacquemin Introduction à la lecture de l'ouvrage d'Alain Cardon «Un modèle constructible de système psychique» Les «processus coactivés» et la nouvelle maîtrise du monde Par Jean-Paul Baquiast et Christophe Jacquemin - 23/01/2011 La planète semble être entrée depuis quelques siècles dans une nouvelle ère (aire) géologique marquée par l'empreinte omniprésente des humains sur les phénomènes naturels. Comment définir les «processus coactivés» ? Ce système devient un système-méta (une sorte de superorganisme). On verra ainsi «émerger» ou s'auto-construire au sein du système-méta une couche haute dotée de l'aptitude à agir intentionnellement sur toutes les informations produites par les agents et par conséquent sur toutes les actions de ceux-ci. C'est ce qui commence à se produire dans les sociétés dites technologiques. Quelques exemples de processus coactivés Les places de marché électroniques Comment opère un trader humain ? ifférentes.
api - Open Source AI Bot interfaces An Evolutionary Architecture - John Frazer Electronic version of An Evolutionary Architecture An Evolutionary Architecture was published in January 1995 to coincide with an exhibition of the same name at the Architectural Association. It concentrates on the work of Diploma Unit 11 run by John and Julia Frazer (with Pete Silver and Guy Westbrook) between 1989 and 1996, but includes formative work by the author dating back to his diploma prize-winning project at the AA in 1969 and related research work at Cambridge University. The book investigates the fundamental form-generating processes in architecture, considering architecture as a form of artificial life, and proposing a genetic representation in a form of DNA-like code-script, which can then be subject to developmental and evolutionary processes in response to the user and the environment. The aim of an evolutionary architecture is to achieve in the built environment the symbiotic behaviour and metabolic balance found in the natural environment.
Thinking Machine 4 Thinking Machine 4 explores the invisible, elusive nature of thought. Play chess against a transparent intelligence, its evolving thought process visible on the board before you. The artwork is an artificial intelligence program, ready to play chess with the viewer. If the viewer confronts the program, the computer's thought process is sketched on screen as it plays. A map is created from the traces of literally thousands of possible futures as the program tries to decide its best move. Those traces become a key to the invisible lines of force in the game as well as a window into the spirit of a thinking machine. Play the game. Image Gallery View a range of still images taken from Thinking Machine 4. About the work More information about the project and answers to common questions. Credits Created by Martin Wattenberg, with Marek Walczak. About the artists Martin Wattenberg's work centers on the theme of making the invisible visible.
Artificial General Intelligence in Second Life Virtual worlds are the golden path to achieving Artificial General Intelligence and positive Singularity, Dr Ben Goertzel’s, CEO of Novamente LLC and author of “The Hidden Pattern: A Patternist Philosophy of Mind” explained in his presentation “Artificial General Intelligence in Virtual Worlds” given at the Singularity Summit 2007 earlier this month. According to Goertzel, Singularity is no longer a far future idea. About a year ago Goertzel gave a talk “Ten Years to a Positive Singularity — If We Really, Really Try.” The slide that opens this post was in Goerzel’s presentation. What is singularity? Singularity is the creation of the kind of “massively intelligent machines” Hugo de Garis discusses in his book “The Artilect War.” — “machine mega brains that may end up being smarter than human brains by not just a factor of two or even ten times but by a factor of trillions of trillions of time i.e. truly godlike.” Second Life Insider cracks “Do you want your pet whispering “Dave?
SparkleShare – Un clone de Dropbox open source qui fonctionne ! Bon on commence tôt ce matin, car j'ai enfin trouvé un remplaçant open source qui fonctionne et qui roxx à Dropbox ! Merci MrBoo ! L'outil s'appelle SparkleShare et va vous permettre enfin de synchroniser vos documents entre plusieurs ordinateurs, en utilisant votre propre serveur. Pour fonctionne SparkleShare a besoin d'un serveur Git. Vous pouvez configurer le votre ou alors utiliser celui de Gnome, ou Github...etc. Au niveau des clients, SparkleShare existe pour Linux et Mac (et très bientôt Windows). Comme j'ai un serveur chez OVH qui ne sert pas à grand chose, avec un bon paquet de place dessus, j'ai fait un petit test. sudo apt-get install git-core openssh-server Ensuite, il suffit d'initialiser un dépôt : git init --bare MON_DEPOT.git Après, c'est au niveau de SSH que ça se passe. Une fois la clé SSH en place, il suffit de lancer SparkleShare et de saisir les infos relative au serveur ou à votre compte Github, Gnome...etc Tout est ici ! Vous avez aimé cet article ?