background preloader

Marvin Minsky's Home Page

Marvin Minsky's Home Page
MIT Media Lab and MIT AI Lab Professor of Media Arts and Sciences, MIT Professor of E.E.C.S., M.I.Tminsky at Abstracts Bibliography Biography People Marvin Minsky has made many contributions to AI, cognitive psychology, mathematics, computational linguistics, robotics, and optics. In recent years he has worked chiefly on imparting to machines the human capacity for commonsense reasoning. His conception of human intellectual structure and function is presented in two books: The Emotion Machine and The Society of Mind (which is also the title of the course he teaches at MIT). He received the BA and PhD in mathematics at Harvard (1950) and Princeton (1954). Some Publications The Emotion Machine 2006 (book) draft ( 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Bib ) Essays on Education --- (for OLPC) --- ( 1 2 3 4 5 ) Research Groups Family Related:  Cogniticiens, informaticiens, anthropologues (L-Z)

Society of Mind Minsky's model[edit] In a step-by-step process, Minsky constructs a model of human intelligence which is built up from the interactions of simple parts called agents, which are themselves mindless. He describes the postulated interactions as constituting a "society of mind", hence the title. The book[edit] The book, published in 1988, was the first comprehensive description of Minsky's "society of mind" theory, which he began developing in the early 1970s. The book was not written to prove anything specific about AI or cognitive science, and does not reference physical brain structures. The theory[edit] Minsky first started developing the theory with Seymour Papert in the early 1970s. Nature of mind[edit] A core tenet of Minsky's philosophy is that "minds are what brains do". This idea is perhaps best summarized by the following quote: What magical trick makes us intelligent? See also[edit] References[edit] Minsky, Marvin. External links[edit] MIT article, Examining the Society of Mind

Man-Computer SymbiosisJ. C. R. Licklider The Most Useless Machine EVER! Also known as The Ultimate Machine: Claude E. Shannon built the first one based on an idea by Marvin Minsky. After seeing a video of such a machine I just had to have one of my own. The only design I could find uses a PIC microcontroller but I consider this to be overkill (not knowing how to write code for micros may have had some influence on my humble opinion...). Additionally, the microcontroller version really doesn't shut itself off. Knowing a little bit about servos and basic electronics, I felt sure that I could build the machine using a simple analog circuit. My main goal however was to have the machine REALLY turn itself off. The machine in THIS instructable accomplishes that!

Jean Malaurie - Accueil Man-Computer Symbiosis Man-Computer Symbiosis J. C. R. Licklider IRE Transactions on Human Factors in Electronics, volume HFE-1, pages 4-11, March 1960 Summary Man-computer symbiosis is an expected development in cooperative interaction between men and electronic computers. 1.1 Symbiosis The fig tree is pollinated only by the insect Blastophaga grossorun. "Man-computer symbiosis is a subclass of man-machine systems. 1.2 Between "Mechanically Extended Man" and "Artificial Intelligence" As a concept, man-computer symbiosis is different in an important way from what North [21] has called "mechanically extended man." In one sense of course, any man-made system is intended to help man, to help a man or men outside the system. Man-computer symbiosis is probably not the ultimate paradigm for complex technological systems. Present-day computers are designed primarily to solve preformulated problems or to process data according to predetermined procedures. The other main aim is closely related. 5.4 The Language Problem

Twubblesome Twelve 1974 - 1976 Took a course or two from Bob Floyd at Stanford, then gave one. 1961 - 1965 BS in Mathematics, MIT. 1963 - 1972 Technology Model Railroad Club. Where I learned the most. *2001 "Experiments and discoveries in q-Trigonometry" in proceedings of 2000 U. Florida (Gainesville) conference: Symbolic Computation, Number Theory, Special Functions, Physics & Combinatorics, (Garvan & Ismail, eds.) pp79-106. *1999 Website: (plus various unindexed pages). *1998 Invited talk, Mt. *1998-2000 As a result of significant q-series and q-product performance enhancements I gave to Prof Sergey Suslov at Arizona State, he got so excited that he listed me as a co-author at least twice. *1996 (Pub 1997) Invited talk ("How I find funny looking formulas") Fields Institute Conference (U. *1993 Paper (with Ismail and Zhang): On some strange summation formulas, Illinois Journal of Mathematics, Vol 37 #2. *June 1989 Invited speaker, MIT Computers in Mathematics Conference.

Marcel Mauss Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mauss. Marcel Mauss Signature Marcel Mauss, né à Épinal le et mort à Paris le (à 77 ans), est généralement considéré comme le « père de l'anthropologie française[1] ». Biographie[modifier | modifier le code] Marcel Mauss naît en 1872 dans la ville d’Épinal. En 1901, il rejoint l'équipe de L'Année Sociologique, revue biennale créée par Émile Durkheim. Pendant tout ce temps, Mauss fut un militant socialiste toujours fidèle à ses convictions. Travaux[modifier | modifier le code] Considéré comme l'un des pères de l'anthropologie, Mauss n’a jamais publié d’ouvrage de synthèse de sa pensée mais un grand nombre d'articles dans différentes revues, en particulier dans L'Année Sociologique, d'esquisses, de comptes-rendus et d'essais. Bibliographie[modifier | modifier le code] Recueils présentés et rééditions[modifier | modifier le code] Études sur Marcel Mauss[modifier | modifier le code] Autres[modifier | modifier le code]

As artificial intelligence grows, so do ethical concerns Now that Google is delving even deeper into artificial intelligence, the minds behind "Don't be evil" might face real questions of right and wrong. This week the Mountain View search titan snatched up DeepMind, which develops artificial intelligence software. The price tag and the specifics of the deal remain unclear, but Google will set up an ethics board to oversee DeepMind's artificial intelligence projects, according to the Information website. Google would not confirm this detail, but as increasing processing speeds help artificial intelligence live up to its hype, tech companies will face challenging ethical questions. And those questions could start popping up soon, says Eliezer Yudkowsky, a fellow at the Machine Intelligence Research Institute. "We have no idea when it's time," Yudkowsky says. Military concerns The ethics of artificial intelligence is already an area of huge concern when it comes to the military's use of unmanned vehicles. Facebook's push

Koan-Sammlung - Die verschollenen Schriften von Tao-hsin Die verschollenen Schriften von Tao-hsin Ein Mann kam zu Tao-hsin, warf sich vor ihn auf den Boden und sagte "Lehre mich die Wahrheit." Tao-hsin reagierte nicht, daraufhin der Mann "Sag mir, wo ich suchen muss." Später sagte Tao-hsin "Ich hätte nicken sollen." Ein Mann kam zu Tao-hsin und setzte sich ohne zu grüssen vor ihn. Tags darauf traf Tao-hsin den Mann beim Essen. Ein junger Mann kam zu Tao-hsin und sagte "Was soll ich machen, ich reise und lerne, finde aber keine Ruhe. Später sagte Tao-hsin "Ich rede zu viel." Einmal sprach Tao-hsin zu seinen Schülern "Eine Schale voll Wasser zerspringt auf dem harten Boden, Klirr." Ein Mann besuchte Tao-hsin und fragte ihn "Soll ich meine Frau achten" Tao-hsin fragte zurück "Warum nicht?" Später sagte Tao-hsin "Behandle deine Umwelt wie deine Hand." Ein Mann kam zu Tao-hsin und sprach "Bitte hilf mir." Ein Mann fragte Tao-hsin beim Essen "Was ist die Wahrheit hinter allem." Ein Dieb kam zu Tao-hsin und fragte "Was spricht gegen stehlen?"

Bronisław Malinowski Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Bronisław Malinowski vers 1930. Bronisław Kasper Malinowski (Clan Jastrzebiec) (né le 7 avril 1884 à Cracovie et mort le 14 mai 1942 à New Haven) est un anthropologue, ethnologue et sociologue polonais. Biographie[modifier | modifier le code] Né à Cracovie en Pologne (alors en Autriche-Hongrie) le , il passe une grande partie de sa vie aux États-Unis, au Royaume-Uni et en Mélanésie. Dans certains de ses nombreux voyages son ami, l'artiste Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz, l'accompagnait. Après 1922, Bronisław Malinowski enseigne à Londres et aux États-Unis. Bronisław Malinowski meurt le à New Haven dans le Connecticut aux États-Unis. Œuvre[modifier | modifier le code] The family amond the Australian Aborigines. Bibliographie[modifier | modifier le code] Livres[modifier | modifier le code] (fr) Michel Panoff, Bronislaw Malinowski, Payot, Coll. « Science de l'homme », 1972. Articles[modifier | modifier le code] Références[modifier | modifier le code]

Justin Leiber Justin Fritz Leiber (born July 8, 1938) is an American philosopher and science fiction writer. He is the son of science fiction author Fritz Leiber.[1] Previously a professor at the University of Houston, Leiber is currently a Professor of Philosophy at Florida State University. He has been a visiting fellow at the University of Oxford during the Trinity term on numerous occasions.[2] Early life[edit] Leiber was born in 1938 in Chicago Illinois[1][3] to writers Fritz Leiber and Jonquil Stephens Leiber.[3] In 1972, he received a Bachelor of Philosophy from Oxford University, an addition to his Doctor of Philosophy from the University of Chicago.[4] Career[edit] Works[edit] Some of both his fiction and non-fiction books and papers have dealt with intelligence and consciousness.[11] Larry Hauser credits Leiber's dialogue, Can Animals and Machines Be Persons? Bibliography[edit] Fiction[edit] Beyond Gravity. Non-fiction Books[edit] Paradoxes. Some Non-fiction Papers[edit] Notes[edit] References[edit]

Claude Lévi-Strauss Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. « Lévi-Strauss » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Levi Strauss. Claude Lévi-Strauss Claude Lévi-Strauss en 2005. Professeur honoraire au Collège de France, il y a occupé la chaire d'anthropologie sociale de 1959 à 1982. Depuis ses premiers travaux sur les peuples indigènes du Brésil, qu'il avait étudiés sur le terrain entre 1935 et 1939, et la publication de sa thèse Les Structures élémentaires de la parenté en 1949, il a produit une œuvre scientifique dont les apports ont été reconnus au niveau international[7]. Biographie[modifier | modifier le code] Enfance et formation[modifier | modifier le code] Claude Lévi-Strauss, issu d'une famille d'artistes[8], d'ancêtres juifs alsaciens[9] des environs de Strasbourg, est né à Bruxelles de parents français. Il poursuit ses études à la Faculté de droit de Paris, où il obtient sa licence, avant d'être admis à la Sorbonne. Apogée scientifique[modifier | modifier le code]