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Rescuing drowning children: How to know when someone is in trouble in the water

Rescuing drowning children: How to know when someone is in trouble in the water
Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images The new captain jumped from the deck, fully dressed, and sprinted through the water. A former lifeguard, he kept his eyes on his victim as he headed straight for the couple swimming between their anchored sportfisher and the beach. How did this captain know—from 50 feet away—what the father couldn’t recognize from just 10? The Instinctive Drowning Response—so named by Francesco A. “Except in rare circumstances, drowning people are physiologically unable to call out for help. This doesn’t mean that a person that is yelling for help and thrashing isn’t in real trouble—they are experiencing aquatic distress. Look for these other signs of drowning when persons are in the water: So if a crew member falls overboard and everything looks OK—don’t be too sure. Related:  medical researcch

How To Help Someone Heal From A Rape or Sexual Asault When a person is raped or sexually assaulted, his or her world is turned upside down. Not only has he or she been violated in the most intimate way possible, he or she has to heal from the assault. Read more information about rape/sexual assault. Read more information about intimate partner sexual assault. Read more about male sexual assault. Every person who has been sexually violated responds differently to the crime - some become horribly depressed while others become very angry. Here are a list of tips for talking to a rape victim as well as how to help yourself recover from a rape or sexual assault. How To Recover From A Rape/Sexual Assault: If you have been the victim of a rape or sexual assault, you may not know how to feel normal again. Here are some tips for recovering from a rape or sexual assault: Physically: Read more about sexually transmitted infections. Do not throw away or wash the clothes you were wearing at the time of attack. Emotionally: Mentally: Support:

Male Sexual Assault Resources If you are in immediate danger of being sexually assaulted or have recently suffered an assault, call 911. U.S. National Sexual Assault Hotline: 1-800-656-HOPE U.K. National Helpline for Male Abuse Victims: 01823 334244 Sexual assault occurs when one person engages in sexual activity with another person, without the consent of the other individual. Sexual assault can be perpetrated in various ways - it can involve strangers or people who know one another, individuals or groups of people. It is important to remember that, no matter what the circumstances, sexual assault is never the fault or responsibility of the victim, no matter the gender. Breaking Down Myths About Male Sexual Assault: Myth: Men cannot be sexually assaulted by women. Reality: Men are sexually assaulted by women (although most perpetrators of male sexual assault are men). Myth: Men cannot be sexually assaulted by men. Reality: Men are sexually assaulted by other men, regardless of sexual orientation. Male Sexuality Sexuality

Dislocated shoulder A dislocated shoulder is an injury in which your upper arm bone pops out of the cup-shaped socket that's part of your shoulder blade. A dislocated shoulder is a more extensive injury than a separated shoulder, which involves damage to ligaments of the joint where the top of your shoulder blade meets the end of your collarbone. If you suspect a dislocated shoulder, seek prompt medical attention. SymptomsAug. 31, 2011 References Sherman SC, et al.

Extreme How-To: Heart Surgery - Step 3: Putting the Sternum Back Together Becoming a cardiac surgeon means getting over a huge mental block: "You've got to get comfortable putting stitches into a beating heart," Raman says. The size and strength of stitches surgeons use to repair someone's ticker can vary greatly depending on the procedure and part of the heart. When joining blood vessels–as in bypass surgery–doctors use sutures are made of polypropylene, a plastic polymer, and are as thin as a human hair. Of course, some procedures require cutting, not just stitching tissues together. The amount of time required for a heart operation can vary wildly.

Incentive Spirometer - How to Use an Incentive Spirometer An incentive spirometer is a medical device commonly used after surgery or with certain lung conditions such as COPD or asthma. As it measures how well your lungs fill up with each breath, an incentive spirometer helps exercise your lungs to help keep your alveoli (air sacs where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged) inflated. The following steps will demonstrate how to properly use an incentive spirometer: Difficulty: Average Time Required: 10 times every hour while awake Here's How: Sit or lie upright in a comfortable position. Tips: If you are coughing and you have an incision, press firmly against the area with a pillow. What You Need Incentive spirometer (may require a presription from your doctor)Pillow (if you have an incision)Comfortable place to sit

Recovery After Lobectomy After lobectomy, you will go through a recovery period in the hospital and then at home. What can you expect after your lobectomy surgery? When your surgery is complete, you will be taken to the recovery room where you will monitored closely for several hours. The breathing tube that allowed the ventilator to breathe for you during surgery is sometimes left in place while you are in recovery. When the ventilator is removed and you become less sleepy, a respiratory therapist will ask you to cough, and assist you in the use of an incentive spirometer. When you are able, the nursing staff will help you sit, and then encourage you to get up and walk with assistance. Your chest tube will be left in place until your surgeon feels that the drainage has stopped and no air is leaking, usually 3 to 4 days following surgery. Some people return to work after 6 to 8 weeks, but your doctor will give you special restrictions, such as avoiding any heavy lifting. When Should I Call My Doctor? Sources:

Taking Care of Your Stitches or Staples-Topic Overview Taking Care of Your Stitches or Staples Guide Your wound will need care and observation. After the stitches or staples are put in, the area may be covered with a thin layer of antibiotic ointment and covered with a nonstick bandage. Your doctor will give you instructions on how to care for your stitches or staples. Check with your doctor about how long you need to keep your wound dry. Recommended Related to First Aid Choking in Children Unconscious Not able to breathe because something is blocking the airway or has caused it to close off Wheezing or gasping Not able to cry, talk, or make noise Turning blue in the face Grabbing at the throat Looking panicked Read the Choking in Children article > > It is normal for stitches or staples to cause a small amount of skin redness and swelling where the stitch or staple enters the skin. Your cut may not need a bandage if it is not likely to get dirty, it is not draining, and it is in an area where clothing will not rub it.

How to Get Rid of a Fever: 6 Steps Edit Article Making Yourself ComfortableTrying Home Remedies Edited by Jark, Rob S, Flickety, TtrimmSP and 56 others A fever is an important part in the body's natural defense against infection. Although a fever itself is not an illness, if it exceeds temperatures of 40 degrees Celsius or 104 degrees Fahrenheit, it can become very dangerous. If you're concerned about a fever running too high, try some of these methods for bringing it down yourself at home. Ad Steps Method 1 of 2: Making Yourself Comfortable 1Undress a bit. 7Take some medication. Method 2 of 2: Trying Home Remedies 1Brew some ginger tea. 11Use cream of tartar. Video Tips Remember that your fever is working to help kill off an infection in your body, so you don't want to get rid of it completely. Warnings Many parents fear that fevers will cause brain damage.

Care of Rib Injuries The term rib injury usually means rib fracture - that is, a break in one or more of the ribs. Sometimes the ribs are not broken, but there is bruising of ribs or nearby muscles. Rib injuries occur when there is a force to the chest such as from a fall, road accident or assault. Rib injuries can also be caused by the force of your own muscles. For example, with severe coughing, straining, or heavy sports. Children and babies are less likely to fracture ribs because their bones are more elastic. Usually, the diagnosis is made from the details you give to the doctor (history) plus a doctor's examination. Rib fractures may (but not always) show on a chest X-ray. The most important treatment is to have good pain relief The break (fracture) or bruise usually heals in about four weeks. Effective and safe pain relief is especially important for people who are more prone to chest infections. What pain relief should I use? Three types of painkillers can be used: How should I take the painkillers?

Rib Fracture - Care Guide What is a rib fracture? A rib fracture is a crack or break in a rib. Your ribs are the bones that connect from the front of your chest around to your spine (backbone). What causes a rib fracture? Trauma: A direct blow to the chest may cause a rib fracture. What are the signs and symptoms of a rib fracture? A lump that may be felt on your chestBroken rib bone that has cut through your skinChest pain that worsens when you breatheChest pain when touchedA change in the shape of your chestShortness of breath or trouble taking deep breaths How is a rib fracture diagnosed? Your caregiver will ask about your injury and examine you. Chest x-ray: This picture of your chest may show broken ribs or fluid around your heart and lungs. How is a rib fracture treated? Medicines:NSAIDs: These medicines decrease swelling and pain. What are the risks of a rib fracture? You may bleed or get an infection if you have surgery. When should I contact my caregiver? Contact your caregiver if: Care Agreement