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Zombies have a complex literary heritage, with antecedents ranging from Richard Matheson and H. P. Lovecraft to Mary Shelley's Frankenstein drawing on European folklore of the undead. George A. Romero's reinvention of the monster for his 1968 film Night of the Living Dead led to several zombie films in the 1980s and a resurgence of popularity in the 2000s. The English word "zombie" is first recorded in 1819, in a history of Brazil by the poet Robert Southey, in the form of "zombi".[3] The Oxford English Dictionary gives the origin of the word as West African, and compares it to the Kongo words nzambi (god) and zumbi (fetish). Folk beliefs[edit] Haitian tradition[edit] It has been suggested that the two types of zombie reflect soul dualism, a belief of Haitian Vodou. The Haitian zombie phenomenon first attracted widespread international attention during the United States occupation of Haiti (1915 - 1934), when a number of case histories of purported "zombies" began to emerge. The actor T. Related:  Zombie History

The Serpent and the Rainbow (book) The Serpent and the Rainbow is a book written by ethnobotanist and researcher Wade Davis and published in 1985. He investigated Haitian Vodou and the process of making zombies. He studied ethnobotanical poisons, discovering their use in a reported case of a contemporary zombie, Clairvius Narcisse. The book presents the case of Clairvius Narcisse, a man who had been a zombie for two years, as showing that the zombification process was more likely the result of a complex interaction of tetrodotoxin, a powerful hallucinogenic plant called Datura, and cultural forces and beliefs.[1] In the book, Davis does not suggest that the zombie powder containing tetrodotoxin was used for maintaining "mental slaves", but for producing the initial death and resurrection that convinced the victims and those who knew them that they had become zombies.

Revenant A revenant is a visible ghost or animated corpse that was believed to return from the grave to terrorize the living.[1] The word "revenant" is derived from the Latin word, reveniens, "returning" (see also the related French verb "revenir", meaning "to come back"). Vivid stories of revenants arose in Western Europe (especially Great Britain, and were later carried by Anglo-Norman invaders to Ireland) during the High Middle Ages. Though later legend and folklore depicts revenants as returning for a specific purpose (e.g., revenge against the deceased's killer), in most Medieval accounts they return to harass their surviving families and neighbours. Revenants share a number of characteristics with folkloric vampires. Many stories were documented by English historians in the Middle Ages. Analysis[edit] Medieval stories of revenants have common features. Comparison to other folkloristic and mythological undead[edit] Selected stories[edit] William of Newburgh[edit] William of Newburgh (1136?

Anchimayen The Anchimayen (in the mapudungun language, also spelled "Anchimallén" or "Anchimalguén" in Spanish) is a mythical creature in Mapuche mythology. Anchimayens are described as little creatures that take the form of small children, and can transform into fireball flying spheres that emit bright light. They are the servants of a kalku (a type of Mapuche sorcerer), and are created using the corpses of children. Anchimayens are sometimes confused with Kueyen (the Mapuche lunar goddess), because she also produces a bright light. See also[edit] References[edit] Louis C. A History of 'Real' Zombies Zombies are all the rage these days — on television, in movies, books and now in the news. Of course zombies aren’t new — they were co-opted decades ago by pop culture, especially in George Romero’s 1968 classic zombie film Night of the Living Dead. Or were they? Actually, notes Blake Smith, zombie aficionado and co-host of the monster-themed MonsterTalk podcast, “Though many people think of Night of the Living Dead as being all about zombies, Romero never called them zombies; he wanted them to be ghouls. The public called them zombies, so the name stuck.” NEWS: Did Zombies Roam Medieval Ireland? Though many people treat the current “zombie apocalypse” as a fun pop culture meme, it’s important to realize that some people believe zombies are very real. Unlike today's malevolent movie zombies, the original Haitian zombies were not villains but victims. DNEWS NUGGETS: Zombie Prankster Almost Shot So are zombies real? Scientific Evidence for Zombies? NEWS: Deadly Fungus Turns Ants Into Zombies

Bush Vs. Zombies The Secret Behind Romero's Scary Zombies: 'I Made Them The Neighbors' George A. Romero says zombies are just the disaster in his films. "My stories are more about the humans," he explains. Romero's latest project is a comic book called Empire of the Dead. Vittorio Zunino Celotto/Getty Images hide caption itoggle caption Vittorio Zunino Celotto/Getty Images George A. Vittorio Zunino Celotto/Getty Images Director George A. Zombies are everywhere in Hollywood — there's a new batch of films every year, and AMC's The Walking Dead continues to kill it in the ratings. Romero went on to direct another five films in the zombie canon — most recently 2009's The Survival of the Dead. Interview Highlights On zombies, humans, and, worst of all, vampires In my work, [it's] usually the humans that are the worst. ... On what was going on in the U.S. when Night of the Living Dead came out in the late '60s We shot it in '67, but it was right in that period ... where there was all that anger, you know race-riots coming up. ... I really didn't want to make another zombie film.

Vampire Vampires are mythical beings who subsist by feeding on the life essence (generally in the form of blood) of living creatures In folkloric tales, undead vampires often visited loved ones and caused mischief or deaths in the neighbourhoods they inhabited when they were alive. They wore shrouds and were often described as bloated and of ruddy or dark countenance, markedly different from today's gaunt, pale vampire which dates from the early 1800s. Although vampiric entities have been recorded in most cultures, the term vampire was not popularised until the early 18th century, after an influx of vampire superstition into Western Europe from areas where vampire legends were frequent, such as the Balkans and Eastern Europe,[1] although local variants were also known by different names, such as vrykolakas in Greece and strigoi in Romania. Etymology Folk beliefs Description and common attributes Creating vampires The causes of vampiric generation were many and varied in original folklore.

Jewish mythology Jewish mythology is the sacred and traditional narratives that help explain and symbolize Judaism. Elements of Jewish mythology have had a profound influence on Christian and Islamic mythology, as well as world culture in general. Christian mythology directly inherited many of the narratives from the Jewish people, sharing in common the narratives from the Old Testament. Islamic mythology also shares many of the same stories; for instance, a creation account spaced out over six periods, the legend of Abraham, the stories of Moses and the Israelites, and many more. Tanakh[edit] Jewish mythology contains similarities to the myths of other Middle Eastern cultures. The Biblical prophets, including Isaiah, Ezekiel, and Jeremiah, had a concept of the divine that differed significantly from that of the nature religions. "the sun, moon, stars, sky and earth are not gods in their own right, hostile to Yahweh. Zoroastrian influence[edit] R. Linear history[edit] Genesis creation narrative[edit]

The Magnetic Dead - 3D Zombie Magnets The Magnetic Dead - 3D Zombie Magnets We were warned, but nothing could truly prepare us for the massive zombie outbreak currently taking place. It is the end of the world as we know it! The Magnetic Dead 3D Zombie magnets have finally arrived! AHHHHHHND we cannot containt our excitement over the launch of this new gruesomely fantastic line! Do not be afraid! Get your Magnetic Dead now. Sorry, but this product has been discontinued. items. SATISFACTION GUARANTEE Everything you buy is guaranteed. Zombies: The Real Story of the Undead From "World War Z" to "The Walking Dead" to "Shaun of the Dead" to "Pride and Prejudice and Zombies" and countless brain-dead rip-offs, zombies — re-animated corpses with an unstoppable craving for human flesh, especially brains — have invaded pop culture like never before. For staggering, slow-moving monsters, zombies have become quite a force in the entertainment industry over the past decade. Zombies on the march in a scene from "Night of the Living Dead." Though George Romero's 1968 film "Night of the Living Dead" is often considered to be the original modern zombie film, the first actually appeared nearly 40 years earlier in "White Zombie," starring Béla Lugosi as an evil voodoo priest in Haiti who zombifies a beautiful young woman. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word "zombie" first appeared in English around 1810 when historian Robert Southey mentioned it in his book "History of Brazil." Voodoo or science? Video no longer available Related: Further reading:

Ghoul A ghoul is a folkloric monster or spirit associated with graveyards and consuming human flesh, often classified as undead. The oldest surviving literature that mention ghouls is likely One Thousand and One Nights.[1] The term was first used in English literature in 1786, in William Beckford's Orientalist novel Vathek,[2] which describes the ghūl of Arabian folklore. By extension, the word ghoul is also used in a derogatory sense to refer to a person who delights in the macabre, or whose profession is linked directly to death, such as a gravedigger ("graverobber"). Early etymology[edit] Ghoul is from the Arabic الغول ghul, from ghala "to seize".[3] The term is etymologically related to Gallu, a Mesopotamian demon.[4][5] In Arabian folklore[edit] In ancient Arabian folklore, the ghūl (Arabic: literally demon)[6] dwells in burial grounds and other uninhabited places. A ghul is also a desert-dwelling, shapeshifting, evil demon that can assume the guise of an animal, especially a hyena.

Death in Norse paganism The soul[edit] Funeral[edit] The grave goods had to be subjected to the same treatment as the body, if it was to accompany the dead person to the afterlife. If a person was immolated, then the grave goods had to be burnt as well, and if the deceased was to be interred, the objects were interred together with him.[1] The usual grave for a thrall was probably not much more than a hole in the ground.[2] He was probably buried in such a way as to ensure both that he did not return to haunt his masters and that he could be of use to his masters after they died. Slaves were sometimes sacrificed to be useful in the next life.[1] A free man was usually given weapons and equipment for riding. An artisan, such as a blacksmith, could receive his entire set of tools. It was common to burn the corpse and the grave offerings on a pyre, in which the temperature reached 1,400 degrees Celsius; much higher than modern crematorium furnaces attain. Ancestor worship[edit] Afterlife[edit] Helgafjell[edit]

How Everything Goes to Hell During a Zombie Apocalypse All artwork and content on this site is Copyright © 2015 Matthew Inman. Please don't steal. was lovingly built using CakePHP All artwork and content on this site is Copyright © 2015 Matthew Inman. Please don't steal. was lovingly built using CakePHP Zoinks! Tracing The History Of 'Zombie' From Haiti To The CDC : Code Switch A still from the 1943 film I Walked With A Zombie. RKO/The Kobal Collection hide caption itoggle caption RKO/The Kobal Collection A still from the 1943 film I Walked With A Zombie. RKO/The Kobal Collection Each week, we take a look at a word or phrase that's caught our attention, whether for its history, usage, etymology, or just because it has an interesting story. "Who doesn't like zombies?" That was the subject line of an email blast that landed in my inbox recently from a major online retailer as it announced it was "bringing their Black Friday deals back to life." With shows like The Walking Dead and movies like World War Z, plus a whole literary subgenre known simply as "zombie lit," the supernatural beings have been having a pop culture moment for some time now. While there's a long history and fascination with animated corpses in American literature and cinema, zombies aren't originally a product of the American imagination.