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Jerry Fodor

Jerry Fodor
Jerry Alan Fodor (/ˈfoʊdər/; born 1935) is an American philosopher and cognitive scientist. He holds the position of State of New Jersey Professor of Philosophy at Rutgers University and is the author of many works in the fields of philosophy of mind and cognitive science, in which he has laid the groundwork for the modularity of mind and the language of thought hypotheses, among other ideas. He is known for his provocative and sometimes polemical style of argumentation. For Fodor, significant parts of the mind, such as perceptual and linguistic processes, are structured in terms of modules, or "organs", which he defines by their causal and functional roles. These modules are relatively independent of each other and of the "central processing" part of the mind, which has a more global and less "domain specific" character. Fodor suggests that the character of these modules permits the possibility of causal relations with external objects. Biography[edit] Intentional realism[edit]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerry_Fodor

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6 People Who Gained Amazing Skills from Brain Injuries In real life, people don't suffer freaky events like getting struck by lightning or getting part of their brain removed and then suddenly find themselves with new superpowers, like heat vision or flight. However, people do apparently suffer freaky events and then gain the ability to do art. It's a poorly understood phenomenon, but according to the experts who've studied them, these people aren't just messing with us.

Modularity of mind Modularity of mind is the notion that a mind may, at least in part, be composed of innate neural structures or modules which have distinct established evolutionarily developed functions. Somewhat different definitions of "module" have been proposed by different authorities. Early investigations[edit] Historically, questions regarding the functional architecture of the mind have been divided into two different theories of the nature of the faculties. The first can be characterized as a horizontal view because it refers to mental processes as if they are interactions between faculties such as memory, imagination, judgement, and perception, which are not domain specific (e. g., a judgement remains a judgement whether it refers to a perceptual experience or to the conceptualization/comprehension process).

Teacher depression may affect child learning By Kathryn Doyle The more depressive symptoms third grade teachers had in a new study, the less progress in math their struggling students made during the school year. This was only an exploratory study of 27 teachers and it’s too soon to be treating depressed teachers as a problem that needs to be fixed, said the paper’s senior author, but the connection to kids’ learning could be important. Teacher depression may be one of many factors that determine how well kids can learn, Carol McDonald Connor, a psychology professor at Arizona State University in Tempe, told Reuters Health. “If the teacher’s depressed but so good at teaching math, those kids are probably fine,” she said. “But if the teacher is depressed and struggling with a new curriculum, that’s going to have a much larger impact.”

Can you live a normal life with half a brain? A few extreme cases show that people can be missing large chunks of their brains with no significant ill-effect – why? Tom Stafford explains what it tells us about the true nature of our grey matter. How much of our brain do we actually need? Man with tiny brain shocks doctors - health - 20 July 2007 A man with an unusually tiny brain manages to live an entirely normal life despite his condition, which was caused by a fluid build-up in his skull. Scans of the 44-year-old man's brain showed that a huge fluid-filled chamber called a ventricle took up most of the room in his skull, leaving little more than a thin sheet of actual brain tissue (see image, right). "It is hard for me [to say] exactly the percentage of reduction of the brain, since we did not use software to measure its volume. But visually, it is more than a 50% to 75% reduction," says Lionel Feuillet, a neurologist at the Mediterranean University in Marseille, France.

Unexplained communication between brain hemispheres without corpus callosum Magnetic resonance images comparing a healthy subject (left) with an AgCC patient (right). The corpus callosum is the thick, c-shaped structure outlined in the healthy brain and missing from the AgCC brain. Bottom image: Functional magnetic resonance images highlight symmetric patterns of synchronized activity in both healthy (left) and AgCC subjects (right) during rest with eyes closed. Intact Bilateral Resting-State Networks in the Absence of the Corpus Callosum Introduction How is information processed by the brain so as to generate cognition, behavior, and conscious experience? Two fundamental features of the brain's functional architecture are a rich endogenous dynamics (Raichle et al., 2001) and an organization of functional networks (Sporns et al., 2004).

The man with the missing brain Here was a young couple driving home through Hancock Park, a well-heeled suburb of mansions and manicured lawns. Lewis was a thriving film producer of 36, best known for the huge comedy hit Look Who’s Talking, starring John Travolta, and Marcy, 27, was in marketing. They’d been married five months. Then out of nowhere, a white Chevrolet van hit them at 75mph, an absurd speed for the neighbourhood. Marcy was killed outright and Lewis was so thoroughly broken that the paramedic on the scene took him for dead.

Amazing stories of the brain Dear colleagues, Your brain is plastic. What this means is that it is adaptable. For example, if part of your brain is damaged, other parts can take over the same functions. Your brain is much more powerful than you realise. Meet the girl with half a brain - today > health For three years, little Cameron Mott’s life was a nightmarish succession of violent seizures that consumed her days and threatened her life. Finally, doctors told her parents there was a way to stop them: All they had to do was remove half of Cameron’s brain. It was not a diagnosis a parent wants to hear. And going through with the operation was not an easy decision.

How Much of the Brain Can a Person Do Without? This month a 24-year-old woman in China's Shandong Province walked into a hospital complaining of nausea and dizziness, and walked out having learned that she was missing a huge portion of her brain. A CAT scan showed that her entire cerebellum, a vital chunk of brain in charge of motor control, never developed. The void where it should have been was nothing but a swamp of cerebrospinal fluid. How could a person live a full life not knowing so much of her brain was gone? Her doctors believe that her cortex (a nearby area of the brain) took over most of the load as her incomplete brain developed, thanks to an amazing feature of the brain called neuroplasticity—the brain's ability to fundamentally rewire itself to cope with new demands. The brain can't cope with everything, and the more of it is lost, the less it can reassign functions to the remaining pieces.

Why Kant Was Not A Cognitive Scientist Andrew Brook has recently tried to assimilate Kant’s project in the Critique of Pure Reason into the current model of cognitive science. Basically, he claims that Kant was quite ahead of his time in that he regarded the common philosophical issues of his time as dead-ends. “Like contemporary cognitive science but radically unlike other philosophies of his own time, Kant was blithely unconcerned about the great questions about knowledge of the external world, skepticism, solipsism etc.” Instead, Kant is reported to have proceeded with assumptions more closely related to those of cognitive science. “Unlike the [philosophical] tradition but like contemporary cognitive science, he simply took it for granted that we have knowledge: a priori knowledge about conceptual structures and perceptual knowledge of the world of space and time.”

frequently say X can't be done - if you write a system that does X, you are overturning the statement by raviii Feb 18

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