Argument map A schematic argument map showing a contention (or conclusion), supporting arguments and objections, and an inference objection. Argument maps are commonly used in the context of teaching and applying critical thinking. The purpose of mapping is to uncover the logical structure of arguments, identify unstated assumptions, evaluate the support an argument offers for a conclusion, and aid understanding of debates. Argument maps are often designed to support deliberation of issues, ideas and arguments in wicked problems. Key features A number of different kinds of argument map have been proposed but the most common, which Chris Reed and Glenn Rowe called the standard diagram, consists of a tree structure with each of the reasons leading to the conclusion. According to Doug Walton and colleagues, an argument map has two basic components: "One component is a set of circled numbers arrayed as points. Statements 1 and 2 are dependent premises or co-premises History Notes
Mindmapping, concept mapping in 3D Category:Problem solving Problem solving consists in using generic or ad hoc methods, in an orderly manner, for finding solutions to problems. Some of the problem-solving techniques developed and used in artificial intelligence, computer science, engineering, mathematics, medicine, etc. are related to mental problem-solving techniques studied in psychology. Subcategories This category has the following 15 subcategories, out of 15 total. Pages in category "Problem solving" The following 98 pages are in this category, out of 98 total. So, what exactly is an argument map? | Argunet This is a quick introduction into argument maps: How to create them, how to read them and what you can expect to get out of it. An Argunet argument map visualises the structure of complex argumentations and debates as a graphical network. In this network all nodes are either sentences or arguments and all relations between them are either attack or support relations. The reconstruction and visualisation with argument maps can be useful in many ways: Argument maps can give you a fast overview over the state of a debateArgument maps help you to remember complex argumentation structuresThe logical reconstruction allows a detailed analysis and evaluation of arguments and dialectic strategiesArgument maps help to keep focused on relevant parts of the debate by filtering out irrelevant or redundant informationArgument maps help concentrate on a rational, fair debateArgument maps can guide and structure live discussions. How do I read an argument map? Sentences Arguments Reconstructed Arguments
The Analysis-Synthesis Bridge Model Written for Interactions magazine by Hugh Dubberly, Shelley Evenson, and Rick Robinson. The simplest way to describe the design process is to divide it into two phases: analysis and synthesis. Or preparation and inspiration. But those descriptions miss a crucial element—the connection between the two, the active move from one state to another, the transition or transformation that is at the heart of designing. How do designers move from analysis to synthesis? From problem to solution? How do designers bridge the gap? The bridge model illustrates one way of thinking about the path from analysis to synthesis—the way in which the use of models to frame research results acts as a basis for framing possible futures. The bridge model here is organized as a two-by-two matrix. Analysis-Synthesis Bridge Model Ideally, the design process begins in the lower-left quadrant with observation and investigation—an inventory (or description) of the current situation. Robinson Model Beer Model Kumar Model
Press Space or double-click to edit Capture ideas at the speed of thought – using a mind map maker designed to help you focus on your ideas and remove all the distractions while mindmapping. Create unlimited mind maps for free, and store them in the cloud. Your mind maps are available everywhere, instantly, from any device. Brainstorm, create presentations and document outlines with mind maps, and publish your ideas online and to social networks. Get Started Why use MindMup? MindMup is great for individual note-taking, collaborative planning, teamwork and classrooms. 1 Powerful keyboard shortcuts speed up your work 2 Frictionless interface helps you focus 3 Convert maps easily to PDF, PowerPoint, outlines... 4 Publish and share maps online 5 Easily save to Google Drive and manage using Google Apps
The Future: New Ways of Solving Problems Originally published in CG: The Magazine for Compugraphic Customers, 1988. How would you define the terms “visual communication” and “computer graphics”? Everybody is involved in visual communication. When you start to talk about people using technology to communicate visually, most of what we use the computer for today is for simulating paper. We are seeing now with hypermedia the move from using the computer to simulate paper to using it as the place where you create information and perform manipulation and actually see things—models of real, imagined, or projected worlds. Ted Nelson in Computer Lib/Dream Machines, sees computer graphics as a branch of movie-making, and in a program like HyperCard there are a number of things that might be familiar to people who have edited movies. Hypermedia is a term used to describe the integration of graphics, text, speech, and images (and, potentially animation and video) into a unified software environment. Download PDF
Xebece Xebece is a multipurpose tool for information visualization and organization. It can be used to set up intriguing presentations. Likewise, document management is straightforward and effective if you use Xebece. Application fields of Xebece include presentations, courses and training, document management, mind mapping and brainstorming, and knowledge management. Release Notes: This release features German documentation for Xebece and a documentation update in the English manual. Release Notes: This is a bugfix release. Release Notes: The move/drag functionality was much too fast for normal use; this has been fixed. No changes have been submitted for this release.
What is a Decision Matrix, FREE Template and Example Also known as: decision-making matrix, solutions prioritization matrix, cost/benefit analysis matrix, problem/solution matrix, options/criteria matrix, vendor selection matrix, criteria/alternatives matrix, RFP evaluation matrix, COWS decision matrix, C.O.W.S. decision matrix, supplier rating spreadsheet, comparison matrix template, importance/performance matrix, criteria-based decision matrix, importance/performance-based decision matrix, weighted score matrix, proposal evaluation matrix, criteria/alternatives matrix, software selection matrix, or bid decision matrix. Use templates and samples provided in your FREE RFP Letters Toolkit to create your own Decision Matrix. Decision Matrix Definition A decision matrix allows decision makers to structure, then solve their problem by: specifying and prioritizing their needs with a list a criteria; thenevaluating, rating, and comparing the different solutions; and selecting the best matching solution. The Decision Matrix is also called: and then
Free mind mapping (and related types) software I see regular inquiries on Twitter and in forums from people looking for free software to support visual thinking. To provide answers, InformationTamers have put together 14 pages to help you find the one for your needs. These show the platform, a screen thumbnail and a link for more information in each case. We built this article using the most complete source for details of information mapping software on the Web: Mind-mapping.org. Hat tip to Vic Gee who put Mind-mapping.org together and kept it up to date for years. [I took over that site in August 2013 - Roy Grubb] Mind-mapping.org has a good capability for selecting software by map type and operating system (click on the 'Refine software list' tab at the top right of its web page). "Free" here is as in beer, not in freedom, though some of the software listed is open source, so is free in both senses. Of course a pencil and paper is always almost free. Click through for more details:
Disruptive innovation Sustaining innovations are typically innovations in technology, whereas disruptive innovations cause changes to markets. For example, the automobile was a revolutionary technological innovation, but it was not a disruptive innovation, because early automobiles were expensive luxury items that did not disrupt the market for horse-drawn vehicles. The market for transportation essentially remained intact until the debut of the lower priced Ford Model T in 1908. The mass-produced automobile was a disruptive innovation, because it changed the transportation market. The automobile, by itself, was not. The current theoretical understanding of disruptive innovation is different from what might be expected by default, an idea that Clayton M. The work of Christensen and others during the 2000s has addressed the question of what firms can do to avoid displacement brought on by technological disruption. History and usage of the term The term disruptive technologies was coined by Clayton M.