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Peter Singer: The why and how of effective altruism

Peter Singer: The why and how of effective altruism
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Effective altruism Principles[edit] Cost-effectiveness[edit] Applied to charitable interventions, cost-effectiveness refers to the amount of good achieved per dollar spent. Though cost-effectiveness is a newer concept in charity, it is commonly used by economists. Effective altruists have also rallied behind the idea of room for more funding: the idea that selecting a cause to donate to should be based on the marginal value that future donations to that would accomplish at the margin, rather than based on what has already been accomplished. Cause prioritization[edit] Many effective altruists place a high degree of importance on working out what the most important cause to support is.[8] This is one way that effective altruism is distinguishable from other traditional altruism or charity. For example, although there is a growing emphasis on effectiveness and evidence among nonprofits, this is usually done with a single cause in mind, such as education or climate change. Impartiality[edit] Peter Singer[edit]

The Lady Mechanics donne un métier aux prostituées Aider des anciennes prostituées à s'en sortir en s'occupant des voitures du pays, voilà l'idée d'une Nigériane. © Reuters - Akintunde Akinleye Son nom, c'est Sandra Agebor. Mais au Nigéria tout le monde l'appelle "The Lady Mechanics". Pourquoi ? Parce que c'est la première femme mécanicienne dans son pays. Elle aurait pu continuer à mener sa petite vie prospère et profiter de sa notoriété naissante mais un évènement l'a fait changer d'avis. A "Benin City", sa ville d'origine, beaucoup de ses proches sont tombés dans les filets des réseaux mafieux de prostitution. Le neurobiologiste qui a découvert qu'il était psychopathe Je vous avais déjà résumé les grandes lignes du dernier cours de Parlons cerveau IV intitulé « Neuroscience et libre arbitre » qui aura lieu ce mercredi 27 novembre (voir le premier lien ci-bas). En cherchant un article récent pour illustrer ce propos, je tombe sur cette histoire digne d’un titre de livre d’Oliver Sacks. Celle d’un chercheur en neuroscience qui découvre, en analysant les résultats d’une de ses expériences en imagerie cérébrale, que son cerveau a toutes les caractéristiques classiques de celui d’un… psychopathe ! L’histoire remonte à 2005 alors que James Fallon analysait les PET scans de milliers de sujets pour en distinguer des patterns d’activité typique de schizophrènes, dépressifs , psychopathes et personnes souffrant d’Alzheimer . Plusieurs personnes de sa famille, y compris lui-même, avaient participé à cette dernière étude. La compréhension de la personnalité de Fallon devient encore plus fascinante quand on ajoute deux autres chapitres à cette histoire.

Herbalogue - Herbalist Natural Healing Remedies The Road to Gunsa | trabble Written 21/10/13 Nepal’s second-ever elections are coming up, so the government has – apparently without any notice – co-opted all the government-employed teachers as election invigilators. Jimmy Lama from HELP (my charity) has persuaded one school to partially open because I’m coming. The village I’m going to is called Gunsa. The road to Gunsa is composed of dust, rocks, mud and no tarmac. The bus’ revving reaches a higher pitch than usual. No-one seems in the least perturbed by this. We sway precariously over a drop that would certainly kill us. At the end of the line, friendly local young men meet me, as arranged, for the walk to Gunsa. As darkness falls, we pick our way across a river, and follow a narrow stone-flagged footpath between paddy fields. By the light of our phones, we walk along a dust-paved street. Like this: Like Loading...

A Neuroscientist Uncovers A Dark Secret DIY Dorm: Smartphone Projector | The College Juice Nowadays, we can do almost anything on a smart phone: send emails, play games, and even watch movies. Sometimes, however, squinting at the small screen can leave our eyes feeling tired. Rather than watch a movie or show on the tiny screen, why not magnify it via your very own projector? Check out this fun and simple addition to our DIY Dorm series: What You’ll Need: Shoe boxDuct tapeX-acto knife (works better than scissors)Magnifying glass (try a larger lens – aim for 3-4 inch diameter)RulerPencilPhone stand (or something to act as a stand for your phone) What You’ll Do: Duct tape any openings. 1.Cover all holes and gaps in the box using the duct tape. Mark around the lens. 2.Go to the front and center of the box (on the shorter side). 3.Using your X-Acto knife, slowly cut out the hole you just marked. Push the lens into the opening. 4.From the inside of the box, push the lens into the opening. 5.Line up your smartphone or iPod with the magnifying glass and mark this space. Phone Stands

Dr Mukwege: L'homme qui répare les femmes La première fois qu'il a vu dans son cabinet une femme violée, c'était en 1999. Le Dr Mukwege travaillait dans une région montagneuse perdue de l'est de la République démocratique du Congo. Il y était le seul gynécologue. En 14 ans de pratique dans la région, le Dr Mukwege n'avait jamais rien vu de tel. Le mois suivant, à l'hôpital de Panzi, à Bukavu, dans le Sud-Kivu, le médecin a observé 45 cas semblables. Il y eut un cas. Près de 15 ans plus tard, le Dr Mukwege estime à 500 000 le nombre total de femmes et de filles violées en RDC. J'ai eu la chance de rencontrer le Dr Mukwege à l'occasion du premier Forum mondial des femmes francophones, à Paris, le 20 mars. Son travail admirable lui a déjà valu de nombreux prix internationaux, dont le Prix des droits de l'homme des Nations unies. Certains voudraient le faire taire, voyant sans doute en lui un témoin gênant. Quand le Dr Mukwege a choisi la gynéco-obstétrique, il ne s'imaginait pas au chevet de survivantes de viol.

Elephant in the room The Elephant in the Room, Banksy exhibition, 2006 Barely Legal show, Los Angeles[1] "Elephant in the room" is an English metaphorical idiom for an obvious truth that is either being ignored or going unaddressed. The idiomatic expression also applies to an obvious problem or risk no one wants to discuss.[2] It is based on the idea that an elephant in a room would be impossible to overlook; thus, people in the room who pretend the elephant is not there have chosen to avoid dealing with the looming big issue. Origins[edit] The Oxford English Dictionary gives the first recorded use of the phrase, as a simile, as The New York Times on June 20, 1959: "Financing schools has become a problem about equal to having an elephant in the living room. This idiomatic expression may have been in general use much earlier than 1959. Usage[edit] Similar[edit] A variation is the phrase "elephant in the corner" which is infrequently used to the same effect.[10] See also[edit] Notes[edit] References[edit]

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