1984 by George Orwell. Search eText, Read Online, Study, Discuss.
(pub. 1949) Webmaster's Note, 5/10/2007 - We have been informed by the rights holder that this work is still copyrighted in our territory. So we have removed it. You may still read our original summary though to the left. Also commonly titled as Nineteen Eighty-Four 1984 is possibly the definitive dystopian novel, set in a world beyond our imagining. Winston Smith is a middle-aged, unhealthy character, based loosely on Orwell's own frail body, an underling of the ruling oligarchy, The Party. But Winston believes there is another way. 1984 joins Winston as he sets about another day, where his job is to change history by changing old newspaper records to match with the new truth as decided by the Party. "He who controls the past, controls the future" is a Party slogan to live by and it gives Winston his job, but Winston cannot see it like that. You will meet many recognisable characters, themes, and words which have become part of our everyday life as you read 1984. Fan of this book?
1. The Subject Matter of Aristotle’s Metaphysics Aristotle himself described his subject matter in a variety of ways: as ‘first philosophy’, or ‘the study of being qua being’, or ‘wisdom’, or ‘theology’. In Metaphysics A.1, Aristotle says that “all men suppose what is called wisdom (sophia) to deal with the first causes (aitia) and the principles (archai) of things” (981b28), and it is these causes and principles that he proposes to study in this work. These causes and principles are clearly the subject matter of what he calls ‘first philosophy’. Aristotle’s description ‘the study of being qua being’ is frequently and easily misunderstood, for it seems to suggest that there is a single (albeit special) subject matter—being qua being—that is under investigation. Aristotle’s Greek word that has been Latinized as ‘qua’ means roughly ‘in so far as’ or ‘under the aspect’. Of course, first philosophy is not the only field of inquiry to study beings. 2. Nonsubstantial Particulars 3. 4. 5. 6.
Fifty Orwell Essays
Title: Fifty Orwell Essays Author: George Orwell * A Project Gutenberg of Australia eBook * eBook No.: 0300011h.html Edition: 1 Language: English Character set encoding: Latin-1(ISO-8859-1)--8 bit (html) Date first posted: August 2003 Date most recently updated: January 2010 This eBook was produced by: Col Choat firstname.lastname@example.org Production notes: Author's footnotes appear at the end of the paragraph where indicated. Italicised words are shown in upper case. All essays in this collection were first published during George Orwell's lifetime, and have appeared in a number of Orwell essay collections published both before and after his death. Details are provided on the George Orwell page at Project Gutenberg of Australia eBooks are created from printed editions which are in the public domain in Australia, unless a copyright notice is included. We do NOT keep any eBooks in compliance with a particular paper edition. Fifty Essays by George Orwell