Permaculture Plants: Oak The majestic Oak. Common Name: OakScientific Name: Quercus speciesFamily: Fagaceae (the Beech family) Ariundle Oakwood, Scotland. One of the last surviving old-growth oak forests in the Scottish Highlands. Angel Oak Tree, outside of Charleston, South Carolina, is over 1,500 years old. Live Oak (Quercus virginiana) Description: The Oaks are a large family of shrubs and trees, about 600 species, which produce acorns. English or Pedunculate Oak (Quercus robur) Watercolor by Ruth de Monchaux History: Native to the northern hemisphere, oaks are found from tropical to cold climates. Trivia: Oak trees can be deciduous or evergreen (a.k.a. Acorns can feed wildlife, domesticated life, and human life alike. Red Oak (Quercus rubra) Oak leaf and acorn variety. 5 oak leaves and 6 acorns found by Coniston Water by Eileen Postlethwaite USING THIS PLANTPrimary Uses: Nut - the "acorn" is typically dried and ground as "meal" or "flour".
Update: 36 Hour Permaculture Course - Online and Free! (permaculture design forum at permies) Kathleen Sanderson wrote: Thank you! I didn't know there was an Alaska permaculture site! (Alaska is my home state.)Kathleen Home state? Where you were born or where you live now? ops: Anyway, this link will be very much appreciated both by me and also by my Russian friends. per day, as much is lost, because there is no time left in the normal 24-hour day. I do not know if this is very interesting for you, but here in Northern Europe, discussing with each other, we have come to the solution that we will use English in everything, use it as lingua franca.
Bill Mollison Permaculture Lecture Series On-Line Straw Bale Construction Straw bale construction is gaining worldwide recognition as a viable, high-performance, earth- and people-friendly building technique which utilizes a natural by-product of food production. The Straw Bale Solution is 30-minute video introduction to straw bale building. It offers viewers an excellent look at $1.50 a square foot straw-bale homes in Mexico and the custom high-end straw-bale mansions of Santa Fe... How and why they are built, why they make so much sense and cents, and how to get started are all covered." The Straw Bale Solution (#C 01) Building with bales can produce ecological, empowering and affordable housing, and NetWorks' award-winning video provides an entertaining overview of how and why. The Last Straw The Last Straw, the quarterly journal of straw-bale and natural building, began in 1992 with Judy Knox and Matts Myhrman of Out On Bale (un)Ltd at the publishing helm. Networks still sells back issues (#1-39) of TLS
Introduction to Agroecology: Green Gold- "The Source of Wealth is [are] the Functional Ecosystems" "Kariegasfontein Ranch, Aberdeen, South Africa: Land on the left managed under Holistic Planned Grazing (HPG) in 200 mm [7.87 inches] rainfall, showing a contrast with advancing desertification," Photo Credit: Norman Kroon. Source. I fixed the horizon line from original image. My last diary in this series shared Allan Savory's TED talk on his system of Holistic Management. Recognizing the audacity of such a statement, I provided the following for context: Allan Savory is NOT proclaiming that Holistic Management is the only solution for climate change. In light of the acknowledgement that Holistic Management (HM in this diary) is not appropriate everywhere all the time, nor is it the only solution for climate change, I wish to present John D. Originally aired on Dutch TV by VPRO, Green Gold was made in conjunction with Liu's Environmental Education Media Project (EEMP).2 Green Gold is an extended version of "Hope in a Changing Climate," coproduced by EEMP and The Open University.3 2." 5.
A Quick Guide to Raising Ducks - Sustainable Farming People are always giving us something. We got our trio of Muscovy ducks one day when a lady who lives near our Country Bookstore in Noroton, Conn., moved. They were breeders and she didn't want to have them killed. Knowing that we had a small farm, she thought we might like them. There is a good deal to be said for making ducks your second poultry project, particularly if you have any kind of small stream or pond on your place, although neither is necessary. Don't start a duck project unless your family is fond of duck. Anyway, ducks do furnish delicious variety for the table. You have three choices as to how to plan your duck raising program. Keeping A Small Flock Of Breeder Ducks Reasons for owning ducks varies. You don't have to qualify on all these points to keep a flock of breeders, but if you do, then your flock will practically keep themselves, providing you with plenty of tasty meals from spring until late fall. For housing, almost any kind of shelter will do.
Bill Mollison Bruce Charles 'Bill' Mollison (born 1928 in Stanley, Tasmania, Australia) is a researcher, author, scientist, teacher and Biologist. He is considered to be the 'father of permaculture', however Joseph Russell Smith, was the first to write about a system of Permanent Agriculture in a book entitled Tree Crops, published in 1929. Permaculture is an integrated system of design, Mollison co-developed with David Holmgren, that encompasses not only agriculture, horticulture, architecture and ecology, but also economic systems, land access strategies and legal systems for businesses and communities. In 1978, Mollison collaborated with David Holmgren, and they wrote a book called Permaculture One. Bill Mollison founded The Permaculture Institute in Tasmania, and created a training system to train others under the umbrella of Permaculture. He received the Right Livelihood Award in 1981 with Patrick van Rensburg. Bibliography Articles Mollison, Bill (15–21 September 1978). See also
What Permaculture Isn’t—and Is Permaculture is notoriously hard to define. A recent survey shows that people simultaneously believe it is a design approach, a philosophy, a movement, and a set of practices. This broad and contradiction-laden brush doesn’t just make permaculture hard to describe. It can be off-putting, too. Let’s say you first encounter permaculture as a potent method of food production and are just starting to grasp that it is more than that, when someone tells you that it also includes goddess spirituality, and anti-GMO activism, and barefoot living. Humans are a problem-solving species. Thomas Kuhn, in his masterwork, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, uses the word “paradigm” to mean the viewpoint that defines the problems to be solved in a particular field. “Paradigm” has been trivialized through overuse and I’m sure that Kuhn is spinning in his grave. So, why, then, is permaculture so confusing to define? In the 18th Century, combustion was explained by something called phlogiston.
Six Duck Breeds For Your Small Farm Runner ducks Photo credit: Wikipedia CC If you are considering adding ducks to your small farm you will be making a wise choice, as they will be pleasant companions and entertain you daily while providing pest control, manure for your soil, meat, eggs, down and feathers, and left-over grease that can be used for cooking. Granted, they do make “messes” with water and mud, depending upon your tolerance for that sort of thing. When I was growing up, my grandmothers raised ducks on their farms and always gave us their “extra” ducklings in the spring. Duck husbandry is important around the world, especially in Asia, where ducks are sometimes integrated into the rice paddy cycle. Ducks don’t scratch up vegetables, like chickens do and they are efficient egg producers, too. “You don’t have a snail problem. If you want an optimal permaculture use for ducks, keep them fenced in your orchard, away from vegetables and where these omnivores eat weeds, insect pests and the odd fallen fruit. 2.
David Holmgren David Holmgren (born 1955) is an Australian environmental designer, ecological educator and writer. He is best known as one of the co-originators of the permaculture concept with Bill Mollison. Life and work Holmgren was born in the state of Western Australia to political parents who were very active in the movement against Australia's involvement in the Vietnam war. Political activism against injustice provided a background to his own life's work with Permaculture as positive environmental activism. I wrote the manuscript, which was based partly on our constant discussions and on our practical working together in the garden and on our visits to other sites in Tasmania... The book was a mixture of insights relating to agriculture, landscape architecture and ecology. Permaculture One was far more successful than anticipated, as it seemed to meet a need of the emerging environmentalist counterculture looking for something positive and substantial to align with. Self publication
Milkwood: permaculture farming and living Dill Dill (Anethum graveolens), is either a perennial or annual herb. It is the sole species of the genus Anethum. Growth Dill grows to 40–60 cm (16–24 in), with slender stems and alternate, finely divided, softly delicate leaves 10–20 cm (3.9–7.9 in) long. The ultimate leaf divisions are 1–2 mm (0.039–0.079 in) broad, slightly broader than the similar leaves of fennel, which are threadlike, less than 1 mm (0.039 in) broad, but harder in texture. Etymology The name "dill" comes from Old English dile, a West Germanic word of unknown origin  the plant having the carminative property of relieving gas. Culinary use Dill (Anethum graveolens) essential oil in clear glass vial Fresh and dried dill leaves (sometimes called "dill weed" to distinguish it from dill seed) are widely used as herbs in Germany, Greece, Poland, Finland, Norway, Sweden, the Baltic, Russia, and central Asia. European cuisine In Hungary, dill is very widely used. Asian cooking
List of permaculture projects This is list of examples of permaculture projects and practitioners. The largest collection of permaculture projects and practitioners around the world, can be found on the Worldwide Permaculture Network website. Africa Zimbabwe has 60 schools designed using permaculture, with a national team working within the schools' curriculum development unit. Other countries have permaculture farms as well. Arab countries A permaculture project has been developed in Jordan by the Permaculture Research Institute headquartered in Australia and run by Geoff Lawton. Oceania Australia The development of permaculture co-founder David Holmgren's home plot at Melliodora, Central Victoria, has been well documented at his website and published in e-book format. Geoff Lawton's Zaytuna Farm next to The Channon in northern NSW, Australia, is a 66-acre medium-farm scale example of permaculture implementation. Tikopia New Zealand Indonesia Thailand
What is Permaculture - Part 1: Ethics Permaculture is primarily a thinking tool for designing low carbon, highly productive systems but its influence can be very pervasive! What can start as a journey towards living a more ecologically balanced lifestyle can go far deeper, even transforming our worldview and radically altering behaviour. This is the inspirational nature of permaculture, it is a means of connecting each of us more deeply to nature’s patterns and wisdom and of practically applying that understanding in our daily lives. The discipline of permaculture design is based on observing what makes natural systems endure; establishing simple yet effective principles, and using them to mirror nature in whatever we choose to design. Permaculture is not just a green way of living or a guiding system of ethics, it is a way of designing using nature’s principles as a model; ‘bending’ them as much as possible to create fertile, self-reliant, productive landscapes and communities. Earth Care People Care Fair Shares
Hardiness zone Temperature scale of hardiness zones, showing the average annual minimum temperature in degrees Celsius. The main factors determining average minimum temperature are elevation, latitude and proximity to the coast. A hardiness zone (a subcategory of vertical zonation) is a geographically defined area in which a specific category of plant life is capable of growing, as defined by climatic conditions, including its ability to withstand the minimum temperatures of the zone (see the scale on the right or the table below). For example, a plant that is described as "hardy to zone 10" means that the plant can withstand a minimum temperature of −1 °C (30 °F). A more resilient plant that is "hardy to zone 9" can tolerate a minimum temperature of −7 °C (19 °F). First developed for the United States by the Department of Agriculture (USDA), the use of the zones has been adopted by other nations. USDA hardiness zones Benefits and drawbacks Europe hardiness zones 7.