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Adult Learning Theory and Principles

Adult Learning Theory and Principles
Become familiar with Adult Learning Theory and the six principles of adult learning Adult Learning Theory Part of being an effective educator involves understanding how adults learn best (Lieb,1991). Andragogy (adult learning) is a theory that holds a set of assumptions about how adults learn. Andragogy as a study of adult learning originated in Europe in 1950's and was then pioneered as a theory and model of adult learning from the 1970's by Malcolm Knowles an American practitioner and theorist of adult education, who defined andragogy as "the art and science of helping adults learn" (Zmeyov 1998; Fidishun 2000). What do you mean by 'adult learning principles'? Knowles identified the six principles of adult learning outlined below. Adults are internally motivated and self-directed Adults bring life experiences and knowledge to learning experiences Adults are goal oriented Adults are relevancy oriented Adults are practical Adult learners like to be respected Good question!! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Related:  Train the Trainer

How to Use Flipcharts Techniques > Public speaking > Speaking Tips > How to Use Flipcharts Preparation | Writing | Drawing | On the wall | General use | See also Using a flipchart during a presentation or training session can be a very successful tool or can go horribly wrong. Preparation Before you start your presentation, take time to prepare the flipchart setup. Check charts, paper and pens Check that you have the expected number of flipcharts and that they are stationed at the right points in the room. Know the approximate number of flipchart pages you will need and ensure there is enough paper available. Also check that you have enough pens of the right color. Pencil skeleton If you will be drawing known diagrams at fixed points and your freehand style is not great, you may want to lightly draw the pictures using a fine pencil that you will be able to see but your audience will not (check this by going to the front row and looking). Test sheet Do also do a test sheet and then go to the back of the room.

Malcolm Knowles, informal adult education, self-direction and andragogy contents: introduction · malcolm knowles – life · adult informal education · malcolm s. knowles on andragogy · self-direction · conclusion · further reading and references · links Malcolm Shepherd Knowles (1913 – 1997) was a, perhaps ‘the’, central figure in US adult education in the second half of the twentieth century. In the 1950s he was the Executive Director of the Adult Education Association of the United States of America. He wrote the first major accounts of informal adult education and the history of adult education in the United States. Furthermore, Malcolm Knowles’ attempts to develop a distinctive conceptual basis for adult education and learning via the notion of andragogy became very widely discussed and used. Malcolm Knowles – a life Born in 1913 and initially raised in Montana, Malcolm S. Malcolm Knowles has talked about his mother helping him through her example and care to be a more ‘tender, loving, caring person’ (op. cit.). In 1959 Malcolm S. Malcolm S. 1. 2.

What makes for effective PLD? | Derek's Blog At a meeting I attended last week a group of people were discussing approaches they might use to 'bring teachers up to speed' with the ideas and approaches they were discussing (in this case, computational thinking). The discussion that ensued raised all of the usual issues around why it's difficult to find effective PLD solutions: teachers are time poor, the overloaded curriculum, lack of expertise, reluctance to change etc. When turning their attention to finding a solution the predictable list appeared: provide more teacher only days (TODs), introduce a range of incentives (carrots), introduce mandatory requirements (sticks) etc. The discussion also ventured into the problem with providing PLD support that is 'just in time' rather than that which is 'just in case'. Effective professional learning and development has the following four characteristics:It is in-depthIt is provided over timeIt is related to practiceIt is contextually relevant Such moves are not surprising.

Instructional Tactics Encourages higher level thinking (analysis, synthesis and evaluation, for example) Pushes the ability and willingness to consider and integrate opposing perspectives Extends knowledge and clarity around issues Integrates the head and the heart in the learning process De Bono’s Six Thinking Hats (tactic) is useful in the process Necessary Preskills: because this strategy is a complex strategy, a large part of its effectiveness relies on prerequisite skill on the part of both teacher and students. The classroom has been established as a genuinely psychologically ‘safe’ classroom in the eyes of the students. The teacher is attending to David and Johnson’s work, specifically: · Individual accountability · Face to face interaction · Collaborative skills · Processing group functioning · Positive interdependencies (9) Students must be able to demonstrate the following Collaborative Skills: · Taking turns · No put downs · Suspending judgement · Actively listening · Paraphrasing · Disagreeing in an Agreeable Way

6 characteristics of great PD (and great classrooms) | eSchool News | eSchool News | 2 1. Constructivist The best PD workshops are constructivist, or marked by experiential learning. In these workshops participants are actively discovering the features, properties, and potential of a tool, app and a device. They are also being challenged to make sense of tools for themselves. 2. Fundamental changes in instructional practices are principally the result of peer-to-peer interaction, whether formal or informal. Collaborative exchanges between colleagues and discussion around instructional practices sit at the heart of every workshop (or online course) that we run. 3. 4. While participants are working individually or in groups, the instructor is now free to move about the room and engage students on a more individual and personal level, providing guidance and support. 5. Yet, many teachers and administrators struggle to conceive of mobile learning beyond their four walls or in networked communities. 6.

conscious competence learning model matrix- unconscious incompetence to unconscious competence conscious competence theory - summary outline The conscious competence theory and related matrix model explain the process and stages of learning a new skill (or behaviour, ability, technique, etc.) The concept is most commonly known as the 'conscious competence learning model', or 'conscious competence learning theory'; sometimes 'conscious competence ladder' or 'conscious competence matrix'. Occasionally in more recent adapted versions a fifth stage or level is added to the conscious competance theory, although there is no single definitive five-stage model, despite there being plenty of very useful and valid debate about what the fifth stage might be. Whether four or five or more stages, and whatever people choose to call it, the 'conscious competence' model remains essentially a very simple and helpful explanation of how we learn, and also serves as a useful reminder of the need to train people in stages. learning and training in stages Put simply: conscious competence matrix 1. N.B.

Infographic: New Managers Not Getting the Training They Need to Succeed | Blanchard LeaderChat In a recent survey conducted by The Ken Blanchard Companies, more than 400 managers were asked to rate different types of training by order of importance. Here’s their top ten, ranked in order from most important to least important type of training (see infographic.) At the top, managers identified communication skills, help with transitioning to a leadership role, and interpersonal skills as the most needed training. In the middle, they identified setting goals, directing others, and managing conflict as next most important. In the last four slots, the respondents identified training on delegating tasks, dealing with performance issues, understanding HR policies, and conducting performance reviews as somewhat less important. Scott Blanchard, a principal with The Ken Blanchard Companies and coauthor of the company’s new First-time Manager program prioritizes a similar list in the September issue of Ignite. “A new generation of managers is moving forward. Via @leaderchat Share this:

Free professional development exercises and activities What are Interpersonal Skills? | Skills You Need Interpersonal skills are the life skills we use every day to communicate and interact with other people, both individually and in groups. People who have worked on developing strong interpersonal skills are usually more successful in both their professional and personal lives. Employers often seek to hire staff with 'strong interpersonal skills' - they want people who will work well in a team and be able to communicate effectively with colleagues, customers and clients. This section of SkillsYouNeed is full of information and practical advice that you can use to improve your interpersonal skills. Interpersonal skills are not just important in the workplace, our personal and social lives can also benefit from better interpersonal skills. People with good interpersonal skills are usually perceived as optimistic, calm, confident and charismatic - qualities that are often endearing or appealing to others. Interpersonal Skills Self-Assessment A List of Interpersonal Skills Includes: Relax Clarify

Donald Schon (Schön) - learning, reflection and change Contents: introduction · donald schon · public and private learning and the learning society · double-loop learning · the reflective practitioner – reflection-in- and –on-action · conclusion · further reading and references · links · how to cite this article Note: I have used Donald Schon rather than Donald Schön (which is the correct spelling) as English language web search engines (and those using them!) often have difficulties with umlauts). Donald Alan Schon (1930-1997) trained as a philosopher, but it was his concern with the development of reflective practice and learning systems within organizations and communities for which he is remembered. Donald Schon Donald Schon was born in Boston in 1930 and raised in Brookline and Worcester. Working from 1957-63 as senior staff member in the industrial research firm Arthur D. Donald Schon became a visiting professor at MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) in 1968. Public and private learning, and the learning society Conclusion

Interesting Chart Outlining the Differences between Pedagogy, Andragogy, and Heutagogy Preparing our kids and students for a global knowledge economy necessitates a new teaching approach; one that will equip them with the skills and competencies needed to thrive in such an economy. It is widely believed that pedagogy as an educational method per see is no longer enough; teachers and educators need to embrace new methodologies that are more relevant to the exigencies of today's learning. Andragogy and Heutagogy are probably the answer. Andragogy Andragogy is a teaching strategy developed for adult learners. Andragogy has been around for more than a century but it gained more momentum and came up to the surface in educational literature particularly with the work of Malcom Knowles. 1. Check out this page to learn more about Andragogy: Related : Pedagogy Vs Andragogy Heutagogy Heutagogy is the study of self-directed learning and self- determined learning.

Tip 114 - Audio QR Codes Imagine students’ artwork hanging in your school’s hallway and beside each masterpiece is a QR code. When parents, students, and other teachers scan the code using a mobile device, they hear the student telling about themselves and the relevance of their art... Or what about a QR code in the back of a library book that allows you to hear a student’s review of the book? Or a QR code sent home to parents that allows them to listen to their 1st grader reading or telling a story? Sounds difficult, doesn’t it? Not familiar with QR codes? 2 Options for Recording the audio file and generating a URL: Option 1: 1. Note - The first time you use this site, you will need to click a couple of buttons to set it up. 2. 3. 4. Option 2: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Creating the QR Code: Use an online QR Creator 1. - QR Hacker - Kaywa - QuickQR 2. 3. 4. Batch-Generating Codes in a Google Spreadsheet 1. (For instructions, see Tip 111 ) Suggested fields: - First Name