"False colors" redirects here. For the imaging technique, see False-color. False flag (or black flag) describes covert operations designed to deceive in such a way that the operations appear as though they are being carried out by entities, groups, or nations other than those who actually planned and executed them. Operations carried out during peace-time by civilian organizations, as well as covert government agencies, may by extension be called false flag operations if they seek to hide the real organization behind an operation. Geraint Hughes uses the term to refer to those acts carried out by "military or security force personnel, which are then blamed on terrorists. In its most modern usage, the term may also refer to those events which governments are cognizant of and able to stop but choose to allow to happen (or "stand down"), as a strategy to entangle or prepare the nation for war. Use in warfare  Air warfare Art. 3. Art. 19. Land warfare 1. 2. 1. 2. 1. 2.
Related: False Flag Operations
• FAUSSES BANNIERES DANS L'HISTOIRE MODERNE - I
• False Flag
• In the name of Something or other