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The Vikings - Britons, Gaels, Picts, Angles and Vikings

The Vikings - Britons, Gaels, Picts, Angles and Vikings
The Vikings were Norsemen who came to raid and pillage, to trade and to settle in Scotland. They were expert sailors who made their way across the treacherous North Sea in longships from Norway and Denmark from the late 8th century. The Vikings sailed as far west as Greenland and North America. The pagan Vikings raided Christian monasteries in search of gold and silver, food and slaves. In this year terrible portents appeared over Northumbria and sadly affrightened the inhabitants: there were exceptional flashes of lightning, and fiery dragons were seen flying in the air. Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, AD 793 The Norse began to settle in Scotland and gradually merged with the local people. Before the Vikings came as raiders their ancestors were probably traders who visited Scotland. Related:  VikingsViking FolderVikings, Summer Year 3 (Second Grade)

Beyond Lands' End: Viking Voyage 1000 Click on the images below to view enlargements Nomads of the North Atlantic: The Original Viking Ships Without their marvelous sailing ships, the Vikings would have played a much smaller part in history. But centuries of getting around on the water created a race of master boatbuilders, and the ships they developed represented a giant step forward in the design and capabilities of coastal and seagoing vessels. Viking ships evolved from much earlier and simpler watercraft. Eventually the dugout builders began applying heat to the hollowed trunks, which made the wood more pliable. Then came the discovery and working of iron, and with it, stronger hardware and a whole new set of tools. Lapstrake construction allowed the Vikings to produce light hulls that floated on top of the waves, rather than plowing through them. Viking boatbuilding tools. Ships for every purpose Not all Viking ships were the fancy warships we usually see in pictures, with the dragon heads at the bow. Life on board

Viking Adventures A one-hour schools and families broadcast called Viking Adventures from the British Museum. Ed Petrie, much-loved presenter of Pompeii Live for schools, and well-known BBC presenter Sonali Shah will present the show. "Viking Adventures from the British Museum should be compulsory viewing for all school age children. Aimed at Key Stage 2 children aged 7–11 and aligned with the National Curriculum, this specially produced film will feature lots of Viking dressing up, experiments, sword fights and even Viking-style food (food tastings with herrings and purple carrots!). Download resource pack for primary teachers If your local cinema is not listed please email with details and we will contact them. If you and your family would like to watch Viking Adventures please check local listings, these viewings are exclusively for schools.

"Thor's Hammer" Found in Viking Graves Kate Ravilious in York, U.K. Long dismissed as accidental additions to Viking graves, prehistoric "thunderstones"—fist-size stone tools resembling the Norse god Thor's hammerhead—were actually purposely placed as good-luck talismans, archaeologists say. The Norse thunder god, Thor, wields his hammer, Mjöllnir, in an undated woodcut. Illustration from World History Archive, Alamy. Using fire-starting rock such as flint, Stone Age people originally created the stones to serve as axes. Because the axes predate the Viking age by thousands of years, archaeologists have long seen the stones as random artifacts, perhaps stirred up from earlier, lower burials or dropped in centuries after the Viking era. But now "we have made enough discoveries of Stone Age artifacts in younger graves to say that they make a clear pattern," archaeologist Eva Thäte, of the University of Chester in the U.K., said in a statement. (Also see "Viking Weapon-Recycling Site Found in England?") Vikings Superstitious?

Viking Age The Viking Age is the period from 793 to 1066 in European history, especially Northern European and Scandinavian history, following the Germanic Iron Age. It is the period of history when Scandinavian Norsemen explored Europe by its seas and rivers for trade, raids and conquest. In this period, the Vikings also settled in Norse Greenland and Newfoundland, and present-day Faroe Islands, Iceland, Normandy, Scotland, Ireland, Russia and Anatolia.[2] Historical considerations[edit] In England, the Viking Age began on 8 June 793[3] when Vikings destroyed the abbey on Lindisfarne, a centre of learning that was famous across the continent. Monks were killed in the abbey, thrown into the sea to drown, or carried away as slaves along with the church treasures. Vikings were portrayed as uniformly violent and bloodthirsty. The first challenges to the many anti-Viking images in Britain emerged in the 17th century. Historical background[edit] Viking Voyages in the North Atlantic Historic overview[edit]

Viking Longships - Children's British History Encyclopedia Many Vikings were good sailors because they lived close to rivers and fjords (sea inlets). They grew up from childhood able to use ships for fishing and travelling. A big Viking longship would be about 30 metres long and were made from overlapping planks of oak wood joined together with iron rivets (bits of metal hammered into holes). Each ship could carry 60 men. The sails were brightly coloured in stripes or diamond patterns. The Vikings loved to decorate their ships with fine wooden carvings. The ship was steered by means of a rudder, mounted on the side, near to the back of the ship. They used the: sun, moon and stars to help them navigate. The Vikings gave their ships names like: Long Serpent, Raven of the Wind or Snake of the Sea.

Viking Social Classes | Norse Social Structure The ancient Vikings Social structure was relatively simple, and followed many of the common traits all societies exhibit. Of course in every society there are the high status members and the lower status members, Viking society was no different at all. Being a member of upper echelon of Viking society obviously offered plenty of rewards and benefits, and was held by the Viking Kings. At the lower end of Viking society was the Thralls, the slaves of the Viking world. In the middle we had the Viking people, separated into two main classes the Karls and the Jarls. As we learn more about the details and intricacies of the Viking social structure we will learn more about the main classes that existed here. The Viking Kings Being a king of any land or country was a prestige and to rule as a king in Viking times was exactly the same. A Viking jarl. The king would earn money through his people, the noble folk also. The Viking Jarls The Viking Karls The Viking Thralls Viking vagrants and paupers

Social Classes in Viking Society Social Classes in Viking Society Three social classes existed in Norse society. The classes were nowhere near as rigid as they were in other parts of Europe at the time. Mechanisms existed such that a person could move himself from one class to another. The vast majority of Norsemen belonged to the middle class, the karls. These people were freemen and land owners. Above them were the jarls, the noble class. Jarls were distinguished by their wealth, measured in terms of followers, treasure, ships, and estates. Below both of these classes were the þræll. The actual social structure, not surprisingly, was more complex than this simple explanation would indicate. On one hand, the three class system in Norse society dates from ancient times and is described in an old mythological poem, Rígsþula. But, on the other hand, the reality of the time was really quite different. Iceland did not have kings or earls (jarls), as did the other Norse countries. Kings were not viewed as sacred, or special.

Vikings for children | Vikings homework help | Vikings for KS1 and KS2 The Vikings wanted new land because the places where they came from in Scandinavia – Norway, Sweden and Denmark – weren’t very easy to live on. It was hard to grow crops, which meant there wasn’t a lot of food as the population got bigger. Britain and Europe had plenty of good farmland, so the Vikings tried to claim some of that land for themselves. Even though the Anglo-Saxons were pretty well established in England, the Vikings would turn up every now and then to raid towns and take a bit of land. Sometimes, instead of fighting the Vikings, the Anglo-Saxons decided it was better to pay them money so they’d stay away. This payment was called Danegeld. The first Viking attack on England was in 787 on the Isle of Portland. The Vikings believed in many different gods, and they thought making sacrifices to the gods kept them all happy. Thor, the god of thunder Idun, the goddess of spring Odin, the king of gods and the god of war Viking warriors were very good fighters.

Courtship, Love and Marriage in Viking Scandinavia Part I -- Forward and Introduction Forward Some time ago, some friends of mine came to me and asked me to tell them how a Viking wedding was conducted. Although I write a column entitled"The Viking Answer Lady" for my local SCA newsletter, I hadn't a clue as to the answer. When I turned to the sagas, they didn't tell me, either. The long and short to the problem is this: even in sappy modern romance novels, how many times is an entire wedding ceremony actually described? So here is my answer to the question of "How did the Vikings conduct a wedding?" As with any piece of scholarship, you the reader must judge my research upon its merits and decide if you agree with my conclusions. I. This paper seeks to examine marriage and related topics as they existed in Viking Scandinavia. Part II: The Function of Marriage in Viking Scandinavia The starting point for any discussion of marriage in a culture should be the reasons and function of marriage in that society. A. B. 1. 2. C. D. E. F.

Viking Ships The Vikings were almost better at handling the rudder than the plough. They where skillful shipbuilders and excellent navigators. The time called the Viking age begun ca 800 AD when the people in Scandinavia started to travel overseas to trade, but also to rob and conquer. Because of their superiority as seamen and soldiers the Vikings conquered land after land. century. The reason why the Scandinavians were so superior at sea was that they invented the keel. It is not known how high the ships was, but probably not very high. The Vikings had different vessels for different purposes. Plenty of ships from the Viking age have been found, and they give a good picture of the Vikings shipbuilding skills. Even if the ships were seaworthy, they did not have cabins or any conveniences. The reconstructed Viking ships in Rosala The Rosala Viking Centre harbours two reconstructed Viking ships, the warship Alvilda and a smaller boat called Hogland.

* 101 Viking Facts from the History Specialists 1. Vikings were very clean people (at least by comparison to other people at the time!). 2. A Viking's most treasured weapon was his sword. They were handed down generations via inheritance, were often named and could be inscribed with runes by talented smiths to magically increase their power. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80. 81. 82. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87. 88. 89. 90. 91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96. 97. 98. 99. 100. 101. Content on our site can be reproduced for educational purposes.