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The Battle of Concord Lexington

The Battle of Concord Lexington
Battle: Concord and Lexington 1775 War: American Revolution Date: 19th April 1775 Place: Boston, Massachusetts Combatants: British Troops and the Militia of Massachusetts Generals: Colonel Smith, Major Pitcairne and Lord Percy commanded the British Troops. Size of the armies: 1,800 British. First Shots at Lexington, 19th April 1775. Uniforms, arms and equipment: The British were armed with muskets and bayonet. The fight on the bridge at Concord from a contemporary illustration Winner: The British suffered extensive loss. The British troops march into Concord from a contemporary illustration American Minutemen Militia early in the War (from Tim Reese’s CD Rom of 116 illustrations of British and American Regiments from the Revolutionary War.) Colonel Smith, The British officer who led the march to Concord Account: This engagement was the first encounter of the Revolutionary War. Smith sent forward a force of light infantry under Major Pitcairne to secure the bridges at Concord. References: Related:  AWI: Events (1776-83)

Battle at Lexington Green, 1775 Battle at Lexington Green, 1775 Massachusetts Colony was a hotbed of sedition in the spring of 1775. Preparations for conflict with the Royal authority had been underway throughout the winter with the production of arms and munitions, the training of militia (including the minutemen), and the organization of defenses. In April, General Thomas Gage, military governor of Massachusetts decided to counter these moves by sending a force out of Boston to confiscate weapons stored in the village of Concord and capture patriot leaders Samuel Adams and John Hancock reported to be staying in the village of Lexington. The atmosphere was tense, word of General Gage's intentions spread through Boston prompting the patriots to set up a messaging system to alert the countryside of any advance of British troops. In the predawn light of April 19, the beating drums and peeling bells summoned between 50 and 70 militiamen to the town green at Lexington. References: Commager, Henry Steele, Morris Richard B.

The Battle of Bunker Hill Battle: Bunker Hill War: American Revolution Date: 17th June 1775 Battle of Bunker Hill Place: On the Charlestown Peninsula on the North side of Boston Harbour. Combatants: British troops of the Boston garrison against troops of the American Continental Army. Generals: Major General Howe against General Artemas Ward and General Israel Putnam Size of the armies: 2,400 British troops against 1,500 Americans. Uniforms, arms and equipment: The British grenadiers, light infantry and battalion company men wore red coats, the headgear of the companies, bearskin fronted mitre caps, tricorne hats and caps, and were armed with muskets and bayonets. Battle of Bunker Hill Winner: While the British drove the Americans from the Charlestown peninsula it was with heavy loss. British Regiments: The flank companies (grenadiers and light companies) of the 4th, 10th, 18th, 22nd, 23rd, 35th, 59th, 63rd and 65th. The British 5th Regiment of Foot British Grenadiers attack the redoubt on Breed's Hill. References:

Lexington and Concord Ready to fight at a moment's notice, minutemen began fighting early in the American Revolution. Their efforts at Lexington and Concord inspired many patriots to take up arms against Britain. Britain's General Gage had a secret plan. During the wee hours of April 19, 1775, he would send out regiments of British soldiers quartered in Boston. Their destinations were Lexington, where they would capture Colonial leaders Sam Adams and John Hancock, then Concord, where they would seize gunpowder. But spies and friends of the Americans leaked word of Gage's plan. Two lanterns hanging from Boston's North Church informed the countryside that the British were going to attack by sea. Regulars It is a myth that Revere and other riders shouted, "The British are coming!" Lexington and the Minutemen The first battle of the war, Lexington marked the beginning of the American Revolution. It was "the shot heard round the world." Concord Paul Revere Memorial Association Lt.

The Battle of Trenton - 1776 Battle: Trenton War: American Revolution Date: 25th December 1776 Place: Trenton, New Jersey on the Delaware River Combatants: Americans against Hessians and British troops Generals: General George Washington against Colonel Rahl. Size of the armies: 2,400 American troops with 18 guns. 1,400 Hessians with 6 light guns. Uniforms, arms and equipment: The British 16th Light Dragoons wore red coats and leather crested helmets. Winner: The battle was a resounding physical and moral victory for Washington and his American troops. British Regiments: Only a troop of 16th Light Dragoons who left the town at the onset of the fighting. Account: After being driven out of New York by the British and forced to retreat to the West bank of the Delaware during the late summer of 1776, the American cause was at a low ebb. The US 8th Continental Regiment - fought in the siege of Boston, Lake Champlain, Trenton, Princeton, Saratoga, Monmouth and Yorktown Battle of Trenton Battle in the Streets of Trenton

Battles of Lexington and Concord - American Revolution At dawn on April 19, some 700 British troops arrived in Lexington and came upon 77 militiamen gathered on the town green. A British major yelled, “Throw down your arms! Ye villains, ye rebels.” The heavily outnumbered militiamen had just been ordered by their commander to disperse when a shot rang out. To this day, no one knows which side fired first. Several British volleys were subsequently unleashed before order could be restored. The British then continued into Concord to search for arms, not realizing that the vast majority had already been relocated. After searching Concord for about four hours, the British prepared to return to Boston, located 18 miles away. When the British column reached Lexington, it ran into an entire brigade of fresh Redcoats that had answered a call for reinforcements.

Battle of Brandywine Creek Battle: Brandywine Creek War: American Revolution Date: 11th September 1777 Place: Pennsylvania, west of Philadelphia Combatants: British and Hessian troops against the American Continental Army Generals: Major General Sir William Howe and General George Washington British Light Dragoon Size of the armies: Around 6,000 British and Hessians against 8,000 Americans. Uniforms, arms and equipment: The British wore red coats and headgear of bearskin caps, leather caps or tricorne hats depending on whether the troops were grenadiers, light infantry or battalion company men. The Americans dressed as best they could. Winner: The British and Hessians were left occupying the field having driven the Americans from their position on Brandywine Creek. Highland Grenadier Sergeant The Battle of Brandywine Creek British Foot Account: Howe had brought his army by sea to the Chesapeake intending to capture Philadelphia. The Battle of Brandywine Creek : The attack of the British 46th Foot References:

Battles of Lexington and Concord The Battles of Lexington and Concord were the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War.[9][10] They were fought on April 19, 1775, in Middlesex County, Province of Massachusetts Bay, within the towns of Lexington, Concord, Lincoln, Menotomy (present-day Arlington), and Cambridge, near Boston. The battles marked the outbreak of open armed conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and its thirteen colonies in the mainland of British North America. Ralph Waldo Emerson, in his "Concord Hymn", described the first shot fired by the Patriots at the North Bridge as the "shot heard 'round the world."[11] Background Government preparations Lieutenant Colonel Francis Smith received orders from Gage on the afternoon of April 18 with instructions that he was not to read them until his troops were underway. American preparations The rebellion's ringleaders—with the exception of Paul Revere and Joseph Warren—had all left Boston by April 8. Militia forces British advance

The Battle of Germantown Battle: GERMANTOWN War: American Revolution Date: 4th October 1777 Place: North of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in the USA. The British 40th Foot occupying the Chew House from which they resisted all efforts to dislodge them during the Battle of Germantown Combatants: The American Continental Army against the British and Hessian forces Generals: General George Washington against Major General Howe Size of the armies: 11,000 Americans against 8,000 British and Hessians. Map of the Battle of Germantown Uniforms, arms and equipment: The British wore red coats and headgear of bearskin caps, leather caps or tricorne hats depending on whether the troops were grenadiers, light infantry or battalion company men. Winner: The British won the battle although failing to follow up the success, permitting Washington to withdraw and reform his army behind fortified positions. American troops attacking the 40th Foot in the Chew House Washington determined to surprise the British army in camp. References:

Map of the Patriot Messengers The Battle of Saratoga Battle: SARATOGA War: American Revolutionary War Date: 17th October 1777 General Burgoyne surrenders to General Gates Place: Saratoga on the Hudson River in New York State. Combatants: British and German troops against the Americans. Generals: Major General John Burgoyne commanded the British and German force. Major General Horatio Gates, the American commander at the Battle of Saratoga. Size of the armies: The British force comprised some 5,000 British, Brunswickers, Canadians and Indians. Uniforms, arms and equipment: The British wore red coats and headgear of bearskin caps, leather caps or tricorne hats depending on whether the troops were grenadiers, light company or battalion company men. The Americans dressed as best they could. Winner: The Americans forced the surrender of Burgoyne’s force. British Regiments: The senior officers were Major General Phillips, Baron Riedesel, Brigadier Simon Fraser and Brigadier Hamilton. The British 20th Regiment of Foot The Hudson River References:

Detail map of Lexington & Concord battle American Revolution : The Battle of Yorktown General George Washington's resounding defeat of Lord Cornwallis's British army; causing the British to surrender and effectively ending the American Revolutionary War. Battle: YORKTOWN War: American Revolutionary War Date: 28th September to 19th October 1781 Place: Virginia, United States of America Combatants: Americans and French against the British American troops storming the redoubt Generals: General Washington commanded the Americans, Lieutenant General de Rochambeau commanded the French and Major General Lord Cornwallis commanded the British. Size of the armies: 8,800 Americans, 7,800 French and 6,000 British Uniforms, arms and equipment: The British wore red coats and headgear of bearskin caps, leather caps or tricorne hats depending on whether the troops were grenadiers, light infantry or battalion company men. The Americans dressed as best they could. The French royal regiments of foot wore white coats. Both sides were armed with muskets and guns. British Infantry Officer References:

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