Nelson Mandela - Biography - President (non-U.S.), Writer, Civil Rights Activist Nelson Mandela became the first black president of South Africa in 1994, serving until 1999. A symbol of global peacemaking, he won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. Synopsis Standing with Malala: Meet the teenagers who survived the Taliban and kept going to school On a Tuesday in October 2012, a bus carrying the students of Khushal Girls High School and College in Pakistan’s Swat Valley came to a stop. The girls inside were on their way home from a day of exams. “I was looking outside daydreaming,” recalls Shazia Ramzan, who was 14 years old at the time. “I was talking with my best friend, Sana,” says Ramzan's friend, Kainat Riaz, who was 16. “I was so happy that I finished my paper.” Moments later, Taliban gunmen boarded the bus looking for the girls’ classmate, Malala Yousafzai, a 15-year-old advocate for girls’ education who wrote about the Taliban and education on her blog.
APARTHEID - ARTICLES, VIDEOS, PICTURES & FACTS In 1976, when thousands of black children in Soweto, a black township outside Johannesburg, demonstrated against the Afrikaans language requirement for black African students, the police opened fire with tear gas and bullets. The protests and government crackdowns that followed, combined with a national economic recession, drew more international attention to South Africa and shattered all illusions that apartheid had brought peace or prosperity to the nation. The United Nations General Assembly had denounced apartheid in 1973, and in 1976 the UN Security Council voted to impose a mandatory embargo on the sale of arms to South Africa.
president of South Africa Nelson Mandela, in full Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, byname Madiba (born July 18, 1918, Mvezo, South Africa—died December 5, 2013, Johannesburg), black nationalist and the first black president of South Africa (1994–99). His negotiations in the early 1990s with South African Pres. F.W. de Klerk helped end the country’s apartheid system of racial segregation and ushered in a peaceful transition to majority rule. Mandela and de Klerk were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1993 for their efforts.
Apartheid in South Africa Racial segregation in South Africa began in colonial times under Dutch rule. Apartheid as an official policy was introduced following the general election of 1948. Legislation classified inhabitants into four racial groups, "black", "white", "coloured", and "Indian", with Indian and coloured divided into several sub-classifications, and residential areas were segregated. From 1960 to 1983, 3.5 million non-white South Africans were removed from their homes, and forced into segregated neighbourhoods, in one of the largest mass removals in modern history. Non-white political representation was abolished in 1970, and starting in that year black people were deprived of their citizenship, legally becoming citizens of one of ten tribally based self-governing homelands called bantustans, four of which became nominally independent states. Precursors of apartheid In the days of slavery, slaves required passes to travel away from their masters.
Mahatma Gandhi - Biography - Anti-War Activist Early Life Indian nationalist leader Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, more commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Kathiawar, India, which was then part of the British Empire. His father, Karamchand Gandhi, served as a chief minister in Porbandar and other states in western India. Nelson Mandela 1918 -2013 Amnesty International paid tribute today to one of the world’s most visionary leaders in the fight to protect and promote human rights, Nelson Mandela. The death of Nelson Mandela is not just a loss for South Africa. It is a loss for people all over the world who are fighting for freedom, for justice and for an end to discrimination. “As a world leader who refused to accept injustice, Nelson Mandela’s courage helped change our entire world,” said Grant Bayldon, Executive Director. “His death leaves a massive hole, not just in South Africa but around the world.”
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Gandhi, Mohandas KaramchandAnn Ronan Picture Library/Heritage-Images Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, byname Mahatma Gandhi (born October 2, 1869, Porbandar, India—died January 30, 1948, Delhi), Indian lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India. As such, he came to be considered the father of his country.
Nothing about nothing by Daniel Levi With takes longer than you may normally expect to find in any film, short or otherwise, and a strong focus on the holy trinity of filmmaking: storytelling, performance & cinematography, Daniel Levi’s captivating thriller Nothing about nothing, takes a strong yet simple script and turns it into 12 minutes of weighty tension and escalating drama. With director Levi attributing the powerful transformation from script to screen to the “magic that happens when actors and film makers come together and create an atmosphere in which serendipity happens through a process of growing the characters from words on a page, to three dimensional, living, breathing human beings”. Levi’s confident directorial style sees him employ a pretty leisurely pace to tell his narrative, giving his actors and plot plenty of time to build a tension that is almost crackling by the time Nothing about nothing reaches its climax.
Martin Luther King Jr. - Civil Rights Activist, Minister Martin Luther King Jr. was a Baptist minister and social activist, who led the Civil Rights Movement in the United States from the mid-1950s until his death by assassination in 1968. Martin Luther King Jr. Facts The History of Apartheid in South Africa South Africa (see map) is a country blessed with an abundance of natural resources including fertile farmlands and unique mineral resources. South African mines are world leaders in the production of diamonds and gold as well as strategic metals such as platinum. The climate is mild, reportedly resembling the San Francisco bay area weather more than anywhere in the world. South Africa was colonized by the English and Dutch in the seventeenth century. English domination of the Dutch descendents (known as Boers or Afrikaners) resulted in the Dutch establishing the new colonies of Orange Free State and Transvaal.
Martin Luther King, Jr. Martin Luther King, Jr.American religious leader and civil-rights activist Also known as MLK Jr.Michael Luther King, Jr. Nelson Mandela - Biography - President (non-U.S.), Writer, Civil Rights Activist Nelson Mandela became the first black president of South Africa in 1994, serving until 1999. A symbol of global peacemaking, he won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. Synopsis Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918, in Mveso, Transkei, South Africa.
Kate Sheppard Kate Sheppard was the leading light of the New Zealand women’s suffrage movement. In recent years her contribution to New Zealand’s identity has been acknowledged on the $10 note and a commemorative stamp. Born in Liverpool in 1847, Kate Malcolm migrated to Christchurch in her early twenties and in 1871 married merchant Walter Sheppard. In 1885 she joined the new WCTU, which advocated women’s suffrage as a means to fight for liquor prohibition. For Kate Sheppard, suffrage quickly became an end in itself. Speaking for a new generation, she argued, ‘We are tired of having a “sphere” doled out to us, and of being told that anything outside that sphere is “unwomanly”.’