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Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Maslow wanted to understand what motivates people. He believed that individuals possess a set of motivation systems unrelated to rewards or unconscious desires. Maslow (1943) stated that people are motivated to achieve certain needs. When one need is fulfilled a person seeks to fullfil the next one, and so on. The earliest and most widespread version of Maslow's (1943, 1954) hierarchy of needs includes five motivational needs, often depicted as hierarchical levels within a pyramid. This five stage model can be divided into basic (or deficiency) needs (e.g. physiological, safety, love, and esteem) and growth needs (self-actualization). The deficiency, or basic needs are said to motivate people when they are unmet. One must satisfy lower level basic needs before progressing on to meet higher level growth needs. Every person is capable and has the desire to move up the hierarchy toward a level of self-actualization. The original hierarchy of needs five-stage model includes: 1. 1. 1. 2. 3. 4. Related:  PsychologyImpeding Doom

What's the point in life? Dear Jules, I have been going through a really rough time lately and it is quite similar to your experience. I was quite a happy go lucky person through life until I had a bad terrifying trip on weed (my first time trying) I took way too much and freaked out and that traumatised me – having very anxious scary thoughts like what if I harm my self, what if I harm others – what is the meaning of life and whats the point of it all. Like you I thought I ruined my brain chemistry forever. It’s like being told Santa isn’t real again.. Rachel Dear Rachel, Thanks for your email, and I’m sorry you’re having a rough time of it at the moment. Some basic initial steps. Secondly, you might find it helpful to talk to a therapist. The therapist will probably tell you that how you feel isn’t necessarily how things are. They will also tell you that sometimes we have irrational beliefs that cause us suffering, which we can learn to question and challenge. There’s a story-line that many of us follow in life.

Militarized police gone wild across America; terrorizing citizens, shooting pet dogs, behaving like occupying military force (NaturalNews) The article which originally appeared here has been removed because it is no longer aligned with the science-based investigative mission of Natural News. In late 2013 / early 2014, Mike Adams (the Health Ranger), editor of Natural News, transitioned from outspoken activist to environmental scientist. He now runs the Natural News Forensic Food Lab, conducting world-class food science research and publishing scientific papers on food contaminants and nutritional analytics. Through scientific investigation powered by university-level analytical instrumentation, Adams found that, much like the majority of the population, he had been suffering over the past several years from chronic exposure to cumulative toxic elements found in the food supply, including in many organics and "superfoods." Notably, Adams found that exposure to toxic elements in foods altered his mindset, outlook on life and degree of happiness in the world. "Everything is at stake. • Scientific papers

Spirituality » Paths to the Truth True personal enlightenment begins with knowledge. When it comes to spiritual knowledge and spirituality, the problem is that there are so many spiritual approaches, that you were to start digging in an attempt to absorb all of them, your head would probably start spinning. We thought of presenting an overview, but there are other websites for that (e.g. encyclopedias ). Instead , how could all the world-wide spiritual approaches be categorized? What makes them extremes While many atheists and theists may and verily do happily co-exist, there are also radicals or fundamentalists to be found on both sides. Why they are interesting Most of these alternative spiritual approaches include a belief in "God" of some sort, but the existence of God is explained through reason or philosophy. What is Mysticism There is a vast multitude of mystical approaches or spiritual teachings. True personal enlightenment begins with knowledge.

Existential Depression in Gifted Individuals « SENG Existential Depression in Gifted Individuals by James T. Webb It has been my experience that gifted and talented persons are more likely to experience a type of depression referred to as existential depression. Although an episode of existential depression may be precipitated in anyone by a major loss or the threat of a loss which highlights the transient nature of life, persons of higher intellectual ability are more prone to experience existential depression spontaneously. Existential depression is a depression that arises when an individual confronts certain basic issues of existence. Why should such existential concerns occur disproportionately among gifted persons? Because gifted children are able to consider the possibilities of how things might be, they tend to be idealists. When gifted children try to share these concerns with others, they are usually met with reactions ranging from puzzlement to hostility. How can we help our bright youngsters cope with these questions?

14 Signs That the Collapse of Our Modern World has Already Begun A lot of people believed the world was going to end on December 23, 2012. Nonsense, I would say. The far more honest answer is that the end of the world as we know it has already begun. And it doesn’t mean the end of the world; it means the closing of one era and the birth of a new one. Here are 14 signs that the world as we know it is unraveling right now. #1 – Tornadoes, hurricanes, earthquakes and tsunamis- At first it seemed like a fluke; but now it’s a pattern. #2 – The silence of the bees- Colony Collapse Disorder continues to accelerate across North America. #3 – The failure of nuclear science- The Fukushima catastrophe proves one thing: Scientists are dangerously arrogant in their planning of large-scale projects, and they fail to account for the awesome power of Mother Nature. #4 – The vicious pursuit of Wikileaks- In an age of such rampant deceit, there is no room for the truth. Start preparing for things to get worse. It’s accelerating, too Eddie (2112 Posts)

How to Develop Your Visualization Skill This is an article by guest writer Albert Foong of UrbanMonk.Net. Think about this: everything we do begin as a thought. Every action, every word, every human creation exists first in our imagination. The ability to see things before they actually happen is what enables us to pursue our dreams and ultimately achieve them. Training the Mind is Training the Body Your brain cannot differentiate well between real action and mental action. To see this for yourself: hold a piece of string and let it dangle. And that’s the good news: mental training can improve almost all our skills and fast-track us towards our goals. For instance, many psychologists and life coaches recommend mental rehearsal for all sorts of things. 5 Applied Visualization Techniques How do we develop and apply the powerful skill of visualization? Here I present five basic exercises in order of difficulty. 1st Exercise Find a photograph, and take your time to analyze it. 2nd Exercise 3rd Exercise 4th Exercise 5th Exercise

The Sixteen Personality Types - High-Level ISTJ - The Duty Fulfiller Serious and quiet, interested in security and peaceful living. Extremely thorough, responsible, and dependable. Well-developed powers of concentration. Usually interested in supporting and promoting traditions and establishments. Well-organized and hard working, they work steadily towards identified goals. Click here for a detailed description of ISTJ. ISTP - The Mechanic Quiet and reserved, interested in how and why things work. Click here for a detailed description of ISTP. ISFJ - The Nurturer Quiet, kind, and conscientious. Click here for a detailed description of ISFJ. ISFP - The Artist Quiet, serious, sensitive and kind. Click here for a detailed description of ISFP. INFJ - The Protector Quietly forceful, original, and sensitive. Click here for a detailed description of INFJ. INFP - The Idealist Quiet, reflective, and idealistic. Click here for a detailed description of INFP. INTJ - The Scientist Independent, original, analytical, and determined.

Illinois illegally seizes Bees Resistant to Monsanto’s Roundup; Kills remaining Queens The Illinois Ag Dept. illegally seized privately owned bees from renowned naturalist, Terrence Ingram, without providing him with a search warrant and before the court hearing on the matter, reports Prairie Advocate News. Behind the obvious violations of his Constitutional rights is Monsanto. Ingram was researching Roundup’s effects on bees, which he’s raised for 58 years. “They ruined 15 years of my research,” he told Prairie Advocate, by stealing most of his stock. A certified letter from the Ag Dept.’s Apiary Inspection Supervisor, Steven D. “During a routine inspection of your honeybee colonies by … Inspectors Susan Kivikko and Eleanor Balson on October 23, 2011, the bacterial disease ‘American Foulbrood’ was detected in a number of colonies located behind your house…. Ingram can prove his bees did not have foulbrood, and planned to do so at a hearing set in April, but the state seized his bees at the end of March. Source: www.globalresearch.ca Eddie (2136 Posts)

Develop Perfect Memory With the Memory Palace Technique The Memory Palace is one of the most powerful memory techniques I know. It’s not only effective, but also fun to use — and not hard to learn at all. The Memory Palace has been used since ancient Rome, and is responsible for some quite incredible memory feats. Of course, most of us are not in Dominic’s memory championship line of business (or in Hannibal’s line of business for that matter). The Memory Palace The Memory Palace technique is based on the fact that we’re extremely good at remembering places we know. 5 Steps to Use the Memory Palace Technique 1. First and foremost, you’ll need to pick a place that you’re very familiar with. A good first choice could be your own home, for example. Also, try to define a specific route in your palace instead of just visualize a static scene. Here are some additional suggestions that work well as Memory Palaces, along with possible routes: Familiar streets in your city. 2. Now you need to pay attention to specific features in the place you chose.

Personality Types Members Login Log in to your account below: Enter your e-mail address to receive a reset link. Forgot password? Not a member yet? Personality types Analysts “Architect” Imaginative and strategic thinkers, with a plan for everything. “Logician” Innovative inventors with an unquenchable thirst for knowledge. “Commander” Bold, imaginative and strong-willed leaders, always finding a way – or making one. “Debater” Smart and curious thinkers who cannot resist an intellectual challenge. Diplomats “Advocate” Quiet and mystical, yet very inspiring and tireless idealists. “Mediator” Poetic, kind and altruistic people, always eager to help a good cause. “Protagonist” Charismatic and inspiring leaders, able to mesmerize their listeners. “Campaigner” Enthusiastic, creative and sociable free spirits, who can always find a reason to smile. Sentinels “Logistician” Practical and fact-minded individuals, whose reliability cannot be doubted. “Defender” Very dedicated and warm protectors, always ready to defend their loved ones.

Scientists discover what’s killing the bees and it’s worse than you thought - Quartz Universal Basic Income (UBI) proposals are gaining in popularity across the political spectrum. The measures would see governments hand a set monthly income to every single citizen within a country, either in addition to existing benefits or in place of them (depending on the details of the particular UBI proposal). Left-wing fans favor UBI’s ability to eradicate absolute poverty, while right-wing libertarians are drawn to its simplicity and reduction in bureaucracy. In Silicon Valley, startup investment firm Y Combinator has plans to fund a basic income experiment in the US, while Finland announced last year it would conduct its own extensive experiment. But how feasible is UBI to implement in reality? We spoke to five UBI experts to get their take on the practicalities of the scheme. Matthew Zwolinski, associate professor of philosophy at the University of San Diego: The main changes we need to see to introduce UBI are largely conditions of public acceptability.

The key points of the theory of positive disintegration. Return to Main page. -- Developed by Kazimierz Dabrowski (1902-1980), a Polish psychologist and psychiatrist. -- As a youth, Dabrowski was affected by his experience of the aftermath of battle in World War I. -- When his best friend committed suicide during college in the 1920s, Dabrowski decided to study mental health. -- Based on his observations that highly sensitive individuals are vulnerable to suicide and self-mutilation, Dabrowski began to formulate and publish his theory, including the concepts of overexcitability and disintegration. -- Dabrowski was caught in World War II and endured harsh incarceration in the German prison system and later, he and his wife were imprisoned again in Stalin-controlled Poland. -- Dabrowski said he could find no theory of psychology that could adequately explain both the lowest and depraved behavior, as well as the most heroic and highest acts, he had witnessed. -- Dabrowski studied people who displayed exemplary personality development.

Intense thunderstorms likely to only become worse By Paul Brown for The Daily Climate LONDON – More intense thunderstorms combined with damaging winds are expected to occur because of climate change, according to speakers at the seventh European Conference on Severe Storms being held in Helsinki, Finland. But because thunderstorms are small in size on the scale of existing climate models it is not possible to tell whether they will also lead to more tornadoes and larger size hail – two of the most damaging problems associated with severe storms. In a warmer world, increases in surface temperature and moisture create conditions for more frequent – and intense – thunderstorms, researchers say. Climate change also decreases the temperature difference between the poles and the equator. Limits of global models Due to the limitations of global models, scientists have so far been unable to say whether the risk of tornadoes increases as a result of these twin effects. Related on MNN:

The Unaddressed Business of Filling Our Souls: Mood Science and the Evolutionary Origins of Depression by Maria Popova What language and symbolism have to do with mood and how light exposure and sleep shape our mental health. “Depression is a disorder of the ‘I,’ failing in your own eyes relative to your goals,” legendary psychologist Martin Seligman observed in his essential treatise on learned optimism. But such a definition of depression, while true, appears somehow insufficient, overlooking the multitude of excruciating physical and psychological realities of the disease beyond the sense of personal failure. Perhaps William Styron came closer in his haunting memoir of depression, Darkness Visible, where he wrote of “depression’s dark wood,” “its inexplicable agony,” and the grueling struggle of those afflicted by it who spend their lives trying to trudge “upward and outward out of hell’s black depths.” Because depression is so unpleasant and so impairing, it may be difficult to imagine that there might be another way of thinking about it; something this bad must be a disease.

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