Journal of Biological Sciences, 10: 93-100. 2010 Heavy Metal Concentrations in Sediments and Fishes from Lake Chini, Pahang, Mal Malaysia as a developing country is facing with various types of pollutions risk. Heavy metals are amongst main pollutants that cause serious adverse effects to aquatic pollution. These elements are discharge through numerous anthropogenic sources and collective into receiving systems such as sediment, soil and water. Various studies have concerns on metal dispersion into these receiving systems (Kim et al., 2002; Lee et al., 2001). Increase of industrialization and agriculture could contribute their elevation level in aquatic system (Whalberg et al., 2001). Pollutants in the aquatic ecosystems will precipitate on the sediment surface and form as deposited pollutants. Fish occupies the highest tropic level in aquatic system (APHA, 1981). In Malaysia, there are some studies on heavy metals in lakes and rivers such as Bera Lake, Lake Chini, Kenyir Lake and Rompin River were conducted (Shuhaimi-Othman et al., 2007; Mushrifah and Ahmad, 2005; Ebrahimpour and Mushrifah, 2008, 2009).
CENTRAL MARINE FISHERIES RESEARCH INSTITUTE (Inde) - 2008 - Climate change and its impact on aquaculture. In: Winter School on I Radhakrishnan, E V (2008) Climate change and its impact on aquaculture. In: Winter School on Impact of Climate Change on Indian Marine Fisheries held at CMFRI, Cochin 18.1.2008 to 7.2.2008. [Teaching Resource] The aquatic environment will respond to climate changes in ways that are as equally significant as the responses of the terrestrial and atmospheric environments. The changes may be more gradual and less apparent than those taking place in the atmosphere, because of the ability of the oceans and large water bodies to absorb and distribute heat. Therefore, fluctuations about the mean temperature will tend to be smaller than in the atmosphere. Repository Staff Only: item control page
BLOG IMPOSTEURS 27/01/09 Changement climatique et biotechnologies Un rapport commandé par le gouvernement australien a été publié en Décembre 2008 . Il s’agit de : Australia’s crops and pastures in a changing climate – can biotechnology help? (1). Même sans être des anglicistes distingués, vous aurez compris qu’il s’agit de réflêchir sur les conséquences des changements climatiques prévus dans les prochaines décennies sur l’agriculture et sur les outils qu’offrent les biotechnologies pour y répondre. Se basant sur les études les plus récentes du GIEC, les auteurs considèrent la réalité du processus de réchauffement climatique global comme une donnée non équivoque qui devrait se traduire en 2030 par un accroissement de l’ordre de 1° C de la température moyenne pour le continent australien (2) par rapport aux années 1990. Les contrastes climatiques tant géographiques (côtes, intérieur du pays) que leur distribution temporelle ( par exemple alternance de périodes sêches et de précipitation abondantes) seraient renforcés. Anton Suwalki Notes :
FAO/WHO Global Forum of Food Safety Regulators Marrakech, Morocco, 28 - 30 January 2002 Thailand's Food Safety Project on Restau FAO/WHO Global Forum of Food Safety Regulators Marrakech, Morocco, 28 - 30 January 2002 Conference Room Document proposed by Thailand Dr.Hataya Kongchuntuk, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, Thailand In Thailand, restaurants and street vendors can easily be found along the streets in not only the tourist areas but also in any community in Bangkok and all other provinces. Since 1989, Department of Health of the Ministry of Public Health together with Tourism Authority of Thailand and Ministry of Interior who is responsible for all local governments in provinces around the country have joined hands in a project aiming at assuring the good sanitation of all restaurants and street vendors in Thailand. The success of the Clean Food Good Taste Project is due to four great strategies used: partnerships and co-ownership, quality assurance, sustainability, and public awareness and involvement. Goals The project is designed to achieve three main goals: Strategies References
IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY - Dossier Mycotoxins General Information: Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites of fungi that are toxic to other life forms. More than 250 mycotoxins have been detected, but relatively few are considered to be important to animal health. Mycotoxin prevalence and concentration are sporadic and vary annually, even in the same location. Mycotoxins known to occur in Iowa are aflatoxins, dicoumerol, ergot and endophyte-infected tall fescue, vomitoxin, and zearalenone. Health effects: Since there are many kinds of mycotoxins, which differ from each other, they produce many different kinds of diseases, called mycotoxicoses. Effects of the mycotoxins known to occur in Iowa are described in Table 1 below. Detection of mycotoxins: Detection of mycotoxins in feeds can aid in the prevention and diagnoses of mycotoxicoses. Chemical analysis is the best way to find mycotoxins in feed. Screening for mycotoxins in feeds by black light (ultra-violet light) is not reliable. Sampling for analysis: x = (C-L)/(H-L)
CENTRAL MARINE FISHERIES RESEARCH INSTITUTE (Inde) - 2008 - Challenges posed by climate change in the future scenario of coastal Gopakumar, G (2008) Challenges posed by climate change in the future scenario of coastal aquaculture -Winter School on Impact of Climate Change on Indian Marine Fisheries held at CMFRI, Cochin 18.1.2008 to 7.2.2008. [Teaching Resource] Aquaculture is considered as a sunrise sector for increasing fish production since the capture fisheries have reached almost stagnation levels. With more than 8% annual growth globally, the sector is now considered as the fastest growing food producing sector in the world. Repository Staff Only: item control page BIO_ORG - Bumper Crop: Biotech Can Mitigate Climate Change Can the biotechnology industry feed a hungry world? Maybe not all by itself, but productivity gains through biotechnology are increasingly important, considering the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization reports that feeding a world population of 9.1 billion in 2050 will require raising food production by 70 percent. That number jumps to 100 percent in developing countries, where farmers are more adversely affected by climate change. The need for biotechnology to help offset climate change came to light in December at the climate talks in Copenhagen, when U.S. The USDA report identifies the following trends: Grain and oilseed crops will mature more rapidly, but increasing temperatures up the risk of crop failures, particularly where precipitation decreases or becomes more variable. “Through biotechnology, crops yield more per acre, plants naturally resist insect pests and diseases and farmers use less energy,” she adds.
Vue générale du secteur aquacole national : THAILANDE L’aquaculture joue un rôle de plus en plus important dans la sécurité alimentaire et l’économie de la Thaïlande. L’aquaculture continentale dessert principalement la consommation domestique. A petite échelle, elle joue encore un rôle important en milieu rural dans l’apport aux pauvres d’un aliment protéinique de grande qualité pour une consommation familiale. C’est le faible rendement de l’investissement qui est le facteur principal limitant le développement de l’aquaculture en Thaïlande plutôt que le manque de technologie de production. L’on ne s’attend pas à une forte augmentation de la production des pêches de capture. En Thaïlande, l’aquaculture s’est considérablement développée depuis le début du siècle. L’aquaculture continentale a été pratiquée en Thaïlande depuis plus de 80 ans, principalement en étangs et en rizières. Le secteur des pêches joue un rôle important dans le pays. Aquaculture continentaleElle inclut l’élevage en étangs, en rizières, en cages et en fossés.
CENTRAL MARINE FISHERIES RESEARCH INSTITUTE (Inde) - 2008 - Evidences for Climate Change -Winter School on Impact of Climate Cha Mohamed, K S (2008) Evidences for Climate Change -Winter School on Impact of Climate Change on Indian Marine Fisheries held at CMFRI, Cochin 18.1.2008 to 7.2.2008. [Teaching Resource] Scientific evidences for climate change have been assembled by two main agencies viz., the IPCC (Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change and the UN FCCC – United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) based on investigations carried out by a large number of researchers from all over the world. This heightened activity has resulted in the development of a new branch of science called climate change science. Following is a brief account of the major evidences reported by scientists to reveal the existence of climate change. Repository Staff Only: item control page
SCIENCE DAILY 19/01/06 Growing Crops To Cope With Climate Change Scientists at the UK's leading plant science centre have uncovered a gene that could help to develop new varieties of crop that will be able to cope with the changing world climate. Researchers funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) at the John Innes Centre in Norwich have identified the gene in barley that controls how the plant responds to seasonal changes in the length of the day. This is key to understanding how plants have adapted their flowering behaviour to different environments. The John Innes Centre researchers have discovered that the Ppd-H1 gene in barley controls the timing of the activity of another gene called CO. When the length of the day is long enough CO activates one of the key genes that triggers flowering. Dr David Laurie, the research leader at the John Innes Centre, said, "Growing crops will become more difficult as the global climate changes.
WIKIPEDIA - Agriculture in Thailand. Thai farmer with a bundle of young rice plants Agriculture in the rural areas of Bangkok. The agriculture in Thailand is highly competitive, diversified and specialised and its exports are very successful internationally. Rice is the country's most important crop. Other agricultural commodities produced in significant amounts include fish and fishery products, tapioca, rubber, grain, and sugar. History Thai agriculture may be traced through historical, scientific, and social aspects which produced modern Thailand's unique approach to agriculture. From about 1000 CE, the Tai wet glutinous rice culture determined administrative structures in a pragmatic society that regularly produced a salable surplus. Agriculture in transition Agribusiness, both privately and government-owned, expanded from the 1960s and subsistence farmers were partly viewed as a past relic which agribusiness could modernise. Thai dairy industry Thai rubber industry Use of toxic pesticides
CENTRAL MARINE FISHERIES RESEARCH INSTITUTE (Inde) - 2008 - Climate change, mitigation and adaptation with reference to agricult Rao, G S L H V Prasada (2008) Climate change, mitigation and adaptation with reference to agriculture over the humid tropics - Winter School on Impact of Climate Change on Indian Marine Fisheries held at CMFRI, Cochin 18.1.2008 to 7.2.2008 -Winter School on Impact of Climate Change on Indian Marine Fisheries. [Teaching Resource] The Bali road map under UNFCCC highlighted the conclusions of IPCC on climate change across the World. It indicates that the global warming is real. The Polar ice is melting and sea level will increase. One-third of our plant and animal species are likely to vanish. Repository Staff Only: item control page
AGBIOFORUM - 2002 - Climate Change for Biotechnology? UK Public Opinion 1991-2002 Climate Change for Biotechnology? UK Public Opinion 1991-2002 George Gaskell, Nick Allum, Martin Bauer, Jonathan Jackson, Susan Howard, and Nicola Lindsey London School of Economics; University of Surrey; L.E.K. Consulting The 1991-2002 Eurobarometer surveys show a steady decline in optimism about biotechnology in the United Kingdom (UK) through the 1990s. Key words: biotechnology, Eurobarometer survey, GM foods, GM crops, public opinion, United Kingdom. Introduction The United Kingdom's government-sponsored debate on genetically modified crops, "GM Nation? What people really think about modern biotechnology has been a concern for some time (Durant, 1992). The social survey is another approach to public opinion. Survey Research and Public Consultation Two features of survey research deserve comment. Biotechnology Enters the Public Sphere As long ago as the late 1980s, when biotechnology was still confined to the laboratory, the importance of public perceptions was recognized. Figure 1.
PNAS 25/05/99 Global and local implications of biotechnology and climate change for future food supplies Abstract The development of improved technology for agricultural production and its diffusion to farmers is a process requiring investment and time. A large number of studies of this process have been undertaken. The findings of these studies have been incorporated into a quantitative policy model projecting supplies of commodities (in terms of area and crop yields), equilibrium prices, and international trade volumes to the year 2020. These projections show that a “global food crisis,” as would be manifested in high commodity prices, is unlikely to occur. The same projections show, however, that in many countries, “local food crisis,” as manifested in low agricultural incomes and associated low food consumption in the presence of low food prices, will occur. I. Projections of food supply have typically been based on past experience. These projections are first developed for a “base case,” where they may be compared with other projections. II. 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. a. b. c. d. III.