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A Tour through Ancient Rome in 320 C.E.

A Tour through Ancient Rome in 320 C.E.

De la naissance à la chute de l'empire romain Cette carte fait partie d’un ensemble de 8 cartes animées portant sur Rome et son empire Rome, à l’origine modeste cité d’Italie, finit par dominer l’ensemble de la Méditerranée. La ville a d'abord connu la royauté, puis la République et enfin l'Empire. De -753 à -509 Rome est gouvernée par des rois. Après Romulus le fondateur légendaire, viennent des rois d'origine sabine, puis des rois étrusques dont le dernier est Tarquin le Superbe. Sous la République la ville est gouvernée par le sénat, aux mains des patriciens*, et par deux consuls* élus chaque année. Rome s’agrandit peu à peu en luttant contre ses voisins, les Latins* et les Étrusques*, puis en occupant le sud de la péninsule où les Grecs ont fondé de nombreuses colonies. Au cours des Guerres puniques, Rome combat Carthage, et s’approprie progressivement ses territoires en Méditerranée occidentale. À l’ouest, Rome pénètre en Gaule méridionale et s’empare d’une large partie de l’Espagne. Le plus célèbre d’entre eux est Jules César.

Plaça de Catalunya, Barcelona The Plaça de Catalunya, a large plaza surrounded by monumental buildings, is Barcelona's busiest square. It is located between the old city (Ciutat Vella) and the nineteenth century Eixample district. Plaça de Catalunya Two of Barcelona's most famous streets, the Rambla (a wide promenade in the old city) and the Passeig de Gràcia (a grand showcase of modernist architecture in Eixample) start at the Plaça de Catalunya. Even though the square is enormous in size, it is constantly crowded with people walking to and from one of the nine streets emanating from the square. History Until the middle of the nineteenth century the Plaça de Catalunya was a rural area just outside the city walls. Eixample Masterplan The first place was awarded to a design by Rovira i Trias, which consisted of a plan with streets radiating from the historic Barri Gòtic neighborhood. The central government prevailed and the new Eixample district was designed according to Cerdà's design. Final Design La Deessa The Square

A glimpse of teenage life in ancient Rome - Ray Laurence Parc Güell, Barcelona Parc Güell is one of the world's most intriguing parks. The park's colorful main staircase and the fanciful pavilions that were designed by Antoni Gaudí look like they belong in some fairy tale. This popular park started out as a development project. Eusebi Güell, a well known Catalan industrialist, acquired a seventeen hectare (42 acres) large hilly plot in the Gràcia district, just north of Barcelona. He wanted to turn the area into a residential garden village based on English models. Sixty housing units as well as several public buildings were planned. Pavilion In 1900 Güell commissioned his friend and protégé Antoni Gaudí with the development of the project. In 1918 the city of Barcelona acquired the property and in 1922 it opened to the public as a park. Two houses were completed as well as pavilions for visitors and park keepers. A connecting flight of stairs leads to another famous feature of the park: the Gran Placa Circular.

Timgad Timgad Timgad lies on the northern slopes of the Aurès mountains and was created ex nihilo as a military colony by the Emperor Trajan in AD 100. With its square enclosure and orthogonal design based on the cardo and decumanus, the two perpendicular routes running through the city, it is an excellent example of Roman town planning. La description est disponible sous licence CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0 Sur le versant nord des Aurès, Timgad fut créée ex nihilo, en 100 apr. تيمجاد على المنحدر الشمالي من جبال أوراس، نشأت تيمجاد من لا شيء عام 100 بعد الميلاد على يد الأمبراطور تراجان كمستوطنة عسكرية. source: UNESCO/ERI La description est disponible sous licence CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0 提姆加德 蒂姆加德位于奥雷斯山(the Aurès mountains)北麓,是公元100年古罗马皇帝图拉真(the Emperor Trajan)建立的军事殖民地。 Древний город Тимгад Тимгад, расположенный на северных склонах гор Орес, был основан в 100 г. н.э. императором Траяном как военная колония на пустовавшем до того месте. Timgad ティムガッド アルジェリア北東部の山麓に、AD100年頃、ローマの退役軍人の植民市として建設。 source: NFUAJ Source :

Montjuïc, Barcelona The Montjuïc is a hill located near the center of Barcelona. It features a large number of attractions including the Spanish Village, the Magic Fountain and MNAC, one of the city's most important museums. Sardana Monument, Montjuïc Several thousand years ago, Iberic Celts settled on the Montjuïc, a 213 meter high hill southeast of Barcelona's current city center. The hill was later used by the Romans as a ceremonial place. Today the Montjuïc is a mostly recreational area with a large number of sights and attractions, most of them originating from two major events that took place here: the 1929 International Exhibition and the 1992 Olympics. Palau Nacional Palau Nacional One of these sights is the Palau Nacional (National Palace), originally built as the central pavilion for the International Exhibition. Magic Fountain Magic Fountain Mies van der Rohe Pavilion Mies van der Rohe Pavilion Poble Espanyol Poble Espanyol Anella Olímpica MontjuïcTelecommunicationsTower Montjuïc Gardens Castell de Montjuïc

Acropolis Virtual Tour The Virtual Tour of the Acropolis is a web application based on HTML5 technologies (webGL and CSS3D) to display effectively panoramic photographic images in desktop and mobile browsers. The production of panoramic photomosaics at resolutions of several gigapixels was realised between 2010 and 2014 by employing established practices of digital image acquisition and processing. In order to achieve the best possible mapping of natural lighting on the monuments together with the display of shaded details, High Dynamic Range (HDR) imaging techniques were used for capturing and combining different exposure levels of the same theme. Starting from the RAW photos all the way up to the combined and color-corrected finalised panoramas, all intermediate outputs were maintained in order to be able to reproduce and control the entire manufacturing process for future reference. The krpano viewer and revelant tools are used for the display of the panoramic images within the application.

Sagrada Família, Barcelona The Sagrada Família, Antoni Gaudí's unfinished masterpiece, is one of Barcelona's most popular tourist attractions. Construction on this church will continue for at least another decade, but it has already become Barcelona's most important landmark. A New Church Sagrada Família The idea for the construction of a new church was launched by a devout organisation whose goal was to bring an end to the de-christianisation of the Barcelonese, which had started with the industrialization and was caused by the increasing level of education of the Catalan population. The organisation purchased a plot of land in the new Eixample district in 1877. Antoni Gaudí's Design One year later, the modernist architect Antoni Gaudí took over as lead architect at the age of 31. Instead of sticking to the original plans, Gaudí changed the design drastically. Two of the towers Detail of theNativity Facade one facade (the Nativity Facade), one tower, the apse and the crypt were finished. Eighteen Towers Construction

Piazza della Signoria, Florence The origin of the square goes back to the thirteenth century, when the area was owned by the Uberti Family, at the time the most powerful family in Florence. The Uberti supported the Ghibellines (a pro-imperial faction) while their main opponents, the Buondelmonti family, supported the Guelphs (a pro-papal faction). The two parties tried to gain control for centuries, with the Ghibellines gaining the upper hand. In 1266 however, after the defeat of the imperial army at the Battle of Benevento, the Guelphs expelled the Uberti family and all their properties were razed. As a symbol of victory, the rubble was not cleared for more than a decade, after which it became an open square. Construction of a new building for the city council started at the end of the thirteenth century. While the square is not as large as some other Tuscan cities like Siena, it is very lively thanks to the many sights nearby. In 1533 another statue was added to the square, Hercules, created by Baccio Bandinelli.

Duomo di Firenze, Florence The Duomo di Firenze, the Florence Cathedral, was built between 1296 and 1436. The cathedral is one of the largest in the world. Its imposing dome, attributed to the Florentine architect Filippo Brunelleschi, still dominates the city. Cathedral Florence Cathedral The Cathedral of Florence, officially known as Cattedrale Santa Maria del Fiore but better known as the Duomo, was originally planned in 1296 as a Gothic cathedral by Arnolfo di Cambio. The new cathedral symbolized Florence's growing importance and was to be significantly larger than its predecessor. Front facade Francesco Talenti, who lead the construction of the cathedral from 1351 on increased its size even more by expanding the apses and extending the nave. Construction of the church would last until 1436 when it was consecrated by pope Eugene IV. Ceiling fresco The cathedral's interior is less colorful and decorations were kept to a minimum. The dome Dome The campanile Campanile Baptistery Baptistery Ceiling mosaics Gates of Paradise

Villa d'Este, Tivoli Villa d'Este, Tivoli The Villa d'Este in Tivoli, with its palace and garden, is one of the most remarkable and comprehensive illustrations of Renaissance culture at its most refined. Its innovative design along with the architectural components in the garden (fountains, ornamental basins, etc.) make this a unique example of an Italian 16th-century garden. The Villa d'Este, one of the first giardini delle meraviglie , was an early model for the development of European gardens. La Villa d'Este à Tivoli avec son palais et son jardin est un des témoignages les plus remarquables et complets de la culture de la Renaissance dans ce qu'elle a de plus raffiné. La Villa d'Este, de par sa conception novatrice et l'ingéniosité des ouvrages architecturaux de son jardin (fontaines, bassins, etc.), est un exemple incomparable de jardin italien du XVIe siècle. فيلاّ ديستي، تيفولي source: UNESCO/ERI 提沃利城的伊斯特别墅 提沃利城的伊斯特别墅及其宫殿和花园,全面系统而鲜明地反映了最精致的文艺复兴文化。 Вилла д`Эсте в Тиволи Villa d’Este (Tívoli) ティヴォリのエステ家別荘