The Thirteen Mindfulness Trainings
The Thirteen Mindfulness Trainings form the moral guidelines to develop harmony in any simple community. One of the essential elements of the Mindfulness Trainings is that they are directly applied in our daily lives. Every moment of our lives gives us the chance to put them into practice. The idea is to recite the Mindfulness Trainings regularly so that we can review our behaviour and observe where we have not lived up to our aspirations. It is important that we observe rather than judge ourselves, so that gradually, without resistance, our lives become imbued with the qualities they represent. Understanding (prajna), concentration (samadhi) and Mindfulness Trainings or ethics (sila) are the threefold trainings that the Buddha passed on to his lay students. The encounter between Eastern philosophies and the West is bringing us something very exciting, very important. The Thirteen Mindfulness Trainings comes from different sources. Tiep and Hien are Vietnamese words of Chinese origin.
Related: Buddhism and Buddhist schools