background preloader

The Future of Self-Improvement, Part I: Grit Is More Important Than Talent

The Future of Self-Improvement, Part I: Grit Is More Important Than Talent
In the late ’60s, Stanford psychologist Walter Mischel performed a now-iconic experiment called the Marshmallow Test, which analyzed the ability of four year olds to exhibit “delayed gratification.” Here’s what happened: Each child was brought into the room and sat down at a table with a delicious treat on it (maybe a marshmallow, maybe a donut). The scientists told the children that they could have a treat now, or, if they waited 15 minutes, they could have two treats. All of the children wanted to wait. (Who doesn’t want more treats?) But many couldn’t. When the researchers subsequently checked in on these same children in high school, it turned out that those with more self-control — that is, those who held out for 15 minutes — were better behaved, less prone to addiction, and scored higher on the SAT. It’s not difficult to see how self-control would be predictive of success in certain spheres. In essence, Twitter is the new marshmallow. And yet: Self-control isn’t the whole story.

http://99u.com/articles/7094/the-future-of-self-improvement-part-i-grit-is-more-important-than-talent

Related:  GRITsmarta sätt att förklara kunskap och annat påmental

Which Traits Predict Success? (The Importance of Grit) What are the causes of success? At first glance, the answer is easy: success is about talent. It’s about being able to do something – hit a baseball, play chess, trade stocks, write a blog – better than most anyone else. That’s a fine answer, but it immediately invites another question: What is talent? How did that person get so good at hitting a baseball or trading stocks? For a long time, talent seemed to be about inheritance, about the blessed set of genes that gave rise to some particular skill.

True Grit “The only thing that I see that is distinctly different about me is I’m not afraid to die on a treadmill. I will not be outworked, period. You might have more talent than me, you might be smarter than me, you might be sexier than me, you might be all of those things — you got it on me in nine categories. But if we get on the treadmill together, there’s two things: You’re getting off first, or I’m going to die. It’s really that simple…” -Oscar-nominated actor and Grammy award-winning musician Will Smith The metaphor of achievement as a race recalls Aesop’s fable of the tortoise and the hare.

True Grit: The Best Measure of Success and How to Teach It Can you predict academic success or whether a child will graduate? You can, but not how you might think. When psychologist Angela Duckworth studied people in various challenging situations, including National Spelling Bee participants, rookie teachers in tough neighborhoods, and West Point cadets, she found: One characteristic emerged as a significant predictor of success. And it wasn't social intelligence. The Duckworth Lab Our Work Our lab focuses on two traits that predict achievement: grit and self-control. Grit is the tendency to sustain interest in and effort toward very long-term goals (Duckworth et al., 2007). Self-control is the voluntary regulation of behavioral, emotional, and attentional impulses in the presence of momentarily gratifying temptations or diversions (Duckworth & Seligman, 2005; Duckworth & Steinberg, 2015).

The Science of Developing Mental Toughness in Health, Work, and Life Have you ever wondered what makes someone a good athlete? Or a good leader? Or a good parent? The Secret To Creativity, Intelligence, And Scientific Thinking There’s a key difference between knowledge and experience and it’s best described like this: The image is from cartoonist Hugh MacLeod, who came up with such a brilliant way to express a concept that’s often not that easy to grasp. The image makes a clear point—that knowledge alone is not useful unless we can make connections between what we know.

12 Business Leadership Lessons from Stuart Lancaster and Brendan Rodgers 12 Leadership Secrets for Business from Brendan Rodgers and Stuart Lancaster By Toby Babb Both England Rugby and Liverpool Football Club have made tremendous progress in 2014. Stuart Lancaster has led a cultural revolution in English Rugby, “re-connecting the players to the shirt” and restoring a brand of rugby missing for so many years. Brendan Rodgers has broken record after record with Liverpool surpassing any expectations (including his own) of where Liverpool would finish in the league. Whilst not the finished article yet (England were runners up to Ireland in the Six Nations and Liverpool look set to miss out by the closest of margins to Manchester City in the Premier League) both leaders have restored pride and have overseen vast improvements in their teams. Reading about both Rodgers and Lancaster has been fascinating throughout the year.

The One Quality Great Teammates Have in Common “Coach, can I talk to you?” “Sure,” I said. “What’s on your mind today Michael?” “Well, I just want to know what I can do so I get to start more games and get more playing time as a center midfielder. I don’t think I am showing my best as a winger, and my parents tell me I am not going to get noticed by the college scouts unless something changes.” Don’t Grade Schools on Grit Still, separating character into specific strengths doesn’t go far enough. As a teacher, I had a habit of entreating students to “use some self-control, please!” Such abstract exhortations rarely worked. My students didn’t know what, specifically, I wanted them to do. In designing what we called a Character Growth Card — a simple questionnaire that generates numeric scores for character strengths in a given marking period — Mr.

How to Increase Mental Toughness: 4 Secrets From Navy SEALs and Olympians Know what’s really interesting? Learning how Navy SEALs build mental toughness to handle deadly situations. Know what else is really interesting? Learning how Olympic athletes deal with the pressure of competition when the entire world is watching. Know what’s the most interesting of all?

What if the Secret to Success Is Failure? Over the course of the next year and a half, Duckworth worked with Levin and Randolph to turn the list of seven strengths into a two-page evaluation, a questionnaire that could be completed by teachers or parents, or by students themselves. For each strength, teachers suggested a variety of “indicators,” much like the questions Duckworth asked people to respond to on her grit questionnaire, and she road-tested several dozen of them at Riverdale and KIPP. She eventually settled on the 24 most statistically reliable ones, from “This student is eager to explore new things” (an indicator of curiosity) to “This student believes that effort will improve his or her future” (optimism). For Levin, the next step was clear.

Related: