The Destruction of Conscience in the National Academy of Sciences by DAVID H. PRICE Last Friday, esteemed University of Chicago anthropologist Marshall Sahlins formally resigned from the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), the United States’ most prestigious scientific society. Sahlins states that he resigned because of his “objections to the election of [Napoleon] Chagnon, and to the military research projects of the Academy.” Sahlins was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1991. “By the evidence of his own writings as well as the testimony of others, including Amazonian peoples and professional scholars of the region, Chagnon has done serious harm to the indigenous communities among whom he did research. Napoleon Chagnon rose to fame after his fieldwork among the Yanomami (also known as Yanomamo) in the rainforests of northeastern South America’s Orinoco Basin in the 1960s and 70s. The truth is that outside of the distortion field of the New York Times and a few other media vortexes, there is no “science war” raging in anthropology.
A modest proposal to solve the problem of peer review: Treat evaluation as an in-house publishing function. Peer review is under constant scrutiny due to its failure to adapt to a more effective model in the digital age. Steve Fuller argues that academic evaluation proceeds much too slowly for the quite simple reason that academics are valued mainly for being productive and not evaluative. It may be the job of publishers to rescue the academic brand – from academia itself — by hiring peer reviewers directly. Suppose you’re an executive at a transnational academic publishing firm struggling with the problem of getting academics to referee articles for publication. But the strategy doesn’t seem to work. The solution is pretty simple, really. Image credit: Frederick Taylor’s consultancy applied to practice (Wikimedia, Public Domain) This postmodern strategy of managing the production of knowledge may well prove a ‘win-win’ strategy for the corporate and academic worlds in our neo-liberal system, but it cannot be generalised to the evaluation of knowledge. About the Author
Traduction française du projet de loi allemande modifiant le droit d’auteur Publié le 18 mars 2013, par Thérèse HAMEAU Le projet de loi « Entwurf eines Gesetzes zur Nutzung verwaister Werke und zu weiteren Änderungen des Urheberrechtsgesetzes und des Urheberrechtswahrnehmungsgesetzes » a été proposé en février 2013 par le ministère de la Justice. Il concerne un aménagement du droit d’auteur dans le domaine de la communication scientifique via un amendement de la loi allemande sur le droit d’auteur (Urheberrechtsgesetz) du 9 septembre 1965. Le service de traduction de l’Inist-Cnrs a assuré la traduction en français des passages du texte du projet qui sont parmi les plus éclairants. Article 1 3. a) Dans le paragraphe 1, phrase 1, les termes « reproduction et diffusion » sont remplacés par les termes « reproduction, diffusion et mise à disposition publique » b) Le paragraphe 4 suivant est ajouté : Exposé des motifs A. 2. L’Internet et la numérisation ont révolutionné l’accès aux connaissances et leur diffusion et en ont fait drastiquement baisser les coûts. B.
The obscene profits of commercial scholarly publishers January 13, 2012 In an article that many of you will now have seen, Heather Morrison demonstrated the enormous profits of STM (Scientific, Technical and Medical) scholarly publishers. The figures are taken from her in-progress dissertation which in turn cites an article in The Economist. It all checks out. I emphasise this because I found the figures so hard to believe. Elsevier: £724m on revenue of £2b — 36%Springer‘s Science+Business Media: £294m on revenue of £866m — 33.9%John Wiley & Sons: $106m on revenue of $253m — 42%Academic division of Informa plc: £47m on revenue of £145m — 32.4% So it’s evident that profits on the order of 35% are pretty typical for commercial STM publishers, and that Elsevier’s figures are not an aberration. I wanted to be sure that I was assessing this fairly, so I looked through Elsevier’s annual reports for the last nine years — happily, they make them available, if not particularly easy to find. Yes, publishers have a right to make a living. Like this:
L'Express - Actualités Politique, Monde, Economie et Culture 30 ways academic book publishers add value to the process of research communication. What exactly do book publishers bring to the table when academics look to reach wider audiences? Francine O’Sullivan reflects on the shifting priorities of academic book publishers in the digital age and the need to ensure added value to the overall process. She provides a list of things an author or editor should expect a high quality academic book publisher to do in order to help disseminate research, maximise citations and protect authors’ interests. These are interesting times for academic book publishers in the social sciences. Image credit: PublicDomainPictures (public domain) As if this wasn’t enough, fast-advancing technology means that the print book market is sharply declining and the emerging ebook market is far from just a straight swap in format. As a result of these pressures, academic publishers have become smarter, leaner, faster and more innovative in their products. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28.
BASE - Bielefeld Academic Search Engine | About BASE BASE is one of the world's most voluminous search engines especially for academic open access web resources. BASE is operated by Bielefeld University Library. As the open access movement grows and prospers, more and more repository servers come into being which use the "Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting" (OAI-PMH) for providing their contents. BASE collects, normalises, and indexes these data. BASE provides more than 80 million documents from more than 4,000 sources. You can access the full texts of about 60-70% of the indexed documents. BASE is a registered OAI service provider and contributed to the European project "Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research" (DRIVER). In comparison to commercial search engines, BASE is charcterised by the following features: Start searching BASE
Social Media for Science Outreach – A Case Study: AntarcticGlaciers.org | SpotOn To tie in with this month’s SoNYC birthday celebrations, we are hosting a collection of case studies that discuss how social media can be used for science outreach. Examples, published in themed days, will include multimedia projects, blogging on behalf of an organisation, using Twitter to communicate and more. Follow online using the #reachingoutsci hashtag, and get in touch if you would like to contribute to the series. You can see all of the case studies here. Dr Bethan Davies is currently a post-doctoral research associate at the Centre for Glaciology, Aberystwyth University in Wales, UK. Bethan did a degree in Geography at Nottingham University (2004), before an MSc in Quaternary Science at Royal Holloway, University of London (2005). Tell us a bit about you and your social media project Why did you decide to start this project? How did you get started and did you encounter any problems? What were the outcomes of your project? Did you unexpectedly achieve other things as well?
Démosphère : agenda alternatif de la région parisienne The apparatus of research assessment is driven by the academic publishing industry and has become entirely self-serving Peer review may be favoured as the best measure of scientific assessment ahead of the REF, but can it be properly implemented? Peter Coles does the maths on what the Physics panel face and finds there simply won’t be enough time to do what the REF administrators claim. Rather, closed-access bibliometrics will have to be substituted at the expense of legitimate assessment of outputs. What I want to do first of all is to draw attention to a very nice blog post by a certain Professor Moriarty who, in case you did not realise it, dragged himself away from his hiding place beneath the Reichenbach Falls and started a new life as Professor of Physics at Nottingham University. The first problem arises from the scale of the task facing members of the panel undertaking this assessment. As a rough guess let’s assume that the UK has about 40 Physics departments, and the average number of research-active staff in each is probably about 40. And that’s all just about “outputs”. About the Author
Fabrica Altmetric bookmarklet Fonctionnalité Ce script Altmetric vous permet de suivre l’évolution de l’impact d’un article sur les réseaux sociaux. Il ne s’agit donc pas de (...) Type de service : plugin lire la suite Archive ouverte HAL-INRIA L’Archive ouverte HAL-Inria met à la disposition des scientifiques un environnement de dépôt et de consultation de publications scientifiques dans (...) Type de service : service en ligne lire la suite ArXiv Archive ouverte dans le domaine de la physique, des mathématiques, de l’informatique, de la biologie quantitative et des statistiques qui comprend (...) lire la suite Bib2Hal Bib2HalWeb permet un import par lot de publications à partir d’un fichier BibTeX depuis HAL-Inria. lire la suite BioRxiv bioRxiv(qui se prononce « bio-archive ») est une archive ouverte sur le modèle d’arXiv, dans les domaines des sciences de la vie (microbiologie, (...) lire la suite Création de page web de publications : ajout d’un formulaire de filtre lire la suite lire la suite lire la suite
Open Stories for Open Research by Mark Hahnel Last week I attended the Linked Open Data for Libraries and Museums (LODLAM) summit in Montreal. There audience was mainly academic and members from the ‘Galleries, Libraries, Archives, Museums’ (GLAM) community. I don’t want to write about the benefits of linked open data, enough has been written on that already. Increased citation rate - doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0000308Formation of new collaborations.Improved impact of research. However, as can be seen by the lack of references above, lots of this is anecdotal. But I cannot help but wonder if there is a way to speed up this process? There are some interesting examples of projects looking to educate in this space. The measure of successful and interesting research has always been the amount of reuse. Another observation I have noticed at conferences such as LODLAM, is that both the humanities and the natural sciences have similar needs when it comes to research data management.
Deux rencontres prometteuses Publié le 25 janvier 2013 Un édito signé Claude Alphandéry, Président du Labo de l'ESS. Chers amis, Comme vous le savez déjà, le Labo de l’ESS ESS Économie sociale et solidaire | Présentation, en partenariat avec l’institut de recherche de la Caisse des Dépôts, organise en ce début d’année un séminaire de travail interne qui constitue un pas important pour la reconnaissance de la place de l’économie sociale et solidaire (ESS). Une quinzaine d’économistes dont les travaux pourtant très marquants portent rarement jusqu’ici sur l’ESS, ont été interviewés par Philippe Frémeaux. Vous avez été aussi informés de la réunion publique sur "les outils des finances solidaires" qui se tient le 7 février prochain à l’auditorium de la Macif. Ces deux rencontres, les premières d’une série d’évènements que le Labo organise cette année, feront l’objet de compte-rendus et d’échanges sur le site, auxquels vous prendrez certainement une large part. Claude Alphandéry,Président du Labo de l’ESS
Scientific publishing: The inside track Maxwell MacKenzie/National Academy of Sciences The building for the National Academy of Sciences was completed in 1924 as a “home of science in America”. The academy’s house journal was established a decade earlier, in part, as a home for members’ papers. In April, the US National Academy of Sciences elected 105 new members to its ranks. For many academy members, this privileged path is central to the appeal of PNAS. With PNAS currently celebrating its centenary, the news team at Nature decided to examine the contributed track, both to assess its scientific impact and to see which members use it most heavily and why. Our analysis also suggests that the efforts by PNAS to prevent abuse of the contributed track and to boost the quality of papers published by this route are bearing fruit. A privilege to publish An inside track to publication for academy members rests deep in PNAS's DNA. Having control over the review process brings advantages. Special access