A modest proposal to solve the problem of peer review: Treat evaluation as an in-house publishing function. Peer review is under constant scrutiny due to its failure to adapt to a more effective model in the digital age. Steve Fuller argues that academic evaluation proceeds much too slowly for the quite simple reason that academics are valued mainly for being productive and not evaluative. It may be the job of publishers to rescue the academic brand – from academia itself — by hiring peer reviewers directly. Suppose you’re an executive at a transnational academic publishing firm struggling with the problem of getting academics to referee articles for publication. But the strategy doesn’t seem to work. The solution is pretty simple, really. Image credit: Frederick Taylor’s consultancy applied to practice (Wikimedia, Public Domain) This postmodern strategy of managing the production of knowledge may well prove a ‘win-win’ strategy for the corporate and academic worlds in our neo-liberal system, but it cannot be generalised to the evaluation of knowledge. About the Author
Traduction française du projet de loi allemande modifiant le droit d’auteur Publié le 18 mars 2013, par Thérèse HAMEAU Le projet de loi « Entwurf eines Gesetzes zur Nutzung verwaister Werke und zu weiteren Änderungen des Urheberrechtsgesetzes und des Urheberrechtswahrnehmungsgesetzes » a été proposé en février 2013 par le ministère de la Justice. Il concerne un aménagement du droit d’auteur dans le domaine de la communication scientifique via un amendement de la loi allemande sur le droit d’auteur (Urheberrechtsgesetz) du 9 septembre 1965. Le service de traduction de l’Inist-Cnrs a assuré la traduction en français des passages du texte du projet qui sont parmi les plus éclairants. Article 1 3. a) Dans le paragraphe 1, phrase 1, les termes « reproduction et diffusion » sont remplacés par les termes « reproduction, diffusion et mise à disposition publique » b) Le paragraphe 4 suivant est ajouté : Exposé des motifs A. 2. L’Internet et la numérisation ont révolutionné l’accès aux connaissances et leur diffusion et en ont fait drastiquement baisser les coûts. B.
30 ways academic book publishers add value to the process of research communication. What exactly do book publishers bring to the table when academics look to reach wider audiences? Francine O’Sullivan reflects on the shifting priorities of academic book publishers in the digital age and the need to ensure added value to the overall process. She provides a list of things an author or editor should expect a high quality academic book publisher to do in order to help disseminate research, maximise citations and protect authors’ interests. These are interesting times for academic book publishers in the social sciences. Image credit: PublicDomainPictures (public domain) As if this wasn’t enough, fast-advancing technology means that the print book market is sharply declining and the emerging ebook market is far from just a straight swap in format. As a result of these pressures, academic publishers have become smarter, leaner, faster and more innovative in their products. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28.
BASE - Bielefeld Academic Search Engine | About BASE BASE is one of the world's most voluminous search engines especially for academic open access web resources. BASE is operated by Bielefeld University Library. As the open access movement grows and prospers, more and more repository servers come into being which use the "Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting" (OAI-PMH) for providing their contents. BASE collects, normalises, and indexes these data. BASE provides more than 80 million documents from more than 4,000 sources. You can access the full texts of about 60-70% of the indexed documents. BASE is a registered OAI service provider and contributed to the European project "Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research" (DRIVER). In comparison to commercial search engines, BASE is charcterised by the following features: Start searching BASE
The apparatus of research assessment is driven by the academic publishing industry and has become entirely self-serving Peer review may be favoured as the best measure of scientific assessment ahead of the REF, but can it be properly implemented? Peter Coles does the maths on what the Physics panel face and finds there simply won’t be enough time to do what the REF administrators claim. Rather, closed-access bibliometrics will have to be substituted at the expense of legitimate assessment of outputs. What I want to do first of all is to draw attention to a very nice blog post by a certain Professor Moriarty who, in case you did not realise it, dragged himself away from his hiding place beneath the Reichenbach Falls and started a new life as Professor of Physics at Nottingham University. The first problem arises from the scale of the task facing members of the panel undertaking this assessment. As a rough guess let’s assume that the UK has about 40 Physics departments, and the average number of research-active staff in each is probably about 40. And that’s all just about “outputs”. About the Author
Fabrica Altmetric bookmarklet Fonctionnalité Ce script Altmetric vous permet de suivre l’évolution de l’impact d’un article sur les réseaux sociaux. Il ne s’agit donc pas de (...) Type de service : plugin lire la suite Archive ouverte HAL-INRIA L’Archive ouverte HAL-Inria met à la disposition des scientifiques un environnement de dépôt et de consultation de publications scientifiques dans (...) Type de service : service en ligne lire la suite ArXiv Archive ouverte dans le domaine de la physique, des mathématiques, de l’informatique, de la biologie quantitative et des statistiques qui comprend (...) lire la suite Bib2Hal Bib2HalWeb permet un import par lot de publications à partir d’un fichier BibTeX depuis HAL-Inria. lire la suite BioRxiv bioRxiv(qui se prononce « bio-archive ») est une archive ouverte sur le modèle d’arXiv, dans les domaines des sciences de la vie (microbiologie, (...) lire la suite Création de page web de publications : ajout d’un formulaire de filtre lire la suite lire la suite lire la suite
Scientific publishing: The inside track Maxwell MacKenzie/National Academy of Sciences The building for the National Academy of Sciences was completed in 1924 as a “home of science in America”. The academy’s house journal was established a decade earlier, in part, as a home for members’ papers. In April, the US National Academy of Sciences elected 105 new members to its ranks. For many academy members, this privileged path is central to the appeal of PNAS. With PNAS currently celebrating its centenary, the news team at Nature decided to examine the contributed track, both to assess its scientific impact and to see which members use it most heavily and why. Our analysis also suggests that the efforts by PNAS to prevent abuse of the contributed track and to boost the quality of papers published by this route are bearing fruit. A privilege to publish An inside track to publication for academy members rests deep in PNAS's DNA. Having control over the review process brings advantages. Special access
Blogs: BMJ Open A debilitating syndrome that causes an excessively rapid heartbeat on standing up, predominantly affects young well educated women, and blights their lives, because it is so poorly understood and inconsistently treated, reveals a small study published in the online journal BMJ Open. Postural tachycardia syndrome, or PoTS for short, is a by-product of orthostatic intolerance – a disorder of the autonomic nervous system in which the circulatory and nervous system responses needed to compensate for the stress put on the body on standing upright, don’t work properly. PoTS is associated with an excessively rapid heartbeat, or tachycardia. Symptoms include dizziness, fainting, nausea, poor concentration, excessive fatigue and trembling, and can be so severe as to make routine activities, such as eating and bathing, very difficult to do. In the US, PoTS is thought to affect around 170 per 100,000 of the population, one in four of whom is disabled and unable to work.
The MLA Tells It Like It Is "We are faced with an unsustainable reality," states the Modern Language Association’s long-awaited report on doctoral study in literature and languages. That reality includes a median time-to-degree of nine years and a weak academic job market that places a deplorably low percentage of Ph.D.’s in tenure-track professorships, often after years of postdoctoral purgatory. There are many positive things to say about this report, but let’s start with the fact that the MLA is saying things that need to be said by the MLA. In particular, the report exhorts us to "validate the wide range of career possibilities that doctoral students can pursue." The MLA gets behind other important positions, too. That is good news coming from the MLA. One might argue that the MLA is late to the party, but it’s not the sort of guest you should expect as soon as you set out the hors d’oeuvres. Berman stressed that "doctoral training can prepare students for lots of things." The MLA report is terse.
PLOS | Public Library Of Science Resignations threat over Taylor & Francis ‘censorship’ Editorial board of journal could quit after debate on publishing suffers delay Source: Alamy Silence! Publication delays and unexplained editing have ‘destroyed trust’ between the journal editors and Taylor & Francis A journal’s editorial board has been left on the brink of resignation after an eight-month standoff with its publisher Taylor & Francis over the publication of a debate on academic publishing and the profits made by major firms. The debate, in the journal Prometheus: Critical Studies in Innovation, was due to appear last September, but was delayed by Taylor & Francis and published only at the end of last month. Its “proposition” paper, “Publisher, be damned! The paper compares academic publishing with the music industry, which, it says, has “booming” sales after lowering prices in the face of widespread piracy. “They never said why. The publisher eventually did so, but insisted on removing all publishers’ names from both the proposition article and the four responses.
Nature Communications dataset *The embed functionality can only be used for non commercial purposes. In order to maintain its sustainability, all mass use of content by commercial or not for profit companies must be done in agreement with figshare. Description An independent statistical analysis of the articles published in Nature Communications, carried out by the Research Information Network (RIN) has found that open access (OA) articles are viewed three times more often than articles that are only available to subscribers. Comments (0) Published on 30 Jul 2014 - 07:28 (GMT) Filesize is 200.91 KB License (what's this?) Cite "Filename" Place your mouse over the citation text to select it Embed "Nature Communications dataset" Show filename on top Place your mouse over the embed code to select and copy it
The Guardian view on the end of the peer review | Editorial | Commentisfree Nature, the pre-eminent journal for reporting scientific research, has had to retract two papers it published in January after mistakes were spotted in the figures, some of the methods descriptions were found to be plagiarised and early attempts to replicate the work failed. This is the second time in recent weeks that the God-like omniscience that non-scientists often attribute to scientific journals was found to be exaggerated, In June, the BMJ was plunged into a public row over two papers it published last year questioning the benefits of prescribing statins and suggesting that the side effects could outweigh the health advantages. The papers have been under attack for a while, and the Oxford professor of medicine Sir Rory Collins now says the flawed research risks putting people off statins when they could be life-saving.
Bibliodiversité et accès ouvert | Blogo-numericus Marin Dacos A l’heure du cloud, du software as a service (SAS), du big data et des géants mondiaux du numérique, il semble impossible d’éviter le débat sur les iniatives européennes en matière d’infrastructures numériques de recherches. Dans ce domaine, la prise de conscience date de 2006 et a été… américaine. Depuis, elle s’est étendue à des acteurs européens, notamment à travers la feuille de route ESFRI, qui a introduit le numérique dans son agenda. Construction costs of European ESFRI infrastructures in all disciplines (2010). Construction costs Si on s’attarde un instant sur la spécificité de l’Europe face à d’autres continents économiquement développés, il faut insister sur la diversité culturelle et linguistique, résumée par la citation attribuée à Umberto Eco : “la langue de l’Europe, c’est la traduction”. Allant plus loin, l’association internationale des éditeurs indépendants se propose de cultiver et conforter ce qu’elle appelle la bibliodiversité. OpenEdition.