Walking the Line | Grammar Grater Dashes are much more than just lines. They have very specific grammatical jobs. There are actually three types of dashes (excluding track and field events). The typographical dashes are the hyphen [ - ], the en-dash [ – ] and the em-dash [ — ]. Hyphen is used to created compound words like mother-in-law and full-time job. They're also used to connect words that are broken in print by line breaks. Note there are certain words such as online/on-line and byproduct/by-product that can be written with or without hyphens. Hyphens have also traditionally been used in the United States and Canada to separate the sections of telephone numbers, but with the proliferation of new media, hyphens are frequently replaced with dots or spaces, giving us three choices: For the time being, take your pick—hyphens, dots or spaces—but whatever is chosen, be consistent throughout the document. The en-dash [ – ] is longer than the hyphen. Finally, em-dash [ — ] is the longest dash.
Blog Archive Defining relative clauses » ENGAMES Defining relative clauses are quite easy to understand and use. The name of the grammar sounds horrible but in fact you just need to know when you should use the words “which”, “that”, “who” and “whose”. I like teaching this piece of grammar as the students quickly get the idea and they are able to use it immediately. Defining relative clauses – mind map Always read the map clockwise. Defining relative clauses – games Now that you understand the theory it is time to try it out in the real world. Defining relative clauses – Penalty The second game is slightly more difficult. Defining relative clauses – En Garde. The last exercise might not seem like a game at all. Defining relative clauses – Cloze test. Other games to learn English By now our site contains a lot of games and mind maps to help you learn English. Follow us
ESL Reading Worksheets - Short Stories - Free Arbor Day - Marla and Tio plant a tree in the yard. Breakfast - Jack has high cholesterol and has to stop eating donuts. Bus Driver - Adan wants to retire next year when he turns sixty-two. Camping - Bears take over a campsite! Car Accident - Oh, no! Checking Account - Rosa's fiance wants to open a joint checking account. Colds - Pedro has a cold. Dentist - James has a toothache on the right side of his mouth. ESL Teacher - Mrs. ESL Student - Benito is too shy to read in front of his ESL class. Family Dinner - The Smith family starts eating healthy meals. Father's Day Gift - Maria wants to buy her father a special Father's Day gift. Fireman - Fire fighters respond to a fire on Elm Avenue in Bayside. Flag of the United States - The American flag was adopted June 14, 1777. Grand Canyon - The Soto family is at the Grand Canyon in Arizona. Mail Carrier - Van is going to apply for a management position at work. Medical Appointment - Carlos is sick. Mother's Robot - Do families need robots? EL Civics >>
Fragments and Run-ons What this handout is about If instructors have ever returned your papers with “frag”, “S.F.”, “R.O.”, or “run-on” written in the margin, you may find this handout useful. It will help you locate and correct sentence fragments and run-ons. The basics Before we get to the problems and how to fix them, let’s take a minute to review some information that is so basic you’ve probably forgotten it. What is a complete sentence? 1. a subject (the actor in the sentence)2. a predicate (the verb or action), and3. a complete thought (it can stand alone and make sense—it’s independent). Some sentences can be very short, with only two or three words expressing a complete thought, like this: John waited. This sentence has a subject (John) and a verb (waited), and it expresses a complete thought. John waited for the bus all morning. John waited for the bus all morning in the rain last Tuesday. Wishing he’d brought his umbrella, John waited for the bus all morning in the rain last Tuesday. Sentence fragments Time
o se diz "vez" em inglês: TURN ou TIME? Michael Jacobs Tanto turn quanto time servem para indicar “vez”, na língua portuguesa, com uma ligeira distinção. Às vezes (at times) a má aplicação desses termos pode causar uma baderna na comunicação. Por exemplo: It’s my turn. Next time it will be my turn…Na próxima vez será minha vez…When we play poker we take it in turns to deal the cards.Quando jogamos pôquer, cada um dá as cartas na sua vez). Cf. Referência: “Como Não Aprender Inglês – Edição Definitiva” de Michael Jacobs – Editora Campus/Elsevier, 2002. Total de visitas: 1 (hoje) e 1,155 (2014). Comments comments Mentor Texts - Examples of Good Teen Essay Writing Below you will find student mentor text essays that corresponds to some of our past writing prompts used in StageofLife.com's national student writing contests. These high school and college mentor texts are a resource to... Provide a good essay example, in particular of how a student stylistically approached one of our essay writing prompts Give your students insights into real life essays submitted by teen writers and bloggers participating in the StageofLife.com global writing project to create the world's largest collection of multi-generational stories. Print Mentor Texts Topic: ParentsTitle: I’ve learned from my father always by tonytonycc On many an evening, my father, who is short and stout and enjoys tea out of teapots, jumps on a small trampoline in our living room for 30 to 45 minutes*. Read full essay... Topic: Teen ChallengesTitle: I overcame my first break up by schoi94 Read full essay... Topic: PromTitle: Catching a Fairytale by CiaoBella14 It’s almost April. Stress.
Funny Misplaced Modifiers Grammar Girl here. Today guest-writer Bonnie Trenga is going to help us take a break from serious grammar and instead delve into the world of comedy—some intentional, some not. Groucho Marx said it best: “One morning I shot an elephant in my pajamas. How he got into my pajamas I’ll never know” (1). Prepositional Phrases and Misplaced Modifiers You’ve probably heard the term “misplaced modifier” before. Groucho’s joke is funny for the same reason that this real classified ad, laughed at in the book Sin and Syntax, is: “FOR SALE: Mahogany table by a lady with Chippendale legs” (3). Some More Laughs If only all writers could be as careful with their prepositional phrases as Groucho was. Also worth a few chuckles is this headline, quoted in Barbara Walraff's book Word Court: “Two Sisters Reunited After 18 Years in Checkout Counter” (5). Why We Make This Mistake As you can see, even the best of us misplace our prepositional phrases. The Gettysburg sentence was caused by overcramming. 1. 2. 3.
Free Graphic Organizers for Teaching Writing Introduction As you know, free graphic organizers are readily available on the Internet. However, access to quality organizers often requires either a monthly or an annual fee. Here you will find, what I think, are quality organizers WITHOUT monthly or annual fees. I dug into my own archives that I've accumulated over my 33 year career in search of organizers that focus on writing. With that in mind, I searched thoroughly for graphic organizer ideas wherever I could find them. The result is what you will see on this page--a collection of 50 graphic organizers designed specifically for teaching writing. And, if you like these, I’ve got a strong feeling that you’ll also like 50 More WRITERizers—the newer sibling of this collection. Quick Links for THIS Page You may use the following quick links to go directly to what interests you on this page. Webs for Preparing to Write Return to Top of Page Flow Charts for Sequencing Return to Top of Page Persuasive and Expository Essay Maps Concept Wheels
Listening 5 minutes Listening Lessons Dogs, Dogs, Dogs - Idioms and phrases using the word 'Dog'. Get the phone! - A listening exercise. Listen to the phone conversation and then answer the questions. ESL Lessons Daily Word Copyright 2009 - 2013 - 5MinuteEnglish.com is an ESL (English as a Second Language) Resource
SAT & ACT Writing: How to Identify and Correct Misplaced Modifiers | Kaplan Test Prep