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The Residential School System

The Residential School System
Children's dining room, Indian Residential School, Edmonton, Alberta. Between 1925-1936. United Church Archives, Toronto, From Mission to Partnership Collection. Residential Schools Two primary objectives of the residential school system were to remove and isolate children from the influence of their homes, families, traditions and cultures, and to assimilate them into the dominant culture. These objectives were based on the assumption Aboriginal cultures and spiritual beliefs were inferior and unequal. Prime Minister Stephen Harper, official apology, June 11, 2008 What was the Indian residential school system? The term residential schools refers to an extensive school system set up by the Canadian government and administered by churches that had the nominal objective of educating Aboriginal children but also the more damaging and equally explicit objectives of indoctrinating them into Euro-Canadian and Christian ways of living and assimilating them into mainstream Canadian society.

Related:  Secret Path/Residential SchoolsHow were residential school students treated?residential schoolsBC History

Teacher Guides/Lesson Plans Many organizations have already constructed curriculum that you may find useful with your learner group. The First Nation Child and Family Caring Society have constructed lesson plans that assist educators that aim to teach about social justice issues. These guides include campaigns which FNCFCS promote and encourage all Canadians to create awareness and make a difference! This organization has invited Project of Heart participants to use the following lesson ideas while completing Step 5 (or with any class)! Choose your grade level: Education Resources K-2 Education Resources 3-6 Education Resources 7-8 Education Resources 9-12 A history of residential schools in Canada - Canada What is a residential school? In the 19th century, the Canadian government believed it was responsible for educating and caring for aboriginal people in Canada. It thought their best chance for success was to learn English and adopt Christianity and Canadian customs.

100 Years of Loss The following reading list is a selection of the growing number of publications that document the history and legacy of residential schools. It is by no means complete and is a work in progress. For Younger Readers Ages 4–8 Campbell, Nicola I., with illustrations by Kim LeFave. Shin-chi’s Canoe. Toronto, ON: Groundwood/House of Anansi, 2008. The History of Metropolitan Vancouver - Hall of Fame By Constance Brissenden With additional research by Larry Loyie The History of Metropolitan Vancouver Hall of Fame represents nearly 500 of the thousands of people who have contributed to the history of the lower mainland of BC. They come from all walks of life, all cultural backgrounds and all occupations.

Government conducted nutrition experiments on hungry, malnourished Aboriginal children: paper Recently published historical research says hungry aboriginal children and adults were once used as unwitting subjects in nutritional experiments by Canadian government bureaucrats. “This was the hardest thing I’ve ever written,” said Ian Mosby, who has revealed new details about one of the least-known but perhaps most disturbing aspects of government policy toward aboriginals immediately after the Second World War. Mosby — whose work at the University of Guelph focuses on the history of food in Canada — was researching the development of health policy when he ran across something strange. This was the hardest thing I’ve ever written

A timeline of residential schools, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission Students in a classroom in Resolution, N.W.T. ((National Archives of Canada)) March 14, 2011 The Truth and Reconciliation Commission begins three months of hearings in 19 northern communities in the lead up to its second national event, which will be held in Inuvik, N.W.T. between June 28 and July 1. Nov. 12, 2010 Residential Schools Residential schools refer to a variety of institutions that include industrial schools, boarding schools and student residences. Residential Schools Residential schools refer to a variety of institutions that include industrial schools, boarding schools and student residences. Although residential schools are usually considered part of the assimilative policies that the Canadian government directed at Aboriginal peoples from the 1880s onward, their roots lie deeper. The first residential facilities were developed in New France by Catholic missionaries to provide care and schooling. These early attempts, like a similar institution in colonial New Brunswick, failed abysmally thanks to the autonomy that First Nations still enjoyed and the Europeans' economic and military dependence on the Aboriginal population.

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRC) It is difficult to place an exact figure on the number of residential schools to which Aboriginal people have been sent in Canada. While religious orders had been operating such schools before Confederation in 1867, it was not the 1880s that the federal government fully embraced the residential school model for Aboriginal education. While the government began to close the schools in the 1970s, the last school remained in operation until 1996. The Rise and Fall of All Hallows School - The Gold Rush Town of Yale The Rise and Fall of All Hallows School in Yale, B.C. 1884 - 1920 by Lara Kozak ED-B 423 Instructor: Dr, Alastair Glegg March 24, 1996 In 1884, a school for First Nations girls was opened by Sisters of the Anglican Church in Yale, British Columbia.

Electric Chair Torture - Catholic School in Fort Albany, Ontario Electric Chair Torture - Catholic School in Fort Albany, Ontario-Chief Ed Metawabin, electric shocked at age six "to entertain visiting dignitaries" at the St. Anne's Catholic Residential School, recounted this torture to reporters in 1996 Electric Chair Torture - Catholic School in Fort Albany, Ontario- Globe and Mail report of October 21, 1996; similar accounts have been made to Alberni residential school supervisors of an electroshock chair used for punishment and discipline in that school's basement until the school was closed in 1973. Return to Photo Index Heritage Minutes Dive Into 'Darker Chapters' Of Canada's History Two new Heritage Minutes released Tuesday focus on significant moments in Indigenous history. The clips, produced by Historica Canada, were written by acclaimed author Joseph Boyden, according to a press release. One of the videos tells the story of Chanie Wenjack, an Anishinaabe boy who ran away from the Cecilia Jeffrey Indian Residential School in 1966 and died during his escape to go home. 'Chanie wanted to go back home' "His death sparked the first inquiry into the conditions faced by residential school students," reads the Historica Canada release.

Residential Schools and My Journey to the Downtown Eastside This post has been reviewed by the Vancouver Media Co-op editorial committee. STORY posted on June 8, 2011 by isaac “In Our Own Voices,” Week I by DTES Power of Women GroupBy Stella August Credit: Luca Argalia Also posted by isaac: 10 books about residential schools to read with your kids - Aboriginal - CBC More and more children will be read stories about the legacy of residential schools in the classroom this year. Provinces are changing curriculums and educators across the country are developing resource guides in response to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) recommendations. "One of the first criteria for choosing anything is that it's a good story," said Jo-Anne Chrona. She has been developing age-appropriate curriculum materials in B.C. through the First Nations Education Steering Committee (FNESC). It opens up that space for conversation. - Jo-Anne Chrona, educator For parents reading these books at home to their children, Chrona says it's important to be mindful of what's appropriate, emotionally and developmentally.

Yale as an RV Getaway The historic town of Yale, BC is a nice RV destination from Chilliwack, just an hour (75 km) up Highway #1. Yale holds a uniquely important place in British Columbia history which is the main attraction, but today Yale is also a cute little town of just a couple hundred people in amazing surroundings. History Linked to Transportation The rise and fall and rise and fall again of Yale in importance parallels changes in transportation needs. While the modes of transportation changed over time – from pack horses, to wagons and steam boats, before the rails of steel arrived and then the Trans-Canada Highway with its cars and trucks – Yale is on the way somewhere important. Yale’s Unique Geography

In this website we can read about how strict the rules in the residential schools were... if some students did not convert to a more (canadien) way of life and religion and etc... they would use violence to do so. The impact of those schools marked these peoples for life. They had to convert to something they were not and thats how many of them lost their idenety even after getting out of those schools because they did not know what to belive in anymore. by stuartghita Oct 26

This webpage goes into detail about what Residential Schools were created for, what students went through at the schools and the permanent effects they had on the children who attended them. It also has extracts from the apologies given by the Canadian government to the victims of the Residential Schools system. by hazbounwasher Oct 25

In this website, we can see that the residential schools' survivors are people that have been abused from an early age physically, emotionally, sexually and mentally. Unfortunately, the circle of abuse never stops as it repeats itself with the same behavior once the survivors have children. Obviously this is affecting the family circle and stimulates more dysfunction with close ones. We think people should never be in such conditions since they take them as a lifestyle that is unacceptable. by leclairlemay Oct 25

Residential schools are schools that Indian children were forced to go to in order to become more European. This website is a great source of information because it explains why residential schools were created, what life was like in the schools and the effect they had on the students afterwards. by scarpaleggiamaiorino Oct 24

In this link ,under the subtile " Living conditions at the residential schools" , it informs us on how terrible the conditions they were living in were. For instence they had the very minimum of education, girl were tought house work and boys outdoors work for example : farming. They were almost all sexualy abused and beaten. Every place in the school was dirty and the children were not taken care of most of them die of illenses cought in the school. Everyone was clutered and there was no secure places to be found. by simlaramee Oct 23

On this site under the subtile " long-term impacts ", it explains that even onece you are out of the residential school the consecenses don't just stop there. Most aboriginals that now have kids lack parenting skills and tend to do to raise there kids the way they were raised ( with abuse & violence). Generations of children have grown up without a nuturing family life ( even without beeing in a residential school it's self). by simlaramee Oct 23

This website talks about how the residential schools take part in taking away their childhood culture and replacing it with what they think is the superior culture. It also states that these tasks were taken too far because the english thought that the indians' spiritual beliefs were not good which ended up being wrong of coarse. by brownfamili Oct 21

This website is a very detailed and is abondant with information revolving around the Residential Schools. This website also explains, in depth and professionalism, the reasons behind the creation of the Residential schools, the life and atmosphere inside their schools, the long-term impacts on the aboriginal communities, and also other well documented facts to be read. This website is strongly recommended to people who would want to know more about the subject. by bolduczienkiewiczhamdy Oct 19

In this pearl, the website explains how the residential schools had a huge impact on the kids and families...the schools were very strict because they had to force the students to become more ''canadian'' but they would do it in a very violent way. by dufresnehernandez Oct 17

This website is a very complete information source because it gives the reasons for which residential schools were created as well as the impact of these institutions on the future of Aboriginal communities in a pleasant to read Q & A form. This source is one of the best we found. by wangdulong Oct 15

This webpage gives you a good view of the beggining all the way to the end of residential schools, such as what led to the residential schools, the shift away from residential schools, the long-term impacts and much more. by boccanfusothirion Oct 15

Residential schools where young Aboriginals were sent to go to school, although they were mistreated. They had to learn a different way of living and learn a new language for some. They were underfed and the schools were very strict. This website describes Residential schools in greater detail. by difiorelaplante Oct 8

The resendential schools contributed to extreme low self-estime. The young Aboriginals would result in high rates of alcolism, substance abuse, self-abuse and suicide. The Aboriginals loss their culture since they were obligated to learn chritianisme. Henceforth, the children grew up thinking they did not belong in either world since they were no longer considered aboriginal since they did not have the culture of an native amercain, but they were not considered ''white'' since they did not have the same skin color (racism). by serhanboulet Oct 8

We think that this is a excellent site to explain the life condition of the poor children who lost everything thy had and loved. by durandeaua Oct 7

Comment: The resendential schools contributed to extreme low self-estime. The young Aboriginals would result in high rates of alcolism, substance abuse, self-abuse and suicide. The Aboriginals loss their culture since they were obligated to learn chritianisme. Henceforth, the children grew up thinking they did not belong in either world since they were no longer considered aboriginal since they did not have the culture of an native amercain, but they were not considered ''white'' since they did not have the same skin color (racism). by serhanboulet Oct 7

The reisidential schools took away their way of life, their traditions and their hopes and dreams. They lived with fear of being beaten and mistreated. Even though they learned the basics of surviving in modern societies, it was not easy and done in a humain way. by biellowener Oct 7

I think that the residential schools took away their culture, they lived in fear, that did not help them but they still learned how to read, write and manual labor like woodworking . by dragcairn Oct 7

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