The International Churchill Society - US Holocaust Memorial Museum: Nazi Persecution of Homosexuals After taking power in 1933, the Nazis persecuted homosexuals as part of their so-called moral crusade to racially and culturally purify Germany. This persecution ranged from dissolution of homosexual organizations to internment of thousands of individuals in concentration camps. Gay men, in particular, were subject to harassment, arrest, incarceration, and even castration. In Nazi eyes, gay men were weak and unfit to be soldiers, as well as unlikely to have children and thereby contribute to the racial struggle for Aryan dominance. Friedrich-Paul von Groszheim Friedrich-Paul von GroszheimBorn Luebeck, Germany April 27, 1906 Friedrich-Paul was born in the old trading city of Luebeck in northern Germany. 1933-39: In January 1937 the SS arrested 230 men in Luebeck under the Nazi-revised criminal code's paragraph 175, which outlawed homosexuality, and I was imprisoned for 10 months. Richard Grune, “Solidarity.” After the war, Friedrich-Paul settled in Hamburg.
BritishBattles.com analysing and documenting British Battles from the previous centuries US Holocaust Memorial Museum: The doctors trial: The medical case of the subsequent Nuremberg Proceedings Historical Photographs Brigadier General Telford Taylor, Chief of Counsel, during the Doctors Trial, which was held in Nuremberg, Germany, from December 9, 1946, to August 20, 1947. During testimony at the Doctors Trial, American medical expert Dr. Leo Alexander points to scars on Jadwiga Dzido’s leg. Dzido, a member of the Polish underground, was a victim of medical experiments at the Ravensbrüeck concentration camp. Nuremberg, Germany, December 22, 1946. American judges (top row, seated) during the Doctors Trial. Brigadier General Telford Taylor, Chief of Counsel, during the Doctors Trial, which was held in Nuremberg, Germany, from December 9, 1946, to August 20, 1947. next During testimony at the Doctors Trial, American medical expert Dr. prevnext American judges (top row, from left) Harold Sebring, Walter B. A diagram, prepared by prosecutors in the Doctors Trial, placing defendants in the command structure. Chief Prosecutor James M. Dr. prev Sources
Dreamers and Dissenters How do people respond to the world they live in? When they disagree or dream of change, do they act within society's rules or against them? This site introduces some of the visionaries, dissenters and rule breakers of past centuries. Through a selection of sources from the British Library's collection, you can learn how these people have presented themselves and how they have been represented by others. Language is also an important aspect of citizenship. When you look at the sources... Think about the reliability of this evidence from the past (Who tells the story? Utopia Can utopian ideas ever be realised in the real world? The struggle for democracy In 1928, men and women were given equal voting rights for the first time. Counter Culture Explore countercultural pamphlets, handbooks, fanzines and underground newspapers that helped to promote action, gather support and inspire change. Concerns about crime How do we treat people that break the rules? Our language Filth and Fever ShareThis
The Holocaust History - A People's and Survivor History - Remember.org Campaign for Abolition 2007 marks the 200th anniversary of the abolition of British involvement in the slave trade. However, the campaign which led to this abolition began as early as 1787. This resource allows you to explore a range of sources from the entire campaign - you will be able to look at minutes from the meetings of the Abolition Committee and to examine first hand, eye witness accounts of slavery. It will become clear that the issues of equality, justice and tolerance raised and explored by the resources are just as relevant today as they were two centuries ago. You might feel that the need for campaigns is also just as great. This resource therefore also outlines a series of activities that investigate what made the Abolition campaign so successful and what still makes a successful campaign today. Historical sources - an introduction Examine various historical sources from the campaign to abolish slavery, as well as evidence of alternative viewpoints and eyewitness accounts of slavery. Activities
Web - World War II, 1939-45 - Research Guides at Tidewater Community College "The Code Talkers’ role in war required intelligence and bravery. They developed and memorized a special code. They endured some of the most dangerous battles and remained calm under fire. They served proudly, with honor and distinction. Their actions proved critical in several important campaigns, and they are credited with saving thousands of American and allies’ lives." "Beginning in 1940, the army recruited Comanches, Choctaws, Hopis, Cherokees, and others to transmit messages.
Asians in Britain The establishment of the East India Company in 1600 began a complex relationship between Britain and India that would mark major shifts in the culture and history of both nations. This trading relationship, combined with Britain’s long imperial rule in India, led to far reaching changes and a steady migration of Asians from all walks of life to Britain. With a focus on the period 1858–1950, explore this history through contemporary accounts, photographs, letters, newspapers and pamphlets – all evidence of the rich and diverse contributions Asians have made to British life and society. The establishment of the East India Company in 1600 began a complex relationship between Britain and India that would mark major shifts in the culture and history of both nations. This trading relationship, combined with Britain’s long imperial rule in India, led to far reaching changes and a steady migration of Asians from all walks of life to Britain.
World War II : Documents World War II : Documents Agreement Between the Governments of the United Kingdom, the United States of America, and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and the Provisional Government of the French Republic on Certain Additional Requirements to be Imposed on Germany; September 20, 1945 Agreement Between the United Kingdom and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics : July 12, 1941 Agreement for the Provisional Administration of Venezia Giulia; June 9, 1945 Agreement Relating to Prisoners of War and Civilians Liberated by Forces Operating Under Soviet Command and Forces Operating Under United States of America Command; February 11, 1945 Allied Control Commission in Hungary; January 20, 1945 Anglo-American Mutual Aid Agreement : February 28, 1942 Armistice Agreement with Bulgaria; October 28, 1944 Armistice Agreement with Hungary; January 20, 1945 Armistice Agreement with Italy; September 1943 Armistice Agreement with Rumania; September 12, 1944 Atlantic Charter British War Blue Book F.
The Historical Association / Historical Association Recollections of WWII - Home Page Stone & Stone Second World War Books: Armies of the Second World War "Armies of the Second World War" is an online database of day-by-day orders of battle and information about hundreds of division, brigade, and regiment-sized units in World War II. Information currently available in the database covers Commonwealth, Dominion, Colonial, Exile, and "Minor" Allied armies in Europe, Africa, and western Asia from 1 September 1939 through 7 May 1945. As time permits, we hope to continue adding additional information for more units, more armies, and more theaters. We're always glad to receive comments, corrections, and additions for the database, but we are unfortunately not able to respond to questions about which armies will be included in the database and when the information will become available. All information in the database is copyrighted by Bill Stone and may not be used without explicit permission in writing. xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
HyperWar: World War II on the World Wide Web The content of HyperWar consists primarily of official documents produced by various agencies of the United States, United Kingdom and British Commonwealth governments. All documents produced by the U.S. government are "born" in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). Documents produced by the U.K. and Commonwealth governments are protected by Crown Copyright, however, Her Majesty graciously permits reproduction 50 years after publication provided only that an acknowledgment of the Crown's copyright is included. Original (non-government) content, created by HyperWar or contributed from the public, are offered without restrictions for personal or educational uses. For commercial use of the material please contact us. --HyperWar