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University of Chicago

University of Chicago
The University of Chicago (U of C, UChicago, or simply Chicago) is a private research university in Chicago, Illinois, United States. The university consists of the College of the University of Chicago, various graduate programs and interdisciplinary committees organized into four divisions, six professional schools, and a school of continuing education. The university enrolls approximately 5,000 students in the College and about 15,000 students overall. The University of Chicago is affiliated with 89 Nobel Laureates (including 10 current faculty),[15] 49 Rhodes Scholars[16] and 9 Fields Medalists.[17] It was founded by the American Baptist Education Society with a donation from oil magnate and philanthropist John D. History[edit] An early convocation ceremony at the University of Chicago Founding–1910s[edit] 1920s–1980s[edit] In 1929, the university's fifth president, Robert Maynard Hutchins, took office; the university underwent many changes during his 24-year tenure. 1990s–2010s[edit] Related:  Wikipedia A

Herodotus Place in history[edit] Herodotus announced the size and scope of his work at the beginning of his Researches or Histories: Ἡροδότου Ἁλικαρνησσέος ἱστορίης ἀπόδεξις ἥδε, ὡς μήτε τὰ γενόμενα ἐξ ἀνθρώπων τῷ χρόνῳ ἐξίτηλα γένηται, μήτε ἔργα μεγάλα τε καὶ θωμαστά, τὰ μὲν Ἕλλησι, τὰ δὲ βαρβάροισι ἀποδεχθέντα, ἀκλεᾶ γένηται, τὰ τε ἄλλα καὶ δι' ἣν αἰτίην ἐπολέμησαν ἀλλήλοισι.[2] Herodotus of Halicarnassus, his Researches are here set down to preserve the memory of the past by putting on record the astonishing achievements of both the Greeks and the Barbarians; and more particularly, to show how they came into conflict.[3] His record of the achievements of others was an achievement in itself, though the extent of it has been debated. Hecataeus the Milesian speaks thus: I write these things as they seem true to me; for the stories told by the Greeks are various and in my opinion absurd.[6] Homer was another inspirational source.[16] Life[edit] The statue of Herodotus in Bodrum Reliability[edit]

Balliol College, Oxford Balliol College /ˈbeɪliəl/, founded in 1263,[3] is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England. Among the college's alumni are three former prime ministers (H. H. Asquith, who once described Balliol men as possessing "the tranquil consciousness of an effortless superiority", Harold Macmillan, and Edward Heath), five Nobel laureates, and a number of literary figures and philosophers. As of 2009, Balliol had an endowment of £64 m.[4] History[edit] Balliol College was founded in about 1263 by John I de Balliol under the guidance of the Bishop of Durham. Under a statute of 1881, New Inn Hall was merged into Balliol College in 1887.[5] Balliol acquired New Inn Hall's admissions and other records for 1831–1887[6] as well as the library of New Inn Hall, which largely contained 18th-century law books.[5] Traditions and customs[edit] Balliol College Garden The patron saint of the College is Saint Catherine of Alexandria. The Masque of Balliol[edit] The traditional words run:

Brown University The Ezra Stiles copy of the Brown University Charter of 1764 Brown University is a private Ivy League research university in Providence, Rhode Island. Founded in 1764 prior to American independence from the British Empire as the College in the English Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, Brown is the third oldest institution of higher education in New England and seventh oldest in the United States.[5] The university consists of The College, Graduate School, Alpert Medical School, the School of Engineering, and the Brown University School of Public Health. Brown's international programs are organized through the Watson Institute for International Studies. History[edit] Founding[edit] Brown owes its founding to the support of learning among a Baptist Church association but in 1762, the Baptist Minister Morgan Edwards was at first ridiculed for suggesting the founding of a college. James Manning was sworn in as the College's first president in 1765. American Revolution[edit]

Know Nothing The most prominent leaders were ex-President Millard Fillmore (the party's presidential nominee in 1856), Massachusetts Congressman Nathaniel P. Banks,[1] and former congressman Lewis C. Levin. History[edit] Nativists were active in New York politics as early as 1843, under the banner of the American Republican Party. Some historians have attempted to argue that the "Native American" party had no continuity with the Know-Nothings because in the 1850s those party names were briefly used for rival tickets in elections.[4] However for contemporary politicians the two factions were practically the same movement. Name[edit] The origin of the "Know Nothing" term was in the semi-secret organization of the party. Underlying issues[edit] The immigration of large numbers of Irish and German Catholics to the United States in the period between 1830 and 1860 made religious differences between Catholics and Protestants a political issue. Rise[edit] A historian of the Know Nothing party concluded:

Yale University Yale University is a private Ivy League research university located in New Haven, Connecticut. Founded in 1701 in the Colony of Connecticut, the university is the third-oldest institution of higher education in the United States. Originally chartered as the "Collegiate School", the institution traces its roots to 17th-century clergymen who sought to establish a college to train clergy and political leaders for the colony. In 1718, the College was renamed "Yale College" to honor a gift from Elihu Yale, a governor of the British East India Company. In 1861, the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences became the first U.S. institution to award the Ph.D.[5] Yale became a founding member of the Association of American Universities in 1900. Yale College was transformed, beginning in the 1930s, through the establishment of residential colleges: 12 now exist and two more are planned. History[edit] A Front View of Yale-College and the College Chapel, Daniel Bowen, 1786. Early history[edit]

New York University This article is about the private Manhattan-based university. For a list of universities in New York, see Universities in New York. Coordinates: New York University (NYU) is a private, nonsectarian American research university based in New York City. NYU was elected to the Association of American Universities in 1950.[12] NYU counts 35 Nobel Prize winners, three Abel Prize winners,[13][14] 10 National Medal of Science recipients,[15][16] 16 Pulitzer Prize winners,[17] over 30 Academy Award winners,[17][18][19] four Putnam Competition winners, Russ Prize, Gordon Prize, and Draper Prize winners, Turing Award winners, and Emmy,[20] Grammy,[21] and Tony Award[22] winners among its faculty and alumni. History[edit] Whereas NYU had its Washington Square campus since its founding, the university purchased a campus at University Heights in the Bronx because of overcrowding on the old campus. University logo[edit] Cultural setting[edit] Budget and fundraising[edit] Campus[edit]

Vincent van Gogh Vincent Willem van Gogh (Dutch: [ˈvɪnsɛnt ˈʋɪləm vɑn ˈɣɔx] ( );[note 1] 30 March 1853 – 29 July 1890) was a Post-Impressionist painter of Dutch origin whose work—notable for its rough beauty, emotional honesty, and bold color—had a far-reaching influence on 20th-century art. After years of painful anxiety and frequent bouts of mental illness,[1][2] he died aged 37 from a gunshot wound, generally accepted to be self-inflicted (although no gun was ever found).[3][note 2] Letters Vincent c. 1873 aged 19. Although many are undated, art historians have generally been able to put them in chronological order. Biography Early life Vincent c. 1866, approx. age 13 As a child, Vincent was serious, silent, and thoughtful. The house "Holme Court" in Isleworth, where Van Gogh stayed in 1876 [23][24] Van Gogh returned to England for unpaid work as a supply teacher in a small boarding school overlooking the harbor in Ramsgate, where he made sketches of the view. Etten, Drenthe and The Hague Emerging artist

Harvard College Harvard College is one of two schools within Harvard University granting undergraduate degrees (the other being Harvard Extension School). Founded in 1636 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, it is the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States[1] and one of the most prestigious in the world.[2] History[edit] Harvard's first instructor, schoolmaster Nathaniel Eaton (1610–1674), was also its first instructor to be dismissed—in 1639 for overstrict discipline.[5] The school's first students were graduated in 1642. At the time of Harvard's founding (as today) the "colleges" of England's Oxford and Cambridge Universities were communities within the larger university, each an association of scholars (both established and aspiring) sharing room and board; Harvard's founders may have envisioned it as the first in a series of sibling colleges which, on the English model, would eventually constitute a university. Academics[edit] House system[edit] Lowell House in autumn. Athletics[edit]

All Souls College, Oxford All Souls College, Oxford (official name: The Warden and the College of the Souls of All Faithful People Deceased in the University of Oxford[1]) is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England. Unique to All Souls, all of its members automatically become Fellows (i.e., full members of the College's governing body). It has no undergraduate members, but each year recent graduates of Oxford and other universities are eligible to apply for Examination Fellowships through a competitive examination and interview process (once described as "the hardest exam in the world")[3][4][5] All Souls is one of the wealthiest colleges in Oxford, with a financial endowment of £245m (2012).[6] However, since the College's only source of revenue is its endowment, it only ranks nineteenth among Oxford colleges with respect to total income.[7] The college is located on the north side of the High Street adjoining Radcliffe Square to the west. History[edit] Buildings and architecture[edit]

Bard College at Simon's Rock Bard College at Simon's Rock, more commonly known as Simon's Rock (see below), is a residential four-year liberal arts college located in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, USA. Simon's Rock is an "early college", designed for students to enroll immediately after completing the tenth or eleventh grade, rather than after graduating from high school. The college's founder, Elizabeth Blodgett Hall, had formerly been a private girls' school headmistress at Concord Academy. She concluded from her experience, and that of her colleagues, that for many students the latter two years of high school are wasted on repetitious and overly constrained work. Many young students, she thought, are ready to pursue college-level academic work some time before the usual system asks it of them. Simon's Rock is the only accredited four-year early college to date and still the singular college or university to take this approach with all of its students. Name[edit] Location[edit] History[edit] Kellogg Music Center

University of Cambridge The University of Cambridge[note 1] (informally known as "Cambridge University" or simply "Cambridge"; abbreviated as "Cantab" in post-nominals[note 2]) is a collegiate public research university in Cambridge, England. Originally founded in 1209, it is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world, and the world's third-oldest surviving university.[5] Early records suggest that the university grew out of an association formed by scholars leaving the University of Oxford after a dispute with townsfolk;[6] the two "ancient universities" have many common features and are often jointly referred to as "Oxbridge". The university's endowment (£4.9 billion as of 2013) is the largest of any European university.[17] In the year ended 31 July 2013 the university had a total income of £1.44 billion, of which £332 million was from research grants and contracts.[18] History[edit] Foundation of the colleges[edit] As Cambridge moved away from Canon Law, it also moved away from Catholicism.

Williams College Coordinates: Williams College is a private liberal arts college located in Williamstown, Massachusetts, United States. It was established in 1793 with funds from the estate of Ephraim Williams. Originally a men's college, Williams became co-educational in 1970. Fraternities were also phased out during this period, beginning in 1962.[3] Williams forms part of the historic Little Three colleges, along with Wesleyan University and rival Amherst College. There are three academic curricular divisions (humanities, sciences and social sciences), 24 departments, 33 majors, and two master's degree programs in art history and development economics. The academic year follows a 4–1–4 schedule of two four-course semesters plus a one-course "winter study" term in January. Williams College currently occupies 1st place in U.S. History[edit] Haystack monument After Shays' Rebellion, the Williamstown Free School opened with 15 students on October 26, 1791. Construction and expansion[edit] Academics[edit]