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5 Shockingly Advanced Ancient Buildings That Shouldn't Exist

5 Shockingly Advanced Ancient Buildings That Shouldn't Exist
Back in the 1960s, surveyors in Turkey found an ancient buried complex composed of huge stone pillars arranged in a circle like Stonehenge, some of them 30 feet tall. What really knocked the monocles out of their eyes, however, was that this was much older than Stonehenge ... 6,000 years older. TeomancimitThe hieroglyphics translate to "First!" So those massive, ornate limestone pillars were carefully carved from a nearby quarry using hunks of flint rock and their bare hands. Having been dated to around 9000 B.C., Gobekli Tepe is thought to be the oldest human construction. TeomancimitIt was truly the golden age for Big Bad Wolves. In fact, the site even predates agriculture, which means that the people who built it were still chasing mammoths rather than planting crops. WikipediaWhile riding a unicycle. And this doesn't make much sense, because conventional knowledge has always been that humans didn't start building things until after we learned how to farm. Related:  ARCHEOLOGY DIRECTORYAncient HistoryFalskirk

Powered By Osteons: Line on the left, one cross each: Bioarchaeology of Crucifixion As a researcher of the classical world, one of my favorite movies is Monty Python's Life of Brian. An irreverent take on the swords-and-sandals perception of the Roman Empire, it takes place in Jerusalem in the early first century AD and focuses on an accidental prophet named Brian. Anyone who's ever taken Latin has probably seen the portion of the film mocking Brian for his poor grasp of the language of power or the scene in which the leaders of the rebellion answer the question "What have the Romans ever done for us?" But the movie also satirizes the pugilistic, callous nature of the Romans in a crucifixion scene: The Romans practiced crucifixion - literally, "fixed to a cross" - for nearly a millennium. Like death by guillotine in early modern times, crucifixion was a public act, but unlike the swift action of the guillotine, crucifixion involved a long and painful - hence, excruciating - death. The process of crucifying someone varied greatly, as recorded by Seneca in 40 AD: N. J.E.

Ancient Builders Created Monumental Structures that Altered Sound and Mind, Say Researchers Hal Saflieni Hypogeum on the island of Malta By Popular Archaeology The results of recent research suggests that ancient, or prehistoric, builders of the monumental structures found in such diverse places as Ireland, Malta, southern Turkey and Peru all have a peculiarly common characteristic — they may have been specially designed to conduct and manipulate sound to produce certain sensory effects. Beginning in 2008, a recent and ongoing study of the massive 6,000-year-old stone structure complex known as the Hal Saflieni Hypogeum on the island of Malta, for example, is producing some revelatory results. Like its related prehistoric temple structures on Malta, this structure features central corridors and curved chambers. Researchers at the University of Malta are confirming the findings in an ongoing study. Inside Malta’s Hal-Saflieni Hypogeum. But the Hypogeum is not alone in its peculiar sound effects. The site of Göbekli Tepe. So what does all of this mean? Article Sources

Edward P. Thompson, l'historien rebelle Voilà une vingtaine d’années, l’historien britannique engagé Edward P. Thompson s’éteignait. À travers son œuvre résonne l’écho des luttes sociales du passé. À l’occasion du vingtième anniversaire de sa disparition, en 2013, plusieurs colloques et publications sont venus rappeler l’importance de l’œuvre du grand historien anglais Edward P. Thompson (1924-1993), qui demeure l’un des plus cités dans le monde. Si les traductions ont tardé à paraître en France, ses travaux n’en ont pas moins contribué à un renouvellement profond de l’histoire sociale. Thompson montre par exemple que les émeutes frumentaires du XVIIIe siècle ne sont pas les manifestations spasmodiques d’une colère aveugle, mais des actions résolues et contrôlées de taxation populaire : en imposant une vente forcée du blé à prix fixé, la foule manifeste son attachement à une « économie morale » qui veut que la communauté assure par elle-même à chacun les moyens de subsister, si les autorités ne le font pas. Edward P.

Blind people have four times more nightmares than sighted people People who are born blind have more nightmares than sighted people. This may be because blind people have a greatest tendency to experience threats from their surroundings, says the scientists behind the study. (Photo: A new Danish study shows that blind people have considerably more nightmares than people with normal sight and those who became blind later in life. It’s something that 41-year-old Heidi Andersen, who was born blind, can recognise. “At the core of my nightmares is a feeling of complete helplessness,” says Andersen. She is not the only blind person to experience such nightmares. In fact, the study, recently published in the journal Sleep Medicine, shows that an average of 25 per cent of the dreams experienced by people born blind are nightmares -- while nightmares account for only six per cent of the dreams of people whose sight is intact. We dream with our senses They asked participants to take note of what they dreamt. The results show that:

Carnac Stones The Carnac Stones The Carnac stones are an exceptionally dense collection of megalithic sites around the French village of Carnac, in Brittany, consisting of alignments, dolmens, tumuluses and single menhirs. The more than 3,000 prehistoric standing stones were hewn from local rock and erected by the pre-Celtic people of Brittany, and are the largest such collection in the world. Local tradition claims that the reason they stand in such perfectly straight lines is that they are a Roman legion turned to stone by Merlin - Brittany has its own local versions of the Arthurian cycle. Most of the stones are within the French commune of Carnac, but some to the east are within La TrinitŽ-sur-Mer.The stones were erected at some stage during the Neolithic period, probably around 3300 BC, but some may date to as old as 4500 BC. In recent centuries, many of the sites have been neglected, with reports of dolmens being used as sheep shelters, chicken sheds or even ovens. Menec alignments Saint-Michel

"Atlantis" Eruption Twice as Big as Previously Believed, Study Suggests August 23, 2006 A volcanic eruption that may have inspired the myth of Atlantis was up to twice as large as previously believed, according to an international team of scientists. The eruption occurred 3,600 years ago on the Santorini archipelago, whose largest island is Thera. Santorini is located in the Aegean Sea about 125 miles (200 kilometers) southeast of modern-day Greece (map of Greece). The massive explosion may have destroyed the Minoan civilization based on nearby Crete. Writing in this week's issue of the journal Eos, a team of Greek and U.S. researchers estimate that the volcano released 14 cubic miles (60 cubic kilometers) of magma—six times more than the infamous 1883 eruption of Krakatau (Krakatoa). Only one eruption in human history is believed to have been larger: an 1815 explosion of Tambora, in Indonesia, which released 24 cubic miles (100 cubic kilometers) of magma. (Related story: "'Lost Kingdom' Discovered on Volcanic Island in Indonesia [February 27, 2006].)

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Guide pour la conception d'un lieu en permaculture Questions à se poser avant de lancer un projet Voici une liste générale de questions qui peuvent éclairer la conception d’un écolieu, que ce soit pour des particuliers, un collectif ou un designer. Informations sur les ressources et les données physiques fixes ainsi que sur les données non physiques (rêves, souhaits, besoins, projets à long terme, etc..). Ce dossier devra être complété par des plans, des calques & dessins avec légende ou tout support qui facilite la compréhension du projet pour les propriétaires et leurs interlocuteurs. Il pourra se compléter de recommandations spécifiques pour élaborer la conception. Le projet Avant de se lancer dans un projet en permaculture, il peut être judicieux de se poser la question de ce que nous allons chercher dans la réalisation de ce projet ; sur quoi il s’appuie ! Projet clair et concret Bien souvent, lors des réunions de mise en place d’un projet, les idées sont nombreuses mais peu concrètes. L’Observation (c’est mon conseil !) Où commencer ?

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