Brain Information, Facts
Making sense of the brain's mind-boggling complexity isn't easy. What we do know is that it's the organ that makes us human, giving people the capacity for art, language, moral judgments, and rational thought. It's also responsible for each individual's personality, memories, movements, and how we sense the world. All this comes from a jellylike mass of fat and protein weighing about 3 pounds (1.4 kilograms). It is, nevertheless, one of the body's biggest organs, consisting of some 100 billion nerve cells that not only put together thoughts and highly coordinated physical actions but regulate our unconscious body processes, such as digestion and breathing. The brain's nerve cells are known as neurons, which make up the organ's so-called "gray matter." The cerebrum is the largest part of the brain, accounting for 85 percent of the organ's weight. The cerebrum has two halves, or hemispheres. Movement and Balance The diencephalon is located in the core of the brain.
Related: The Brain