Biography Faulkner was born William Cuthbert Falkner in New Albany, Mississippi, the first of four sons of Murry Cuthbert Falkner (August 17, 1870 – August 7, 1932) and Maud Butler (November 27, 1871 – October 19, 1960). He had three younger brothers: Murry Charles "Jack" Falkner (June 26, 1899 – December 24, 1975), author John Falkner (September 24, 1901 – March 28, 1963) and Dean Swift Falkner (August 15, 1907 – November 10, 1935). Faulkner was born and raised in the state of Mississippi, which had a great influence on him, as did the history and culture of the American South altogether. Soon after Faulkner's first birthday, his family moved to Ripley, Mississippi from New Albany. His family, particularly his mother Maud, his maternal grandmother Lelia Butler, and Caroline Barr (the black woman who raised him from infancy) crucially influenced the development of Faulkner's artistic imagination. As a schoolchild, Faulkner had much success early on. Personal life
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Fiodor DostoïevskiUn article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Fiodor Dostoïevski Dostoïevski en 1876 Œuvres principales Signature Fiodor Mikhaïlovitch Dostoïevski (aussi Fédor, Fedor ou Théodore en français) Écouter (en russe : Фёдор Михайлович Достоевский) est un écrivain russe, né à Moscou le et mort à Saint-Pétersbourg le . Après une enfance difficile, il fréquente une école d'officiers et se lie avec les mouvements progressistes russes. Biographie[modifier | modifier le code] Jeunesse et premiers écrits[modifier | modifier le code] Le père de Fiodor, Mikhaïl Andréiévitch Dostoïevski, médecin militaire à l'hôpital des pauvres de Moscou, possède deux villages, acquis en 1831 : Darovoié et Tchermachnia. Après en avoir réussi l'examen d'entrée, Dostoïevski intègre l'École supérieure des Ingénieurs militaires de Saint-Pétersbourg en 1838. Pendant l'été 1844, il démissionne pour se consacrer à son premier roman, Les Pauvres Gens. Le bagne d'Omsk[modifier | modifier le code] Dostoïevski en 1863.
E. M. ForsterEarly years Forster was born into an Anglo-Irish and Welsh middle-class family at 6 Melcombe Place, Dorset Square, London NW1, in a building that no longer exists. He was the only child of Alice Clara "Lily" (née Whichelo) and Edward Morgan Llewellyn Forster, an architect. His name was officially registered as Henry Morgan Forster, but at his baptism he was accidentally named Edward Morgan Forster. To distinguish him from his father, he was always called Morgan. His father died of tuberculosis on 30 October 1880, before Morgan's second birthday. Among Forster's ancestors were members of the Clapham Sect, a social reform group within the Church of England. After leaving university, he travelled in continental Europe with his mother. Forster spent a second spell in India in the early 1920s as the private secretary to Tukojirao III, the Maharajah of Dewas. After A Passage to India Novels Forster achieved his greatest success with A Passage to India (1924). E.
The Stranger (novel)The Outsider or The Stranger (French: L’Étranger) is a novel by Albert Camus published in 1942. Its theme and outlook are often cited as exemplars of Camus's philosophy of the absurd and existentialism, though Camus personally rejected the latter label. The titular character is Meursault, an indifferent Algerian ("a citizen of France domiciled in North Africa, a man of the Mediterranean, an homme du midi yet one who hardly partakes of the traditional Mediterranean culture") who, after attending his mother's funeral, apathetically and seemingly irrationally kills an Arab man whom he recognises in French Algiers. The story is divided into two parts: Meursault's first-person narrative view before and after the murder, respectively. In January 1955, Camus said, "I summarized The Stranger a long time ago, with a remark I admit was highly paradoxical: 'In our society any man who does not weep at his mother's funeral runs the risk of being sentenced to death.'
Antony C. SuttonAntony Cyril Sutton (February 14, 1925 – June 17, 2002) was a British and American economist, historian, and writer. Biography Sutton studied at the universities of London, Göttingen, and California, and received his D.Sc. from the University of Southampton. He was an economics professor at California State University, Los Angeles and a research fellow at Stanford University's Hoover Institution from 1968 to 1973. In 1973, Sutton published a popularized, condensed version of the three volumes called National Suicide: Military Aid to the Soviet Union and was thereby forced out of the Hoover Institution. In his book Between Two Ages: America's Role in the Technetronic Era (New York: Viking Press;1970), Zbigniew Brzezinski wrote: For impressive evidence of Western participation in the early phase of Soviet economic growth, see Antony C. In his three-volume detailed account of Soviet Purchases of Western Equipment and Technology ... Education Employers
Louis MenandLouis Menand (born January 21, 1952) is an American writer and academic, best known for his book The Metaphysical Club (2001), an intellectual and cultural history of late 19th and early 20th century America. Life and career Menand was born in Syracuse, New York, and raised around Boston, Massachusetts. His mother was a historian, who wrote a biography of Samuel Adams. His father, Louis Menand III, taught political science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. A graduate of Pomona College, Menand attended Harvard Law School for one year (1973-1974) before he left to earn a Ph.D. in English from Columbia University in 1980. He thereafter taught at Princeton University and held staff positions at The New Republic and The New Yorker. He published his first book, Discovering Modernism: T. He is the Robert M. and Anne T. Bibliography Books Discovering Modernism: T. Reviews Menand, Louis (14 March 2011). References External links Interviews
J. G. BallardUn article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ballard. J. Œuvres principales James Graham Ballard, plus connu sous la signature J. Biographie[modifier | modifier le code] Il fait alors des petits boulots comme rédacteur dans une agence de publicité et démarcheur en encyclopédies. Il se met à écrire sérieusement et est publié pour la première fois dans le magazine New Worlds en 1956. Il écrit son premier roman pendant ses deux semaines de congés annuels et obtient un contrat avec l'éditeur Berkley Books. Il écrit ensuite plusieurs livres de science-fiction post-apocalyptique, dont la trame est toujours une catastrophe naturelle qui ravage la planète, comme Le Vent de nulle part, Sécheresse et le Monde englouti. À la mort de sa femme en 1964, Ballard devient écrivain professionnel, ce qui lui permet d'être présent à la maison pour s'occuper de ses enfants. Œuvres[modifier | modifier le code] Romans[modifier | modifier le code]
A Portrait of the Artist as a Young ManBackground Born to a middle-class family in Dublin, Ireland, James Joyce (1882–1941) excelled as a student, graduating from University College Dublin in 1902. He moved to Paris to study medicine, but soon gave it up. He returned to Ireland at his family's request as his mother was dying of cancer; despite her pleas, the impious Joyce and his brother Stanislaus refused to make confession or take communion, and when she passed into a coma refused to kneel and pray for her. He took jobs teaching, singing, and reviewing books while drinking heavily. Joyce made his first attempt at a novel, Stephen Hero, in early 1904. Composition Et ignotas animum dimittit in artes. Joyce showed, in his own words, "a scrupulous meanness" in his use of materials for the book. Publication history There was difficulty finding an English publisher for the finished novel, so Pound arranged for its publication by American publishing house B. Major characters Synopsis ... Style
Orhan PamukPamuk in his personal writing space Ferit Orhan Pamuk (generally known simply as Orhan Pamuk; born 7 June 1952) is a Turkish novelist, screenwriter, academic and recipient of the 2006 Nobel Prize in Literature. One of Turkey's most prominent novelists, his work has sold over eleven million books in sixty languages, making him the country's best-selling writer. As well as the Nobel Prize in Literature (the first Nobel Prize to be awarded to a Turkish citizen), Pamuk is the recipient of numerous other literary awards. My Name Is Red won the 2002 Prix du Meilleur Livre Étranger, 2002 Premio Grinzane Cavour and 2003 International IMPAC Dublin Literary Award. The European Writers' Parliament came about as a result of a joint proposal by Pamuk and José Saramago. In 2005, Pamuk was put on trial in Turkey after he made a statement regarding the Armenian Genocide in the Ottoman Empire. Early life Work My Name Is Red Nothing changed in my life since I work all the time.