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The Institute of Science In Society

The Institute of Science In Society
Related:  ScienceThe People's Science JournalSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION UNDER THREAT

Chaos Theory: A Brief Introduction | IMHO What exactly is chaos? The name "chaos theory" comes from the fact that the systems that the theory describes are apparently disordered, but chaos theory is really about finding the underlying order in apparently random data. When was chaos first discovered? The first true experimenter in chaos was a meteorologist, named Edward Lorenz. In 1960, he was working on the problem of weather prediction. Figure 1: Lorenz's experiment: the difference between the starting values of these curves is only .000127. When he came back an hour later, the sequence had evolved differently. By all conventional ideas of the time, it should have worked. This effect came to be known as the butterfly effect. The flapping of a single butterfly's wing today produces a tiny change in the state of the atmosphere. This phenomenon, common to chaos theory, is also known as sensitive dependence on initial conditions. From this idea, Lorenz stated that it is impossible to predict the weather accurately.

Helix Magazine | Connecting Science to You ISIS News no.7/8 part35 Book Briefs Captive State: The Corporate Takeover of Britain by George Monbiot, MacMillan, London, 2000. Review by Mae-Wan Ho The corporate take over is here and threatening the foundations of democratic government. That is the message of George Monbiot’s explosive and important book Corporations have seized control of our hospitals, schools and universities. The chapter on corporate takeover of universities is too close to home. In the course of the genetic engineering debate, I had begun to realise that the corporate take over of science was the greatest threat to democracy and to the survival of our planet [1]. In August, less than two months after my retirement, my research assistant and I were both officially banned from the University campus. The University made no attempt to communicate with me or with my assistant before imposing the ban. After days on the telephone to my Union representative, the Dean of Science agreed to see me. Genetic Engineering Dream or Nightmare?

Modelling the Relationship between the Food System and Health, Development, and the Environment | Future of Food The aim of this project is to develop the first integrated model of environmental sustainability, health and economic development. Such a model will allow for in-depth exploration of food production and trade scenarios. Global food systems are highly complex. They are both influenced by and have an influence on health, economic development and the environment. Under these conditions, the challenge is to find a sustainable method to feed the world’s increasing population, whilst considering the trade-offs and synergies between health, environmental sustainability and economic development. An initial goal of the project will be to conduct an audit of data sources that are relevant to this project, which will be used to construct a conceptual framework within which to build the integrated model. Sub-Project: Web-Based PRIME Model

How OSDD works - Open Source Drug Discovery OSDD is an open innovation translational research platform for both computational and experimental technologies, where all the projects and the research results are reported on the web based platform SysBorg 2.0 , enabling independent researchers to freely share their work, discuss, and collaborate through the internet. OSDD emphasizes integrative science through collaboration, open-sharing, taking up multifaceted approaches and accruing benefits from advances on different fronts of new drug discovery. Because the open source model is based on community participation, it has the potential to self-sustain continuous development by generating a storehouse of alternatives towards continued pursuit for new drug discovery. Numerous academic and research intuitions along with industries are partnering with CSIR in Open Source Drug Discovery Project. To deliver drugs to the market OSDD relies on the generic industry business model. Response to Market Failure

Liberating Science and Imagination ISIS Report 09/01/13 Science co-opted by big business endangers society and stultifies the imagination on which the advancement of science depends; liberating science and the imagination is top priority for the survival of people and planet Dr Mae-Wan Ho Please circulate widely and repost, but you must give the URL of the original and preserve all the links back to articles on our website. If you find this report useful, please support ISIS by subscribing to our magazine Science in Society, and encourage your friends to do so. Or have a look at the ISIS bookstore for other publications Liberating Science Science is central to every aspect of our everyday lives and our wellbeing, be it to do with climate change, genetically modified organisms (GMOs), nuclear energy, mobile telephony, or the tens of thousands of chemicals to which we are constantly exposed in our homes, workplace, and the general environment. Liberating Imagination Science unfree stultifies and stifles the imagination. Ho MW.

The Most Studied Brain in the World was Scanned for a Year and a Half In Brief Stanford psychologist Russell Poldrack's 18-month study of his own brain reveals new relations between the brain and body. His study makes his brain the most examined in all the world. The Most Studied Brain Stanford psychologist Russell Poldrack climbed into an MRI machine and scanned his brain for 10 minutes Tuesdays and Thursdays. “Connectome” is the collective term describing the major networks between different functional areas of the human brain. Poldrack attempted to find answers to the following questions: How does a connectome map relate to your brain? Poldrack fasted and drew blood on Tuesdays for testing with metabolomics (chemical fingerprints in biological fluids) and genomics (gene tests). What We Learned Here are some of his most interesting finds: Poldrack plans to develop software that can illuminate the interaction between brain function and gene expression.

African Science Heroes | promoting African engagement with science Politically Correct Science for the Masses ISIS Report 27/01/14 Real democracy does not just mean the right to vote. People must also have access to the information they need to make an informed choice; that’s why scientists must be free to tell the truth and express their views accordingly on scientific issues Prof Peter Saunders Please circulate widely and repost, but you must give the URL of the original and preserve all the links back to articles on our website. If you find this report useful, please support ISIS by subscribing to our magazine Science in Society, and encourage your friends to do so. Shaping science to politics When US scientists produced a report warning that the current level of greenhouse gas emissions would almost certainly lead to unsustainable climate change, the Bush administration did not simply ignore their findings. At the time, the episode may have looked like yet another excess of an administration notorious for relying more on faith and instinct than on reality [3]. Silencing scientists To conclude

WebElements Periodic Table of the Elements Where is Science Policy Headed in Germany Post Election | berlinSCI A CDU campaign poster of Angela Merkel near Alexanderplatz in Berlin. Photo taken September 23, 2013. Claudia Adrien/berlinSCI Whether Germans view her as the grand “Mutti” or the physicist-Chancellor, biographers of Angela Merkel will undoubtedly label her as contemporary Europe’s most pragmatic political negotiator. Some commentators have speculated that Merkel’s ability to be pragmatic on issues such as the European debt crisis or the adoption of an anti-nuclear energy policy under Energiewende stems from leadership training she garnered during her years working in science. Whatever the biographical speculation, there were high hopes during Merkel’s first term that her background as a scientist would push her to make bold decisions to expand already flourishing German research institutions. They’re all impressed that a scientist, a real scientist who really did scientific work and didn’t just get a degree and move on, finally made it to the top of the political ladder.” The Rundown:

The Sparc The acronym is chosen to resonate with spark (electric), arc (connection), ark (for survival) and archive (systematic knowledge); S for survival and science, P for people and planet Public access to scientific information and the scientists’ ability to make the information generally available to the public are both under threat simultaneously as tremendous opportunities are opening up to counter the threat. TheSparc has been created to take full advantage of the opportunities for distributing scientific information and promoting public access. TheSparc is a web resource that provides free open access for scientists and the general public to scientific papers important for the survival of people and planet, and enables authors to make such papers available promptly to the widest readership. It is a knowledge archive in the sense of being a systematic collection of papers classified by subject areas and searchable by subject areas, authors, and key words. Liberating science for democracy

Future - Is another human living inside you? This story is part of BBC Future’s “Best of 2015” list, our greatest hits of the year. Browse the full list. Once upon a time, your origins were easy to understand. Your dad met your mum, they had some fun, and from a tiny fertilised egg you emerged kicking and screaming into the world. You are half your mum, half your dad – and 100% yourself. Except, that simple tale has now become a lot more complicated. A very large number of different human and non-human individuals are struggling inside us for control “Humans are not unitary individuals but superorganisms,” says Peter Kramer at the University of Padua. That may sound alarming, but it has long been known that our bodies are really a mishmash of many different organisms. Infiltrating siblings In this light, it becomes clear that our actions are not entirely our own. Even non-conjoined twins could be sharing organs without realising it Brother from another mother Women accidentally carrying a "twin's" child