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Glossary of musical terminology

Glossary of musical terminology
This is a list of musical terms that are likely to be encountered in printed scores, music reviews, and program notes. Most of the terms are Italian (see also Italian musical terms used in English), in accordance with the Italian origins of many European musical conventions. Sometimes, the special musical meanings of these phrases differ from the original or current Italian meanings. Most of the other terms are taken from French and German, indicated by "(Fr)" and "(Ger)", respectively. Others are from languages such as Portuguese, Latin, and Spanish. Unless specified, the terms are Italian or English. A[edit] B[edit] C[edit] D[edit] E[edit] F[edit] G[edit] H[edit] I[edit] J[edit] K[edit] keyboardist (Eng) : a musician who plays any instrument with a keyboard. L[edit] M[edit] N[edit] nach und nach (Ger) lit. O[edit] P[edit] Q[edit] R[edit] S[edit] T[edit] U[edit] V[edit] W[edit] wenig (Ger): a little, not muchwolno (Polish): loose, slowly Z[edit] See also[edit] References[edit] External links[edit] Related:  More randomnessLearning Music Notation

100+ Eskimo words for snow? Not so. By Dave Wilton Having just moved to Toronto, Ontario from Berkeley, California, one thing that is on my mind, as well as on my front yard, is snow. Crunching through the drifts on my way to the subway, or when I walk my dog Dexter, gives me a lot of time to contemplate the unfamiliar white stuff. One of those thoughts is how familiarity with snow figures into one of the more persistent false beliefs about language—the one that says, “Eskimos have X number of words for snow,” with X being a number ranging from several dozen to as many as four hundred. What makes this myth interesting isn’t that it is false and persistent—there are lots of those beliefs, from the innocuous “elephants are afraid of mice” to the insidious “President Obama was born in Kenya”—rather, this myth is interesting because it plays into misunderstandings about language and the workings of the mind. First some facts. What’s the definition for…word? Does language shape thought? An example from the other side of the globe

Repetition (music) Memory affects the music-listening experience so profoundly that it would be not be hyperbole to say that without memory there would be no music. As scores of theorists and philosophers have is based on repetition. Music works because we remember the tones we have just heard and are relating them to the ones that are just now being played. Those groups of tones—phrases—might come up later in the piece in a variation or transposition that tickles our memory system at the same time as it activates our emotional centers...Repetition, when done skillfully by a master composer, is emotionally satisfying to our brains, and makes the listening experiences as pleasurable as it is. Repeat sign with first and second endings During the Classical era, musical concerts were highly expected events, and because someone who liked a piece of music could not listen to it again, musicians had to think of a way to make the music sink in. Benward & Saker (2003).

Myfridgefood - Home Percussion notation Percussion instruments are generally grouped into two categories: pitched and non-pitched. The notation of non-pitched percussion instruments is less standardized. Cymbals are usually notated with 'x' note heads, drums with normal elliptical note heads and auxiliary percussion with alternative note heads.[1] Non-pitched percussion notation on a conventional staff once commonly employed the bass clef, but the neutral clef (or "percussion clef"), consisting of two parallel vertical lines, is usually preferred now. Key or Legend[edit] Each line and space of the staff is assigned a different part or "voice" of the drum kit and these are often laid out at the beginning of a piece of music in what is known as a key or legend or occasionally labeled when initially appear in the piece.[2] Below are two examples of Drum Legends as they would appear in the music: Example 1: (Less common) Example 2: Sibelius drum legend. play Drums[edit] Standard: Extended to six toms: Cymbals[edit] Other[edit] Sources[edit]

12 Things You Didn’t Know About Judaism - Windows and Doors Now that Rosh Hashanah, one of the best known Jewish holidays, has arrived we have a chance to start again, to discover new things about ourselves, each other and even about ancient traditions like Judaism. While there’s a lot to learn (just think of Jews who’ve studied the Torah over the centuries), every journey starts somewhere. With that in mind, here are 12 things most people don’t know about Judaism. From sacred time to sacred sex, you may be surprised by what you learn. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Judaism is a living tradition.

List of musical symbols Lines[edit] Clefs[edit] Clefs define the pitch range, or tessitura, of the staff on which it is placed. Notes and rests[edit] Durations shorter than the 64th are rare but not unknown. 128th notes are used by many composers, including Mozart and Beethoven; 256th notes occur in works by Vivaldi, Mozart and Beethoven. The name of very short notes can be found with this formula: note, where is the number of flags on the note. Breaks[edit] Accidentals and key signatures[edit] Common accidentals[edit] Key signatures[edit] Quarter tones[edit] The vast majority of Western music is written and played in 12 equal temperament; as such, there is no universally accepted notation for microtonal music, with varying systems being used depending on the situation. Time signatures[edit] Main article: Time signature Time signatures define the meter of the music. Note relationships[edit] Dynamics[edit] Dynamics are indicators of the relative intensity or volume of a musical line. Articulation marks[edit] Ornaments[edit]

Things For LDR Couples To Do Page 4 | Long Distance Relationship Activities 31. Play phone games. Here are a few games that work well on the phone. ABC game: Starting with the letter "A" think of a word that begins with each letter of the alphabet. When the next person goes they run through the letters that have words and add to that string of words a word that starts with the next letter. 32. Well sort of... "My boyfriend Neil and I are an ocean apart. So as Lehxi said, take turns exchanging recipes or search for a new recipe online that you both want to try. Now here's a recipe anyone can do with their bf/gf from a distance (it's super easy, quick, and fun)... 2 Minute Chocolate Mug Cake! 33. On this website you choose a scene or picture that you can insert your own picture in. Check it out: Photofunia. 34. has a sign generator with all kinds of images available to choose from (Billboards, restaurant signs, street signs, etc...). 35. 36. Simple, sweet, and oh so corny :P 37. 38. I did this for Frank once. 39. 40.

Musical notation Hand-written musical notation by J. S. Bach: beginning of the Prelude from the Suite for Lute in G minor BWV 995 (transcription of Cello Suite No. 5, BWV 1011) BR Bruxelles II. 4805. Music notation or musical notation is any system used to visually represent aurally perceived music through the use of written symbols, including ancient or modern musical symbols. Although many ancient cultures used symbols to represent melodies, none of them is nearly as comprehensive as written language, limiting our modern understanding. History[edit] Ancient Near East[edit] The earliest form of musical notation can be found in a cuneiform tablet that was created at Nippur, in Sumer (today's Iraq), in about 2000 BC. Ancient Greece[edit] A photograph of the original stone at Delphi containing the second of the two Delphic Hymns to Apollo. Three hymns by Mesomedes of Crete exist in manuscript. Byzantine Empire[edit] South West Asia[edit] Early Europe[edit] Modern staff notation[edit] India[edit] Russia[edit]

Tips for greener campus living (RomoloTavani/iStock) Shopping locally and living a low-impact lifestyle may seem easy in your hometown, where you know the best places to get fresh veggies and your parents are footing the bill. But in just a few weeks, you’ll pack up the car and head off to school. What actions can you—an environmentally conscience college student—take to reduce your footprint on campus? Here are some “green” tips that all college students should consider this fall. 1. The first week of school, take some time to explore what is available off campus. Establish yourself as part of the community by discovering what local products are available: listen to local band, support independent businesses and visit the farmers’ market. Not only will these local products be higher quality, but you will also be helping to support the economy of your new town. 2. Stay true to your environmental conscience by making choices that reflect these values. RELATED: Princeton Review releases Green Honor Roll 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Ornament (music) In the baroque period, it was common for performers to improvise ornamentation on a given melodic line. A singer performing a da capo aria, for instance, would sing the melody relatively unornamented the first time, but decorate it with additional flourishes the second time. Improvised ornamentation continues to be part of the Irish musical tradition,[1] particularly in sean-nós singing but also throughout the wider tradition as performed by the best players. Sometimes it is expected that the trill will end with a turn (by sounding the note below rather than the note above the principal note, immediately before the last sounding of the principal note), or some other variation. or a Play There is also a single tone trill variously called trillo or tremolo in late Renaissance and early Baroque. The upper mordent is indicated by a short thick squiggle (which may also indicate a trill); the lower mordent is the same with a short vertical line through it: Play Play "Gruppetto" redirects here. Play

17 Foods All Americans Miss While Living In Europe How To Read Guitar Tablature Guitar tablature only works if the player already knows the solo or the chords sound like, since TAB usually doesn't allow you to count beats like standard notion. The TAB "staff"(a six line bar usuallywith the letters TAB on it) is made up of six lines. Each line represents a string on the guitar. Look at the example below. Let's go through the example note by note: The first note is a G. Chords can also be represented in TAB. TABs contain also a lot of indications about various techniques.