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Glossary of musical terminology

Glossary of musical terminology
This is a list of musical terms that are likely to be encountered in printed scores, music reviews, and program notes. Most of the terms are Italian (see also Italian musical terms used in English), in accordance with the Italian origins of many European musical conventions. Sometimes, the special musical meanings of these phrases differ from the original or current Italian meanings. Most of the other terms are taken from French and German, indicated by "(Fr)" and "(Ger)", respectively. Others are from languages such as Portuguese, Latin, and Spanish. Unless specified, the terms are Italian or English. A[edit] B[edit] C[edit] D[edit] E[edit] F[edit] G[edit] H[edit] I[edit] J[edit] K[edit] keyboardist (Eng) : a musician who plays any instrument with a keyboard. L[edit] M[edit] N[edit] nach und nach (Ger) lit. O[edit] P[edit] Q[edit] R[edit] S[edit] T[edit] U[edit] V[edit] W[edit] wenig (Ger): a little, not muchwolno (Polish): loose, slowly Z[edit] See also[edit] References[edit] External links[edit]

Repetition (music) Memory affects the music-listening experience so profoundly that it would be not be hyperbole to say that without memory there would be no music. As scores of theorists and philosophers have is based on repetition. Music works because we remember the tones we have just heard and are relating them to the ones that are just now being played. Those groups of tones—phrases—might come up later in the piece in a variation or transposition that tickles our memory system at the same time as it activates our emotional centers...Repetition, when done skillfully by a master composer, is emotionally satisfying to our brains, and makes the listening experiences as pleasurable as it is. Repeat sign with first and second endings During the Classical era, musical concerts were highly expected events, and because someone who liked a piece of music could not listen to it again, musicians had to think of a way to make the music sink in. Benward & Saker (2003).

Music Dictionary As of July 1, 2013 ThinkQuest has been discontinued. We would like to thank everyone for being a part of the ThinkQuest global community: Students - For your limitless creativity and innovation, which inspires us all. Teachers - For your passion in guiding students on their quest. Partners - For your unwavering support and evangelism. Parents - For supporting the use of technology not only as an instrument of learning, but as a means of creating knowledge. We encourage everyone to continue to “Think, Create and Collaborate,” unleashing the power of technology to teach, share, and inspire. Best wishes, The Oracle Education Foundation

Music Dictionary Musical Terms Musical Dictionary Music Terms Percussion notation Percussion instruments are generally grouped into two categories: pitched and non-pitched. The notation of non-pitched percussion instruments is less standardized. Cymbals are usually notated with 'x' note heads, drums with normal elliptical note heads and auxiliary percussion with alternative note heads.[1] Non-pitched percussion notation on a conventional staff once commonly employed the bass clef, but the neutral clef (or "percussion clef"), consisting of two parallel vertical lines, is usually preferred now. Key or Legend[edit] Each line and space of the staff is assigned a different part or "voice" of the drum kit and these are often laid out at the beginning of a piece of music in what is known as a key or legend or occasionally labeled when initially appear in the piece.[2] Below are two examples of Drum Legends as they would appear in the music: Example 1: (Less common) Example 2: Sibelius drum legend. play Drums[edit] Standard: Extended to six toms: Cymbals[edit] Other[edit] Sources[edit]

List of musical symbols Lines[edit] Clefs[edit] Clefs define the pitch range, or tessitura, of the staff on which it is placed. Notes and rests[edit] Durations shorter than the 64th are rare but not unknown. 128th notes are used by many composers, including Mozart and Beethoven; 256th notes occur in works by Vivaldi, Mozart and Beethoven. The name of very short notes can be found with this formula: note, where is the number of flags on the note. Breaks[edit] Accidentals and key signatures[edit] Common accidentals[edit] Key signatures[edit] Quarter tones[edit] The vast majority of Western music is written and played in 12 equal temperament; as such, there is no universally accepted notation for microtonal music, with varying systems being used depending on the situation. Time signatures[edit] Main article: Time signature Time signatures define the meter of the music. Note relationships[edit] Dynamics[edit] Dynamics are indicators of the relative intensity or volume of a musical line. Articulation marks[edit] Ornaments[edit]

Musical notation Hand-written musical notation by J. S. Bach: beginning of the Prelude from the Suite for Lute in G minor BWV 995 (transcription of Cello Suite No. 5, BWV 1011) BR Bruxelles II. 4805. Music notation or musical notation is any system used to visually represent aurally perceived music through the use of written symbols, including ancient or modern musical symbols. Although many ancient cultures used symbols to represent melodies, none of them is nearly as comprehensive as written language, limiting our modern understanding. History[edit] Ancient Near East[edit] The earliest form of musical notation can be found in a cuneiform tablet that was created at Nippur, in Sumer (today's Iraq), in about 2000 BC. Ancient Greece[edit] A photograph of the original stone at Delphi containing the second of the two Delphic Hymns to Apollo. Three hymns by Mesomedes of Crete exist in manuscript. Byzantine Empire[edit] South West Asia[edit] Early Europe[edit] Modern staff notation[edit] India[edit] Russia[edit]

Ornament (music) In the baroque period, it was common for performers to improvise ornamentation on a given melodic line. A singer performing a da capo aria, for instance, would sing the melody relatively unornamented the first time, but decorate it with additional flourishes the second time. Improvised ornamentation continues to be part of the Irish musical tradition,[1] particularly in sean-nós singing but also throughout the wider tradition as performed by the best players. Sometimes it is expected that the trill will end with a turn (by sounding the note below rather than the note above the principal note, immediately before the last sounding of the principal note), or some other variation. or a Play There is also a single tone trill variously called trillo or tremolo in late Renaissance and early Baroque. The upper mordent is indicated by a short thick squiggle (which may also indicate a trill); the lower mordent is the same with a short vertical line through it: Play Play "Gruppetto" redirects here. Play

How To Read Guitar Tablature Guitar tablature only works if the player already knows the solo or the chords sound like, since TAB usually doesn't allow you to count beats like standard notion. The TAB "staff"(a six line bar usuallywith the letters TAB on it) is made up of six lines. Each line represents a string on the guitar. Look at the example below. Let's go through the example note by note: The first note is a G. Chords can also be represented in TAB. TABs contain also a lot of indications about various techniques. Tablature Example of numeric vihuela tablature from the book "Orphenica Lyra" by Miguel de Fuenllana (1554). Red numerals (original) mark the vocal part. Tablature (or tabulature, or tab for short) is a form of musical notation indicating instrument fingering rather than musical pitches. Tablature is common for fretted stringed instruments such as the lute, vihuela, or guitar, as well as many free reed aerophones such as the harmonica. Three types of organ tablature were used in Europe: German, Spanish and Italian. Etymology[edit] The word tablature originates from the Latin word tabulatura. Origin[edit] The first known occurrence in Europe is around 1300, and was first used for notating music for the organ.[2][page needed] Concepts[edit] Advantages and disadvantages compared to standard notation[edit] Diatonic scale on C, guitar tablature. Play Tablature is more easily read by a novice musician but it has some significant deficiencies compared to standard notation. Advantages[edit] Disadvantages[edit]

How to Set Up ReWire in PreSonus Studio One You may be using other audio applications such as Live or Reason. But what if you want to somehow integrate or sync your other audio software with Studio One. This can be done via ReWire. Step 1 - How to Set Up the ReWire Applications The benefits of syncing two audio applications together is that their tempos will be synced, and when you start playback in one audio application it will trigger the playback in the other. Launch Studio One first, and create a new song. On the right on the Browse Panel, open the Instruments tab, and expand the ReWire folder. The ReWire-capable applications are shown. Select the application you want to use and then drag it across to the left-hand side panel to add a ReWire track. The ReWire Dialog Box. When the application opens, you’ll see that it’ll say it’s running in ReWire slave mode. Ableton Live is running in ReWire Mode. Step 2 - Check that the Applications are Synced The stereo output of the ReWire slave application appears in the Mixer. Conclusion

How to use ReWire to Connect Notion to Studio One | PreSonus Blog September 30,2014 Did you know? Studio One and Notion can run simultaneously, giving you the combined magic of both? This is true in no small part to Propellerhead’s ReWire. ReWire is an industry-standard bit of software that serves as a communications platform between two DAWs. But why? You can add Notion’s expressive samples to your Studio One compositions. If you’re wondering “How do I get ReWire?” First, make sure that both Studio One and Notion are running in the same bit mode. In the dialogue that appears, click “Open Application.”That’s it! A couple notes: (See what I did there?) While it’s pretty simple to get ReWire set up, we understand that computers are temperamental beasts from time to time. The end result?