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History: Cold War

History: Cold War

The Cold War Erupts Prime Minister Churchill, President Roosevelt, and Premier Stalin meet at Yalta to discuss post-war Europe. It was at both the Yalta and Dumbarton Oaks conferences that the framework for the United Nations was devised. In 1945, one major war ended and another began. The Cold War lasted about 45 years. The United States became the leader of the free-market capitalist world. Winston Churchill's 1946 speech to Westminster University in Missouri contained the first reference to the communism of Eastern Europe as an "iron curtain." The long-term causes of the Cold War are clear. There was hostility on the Soviet side as well. Stalin made promises during the war about the freedom of eastern Europe on which he blatantly reneged. When the Soviet Union entered the war between the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the United States no longer needed their aid, but Stalin was there to collect on Western promises. At Potsdam, the Allies agreed on the postwar outcome for Nazi Germany.

Pop in the age of the atomic bomb On 11 October 1962, the Beatles' first single for EMI, Love Me Do, entered the UK charts. Four days later, the Cuban missile crisis began, when a US reconnaissance plane spotted Soviet missile bases in Cuba. In the days that followed, the world teetered on the brink of nuclear war. As a Soviet general later said, Earth was "minutes" away from "catastrophe". The Beatles' extraordinary breakthrough from that date onwards has been put down to a variety of factors, not the least the quality of their music. But among all that explosive positive energy, it's hard not to sense, somewhere in the background, a reaction to the missile crisis. The Cuban missile crisis was the nearest the world had come to nuclear destruction since 1945, when US atomic bombs fell on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The relationship between the atomic bomb and postwar popular culture is as intimate as it is complex. In the vacuum of 1945, American youth provided a beacon of hope and the ideal of the teenager took hold.

Cold War History - Cold War Almost as soon as he took office, President Richard Nixon (1913-1994) began to implement a new approach to international relations. Instead of viewing the world as a hostile, “bi-polar” place, he suggested, why not use diplomacy instead of military action to create more poles? To that end, he encouraged the United Nations to recognize the communist Chinese government and, after a trip there in 1972, began to establish diplomatic relations with Beijing. Despite Nixon’s efforts, the Cold War heated up again under President Ronald Reagan (1911-2004). Even as Reagan fought communism in Central America, however, the Soviet Union was disintegrating. Access hundreds of hours of historical video, commercial free, with HISTORY Vault.

The Cold War for Kids: Summary The Cold War was a long period of tension between the democracies of the Western World and the communist countries of Eastern Europe. The west was led by the United States and Eastern Europe was led by the Soviet Union. These two countries became known as superpowers. Although the two superpowers never officially declared war on each other, they fought indirectly in proxy wars, the arms race, and the space race. Time Period (1945 - 1991) The Cold War began not too long after World War II ended in 1945. The Cold War came to an end with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. Proxy Wars The Cold War was often fought between the superpowers of the United States and the Soviet Union in something called a proxy war. Arms Race and Space Race The United States and the Soviet Union also tried to fight the Cold War by demonstrating their power and technology. Activities Crossword Puzzle Word Search For reference and further reading: The Cold War (20th Century Perspectives) by David Taylor. 2001.

How pop culture helped win the Cold War The Bolshoi Ballet's Galina Ulanova in London in October 1956 receiving a bouquet of flowers from the Director-General of the BBC For many people, as our series shows, the great paradox of the Cold War was that it was at once utterly terrifying and strangely glamorous. One example tells a wider story. From Russia with Love (1963): with Sean Connery as James Bond and Daniela Bianchi as Soviet embassy clerk Tatiana Romanova Today Bond has become such a familiar personification of British style that it is easy to lose sight of his Cold War origins. As one of Bond’s biggest critics, the novelist and former spy John le Carré astutely remarked, the films promoted nothing so much as the "consumer goods ethic" – a central element of the economic miracle that had transformed everyday life in Britain during the 1950s and 1960s. READ: Telegraph writers pick their best Bond films The West’s cultural offensive was not, of course, confined to the cinema. GALLERY: The best Bond girls

US History Timeline: Cold War Before 1600 | 1600 - 1700 | 1700 - 1800 | 1800 - 1900 | 1900 - 2000 | American Revolution Timeline | Cold War Timeline 1945 Feb. Yalta Conference May World War II ends in Europe. Aug. U.S. drops an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan. Potsdam Conference - Truman - Stalin and British divide up Europe 1946 Jan. 1947 Jan. March Truman Doctrine announced. 1948 June Berlin Airlift begins (ends May 19, 1949) 1949 April North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) established. Aug. Oct. 1950 June U.S. and other U.N. members fight North Korean forces. (the Korean War ends July 27, 1953) 1953 Aug. 1954 June U.S. sponsored coup overthrows Guatemalan government. Sept. 1955 May Warsaw Pact formed. July First Summit Meeting between President Dwight Eisenhower and Premier Nikita Khrushchev. 1956 Nov. 1957 Oct. 1959 Feb. 1961 Apr. Aug. 1962 June Sino‑Soviet Conflict begins. Oct. 1964 Oct. 1965 April U.S. sends troops to the Dominican Republic. Aug. 1968 Aug. 1972 Feb. 1973 Sept. 1975 Apr. 1976 Feb. 1979 Jan. Dec. Sept.

The Cold War | The History of Media Use for Propaganda Purposes Published in 1947 by the Catechetical Guild Educational Society of St. Paul, Minnesota “A nation that knows how to popularize cornflakes and luxury automobiles ought to be able to tell the world the simple truth about what it is doing and why it is doing it.” – Lyndon B. Johnson, Then-Vice President of the United States in 1961 The political hostility between the United States of America and the Soviet Union from 1945 to 1990 not only perpetuated enemy propaganda in both countries, but was also a power battle between both nations to sell their respective ideologies to the world. “There are some who say that we must teach each subject “objectively”, avoiding propaganda and the kind of mental conditioning which the communists themselves provide in their education. In order to transmit an effective message, it is very important to know your audience’s profile. “ President Merkin Muffley: I will not go down in history as the greatest mass-murderer since Adolf Hitler. Liberty, June 7, 1947

Extended Standards Cold War Hot Links: Web Sorces Relating to the Cold War Cold War Hot Links These links are to webpages which other people have created and like most things on the net, they run the entire spectrum of political thought and vary greatly in quality. Nonetheless, they do provide web- surfers with some interesting views and information on the Cold War and the National Security State. Some Cold War Web Resources Scanned FOIA Anthropology Documents About this page and what I'm up to. I'm an anthropologist who is using the Freedom of Information Act, archival sources and interviews to write an historical account of the influences of the Cold War on American anthropology.

The Cold War 1945-1991 Add this to your favourites The Cold War 1945-1991 Cold War tensions between the USA and the USSR became so significant that a potentially disastrous nuclear war seemed imminent. About this digibook What was the Cold War? view Cold War summary Who is this for? Secondary History Years: 10 Source: Australian War Memorial Find more resources from Australian War Memorial Copyright information Metadata © Australian Broadcasting Corporation and Education Services Australia Ltd 2012 (except where otherwise indicated). Related keywords: Cold War | Superpowers | Arms race | National security | Korean War | Berlin Wall | Vietnam War | Cuban missile crisis | Afghanistan | Glasnost | Sir Robert Menzies | Nikita Khrushchev | Richard Nixon Send me more stuff like this! Sign up for the ABC Splash weekly enews so you can find out about the new resources we add every day. Explore ABC Splash Watch, listen and play videos, audio clips and games. Follow us: ABC Splash Partners

Post World War home | 6th-15th centuries | 16-17th centuries | 18-19th centuries | 1901 to World War II Victors, Independence Movements and Cold War The United Nations – the founding, Roosevelt's hopes denied and the veto Victors against the Defeated – retributions, expropriations, occupations The Media and Tokyo Rose – aroused passions against a fictitious enemy Empire headed for Extinction – colonialism in Asia and Africa Cold War: 1945-49 – Stalin, Europe, the U.S. and revolution in China The Korean War – occupation, China intervenes, negotiations Cold War: 1953-60 – communism and the Eisenhower years Cold War: the Kennedy Years – from the Bay of Pigs to assassination Vietnam, 1964-75 – to the war's end, participant opinions and lessons End of the Cold War and the Soviet Union – from Brezhnev to Yeltsin Latin America Latin America Economic Overview, to the 1960s – population growth and underdeveloped resources Brazil from 1945 to the Overthrow of Goulart in 1964 – another military coup but a thriving economy

The Cold War The webserver at Alpha History tells us you’re using an adblocking tool, plug-in or browser extension on your computer or network. We understand that many people don’t like web-based advertising. Ads on websites can often be irrelevant, distracting and ‘in your face’. Without ads, however, our website would not exist – or it would not be free. Ads are how we fund the creation and delivery of our content. If you would like to use our website and its resources, please disable your adblocker or whitelist our website. To access the Alpha History website, please complete one of the following steps: * Disable or deactivate your adblocking software, tool or plug-in. * Whitelist our top level domain (alphahistory.com) in your adblocking software. Thank you for your understanding. Have a nice day! Alpha History staff

Timeline | National Cold War Exhibition January 11 Jan - A ceasefire was announced in Greece between government forces and ELAS guerrillas; this agreement was confirmed by the government on 12 February. 4 Feb - Yalta Conference where Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin meet to discuss terms of German surrender and the boundaries and governments in post war Eastern Europe. 12 Apr - President F D Roosevelt dies and is succeeded by Harry S Truman. 7 May - The agreement for total and unconditional surrender of the Germans forces was signed at the HQ of the Supreme Commander Allied Expeditionary Force. 8 May - The Royal Observer Corps was stood down and re-formed on a peacetime basis. 31 May - The strength of the RAF stood at some 55,469 aircraft as at this date, of which 9,200 were first-line machines. June 26 Jun - The United Nations Charter signed in San Francisco. 15 Jul - The RAF's Second Tactical Air Force (2TAF) was re-designated British Air Forces of Occupation (BAFO). 26 Jul - Results of British general election were made known.

The Great Depression - Facts & Summary Hoover, a Republican who had formerly served as U.S. secretary of commerce, believed that government should not directly intervene in the economy, and that it did not have the responsibility to create jobs or provide economic relief for its citizens. In 1932, however, with the country mired in the depths of the Great Depression and some 15 million people (more than 20 percent of the U.S. population at the time) unemployed, Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt won an overwhelming victory in the presidential election. By Inauguration Day (March 4, 1933), every U.S. state had ordered all remaining banks to close at the end of the fourth wave of banking panics, and the U.S. Treasury didn’t have enough cash to pay all government workers. Roosevelt took immediate action to address the country’s economic woes, first announcing a four-day “bank holiday” during which all banks would close so that Congress could pass reform legislation and reopen those banks determined to be sound.

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