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History: Cold War

History: Cold War

The Cold War After World War II, the United States and its allies and the Soviet Union and its satellite states began a decades-long struggle for supremacy known as the Cold War. Soldiers of the Soviet Union and the United States did not do battle directly during the Cold War. But the two superpowers continually antagonized each other through political maneuvering, military coalitions, espionage, propaganda, arms buildups, economic aid, and proxy wars between other nations. From Allies to Adversaries The Soviet Union and the United States had fought as allies against Nazi Germany during World War II. The Soviet Union was determined to have a buffer zone between its borders and Western Europe. As the Soviets tightened their grip on Eastern Europe, the United States embarked on a policy of containment to prevent the spread of Soviet and communist influence in Western European nations such as France, Italy, and Greece. communist takeovers of democratically elected governments. The Worldwide Cold War

US History Timeline: Cold War Before 1600 | 1600 - 1700 | 1700 - 1800 | 1800 - 1900 | 1900 - 2000 | American Revolution Timeline | Cold War Timeline 1945 Feb. Yalta Conference May World War II ends in Europe. Aug. U.S. drops an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan. Potsdam Conference - Truman - Stalin and British divide up Europe 1946 Jan. 1947 Jan. March Truman Doctrine announced. 1948 June Berlin Airlift begins (ends May 19, 1949) 1949 April North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) established. Aug. Oct. 1950 June U.S. and other U.N. members fight North Korean forces. (the Korean War ends July 27, 1953) 1953 Aug. 1954 June U.S. sponsored coup overthrows Guatemalan government. Sept. 1955 May Warsaw Pact formed. July First Summit Meeting between President Dwight Eisenhower and Premier Nikita Khrushchev. 1956 Nov. 1957 Oct. 1959 Feb. 1961 Apr. Aug. 1962 June Sino‑Soviet Conflict begins. Oct. 1964 Oct. 1965 April U.S. sends troops to the Dominican Republic. Aug. 1968 Aug. 1972 Feb. 1973 Sept. 1975 Apr. 1976 Feb. 1979 Jan. Dec. Sept.

Cold War History - Cold War Almost as soon as he took office, President Richard Nixon (1913-1994) began to implement a new approach to international relations. Instead of viewing the world as a hostile, “bi-polar” place, he suggested, why not use diplomacy instead of military action to create more poles? To that end, he encouraged the United Nations to recognize the communist Chinese government and, after a trip there in 1972, began to establish diplomatic relations with Beijing. Despite Nixon’s efforts, the Cold War heated up again under President Ronald Reagan (1911-2004). Even as Reagan fought communism in Central America, however, the Soviet Union was disintegrating. Access hundreds of hours of historical video, commercial free, with HISTORY Vault.

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