background preloader

Brief History of the Internet - Internet Timeline

Brief History of the Internet - Internet Timeline
Barry M. Leiner, Vinton G. Cerf, David D. Clark, Robert E. Kahn, Leonard Kleinrock, Daniel C. Lynch, Jon Postel, Larry G. Published: 1997 Introduction The Internet has revolutionized the computer and communications world like nothing before. This is intended to be a brief, necessarily cursory and incomplete history. In this paper,3 several of us involved in the development and evolution of the Internet share our views of its origins and history. The Internet today is a widespread information infrastructure, the initial prototype of what is often called the National (or Global or Galactic) Information Infrastructure. Origins of the Internet The first recorded description of the social interactions that could be enabled through networking was a series of memos written by J.C.R. Leonard Kleinrock at MIT published the first paper on packet switching theory in July 1961 and the first book on the subject in 1964. The Initial Internetting Concepts The original ARPANET grew into the Internet. P.

Related:  History, archeology, curiositiesLearning Code

Osallistuivatko suomalaiset SS-vapaaehtoiset sotarikoksiin? - Kansallisarkisto Avoin vastaus eversti evp Pekka Holopaisen ja eversti evp Kalle Liesisen arvosteluun Kansallisarkiston SS-selvityksestä Kanavassa ja Suomen Kuvalehdessä Suomalaisten SS-vapaaehtoisten toimintaa tutkittaessa on tärkeää tarkastella kokonaisuutta laajasta perspektiivistä - siitä, josta asioita tarkastellaan tämän päivän kansainvälisessä tutkimuksessa. Ei ole perusteltua ajatella, että suomalaiset SS-vapaaehtoiset olisivat toimineet omaehtoisesti jonkinlaisessa poliittisessa tai sotilaallisessa tyhjiössä. He palvelivat Saksan asevoimissa ja toteuttivat Saksan poliittisia ja sotilaallisia tavoitteita. Suomen poliittinen johto oli jo keväällä 1941 hyväksynyt tämän ehdon, kun vapaaehtoisia ryhdyttiin värväämään.

COLORI, c’est parti ! — COLORI Montessori Par exemple, Maria écrit que l’enfant traverse plusieurs périodes sensibles durant lesquelles il est enclin à l’apprentissage de tel ou tel sujet. Ainsi, avant 6 ans, l’enfant traverse, entre autres, la période sensible du langage. Cette période est clé pour enrichir le vocabulaire, apprendre une nouvelle langue ou développer la maîtrise de la langue maternelle. Sachant que chaque enfant évolue à un rythme qui lui est propre. Certains enfants marchent à 10 mois, d’autres à 18. Le rôle de l’éducateur est d’accompagner ce rythme naturel, et non de lui imposer une cadence préconçue, qui altérerait l’apprentissage.

GetGlue: Check-in to tv, movies and music Social Network for Entertainment Discover what to watch, share what you're watching with friends and fans, and get updates from your favorite shows. Travel - The secret seat of the Knights Templar It was a beautiful spring day in Paris and I was on the terrace of Café Charlot in the French capital’s chicest district, the Marais. Sipping an Aperol spritz, I watched the parade of Parisian glitterati sashay past me. At this time of year, Paris loves to celebrate the end of the dreary winter months, and nowhere can the famous Parisian joie de vivre be felt more strongly than in this Rive Droite centre of frivolity.

Franken-algorithms: the deadly consequences of unpredictable code The 18th of March 2018, was the day tech insiders had been dreading. That night, a new moon added almost no light to a poorly lit four-lane road in Tempe, Arizona, as a specially adapted Uber Volvo XC90 detected an object ahead. Part of the modern gold rush to develop self-driving vehicles, the SUV had been driving autonomously, with no input from its human backup driver, for 19 minutes. An array of radar and light-emitting lidar sensors allowed onboard algorithms to calculate that, given their host vehicle’s steady speed of 43mph, the object was six seconds away – assuming it remained stationary. But objects in roads seldom remain stationary, so more algorithms crawled a database of recognizable mechanical and biological entities, searching for a fit from which this one’s likely behavior could be inferred. At first the computer drew a blank; seconds later, it decided it was dealing with another car, expecting it to drive away and require no special action.

Five things you don’t need in your next smartphone Gadget bloggers tend to share a few key traits, and one of those is an inability to resist high-end hardware. Super-fast processors, hi-res screens and next generation features get our blood rising. But we sometimes get blinded by our desire for specs, and all too often we ignore the high price that these features come with. Let's take a step back and examine the need, or lack thereof, for some of the capabilities of the latest round of smartphones. In the last few months I've reviewed a lot of smartphones, at all different price points. Paul Ford: What is Code? A computer is a clock with benefits. They all work the same, doing second-grade math, one step at a time: Tick, take a number and put it in box one. Tick, take another number, put it in box two.

Computer says no: the people trapped in universal credit's 'black hole' When the universal credit computer says no, fragile lives can quickly crumble. Lucy Morris, a 32-year-old mother of one in Rochdale, was scraping by on her beauty therapist’s wage topped up with UC when she failed to check a box on the benefit’s online form and lost a £400 payment. It was enough to torpedo her finances and before long the heating was off, vegetables were dropped from meals and the house grew filthy because she could not afford cleaning products. Leonardo da Vinci's Visionary Notebooks Now Online: Browse 570 Digitized Pages Quick, what do you know about Leonardo da Vinci? He painted the Mona Lisa! He wrote his notes backwards!