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DEFRA - Guidance on legislation covering the marketing of eggs

DEFRA - Guidance on legislation covering the marketing of eggs
Related:  Références anglophonesParamyxovirose du pigeon

FSAI 28/04/10 Advice on the Safe Usage of Duck Eggs Thursday, 29 July 2010 The FSAI has reissued its advice on the safe consumption of duck eggs, following the confirmation of five new cases of Salmonella Typhimurium DT8. These five cases are in addition to the thirteen cases associated with duck egg consumption during an outbreak earlier this year. The bacteria found in these five cases are similar to those that caused that outbreak and the source of these cases is under investigation.

EZIPs CANTON DE GENEVE 31/01/11 LES PIGEONS GENEVOIS VICTIMES D'UNE ÉPIDÉMIE SPÉCIFIQUE (paramyxovirus) Rouge Rose Orange Vert Beige Brun Noir Cette fonctionnalité est spécialement dédiée aux personnes daltoniennes. Formulaire de recherche ge.ch Démarches en ligne Thèmes Organisation Chemin de vie Nature Plan du site Thème nature Ge.ch > Thèmes > Nature Nature Accueil Nature Biodiversité Paysage Conseils pour bien cohabiter avec les renards Premières colonies suisses de Murin d'Alcathoé découvertes à Genève Découvrez la réserve naturelle des Douves "La Nature, trésor inépuisable des couleurs et des sons, des formes et des rythmes, modèle inégalé de développement total et de variation perpétuelle, la Nature est la suprême ressource !" La Direction générale de la nature et du paysage - DGNP - a pour mission de garantir durablement au bénéfice de la population genevoise, le développement d’un patrimoine naturel de haute valeur, en particulier au niveau des espèces de la faune et de la flore sauvages - par le maintien et la gestion active d’espaces suffisants. Go to top Actuel Pratique Contact chargement

BFR (Allemagne) - Ausgewählte Fragen und Antworten zu Ostereiern Aktualisierte FAQ des BfR vom 30. März 2012 Kein Osterfest ohne bunte Eier: Sie werden angemalt, an Sträucher gehängt, versteckt und natürlich gegessen. nach oben Fragen Besteht beim Auspusten von rohen Eiern ein Gesundheitsrisiko? Vor allem Kinder haben in der Osterzeit Spaß daran, Eier auszupusten und zu bemalen. nach oben Was ist eine Salmonellose? Obwohl die Anzahl der gemeldeten Infektionen durch Salmonellen seit einigen Jahren rückläufig ist, erkrankten im Jahr 2011 rund 25.000 Personen an Salmonellose; die Dunkelziffer dürfte um ein Vielfaches höher liegen. Wie lässt sich beim Auspusten von Eiern eine Infektion mit Salmonellen vermeiden? Weil Kinder besonders gefährdet sind, an einer Salmonellose zu erkranken, sollten sie möglichst gar nicht mit rohen Eiern in Kontakt kommen. Beim Auspusten von Eiern sollten die folgenden Hygienemaßnahmen beachtet werden, um eine Infektion mit Salmonellen zu vermeiden: Grundsätzlich nur frische und saubere Eier auspusten.

Prioritizing Emerging Zoonoses in The Netherlands Background To support the development of early warning and surveillance systems of emerging zoonoses, we present a general method to prioritize pathogens using a quantitative, stochastic multi-criteria model, parameterized for the Netherlands. Methodology/Principal Findings A risk score was based on seven criteria, reflecting assessments of the epidemiology and impact of these pathogens on society. Conclusions/Significance Pathogens with the highest risk for the Netherlands included pathogens in the livestock reservoir with a high actual human disease burden (e.g. Figures Citation: Havelaar AH, van Rosse F, Bucura C, Toetenel MA, Haagsma JA, et al. (2010) Prioritizing Emerging Zoonoses in The Netherlands. Editor: Adam J. Received: July 8, 2010; Accepted: September 27, 2010; Published: November 15, 2010 Copyright: © 2010 Havelaar et al. Funding: The EmZoo project is funded by the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality (www.minlnv.nl). Introduction Methods Selection of pathogens

PLOS 18/10/13 New Avian Paramyxoviruses Type I Strains Identified in Africa Provide New Outcomes for Phylogeny Reconstruction and Genotype Classification Newcastle disease (ND) is one of the most lethal diseases of poultry worldwide. It is caused by an avian paramyxovirus 1 that has high genomic diversity. In the framework of an international surveillance program launched in 2007, several thousand samples from domestic and wild birds in Africa were collected and analyzed. ND viruses (NDV) were detected and isolated in apparently healthy fowls and wild birds. Figures Citation: de Almeida RS, Hammoumi S, Gil P, Briand F-X, Molia S, et al. (2013) New Avian Paramyxoviruses Type I Strains Identified in Africa Provide New Outcomes for Phylogeny Reconstruction and Genotype Classification. Editor: Chiyu Zhang, Institut Pasteur of Shanghai, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China Received: July 19, 2011; Accepted: August 28, 2013; Published: October 18, 2013 Copyright: © 2013 de Almeida et al. Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Introduction Materials and Methods Ethics Statement Samples Table 1.

EFSA 31/07/14 Scientific Opinion on the public health risks of table eggs due to deterioration and development of pathogens EFSA Journal 2014;12(7):3782[147 pp.]. doi:10.2903/j.efsa.2014.3782 Type: Opinion of the Scientific Committee/Scientific Panel On request from: European Commission Question number: EFSA-Q-2013-00400 Adopted: 10 July 2014 Published: 31 July 2014 Affiliation: European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), Parma, Italy Following a request from the European Commission, the Panel on Biological Hazards (BIOHAZ Panel) was asked by the European Food Safety Authority to deliver a scientific opinion on the public health risks of table eggs due to deterioration and development of pathogens. In order to answer the first ToR, the BIOHAZ Panel based its conclusions on the results of a quantitative model, aimed at describing the behaviour of Salmonella Enteritidis following vertical transmission, since this serovar is recognised to be the major pathogen related to egg-borne disease because of its ability to contaminate the interior of intact eggs during their formation within the body of an infected hen.

RedGems- Virology Volumes 462–463, August 2014, Lineage diversification of pigeon paramyxovirus effect re-emergence potential in chickens a Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Department of Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USAb Department of Zoology, Faculty of Resource Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia Received 11 February 2014, Revised 8 June 2014, Accepted 9 June 2014, Available online 8 July 2014 Choose an option to locate/access this article: Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution Check access doi:10.1016/j.virol.2014.06.007 Get rights and content Highlights Diversification of pigeon GVI-PMV1 influences replicative properties in chicken. Viral replicative properties are consistent with virus expansion in host population. Multivariate analyses indicate associations between virus subgroups and phenotypes. Abstract Genotype VI-paramyxovirus (GVI-PMV1) is a major cause of epidemic Newcastle-like disease in Columbiformes. Keywords Paramyxovirus; Genetic-phenotypic association; Multivariate analysis

FSANZ - 2009 - Public health and safety of eggs and egg products in Australia Explanatory summary of the risk assessment This explanatory summary provides a concise plain-English summary of the background, approach and main findings of the Risk Assessment of Eggs and Egg Productsundertaken by Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ). In order to gain an in-depth understanding of the scientific evaluation, it is recommended that you read the full document which is available on the FSANZ website (see Useful Links at the end of this document). Summary of main findings Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) has conducted a scientific assessment of the risks to public health and safety that may arise from the consumption of eggs and egg products in Australia. Risks associated with chemical hazards in eggs and egg products are low.Salmonella is the principal microorganism of human health concern associated with eggs and egg products.The frequency of Salmonella-contaminated eggs in Australia is very low.

CDC EID – JUILLET 2012 - Validity of International Health Regulations in Reporting Emerging Infectious Diseases Michael Edelstein , David L. Heymann, Johan Giesecke, and Julius Weinberg Author affiliations: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK (M. Suggested citation for this article Abstract Understanding which emerging infectious diseases are of international public health concern is vital. The great influenza pandemic of 1918 and the increase in HIV/AIDS are 2 striking examples of the devastation and profound effect on human societies caused by emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) (1). The purpose of the 2005 International Health Regulations (IHR) is to “help the international community prevent and respond to acute public health risks that have the potential to cross borders and threaten people worldwide” (5). An IHR expert committee suggested regular evaluations of the notification process (8). The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictive validity of the Annex 2 decision instrument. Methods Results Discussion The low specificity is reflected in a PPV of 35.8%.

DEFRA 26/08/14 Guidance - Paramyxovirus infection: how to spot and report the disease Pigeon paramyxovirus (PPMV) usually affects pigeons. It doesn’t normally affect humans. The disease is currently present in Great Britain. How to spot pigeon paramyxovirus infection Signs of paramyxovirus infection in pigeons may include: nervous sings, including trembling wings and heads, and twisting of the neck partial paralysis of wings and legs (birds may fall over on landing and be unable to feed) unusually wet and liquidy faeces (diarrhoea) that are often greenish in colour quietness, loss of appetite and reluctance to move The disease is very contagious so it is common for most of the pigeons sharing a loft to display clinical signs at the same time. How paramyxovirus is spread The disease is spread by direct contact between pigeons and through: pigeon transporters that have not been adequately cleaned and disinfected drinking water in lofts and transporters pigeon fanciers carrying infection on their clothes, hands and feet Preventing and controlling paramyxovirus infection in pigeons

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