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Representing gender in children's reading materials

Representing gender in children's reading materials
would a boy have been shown with flowers in the 1970s? Are girls and boys portrayed differently in children’s reading materials today than in the past? During the 1970s and 80s, studies of children’s reading materials found that males not only featured more than females but also they tended to take the lead roles and were more active than their female counterparts, who were often restricted to traditional stereotyped roles. Many of these earlier studies of gender in children’s reading material analysed the texts based on their content, which meant that researchers made their own judgements about what was sexist and what was not. Macalister based his study on New Zealand’s School Journal, a multi-authored journal of prose, drama and poetry, published and distributed to New Zealand school children every year. In the first three issues of the Journal, Macalister found that ‘boy/s’ outnumbered ‘girl/s’. Related:  AQA English Language B - ASdavebrown66

Men and women: are we really worlds apart? - Features Do women and men talk differently? And, if they do, why? Kitty Sadler explores the theories Kitty Sadler, 13 March 2011 Everybody knows men are from Mars and women are from Venus. There's no denying it: no education or social conditioning has succeeded in erasing the differences between the language of men and women. For Otto Jespersen and other linguists from the early 20th century, a woman is not a man's counterpart; she is his wife. Despite an investigation into memory in which women came out on top, it was still asserted that it was men who had the higher intellectual capacity - it was easier to succeed in the test when the subject was enough of an airhead that they could make use of "the vacant chambers of the mind". It's not just old men born in the 19th century who have supported deficiency theory. Lakoff stated that women use phatic (empty) language; apologise too much and can't tell jokes, for example. A stance many readers may find more palatable is the theory of dominance.

Susan Sarandon: 'Feminism is a bit of an old-fashioned word' | From the Observer | The Observer Susan Sarandon photographed in Los Angeles for the Observer by Steve Schofield 2013. Photograph: Contour by Getty In Arbitrage, you play the wife of a multi-millionaire hedge fund manager who is stronger than she first appears. It's not the usual character arc for a female support role – was that part of the appeal? Arbitrage Production year: 2012 Country: USA Cert (UK): 15 Runtime: 107 mins Directors: Nicholas Jarecki Cast: Brit Marling, Laetitia Casta, Richard Gere, Susan Sarandon, Tim Roth More on this film Absolutely and I was also taken by Nicholas Jarecki's enthusiasm and passion, and Richard Gere, I've known forever and I got to work with him. I think that what happens in a long relationship [like the one in the film] – and the longest I've ever had was 23 years – is that people have assumptions and firm habits in the way they relate to each other. You're known for playing strong women… Except I don't particularly think of them as strong. Would you call yourself a feminist?

Language and Gender ENGB1 Introduction This guide is written for students who are following GCE Advanced level (AS and A2) syllabuses in English Language. This resource may also be of general interest to language students on university degree courses, trainee teachers and anyone with a general interest in language science. On this page I use red type for emphasis. Brown type is used where italics would appear in print (in this screen font, italic looks like this, and is unkind on most readers). Headings have their own hierarchical logic, too: Back to top Language and gender - what is it all about? When you start to study language and gender, you may find it hard to discover what this subject, as a distinct area in the study of language, is about. To get you started, here is an outline of part of one exam board's Advanced level module on Language and Social Contexts - there are three subjects, one of which is Language and Gender. How language reveals, embodies and sustains attitudes to gender. Is it easy or hard?

Tone: A Matter of Attitude Gender-Specific Pronouns And we hope that the writer of the sentence above is working at an all-male school; otherwise, grief will follow him or her all his or her days. Our section on Pronouns already has a paragraph on avoiding gender problems with the singular "his," and we refer you to that document. Most gender problems can be avoided without the use of the clunky he or she/him or her construction or the more monstrous he/she by using the plural: "Students planning to graduate this spring should see their counselor at once." Avoid Sexist Terminology Avoid language based on hurtful assumptions about gender: The conversation above probably took place between some chap and the "girl" at the front desk. Copy Editor Bill Walsh has this to say about using the word "female": In most cases, use "woman" as the noun and "female" as the adjective. Being careful to avoid sexist language should not lead one into silliness. In the box below is a perfectly wonderful definition of a college.

A very concise dictionary of student slang Student slang is a rapidly changing lingo, and you don't want to get caught out during freshers week confusing "hench" with "dench". In the interests of preserving your cool, here's our glossary of well-worn faves. Feel free to add local variants and new witticisms in the comments. Bare Not actually anything to do with nudity, bare is an adjective meaning "a lot of", or "obviously". "I can't come to your party, I've got bare work to do."" Used by: Hipsters, at first; slowly but surely filtering down through the student ranks. Bnoc An acronym standing for "big name on campus". "Sam thinks he's such a Bnoc, but really he's just deputy treasurer of the cheese appreciation society." Used by: The weary friends of CV-obsessives who live in the student's union. Chunder Verb meaning to vomit, usually due to over-consumption of alcohol. "I thought that drinking whisky neat would make me look suave like that guy from Mad Men, but now I think I might chunder." Chundergrad Dench Desmond Hench Used by: Lads. Jel

The genius of Jodie Foster's speech | Film Reading this on mobile? Click here to view the video It's a considerable thing to deliver a speech that is at once artfully put together and emotionally affecting. At the Golden Globes – where in accepting the Cecil B DeMille award for lifetime achievement, she made the first public acknowledgement of her sexuality – Jodie Foster managed both. What's striking is not what the speech gave away, but the control and delicacy with which it delivered its payload. The art of rhetoric is, at root, about the relationship between a speaker and an audience. But Foster didn't just take their attention for granted. She teased their expectations. By using anaphora (1) ("we've giggled ... we've punched") and polysyndeton (2) (all those ands), she made the sentence sound loose, spontaneous, a little out of control. Writ large, that's the same technique she used when she approached the meat of her speech. She teased it out. Big, nervous laugh from the audience. Finally her peroration (6).

What happened when I started a feminist society at school I am 17 years old and I am a feminist. I believe in gender equality, and am under no illusion about how far we are from achieving it. Identifying as a feminist has become particularly important to me since a school trip I took to Cambridge last year. A group of men in a car started wolf-whistling and shouting sexual remarks at my friends and me. For those men we were just legs, breasts and pretty faces. Shockingly, the boys in my peer group have responded in exactly the same way to my feminism. After returning from this school trip I started to notice how much the girls at my school suffer because of the pressures associated with our gender. I decided to set up a feminist society at my school, which has previously been named one of "the best schools in the country", to try to tackle these issues. What I hadn't anticipated on setting up the feminist society was a massive backlash from the boys in my wider peer circle. I fear that many boys of my age fundamentally don't respect women.

Martha Robinson: Teenspeak is not for adults - Commentators - Voices Some seem out of date (has anyone actually said "whack" since the 1990s?), some may be made up, and others are clearly after my time (with my 19th birthday rapidly approaching I am beginning to lose touch with teen speak). However, if you do have a burning desire to ape a 14-year-old, you're in luck. The national charity Parentline Plus has created an online "teenglish" dictionary at to "help break down the language barrier" between teenagers and their parents. There is an assumption here that being able to understand "teenglish" (a word that I pray never finds its way into any dictionary) will somehow make connecting with teenagers easier. Is this really the case? Rather, the special brand of comedy gold produced when someone old enough to know better tries to be "down with the kids" is so patronising that it is likely to alienate teenagers further from their elders. Parents and teachers don't need to understand teenage slang, because they don't need to use it.

John Dunford Consulting | Education Consultancy Gender role Gender roles may be a means through which one may express their gender identity, but they may also be employed as a means of exerting social control, and individuals may experience negative social consequences for violating them.[2] Various groups have led efforts to change aspects of prevailing gender roles that they believe are oppressive or inaccurate, most notably the feminist movement. The term was first coined by John Money in 1955 during the course of his study of intersex individuals to describe the manners in which these individuals express their status as a male or female, in a situation where no clear biological assignment exists.[3] Background[edit] Some systems of classification, unlike the WHO, are non-binary or gender queer, listing multiple possible genders including transgender and intersex as distinct categories.[10][11] Gender roles are culturally specific, and while most cultures distinguish only two (boy and girl or man and woman), others recognize more. Dr. Islam Dr.

Why Slang Is Good For You Today's program puts special attention on language and identity — how they coincide and why those intersections matter. Michael Adams is an associate Professor of English at Indiana University who studies one important intersection of language and identity: slang. He says slang keeps us sharp — and that there is creative value in the creation of new language among different social groups. "It's not just slang, but any language that's significantly different from what we expect exercises the brain and engages us," Adams says. "We are engaged when we're using slang. "Slang has its place, and other forms of discourse have their places too," Adams says.